News aggregator for armed conflict worldwide

Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur


In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.

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Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 5
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,705,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: 15 people killed, 11 injured by gunmen in South Darfur 11/27 Sudanese parliament supports decision to end UNAMID presence in Darfur 11/26 15 Elders, Sheiks ambushed, slain near Manawashi, South Darfur 11/26 Central Darfur merchant shot closing shop 11/26 Sudan 'wants UN rights office shut' 11/26 Sudan: Parliament Supports Gov't Decision to End UNAMID's Mandate 11/26 Sudan closes UNAMID human rights office 11/26 Sudan: JEM Rebels Demand to Negotiate 'Sudanese Issues in Darfur' 11/26 Africa: African Press Review 25 November 2014 11/25 Sudanese parliament supports gov’t decision to end UNAMID mandate 11/25 Sudan says UNAMID personnel have history of sexual abuse 11/25 Sudan's NCP says talks with Darfur rebels are limited to ceasefire 11/25 Sudan Shuts UN Peacekeepers' Darfur Rights Office in Khartoum 11/25 Sudan asks UNAMID to shut human rights office in Khartoum 11/25 JEM rebels demand to negotiate “Sudanese issues in Darfur” 11/25 Sudan says shuts U.N. peacekeepers' Darfur rights office in Khartoum 11/25 Sudan asks UN mission in Darfur to shut human rights office in capital, increasing pressure 11/25 Sudan: Govt Asks UN for Exit Strategy From Darfur 11/24 Sudan govt, Darfur rebels start talks in Ethiopia 11/24 Ceasefire plea for Sudan's Darfur as talks open 11/24 Sudan: Sudan - 'Exit UNAMID Not Owing to Mass Rape Investigation' 11/24 War-weary Darfuris see grim future with or without U.N. peacekeepers 11/24 Shelling kills farmer in Darfur’s East Jebel Marra 11/24 Gunmen threaten, shoot ex-commissioner in West Darfur 11/24 Sudan: Darfur - Amid Mass Rape Allegations, UN-Backed Event Promotes Role of Women in Peace Processes 11/24 Sudan: Worldwide Protests and Social Media for Darfur Mass Rape Grow 11/24 Sudan calls on Darfur rebels to embrace contentious Doha framework document 11/23 Sudan government asks UN mission in Darfur to prepare departure plans 11/23 Two women raped on their way home in East Jebel Marra, Darfur 11/23 Darfur: amid mass rape allegations, UN-backed event promotes role of women in peace processes 11/23 In Darfur village, Sudan probes claims of 'mass rape' 11/23 Sudan and Rebels in Darfur Region Begin Peace Talks 11/23 Sudanese Government Requests UN Mission in Darfur to Leave 11/23 Sudan asks UN mission in Darfur to prepare to leave 11/22 Sudan denies mass military rapes in Darfur 11/22 Darfur: amid mass rape allegations, UN-backed event promotes role of women in peace processes 11/22 UNAMID confirms receipt of verbal request to leave Sudan’s Darfur 11/22 Darfur: UN-backed event promotes role of women in peace 11/22 Sudan: Rebels Ready for Further Talks 11/22 Sudan: West Darfur Displaced Boycott Elections' Registrations 11/21 Sudan’s electoral body says upcoming election costs 800mn pounds 11/21 Sudan asks U.N. mission in Darfur to prepare to leave 11/21 Sudan: The Unamid Internal Report On Mass Rape in Tabit 11/21 Sudan: Locals Claim Killing Three Militants in North Darfur 11/21 Al-Nur reaffirms his refusal for talks with Sudan's regime 11/21 Turkey to deploy peacekeeping troops to Africa 11/21 Sudanese Refugees Are Being Attacked by Angry Mobs and Police in Jordan 11/21 Sudan asks UNAMID to embark on an exit strategy from Darfur 11/21 Sudan calls for UN 'exit