News aggregator for armed conflict worldwide

Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur


In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.

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Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 5
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,705,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: ‘Let’s sing for peace’ festival launched in North Darfur 12/21 Sudan: Paramilitary Troops Attack North Darfur Villages 12/20 Sudanese government to disarm tribal militias in Darfur: official 12/20 Three UNAMID peacekeepers injured in East Darfur 12/20 Sudan: Three Killed By Herders, Militiamen in Darfur 12/20 Uganda: Sudanese Students in Uganda Condemn SAF Over Blue Nile Rape Claims 12/19 Sudanese students in Uganda condemn SAF over Blue Nile rape claims 12/18 Sudan’s NCP meeting discusses ICC developments 12/18 Employees strike in West Kordofan, threaten to strike in South Darfur 12/17 Gambia: 208 Military Personnel Complete Pre-Deployment Training 12/17 Human rights law: First Kenya, now Sudan 12/17 One dead, two injured, in Darfur attacks 12/17 Darfur Bar to defend 19 accused by Sudan’s militia of cooperating with rebels 12/17 Sudan warns South Sudan against 'hostile moves' by rebels in its territory 12/17 In Tragedy, Empathy Still Dependent On Proximity 12/17 Security Council inaction on Darfur 'can only embolden perpetrators'-ICC prosecutor 12/17 Is Museveni attack on ICC for Pan-Africanism or personal reasons? 12/17 Sudan: Darfur Déja Vu 12/17 Sudan: UNAMID Won't Leave Darfur Amid Escalating Violence - UN Official 12/17 Khartoum again warns Juba against supporting Sudan’s JEM rebels 12/17 Sudan: UNAMID Patrol Unit Ambushed in South Darfur 12/16 Sudan: President Misinformed On Hague Darfur Case 12/16 Sudan accuses ICC prosecutor of seeking to escalate Darfur crisis 12/16 Gold diggers robbed in North Darfur’s Jebel ‘Amer 12/16 Fire destroys 354 homes in Labado camp, East Darfur 12/16 UNAMID won’t leave Darfur amid escalating violence: UN official 12/16 U.N. says forces in Sudan's Darfur won't leave amid rising violence 12/16 One displaced killed, two injured in Kass locality, South Darfur 12/16 Gunmen demand compensation for ‘21 sheep, eaten by two dogs’ in South Darfur 12/16 Sudan Feels Vindicated as ICC Hints at Dropping Darfur Probe 12/15 ICC prosecutor halts Darfur investigation 12/15 Sudan: Security Council Inaction On Darfur 'Can Only Embolden Perpetrators' - ICC Prosecutor 12/15 Africa: The African Union Looks Forward to the Outcome of the Ongoing Joint AU-United Nations Review of Unamid Operations 12/15 Sudan to witness more violence after ICC shelves Darfur probe: opposition 12/15 Army forces kill, rob merchant in Central Darfur 12/15 Unamid patrol unit ambushed in South Darfur 12/15 Omar al-Bashir celebrates ICC decision to halt Darfur investigation 12/14 Global Trends Point to Fragmentation of International Crisis Management 12/14 Central Darfur villagers kidnapped 12/14 Sudan: Bashir Hails The Hague's 'Surrender' on War Crimes Probe 12/14 Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir claims victory over ICC after it drops Darfur war crimes investigation 12/14 Sudan’s Bashir claims victory as ICC shelves war crimes inquiry 12/14 Moscow opposes Western requests to fire Russian at Darfur mission: envoys 12/14 Unknown gunmen attack UNAMID patrol in South Darfur 12/14 Militia torch 'voluntary return' village, kill nine in South Darfur 12/14 ICC’s decision to freeze Darfur investigations raises fears and disappointments 