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Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur

Summary

In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 5
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,705,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
radiodabanga.org 14 injured as Rizeigat, Fellata clash in East Darfur 10/01
sudantribune.com Germany hosts workshop for Sudanese rebels 10/01
modernghana.com AU-UN Joint Special Representative/Joint Chief Mediator's message on the occasion of Eid Al-Adha and the Haj 10/01
strategypage.com SUDAN: China Applies Pressure 09/30
sudantribune.com Teachers strike in East Darfur enters fourth week 09/30
radiodabanga.org Crops spoiled in Central Darfur, farmers demand investigation 09/30
allafrica.com Abdul Kamara Appointed As UNAMID Deputy Joint Special Representative 09/29
allafrica.com Remarks By President Paul Kagame During Summit On Strengthening International Peacekeeping 09/29
radiodabanga.org Darfur peace accord incorporated in Sudan’s Interim Constitution 09/29
radiodabanga.org Six dead in North Darfur cattle theft; sheep stolen in East Darfur train robbery 09/29
radiodabanga.org Computers stolen from Central Darfur refugee camp 09/29
radiodabanga.org Tripartite Coordination Mechanism meeting on Unamid concluded 09/28
sudantribune.com South Darfur governor sacks ministers after failing to win party’s nomination 09/28
sudantribune.com Mahdi has to relinquish Paris Declaration before returning to Sudan: Bashir 09/27
sudantribune.com Abdul Kamara appointed as UNAMID deputy joint special representative 09/27
sudantribune.com Sudan’s 2nd VP witnesses signing of tribal reconciliation deal in W. Kordofan 09/27
radiodabanga.org Sudan security bans Darfur lawyer to travel 09/26
radiodabanga.org Militiamen kill displaced man in Tawila, North Darfur 09/26
allafrica.com Sudan: UNHRC Appoints New Independent Expert for Sudan 09/26
sudantribune.com Ex-Janjaweed leader sponsors tribal reconciliation conference in North Darfur 09/26
radiodabanga.org Sudan Revolutionary Front leaders to meet with emir of Qatar 09/25
sudantribune.com Arab special envoy pledges to improve health situation in Darfur 09/25
foxnews.com Sudan announces it will hold cease-fire talks with country's main rebel coalition next month 09/25
radiodabanga.org Estimated costs of Darfur war $50 billion 09/24
radiodabanga.org Displaced held by security in Zalingei, Central Darfur 09/24
allafrica.com Angola to Have Prefab Schools With Blockhaus Technology 09/24
radiodabanga.org Zaghawa, Arab tribes talk peace in North Darfur 09/24
sudantribune.com Official warns against spread of tribalism within Sudan ruling party 09/24
sudantribune.com Gandour renews calls to Darfur rebels to join Sudan's dialogue 09/23
radiodabanga.org ‘Government has tribalised Sudan’: Darfur Civil Society Platform 09/23
allafrica.com Sudan: Qatar Donates U.S.$88.5 Million for Darfur 09/23
radiodabanga.org Gunmen attack village, kill one; raid market in Darfur 09/23
sudantribune.com Qatar to be associated to cessation of hostilities talks with Darfur rebels 09/23
allafrica.com AU Celebrates UN International Day of Peace 09/22
allafrica.com Sudan: Unamid Enhances the Role of Women in Conflict Resolution 09/22
modernghana.com UNAMID welcomes conviction of attackers against peacekeepers in North Darfur 09/22
turkishweekly.net Qatar offers $88.5mln for Darfur reconstruction 09/22
sudantribune.com UNAMID steps up Ebola preventive measures in Sudan 09/22
radiodabanga.org Ruling party member killed in South Darfur ambush 09/22
radiodabanga.org $88.5 mn Qatar grant for development in Darfur 09/22
sudantribune.com UNAMID applauds sentence on rapist of Darfur female peacekeeper 09/22
scoop.co.nz Qatar Donates $88.5 Million for Darfur 09/22
radiodabanga.org Darfuris call on Sudan’s HRs Commission to stop violations 09/21
worldpoliticsreview.com Middle East’s Sectarian Tensions Play Out in Sudan-Iran Relations 09/21
sudantribune.com Ma'alia officials quit East Darfur institutions over tribal attacks 09/21
allafrica.com Sudan: Investigation Underway Into Burning of a Commercial Market By Army Personnel in East Darfur 09/20
sudantribune.com Investigation underway into burning of a commercial market by army personnel in East Darfur 09/19
radiodabanga.org Government grenade kills three in Darfur's Jebel Marra 09/19