strategy' from Darfur 11/21 Security Council Press Statement on Darfur 11/20 Morgan Tsvangirai: Khampepe report is '12 years too late' 11/20 UNSC urges Sudan to allow UNAMID access to investigate Darfur rape claims 11/20 'Insecurity on the march again' in Africa's Sahel region, UN relief official warns 11/20 Refugees Struggle to Get by as New Dangers Arise in CAR Conflict 11/20 Abandoned in the borderlands 11/20 UN Council calls on Sudan to allow 'mass rape' investigation 11/19 Sudan rejects call by UN chief to conduct another investigation on mass rape 11/19 Sudan: East Darfur Nomadic School Receives Educational Materials 11/19 Security Council calls for thorough investigation into alleged mass rape in North Darfur 11/19 UN urges Sudan to allow mass rape investigation 11/19 ‘Insecurity on the march again’ in Africa’s Sahel region, UN relief official warns 11/19 Statement attributable to the Spokesman for the Secretary-General on Darfur 11/18 Firewood collectors raped, beaten in South Darfur 11/18 Sudan denies U.N. access to Darfur village to check rape accusations 11/18 Darfur rebels say peace in Sudan should considered without Doha 11/18 UNAMID reiterates intention to conduct another investigation into mass rape allegations 11/18 IJA Forces Integrated Into Somali National Army 11/18 Sudan: Sudan Launches Demobilisation for Rebels in Darfur 11/17 Sudan: South Darfur Security Releases Displaced Again 11/17 Sudan denies U.N. access to Darfur village to check rape accusations 11/17 Sudan: Foreign Ministry Summons UNAMID Chief Over Mass Rape Allegations 11/17 Teachers in South Darfur call open-ended strike over salaries 11/17 UN chief asks Sudan to allow 'mass rape' investigation 11/17 Rwanda: New Round of Peacekeepers Fly to Darfur 11/17 Sudan: UNAMID Organizes Global Open Day Session On Women, Peace and Security 11/17 Darfur rape allegations: Ban urges unfettered access to town 11/17 Sudan denies Darfur peacekeepers access to look into 'mass rape' 11/16 Investigation into alleged mass rape in North Darfur town 11/16 Sudan denies UNAMID access for the second time in Darfur to look into mass rape claims 11/16 Sudan’s electoral body announces end of registration for 2015 elections 11/16 Unamid claims presence of Sudanese soldiers affected villagers' response 11/15 UN agency in Darfur accused of failing to properly investigate claims Sudanese army 'raped children' 11/15 UN mission continues investigation into alleged mass rape in North Darfur town 11/15 Sudan's foreign ministry summons UNAMID chief over mass rape allegations 11/15 Sudan Official Dismisses Allegations of Mass Rape in Darfur 11/14 UN mission continues investigation into alleged mass rape in North Darfur town 11/14 Sudan: Tabit Men Arrested, Army Transfers Troops Accused of North Darfur Rape 11/14 Sudan: Darfur Bar Asks UN for Independent Inquiry On Rape Allegations 11/13 Sudan: Army Filmed UNAMID Mass Rape Investigations in Tabit 11/13 Government of Sudan Delays Access to Investigate Reports of Mass Rape in North Darfur 11/13 Bullying Darfur 11/13 1.2 million new voters register for Sudan’s 2015 elections: NEC 11/13 Sudan instructs dialogue committee to delay visit to rebel prisoners 11/13 Sudan: Statement By U.S., UK, Norway On Peace Negotiations in Sudan 11/13 US Welcomes Sudan Peace Talks 11/13 Six Injured in Bombing Raid on South Sudan Village 11/13 Joint Statement on Peace Negotiations in Sudan 11/12 Sudan launches demobilisation exercise of Darfur former rebels 11/12 Sudan military sought to intimidate during 'mass rape' probe: UN 11/12 Four civilians abducted from North Darfur market 11/12