12/14 5 people killed, 6 injured by armed militia in South Darfur 12/14 Sudan: ICC Suspends Darfur Crime Investigations 12/13 Sudan: Darfur Rebels Attack Army As Military Operations Start 12/13 Prosecutor rebukes Security Council inaction over Sudan 12/13 Sudan: ICC Prosecutor Shelves Darfur Case for Lack of UN Support 12/13 Sudan's Bashir claims victory over ICC after court shelves Darfur probe 12/13 Reports of new clashes in Central and North Darfur states 12/13 Sudan leader hails 'victory' over ICC 12/13 ICC Darfur inquiry suspended, Bashir hails 'victory' 12/13 UN peacekeepers ‘look on’ as ‘Russia-backed’ war rages in Darfur 12/13 ICC stops investigation into Darfur war crimes 12/13 Sudan's President: ICC 'Failed' in Prosecution Effort 12/13 Sudan's Bashir hails ICC decision to halt Darfur probe 12/13 Sudan's president praises ICC investigation suspension 12/13 Sudan urges UNSC to reconsider ICC Darfur referral, Bashir hails court’s "surrender" 12/13 Security Council inaction on Darfur 'can only embolden perpetrators' – ICC prosecutor 12/13 ICC prosecutor halts Darfur war-crimes probe 12/13 Sudan steps up pressure on UN mission in Darfur 12/12 Sudan: 'Sudan to Crush Rebellion in Next Dry Season Campaign' - Defence, Security 12/12 ICC prosecutor stopping Darfur investigations, accuses UN Security Council of little support 12/12 Sudan: Rebels Attack Convoys in Central Darfur, South Kordofan 12/12 ICC prosecutor to freeze new Darfur investigations 12/12 Security Council inaction on Darfur ‘can only embolden perpetrators to continue brutality’ – ICC prosecutor 12/12 International court's prosecutor shelves Darfur case for lack of U.N. support 12/12 ICC prosecutor criticizes UN council for inaction over Darfur 12/12 ICC halts Darfur war crime inquiries 12/12 ICC suspends Darfur crime investigations over "lack of action" 12/12 Sudan minister vows to defeat rebels after fruitless talks 12/12 ICC halts Darfur probe, cites no progress 12/12 World Briefing: Sudan: Prosecutor Halts Darfur Inquiry 12/12 Sudan: Govt 'Fully Prepared' to Counter Security Council 12/11 Sudan army launches second phase of military campaign against rebels 12/11 North Darfur state regulates ‘traditional mining’ 12/10 Sudan: UN-AU Assessment Team Arrives in Nyala, South Darfur 12/10 Fire destroys homes in West Darfur camp 12/10 Efforts to normalise US-Sudan relations stall 12/10 Sudan reiterates resolve to terminate UNAMID mandate 12/10 Sudan: North Darfur Displaced Unable to Pay 'National Number' Fees 12/10 Sudan’s security agency says forces ready for final showdown with rebels 12/10 Orchards destroyed by oil field fire in East Darfur 12/09 Sudan: African Mediators Suspend Talks On Sudan's Two Areas 12/09 Sudan ceasefire talks end without deal as violence increases 12/09 Internet Freedoms Deteriorate in Sudan According to Global Survey 12/08 Will Sudan ever find peace? 12/08 Brother of DRA head killed, hospital guard shot in Central Darfur 12/08 Human Rights Groups Urge Justice for Int'l Crimes at Annual ICC Meeting 12/08 African mediators suspend talks on Sudan’s Two Areas 12/08 UNAMID presence is better for the Darfurians despite shortcomings 12/08 Sudan: Govt Rejects UN Request for Second Mass Rape Probe 12/08 Opposition alignment in ‘Sudan call’ accord 12/07 Sudan army to deploy forces across the country: spokesperson 12/07 Sudan: SSMO Warns Against Carcinogenic Candies in South Darfur 12/07 SPLM-N says Khartoum seeks to collapse Sudan’s peace talks 12/07 Israel has not granted refugee status to any Darfur genocide survivors, study finds 12/07