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Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur

Summary

In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 5
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,705,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
modernghana.com UN moves to revamp AU-UN mission in Sudan's Darfur 03/06
allafrica.com Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan Reach Preliminary Agreement On Dam Operations - Mena 03/06
modernghana.com UN Sudan humanitarian chief urges Darfur conflict solution 03/06
bbc.co.uk Africa in pictures: 27 February - 5 March 2015 03/06
allafrica.com Sudan: 'Target Khartoum With Sanctions On Gold Exports' - U.S. Think-Tank 03/06
allafrica.com Spanish Warship ESPS Infanta Cristina Joins EU Naval Force 03/05
sudantribune.com ICC appeals court confirms Banda's arrest warrant 03/05
allafrica.com Sudan: Ma'aliya to Raise Case to Sudanese Presidency After Talks Collapse 03/05
foxnews.com Almost half a million people in Darfur displaced in 2014, most in a decade, UN report says 03/05
allafrica.com EU Naval Force Croatian Maritime Team Awarded Operation Atalanta Medal for Protection of WFP Vessel 03/05
allafrica.com Africa: Africa's Human Rights Tribunal Issues Damning Decision in Sudan Torture Case 03/04
allafrica.com Sudan: Rape, Pillage, Arson in Darfur's Jebel Marra 03/04
allafrica.com Sudan: International Arrest Warrant for Darfur Rebel Confirmed 03/04
sudantribune.com Bashir says security in Darfur top priority in his electoral program 03/04
enoughproject.org New Report: Fool's Gold - The Case for Scrutinizing Sudan's Conflict Gold Trade 03/04
sputniknews.com Russia Launches Probe Into Abduction of Russian Nationals in Sudan 03/04
allafrica.com Sudan: Appeals Chamber Confirms Arrest Warrant for Sudanese Rebel Banda 03/03
news2.onlinenigeria.com More Troops Deployed By Federal Government To Stabilise North East For Elections 03/03
sudantribune.com Japan contributes $1.11 to enhance IOM operations in Darfur 03/03
allafrica.com Sudan: Measles Hits South Darfur Camp 03/02
allafrica.com Nigeria: 8,000 People Affected By Disasters in Lagos, Ogun, Oyo - Nema 03/02
allafrica.com Sudan: Unamid to Cut 770 Posts in Darfur 03/02
monitor.co.ug We’re in Africa on invitation - ICC boss 03/02
sudantribune.com Denmark provides $2.3 million for humanitarian needs in Sudan 03/02
allafrica.com Sudan: Woman Raped, Air Raids Resume in East Jebel Marra, Darfur 03/02
news2.onlinenigeria.com More Troops Deployed By Federal Government To Stabilise North East For Elections 03/02
allafrica.com Africa: Bamboo - an Answer to Deforestation or Not in Africa? 03/01
allafrica.com Sudan: Water Shortage, Raids Cause Mass Exodus in North Darfur 02/28
allafrica.com Sudan: Fire Destroys Houses in East Darfur Camp 02/28
modernghana.com Why the Darfur Problem Is Every Black Person's Problem. 02/28
modernghana.com UN-AU mission in Sudan's Darfur cuts 770 jobs 02/28
sudantribune.com Darfur’s tribal reconciliation conference stalls over land ownership 02/28
sudantribune.com Sudan’s Bashir pledges to apply “clean Shari’a” 02/28
voanews.com Paris Tent Camp Reflects Plight of Europe's Asylum-Seekers 02/28
allafrica.com I Will Restore Nigeria's Lost Glory, Buhari Says At Chatham House 02/26
dnaindia.com George Clooney demands end to genocide, 'torture rapes' in Sudan 02/26
sudantribune.com Ex-Janjaweed leader threatens to sabotage Sudan’s general elections 02/26
enoughproject.org New York Times Op-Ed George Clooney on Darfur 02/25
allafrica.com Gambia: 214 GAF Peace Keepers to Be Dispatched to Darfur 02/25
allafrica.com Sudan: George Clooney Speaks Out on "Torture Rapes" in Darfur 02/25
myaccount.nytimes.com Op-Ed Contributors: George Clooney on Sudan’s Rape of Darfur 02/25
allafrica.com Sudan: Unamid Deputy Head Meets Local, Community Leaders in South Darfur 02/24
allafrica.com Sudan: Clashes Displace Over 41,000 People in Darfur - UN 02/23
vice.com Watch Our HBO Report on the Genocide in Darfur 02/23
sudantribune.com Three people killed by unknown gunmen in East Darfur 02/23
allafrica.com Sudan: Unamid Deputy Head Attends Peacebuilding Workshop for Community Leaders in South Darfur 02/23
sudantribune.com Former Darfur rebel faction backs Bashir’s candidacy for new mandate 02/23
modernghana.com Sudan election campaign to start amid opposition boycott 02/22
