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India - Assam

Assamese separatist groups.


Violent separatist insurgency in the northeastern state of Assam began in 1979, due to alleged alienation, impoverishment, and mistreatment of the indigenous people by the central government. The main rebel actor is the United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA). Others include the Adivasi National Liberation Army, Karbi Longri N.C. Hills Liberation Front (KLNLF), and the National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB).

On July 12th 2011, a unilateral ceasefire was declared by the pro-talk faction of ULFA, and on the 23rd, the group stated that it is not demanding sovereignty for Assam. Peace talks between New Delhi and the pro-talk ULFA faction, vying to be the legitimate ULFA voice, are to start in August. However, ULFA’s anti-talk faction, which continues to be firmly against negotiation with New Delhi, released a press statement on the 24th, encouraging natives to join the effort in preserving Assam’s sovereignty.

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Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 72.9 Warning (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 150,000 IDPs very approx.
WFP Hunger Map: 21 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating BB
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: NDFB militant, accused of Advasi massacre, arrested 03/27 Militants arrested by police, Army in Assam 03/27 Assam: Bodo attack could not be prevented in spite of prior information 03/23 GovtULFA talks on resolution hit tribal ministry roadblock 03/22 Songbijit cadre held 03/16 7 insurgents held in Assam 03/11 8 militant outfits in Asssam, 5 of them banned: Government 03/09 Two hardcore NDFB militants nabbed in Assam 03/01 Chance missed to 'pick up' rebel kin 02/23 Chetia won't be deported by B'desh till land boundary pact ? 02/22 Dhaka links land deal to Chetia release 02/21 India proposes anti-terror pact with Bangladesh 02/19 NDFB-S cadre killed, arms seized 02/09 Army finds war-like stores of arms in Assam forest 02/08 Terror attack averted in Assam two militants nabbed 02/05 Bidai said to be in Bengal 01/31 Another Bodo militant wanted by Assam police held in B'luru 01/26 Five Bodo militants nabbed in Assam 01/25 Top bodo militant arrested in Bengaluru 01/23 NIA report spills nexus 01/21 Cops told to tighten vigil 01/21 NIA gets custody of NDFB(S) Commandant 01/20 26 militants nabbed in Assam 01/19 26 tribal militants arrested in Assam 01/19 NDFB arms dug out 01/18 NIA gets four-day custody of Bodo militants 01/17 Security success sour for Adivasis 01/17 48-hour bandh paralyses life in Dima Hasao 01/16 NIA arrests three top Bodo militants linked to Sonitpur killings 01/15 Three Bodo militants arrested for Assam killings 01/15 Three militants arrested in Assam 01/14 Assam killings: Top NDFB(S) militant nabbed 01/13 3 Days Before Assam Massacre, Bodo Militants Sued for Peace 01/13 Nine Bodo Militants Arrested in Crackdown by Joint Team 01/13 Eight Bodo militants nabbed in Assam 01/13 Bidai bid for talks before carnage 01/13 India Arrests Almost 40 Suspects in December Assam State Attacks: Reports 01/12 India rebels held over Assam attacks 01/12 Rajnath firm on talks stand Militants in NIA custody 01/12 India: Five Top Gurkha Militants Arrested In Assam 01/12 12 Bodo militants arrested in Assam 01/11 Bodo Militant Platoon Commander Killed in Encounter in Assam 01/10 PM seeks Bhutan’s help to counter Bodo militants 01/10 NDFB (S) Militant Gunned Down In Assam 01/10 Militant involved in Assam attacks gunned down 01/10 NDFB-S militants accused of Adivasi killings arrested 01/09 India: 7 NDFB(S) Militants Apprehended, Huge Cache Of Arms Seized In Assamthe SMAA Is Organised By Media Conglomerates 01/09 Six NDFB militants nabbed arms seized in Assam 01/09 Two NDFB militants arrested in Assam along with arms 01/08 NIA chief visits violence-hit areas in Assam 01/08 NIA DG visits violence affected areas in Sonitpur 01/07 Panel on NE border vigil 01/07 Explosives recovered from militants in Assam 01/06 NIA chief in Assam to visit violence-hit areas Wednesday 01/06 Militant killed seven arrested in Assam 01/06 Arrest foils Ulfa-I attack plan: Police 01/06 Tea workers' help sought 01/05 Five Songbijit rebels in cop net 01/05 Assam: Boy who was shot 7 times survives 01/04 Two suspected NDFB militants arrested Assam-Bengal border 01/04 Situation in four districts improving fast: Assam CM Tarun Gogoi 01/03 Officer killed in encounter 01/03 Assam violence 102 police cases filed NIA probe begins 01/03 Assam has highest conflict induced IDPs 01/02 'Missing' forces of Assam strife zone 01/02 Heavy firing between NDFB (S), Assam Rifles in Sonitpur 01/02 We had information about attacks by Bodo militants Police 01/02 Heavy firing between NDFB (S) militants, Assam Rifles in Sonitpur; no casualty so far 01/02 Two sprints, tales same 01/01 Parrikar not briefed properly: CM 01/01 NIA registers case to probe recent Assam attacks 01/01 Claims and reality: a yawning gap 01/01 Tribal guerrillas’ attacks kill dozens in Northeast India 12/31 The real threat to the Indian state 12/30 Around 2.9 lakh people living in relief camps in Assam 12/30 Gogoi blames Centre for Assam violence 12/30 Army faces Assam ethnic 'minefield' 12/30 EXPLOSION-LD CENTRE 2 LAST 12/29 Restriction on movement of civilians in Arunachal-Assam border 12/29 Harvest of Innocent Blood: The Democracy Deficit in Bodoland, Assam 12/29 Arunachal Pradesh Restricts On Civilian Movement In Assam Border 12/29 BJP to send a 5-member team to violence-hit areas of Assam 12/29 Assam Violence: 1 NDFB(S) cadre and 4 linkmen arrested 12/29 India: NDFB Used Car, Vehicle Recovered, Police Arrest Four Miscreants In Assam 12/29 National Commission for Scheduled Tribes meets Assam CS, DGP 12/29 Subramanian Swamy increases heat on 'PK', threatens legal action against Aamir Khan and others 12/29 3 Songbijit cadres held 12/29 Assam Situation Improving, No Incident In Last 48 Hours: Officials 12/28 Gogoi concerned at overnight increase in camp inmates 12/28 NDFB(S) Hideout Busted in Assam's Kokrajhar 12/28 President’s rule in Assam unacceptable: Cong 12/28 Sangma calls for unified war against home-bred terrorists 12/28 Assam peaceful, Gogoi reviews situation 12/28 Assam attacks: Rajnath discusses relief ops with Gogoi 12/28 Situation in violence-hit Assam improving, no incident in last 48 hours 12/28 NDFB(S) hideout busted in Kokrajhar jungles 12/28 Army to extend operation to Bengal, Arunachal 12/28 Assam attack fallout of lapses by Centre, state govt: Mahanta 12/28 Assam attack may give fillip to Maoism in North East 12/28 Assam: PUCL Statement on the Mass Killings of Adivasis 12/28