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India - Assam

Assamese separatist groups.


Violent separatist insurgency in the northeastern state of Assam began in 1979, due to alleged alienation, impoverishment, and mistreatment of the indigenous people by the central government. The main rebel actor is the United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA). Others include the Adivasi National Liberation Army, Karbi Longri N.C. Hills Liberation Front (KLNLF), and the National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB).

On July 12th 2011, a unilateral ceasefire was declared by the pro-talk faction of ULFA, and on the 23rd, the group stated that it is not demanding sovereignty for Assam. Peace talks between New Delhi and the pro-talk ULFA faction, vying to be the legitimate ULFA voice, are to start in August. However, ULFA’s anti-talk faction, which continues to be firmly against negotiation with New Delhi, released a press statement on the 24th, encouraging natives to join the effort in preserving Assam’s sovereignty.

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Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 72.9 Warning (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 150,000 IDPs very approx.
WFP Hunger Map: 21 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating BB
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: Missing men found killed in Assam’s Bodo area 12/02 Two bullet-riddled bodies found in Assam district 12/02 Violence erupts in Baksa again, 2 die 12/02 Security scenario in North East region is "fragile": IB Chief 11/29 Daimary gets interim bail 11/28 Recovery of explosives, encounter ahead of PM's visit in Assam 11/27 Man killed ahead of PM's visit 11/27 ULFA (I) Targets Hindi Speaking People In Assam: A Hardcore Militant Kill In Gun Battle 11/27 Assam to host DGPs conference amid terror threat 11/27 ULFA plot to trigger blasts ahead of Modi visit unearthed 11/26 ULFA trying to scuttle PM's Assam trip; bomb recovered on train 11/24 BSF, Bangladesh hold discussions on border issues 11/21 MULTA militant nabbed by joint army and police team 11/17 Indian Air Force is capable of facing all challenges: RK Jolly 11/14 India and Myanmar hold meeting on cross-border issues 11/14 Suspected Militants Kill Trader In India's Assam-Majuli 11/14 Majuli trader shot dead by assailants 11/14 PM to meet northeast CMs in Guwahati 11/13 Process for peace talks going at good pace ULFA chairman 11/10 4 NDFB carriers held, sophisticated arms seized 11/09 Militants fire at army convoy in Arunachal, no casualty 11/04 Bodo faction threatens to quit peace process 10/31 Seven Bodo insurgents arrested on way to Myanmar 10/30 ULFAs diktat to Assams cinemas on local movies 10/26 2005 intel revealed Bangladesh radicals plan for India Wikileaks 10/24 Five injured in grenade blast 10/24 NDFB-S ultras steal forest guards' rifles 10/23 Assam for amnesty to ULFA chief if he returns to fight polls 10/22 Gogoi urges Paresh Baruah to join politics 10/22 6 ULFA militants nabbed in Meghalaya 10/22 6 Ulfa men held in Meghalaya 10/22 6 ULFA Terrorists Arrested by Army in Meghalaya 10/21 A NDFB Militant Killed, Two Injured In Assam Gun Battle 10/18 Two NDFB-S militants injured in encounter 10/18 5 militants arrested in Assam 10/06 Two Ulfa GNLA cadres killed in Assam 10/05 India set to impound assets of NE insurgent chief in Nepal 09/28 Four NDFB-(S) Militants Killed In Assam Gun Battle, Arms Recovered 09/28 4 hardcore Bodo militants killed in Assam encounter 09/28 India, B'desh FMs meet, no major headway on emotive issue 09/20 Al Qaeda trying to enter Assam: Gogoi 09/20 Al Qaeda Trying to Enter Assam: Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi 09/20 India, Bangladesh FMs meet, no major headway on emotive issue 09/20 Al-Qaeda trying to set up bases in Assam Gogoi 09/20 Al-Qaida trying to enter Assam, Tarun Gogoi says 09/20 Al-Qaida trying to enter Assam: CM Tarun Gogoi 09/20 Soldier hurt in ULFA-triggered blast 09/19 Jawan injured in IED blast in Assam 09/19 Six Militants Killed in Garo Hills in Meghalaya 09/14 Six militants killed in separate incidents in Garo Hills 09/14 Tea trader killed, two injured in blast 09/14 Two ULFA militants surrender 09/11 Ex-ULFA rebels want cases withdrawn 09/10 Indian journalist jailed in Assam state for alleged links to militants 09/08 ULFA leader Anup Chetia to be extradited soon Sushma 09/08 Education sector in Northeast undergoing major transformation 09/06 Anup Chetia to be extradited to India 'very soon': Bangladesh 09/03 TV channel journalist arrested 09/03 NDFB-S terrorist killed in encounter 09/03 Bangladesh may extradite Anup Chetia to India: Officials 09/02 Are children safe in insurgency-hit Assam 09/01 ULFA (I) Militant Nab, Arms-Ammu Recovered 08/29 Talks on Ulfa, militant bases 08/29 Soldier hurt in militant grenade attack in Assam 08/29 Assam: 16-yr-old shot 9 times in front of her parents 08/27 Judicial probe into Assam girls killing 08/26 India-Bangladesh Home Secretary talks on Sept 2 to 4 08/26 Opposition demands discussion on girl killing, border violence 08/25 'The gunning down of 16-yr-old Priya should shame Assam government' 08/24 Bravery award in name of Assam girl 08/24 Protests continue over killing 08/24 NDFB suspects girl as informer, shoots her in front of parents 08/23 Protests over girl's 'execution' by rebels 08/23 Assam: NDFB-S militants kill 16-year-old girl for being 'informer' 08/23 Anup Chetia willing to be repatriated to India: Report 08/22 Three militants killed in Meghalaya 08/21 5 NDFB-S militants killed in encounter with security forces 08/20 Five Militants Killed in Encounter with Security Forces in Assam 08/19 Jorhat dacoity incident comes back to haunt Army chief 08/19 ULFA warns Naga aggressors 08/18 Firm in resolve to oppose terrorism tooth and nail: Assam CM 08/16 Give up violence Gogoi tells militants 08/15 Northeast militants call for I-Day boycott 08/12 JFA urges people to defy militants strike call on I-Day 08/12 Assam journalists' forum asks people to defy ultras diktat 08/12 Two GNLA militants killed in Assam encounter 08/07 Assam: 3 ULFA militants killed in blast 08/01 Three militants killed in Assam bomb blast 08/01 Six Militants Nabbed In Assam, Trader Abducted From Hojai 07/30 Project manager of Kolkata-based company abducted in Assam 07/29 Assam move on asylum invites Paresh scorn 07/27 Serial bomb blast accused killed in encounter 07/27 ULFA imparting bomb making skill to GNLA: Meghalaya police 07/26 Death toll in Meghalaya blast rises to three 07/26 Two Meghalaya policemen killed in blast 07/25 One killed 3 injured in Assam blast 07/23 IED found in Sonitpur district 07/22 Army on stand by, curfew on in Baksa, three arrested 07/14 Bodies of abducted people found in Assam 07/13 Three more bodies found in Baksa, curfew remains in force 07/13