News aggregator for armed conflict worldwide

Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur


In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.

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Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 5
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,705,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: Indonesia denies peacekeepers tried to leave Sudan with arms 01/24 Assistant of President Hails Efforts of Qatar and Chad for Realizing Peace in Darfur 01/24 Indonesia probes alleged gun smuggling by peacekeeping unit 01/24 Indonesia investigates whether its peacekeepers smuggled guns out of Sudan 01/24 Sudan: Two Displaced Hit By Police Car in South Darfur Camp 01/24 Sudan: New Signatory to Darfur Peace File in Qatar Capital 01/24 Sudan: Indonesian UNAMID Police Deny Smuggling Arms From Darfur 01/24 Sudan: Darfur Slm Denies News of Another Breakaway Group 01/23 Sudan: Government to Sign Peace Deal With Slm-New Revolution in Doha Monday 01/23 Sudanese gov’t, Darfur group sign peace agreement in Doha 01/23 Sudan: North Darfur Capital 'Crammed With Cars From Libya' 01/22 UNAMID’s local workers renew protests over unpaid benefits 01/22 Sudan’s SRF re-appoints Agar as chairman 01/22 AU welcomes US move to lift sanctions against Sudan 01/22 $167m needed for S. Sudan refugees in Sudan: UNHCR 01/22 Security Council to hold consultations on S. Sudan on Monday 01/22 Darfuri splinter group signs peace agreement with Sudanese government 01/21 Civil Lawsuit On Behalf Of Sudanese Victims Brought Against BNP Paribas In U.S. Federal District Court 01/21 Sudan’s police arrest UNAMID peacekeepers accused of smuggling weapons 01/20 African Union to verify Juba is no longer harbouring Sudanese rebels 01/20 Sudanese government, Darfur group to sign peace deal next week 01/19 Sudanese government says rebel group to sign Darfur peace pact 01/19 Indonesia to send 140 personnel for peacekeeping mission in Sudan 01/19 Sudan: Draft Bill to Give Sudanese President Sway Over RSF Militia 01/19 Soldiers won’t fight back, Gambian army chief says 01/19 Sudan’s al-Mahdi vows no bilateral agreement with al-Bashir regime 01/18 For Sudan, Breaking Ties with Its Radical Past Is a ‘Delicate Balancing Act’ 01/18 Sudan: Resumption of Darfur Internal Dialogue in 8 Localities 01/17 United States Lifting Select Sanctions on Sudan 01/16 Darfur rebel groups retreat to Libya, South Sudan: UN report 01/16 Sudanese parliament passes RSF Act integrating militiamen in the army 01/16 Sudan: 'Sudan Govt. Declares Ceasefire to Appease U.S.' - Opposition 01/16 Sudan: Easing Sanctions - Lifeline for Bashir or Catalyst for Change? 01/16 Sudan Sanctions: Obama, You've Been Played, Advantage Bashir 01/16 Sudan: Darfur's Jebel Marra Hit By Disease, Displaced Need Winter Aid 01/16 Sudan: Displaced Contradict Sudanese Envoy's Statement to UN 01/16 Sudan: Darfur Rebel Movement Welcomes New UNAMID Head 01/16 Obama’s promises and pledges for Darfur went unheeded with lifting sanctions 01/15 Sudan Extends Cease-fire by Six Months 01/15 Sudan extends ceasefire in 3 conflict areas 01/15 Sudanese government extends ceasefire for six months 01/15 Sudan: Obama Lifts 20-Year Sanctions On Sudan 01/14 Move to lift Sudan sanctions came after Trump approval, months of talks 01/14 JEM welcomes appointment of new UNAMID chief 01/14 Sudan: Obama's Premature 'Easing' of Sanctions On Sudan 01/14 United States Lifting Select Sanctions on Sudan 01/14 Sudan: US Set to Lift Some Sanctions Against Sudan 01/13 Inter-communal tensions in Darfur threaten return