sudantribune.com Tribal clashes cause food shortage and malnutrition diseases in South Darfur 02/21
sudantribune.com LJM commanders demand full implementation of security arrangements in Darfur 02/21
allafrica.com Sudan: Talks in Khartoum On Unamid's Exit Strategy 02/20
allafrica.com Sudan: Conflict Forces Thousands to Flee in Darfur, UN Humanitarian Office Reports 02/20
sudantribune.com LRA commander says Kony is harboured near Darfur region : new report 02/20
sudantribune.com Two SLM factions agree to coordinate actions in Darfur 02/20
globalsecurity.org Sudan's Darfur conflict displaced 41k in 2 months: UN 02/19
un.org Conflict forces thousands to flee in Darfur, UN humanitarian office reports 02/19
sudantribune.com UNAMID to start withdrawing troops from stable parts of Darfur: diplomats 02/19
sudantribune.com Jebel Marra’s clashes displace over 41,000 people: UN 02/19
sputniknews.com Russia Does All it Can to Free Nationals Abducted in Western Sudan 02/19
euronews.com Darfur - A brief history of Sudan's silent suffering 02/18
pbs.org Photojournalist Lynsey Addario focuses on war and love in her new memoir 02/18
nzherald.co.nz Memorial to honor US woman held hostage by Islamic State 02/18
bbc.co.uk VIDEO: Photographing women and war 02/17
sudantribune.com Sudan’s justice minister dismisses HRW report on mass rape in Darfur 02/17
modernghana.com US eases Sudan communications sanctions 02/17
allafrica.com Sudan: Mass Rapes and the Future of UN Darfur Mission 02/17
allafrica.com Sudan: Presidential Contender Vows to Lift U.S. Sanctions in First 100 Days if Elected 02/16
allafrica.com Sudan: Insecurity in Darfur Tempts African and Arab Extremist Movements 02/16
turkishweekly.net Sudan discusses AU/UN mission exit from Darfur 02/16
allafrica.com Sudan: UN Deputy Chief, Top Sudan Official Meet in New York, Discuss Peace, Security Issues 02/16
sudantribune.com Sudan presidential contender vows to lift US sanctions in first 100 days if elected 02/15
allafrica.com South Sudan: Massive Fire Guts Homes 02/15
sudantribune.com South Sudan draws “redline” on first VP proposal 02/14
sudantribune.com Insecurity in Darfur tempts African and Arab extremist movements 02/14
edition.cnn.com Shocking Darfur rape claim 02/14
allafrica.com Sudan: UN Urges Full Probe On Mass Rape Claims 02/14
cnn.com Group: Sudanese soldiers raped 200 women and girls 02/14
sudantribune.com Massive fire consumes 100 homes at IDP camp in S. Darfur 02/14
sudantribune.com Two people killed in road accident in East Darfur 02/14
allafrica.com Sudan: Young Voices Reach Out to the Community 02/13
sputniknews.com Russian Embassy Coordinating Efforts With Sudan to Release Kidnapped Pilots 02/13
cnn.com Report: Soldiers raped 200 women, girls 02/13
nvonews.com UN urges Sudan to allow UNAMID to investigate “mass rape” 02/13
allafrica.com Sudan: Amb. Power's Explanation of Vote At UN On Sudan Sanctions 02/13
af.reuters.com U.S. slams Sudan for blocking Darfur mass rape investigation 02/13
news2.onlinenigeria.com US slams Sudan for blocking Darfur mass rape probe 02/13
euronews.com Euronews exclusive: Sudan president challenges reports of mass rape by soldiers 02/13
allafrica.com Sudan: Darfur, the Conflict That Just Won't Go Away 02/13
allafrica.com Sudan: Unanimously Adopting Resolution 2200 (2015), Security Council Renews Mandate of Expert Panel On Sudan, Deplores 'Routine' Conveyance of Arms Into Darfur 02/13
sudantribune.com UN urges Sudan to allow full probe on mass rape claims in Darfur 02/13
sudantribune.com UK backs calls for new investigation into Darfur mass rape allegations 02/13
un.org UN deputy chief, top Sudan official meet in New York, discuss peace, security issues 02/13
allafrica.com Sudan: 'They Raped Us All Night. I'm Still Sick' 02/12
sudantribune.com Security Council renews Sudan sanctions panel of experts 02/12
allafrica.com Sudan: Rights Group Documents Mass Rape in Darfur 02/12
allafrica.com Sudan: HRW Confirms Mass Rape Allegations in North Darfur By Sudanese Soldiers 02/12
allafrica.com Sudan: Army Repeats - 'Accusations Mass Rape Absolutely Wrong' 02/12
grnlive.com Mass rape in Darfur: Sudanese army blamed for multiple attacks on women 02/12
voanews.com Sudan Official Challenges Rights Group’s Rape Report 02/12
allafrica.com Sudan: Mass Rapes Reported in Darfur As Conflict Escalates 02/12