zeenews.india.com Loss of life in Sri Lanka conflict could have been averted: US 09/19
allafrica.com UNAMID Denies Statements On Transfer of Darfur Process to Addis Ababa 09/18
radiodabanga.org Robbery, hijacking, pillaging in North, Central Darfur 09/18
tamilguardian.com Atrocities could have been prevented by international community says US 09/18
allafrica.com Sudan: UN Mission Urges Feuding Groups to Reconcile 09/18
radiodabanga.org Killing of Sudanese soldier in East Darfur leads to ‘chaos’ 09/18
sudantribune.com UNAMID denies statements on transfer of Darfur process to Addis Ababa 09/17
appablog.wordpress.com ABIODUN OLUREMI BASHUA OF NIGERIA APPOINTED DEPUTY JOINT SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVE IN DARFUR HYBRID OPERATION 09/17
sudantribune.com Abiodun Bashua appointed as UNAMID deputy joint special representative 09/17
radiodabanga.org Heavy bombardments in Darfur’s East Jebel Marra kill four 09/17
gmanetwork.com George Clooney to get prize for humanitarian work 09/16
allafrica.com Sudan: Sudanese Authorities Release SCP Leader Ibrahim Al-Sheikh Following a 100-Day Detention 09/16
modernghana.com Communiqué of the 456th Meeting of the Peace and Security Council 09/16
sudantribune.com Sudan - Colliding interests 09/16
sudantribune.com Qatar did not agree to transfer venue of Darfur peace talks: DRA 09/16
telegraph.co.uk George Clooney 'to be married by ex-Rome mayor' 09/15
radiodabanga.org North Darfur farmers, nomads agree to peaceful coexistence 09/15
modernghana.com SECRETARY-GENERAL APPOINTS MOHAMMED IBN CHAMBAS OF GHANA SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVE FOR WEST AFRICA 09/15
radiodabanga.org ‘What peace was Unamid supposed to keep in Darfur?' 09/15
nationmultimedia.com George Clooney to get prize for humanitarian work 09/15
news.com.au Clooney to receive Cecil B DeMille award 09/15
allafrica.com Sudan: 'Rebels Killed 23 Government Troops in North Darfur' - Citizens 09/15
enoughproject.org CNN Op-Ed: At the UN, Janjaweed is a Dirty Word 09/15
allafrica.com Sudan: Darfur Ex-Rebels Integrate Into Sudan's Army 09/15
sudantribune.com Police use tear gas to disperse students’ protests in North Darfur state 09/14
radiodabanga.org Children burned to death in attack in East Jebel Marra, Darfur 09/14
independent.co.uk Darfur peace mission chaos is revealed 09/13
sudantribune.com Chambas proposes entrusting Mbeki with Darfur peace file 09/13
sudantribune.com Policeman killed, 4 injured in attack on pilgrims convoy in North Darfur 09/13
allafrica.com South Sudan: ICC Converts Darfur Rebel Figure's Court Summons to Arrest Warrant 09/12
allafrica.com Sudan: Hague Court Issues Darfur Arrest Warrant 09/12
isn.ethz.ch The Failure of the UN: Rebuilding from the Ruins 09/12
allafrica.com Sudan: ICC Issues Arrest Warrant for Darfur Rebel 09/12
radiodabanga.org Proliferation of 'alien ants' in Kass camp, South Darfur 09/12
allafrica.com South Sudan: ICC Issues Arrest Warrant for Sudanese Rebel 09/12
sify.com Ban appoints new UN envoy for West Africa 09/12
allafrica.com Sudan: Darfur Displaced Cry Out for 'Urgent International Help' 09/12
allafrica.com Sudan: North Darfur's Kabkabiya Camps Call for Protection Against Rape 09/12
sudantribune.com Sudan backs ceasefire, but rules out cessation of hostilities 09/12
allafrica.com Sudan: Janjaweed Shoot Five People, Kidnap Two in Darfur 09/12
allafrica.com Sudan: Health Situation Deteriorating in West Darfur's Murnei Camp 09/12
sudantribune.com South Darfur state coordinating with other states in the region to enhance security 09/12
modernghana.com Secretary-General Appoints Mohammed IBN Chambas Of Ghana As Special Representative For West Africa 09/12
sudantribune.com Sudan security arrests nine teachers in North Darfur state 09/11
allafrica.com Sudan: UNAMID Holds Consultations in Doha On Darfur, Sudan's Dialogue 09/11
allafrica.com Property of Sudanese Gold Prospectors Seized in Chad 09/11
allafrica.com South Sudan: Head of Darfur Peacekeeping Mission to Quit 09/11
radiodabanga.org Salary arrears lead to closing of Central Darfur hospital 09/11
foxnews.com International court issues arrest warrant for Darfur rebel accused of peacekeeper attack 09/11
modernghana.com ICC issues warrant for Darfur rebel leader's arrest 09/11
voanews.com ICC Issues Arrest Warrant for Sudanese Rebel 09/11
sudantribune.com Mbeki announces separate talks with Sudan rebels on cessation of hostilities 09/11