of millions of displaced people, Security Council told 01/13 US lifts 20-year economic embargo on Sudan 01/13 Obama’s Premature ‘Easing’ of Sanctions on Sudan 01/13 Secretary-General, African Union Commission Chairperson appoint Jeremiah Kingsley Mamabolo of South Africa Acting Joint Special Representative for Darfur 01/12 Sudan news agency: President underwent heart procedure 01/12 U.S. set to lift some financial sanctions against Sudan 01/12 Inter-communal tensions in Darfur threaten return of millions of displaced people, Security Council told 01/12 WFP Launches Innovative Cash Assistance Programme in Darfur, Supported by UKAID 01/11 High level British delegation visits Sudan 01/11 Sudan: Gunmen Ambush Children in North Darfur, Kidnap Two 01/09 Sudan: Sudan Scholars - 'Tobacco Not Allowed in Islam' 01/09 Sudan’s Bashir invited to attend Arab Summit in Amman 01/09 Sudan: 'Sudan's Armed Forces Stand Above the Law' - Analyst 01/09 Sudan’s RSF denies presence of foreign militia in N. Darfur gold area 01/07 Sudan: Seven Killed in West Darfur Attack 01/06 Africa: African Press Review 5 January 2017 01/05 Minister calls for military intervention in N. Darfur gold mines 01/05 President Obama, Will the Moral Arc of the Universe Bend Toward Justice for the People of Sudan during Your Presidency? 01/05 Calais refugees adapt to life in the UK 01/05 Seven people killed in cattle-rustling violence in W. Darfur 01/05 Sudan: Blame Traded Over Civilian Deaths in Darfur 01/04 Sudan says agreement reached with Darfur rebels on major issues 01/04 Africa: Nigeria to Deploy 800 Army Personnel for Peacekeeping Mission in Darfur 01/04 Nigeria to Deploy 800 Soldiers in Darfur for Peacekeeping 01/03 Central Darfur governor blames SLM-AW rebels for Nertiti killing 01/03 Sudan: Blame traded over civilian deaths in Darfur 01/03 Sudan: North Darfur Displaced Reject Voluntary Return 01/02 Sudan: Gunmen in military uniform kill 8 people in Darfur 01/02 Nertiti massacre in Central Darfur exposes the criminal nature of Bashir’s regime 01/02 Sudan's Bashir announces one-month ceasefire extension 01/01 Sudan urges Juba to expel rebel groups from its territory 01/01 Sudanese forces kill 9 civilians in Central Darfur 01/01 Sudan: Vigils for Release of Sudan Detainees 01/01 Three gunmen accused of killing and carjacking arrested in East Darfur 12/31 Sudan’s president extends ceasefire for one month 12/31 Nobel laureates slam Suu Kyi over Myanmar’s Rohingya crisis, call for UN intervention 12/30 Sudan: Sudan Liberation Movement - We Signed Peace Agreement for Ending Darfur People Suffering 12/30 Sudan: Sudan President Scorns Ceasefire Agreement With Darfur Rebels 12/29 Sudan: West Darfur Market Closed After Tribal Clashes 12/28 UNAMID says there is “no military solution” for the conflict in Darfur 12/28 Uganda: Uganda President, Darfur Rebels Discuss Peace Process 12/28 Sudan: '2016 a Challenging Year' - Darfur Peacekeeping Head 12/28 Sudan: Darfur - Five People Killed in Attacks 12/27 Sudan: Renewal of Sudan Membership in Chemical Weapons Organization 12/27 Sudan: Militiamen Assault Central Darfur Prayers 12/27 Sudanese security seizes two newspapers 12/27 Sudan: Darfuri Student Leaders Fear Arrest in Khartoum 12/26 Ugandan president, Sudanese rebels discuss peace in Sudan 12/25 Six killed, eight injured by gunmen in West Darfur 12/24 Four stores burgled in South Darfur 12/24 12 killed in clashes between farmers and camel herders in South Darfur 12/24 Sudan: Time to Get Serious About Civilian Protection for Darfur 12/23 Sudan: 109 Chinese Peacekeepers Depart for Sudan's Darfur 12/23