News aggregator for armed conflict worldwide

Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur


In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.

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Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 5
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,705,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: Loss of life in Sri Lanka conflict could have been averted: US 09/19 Government grenade kills three in Darfur's Jebel Marra 09/19 Investigation underway into burning of a commercial market by army personnel in East Darfur 09/19 UNAMID Denies Statements On Transfer of Darfur Process to Addis Ababa 09/18 Robbery, hijacking, pillaging in North, Central Darfur 09/18 Atrocities could have been prevented by international community says US 09/18 Sudan: UN Mission Urges Feuding Groups to Reconcile 09/18 Killing of Sudanese soldier in East Darfur leads to ‘chaos’ 09/18 UNAMID denies statements on transfer of Darfur process to Addis Ababa 09/17 ABIODUN OLUREMI BASHUA OF NIGERIA APPOINTED DEPUTY JOINT SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVE IN DARFUR HYBRID OPERATION 09/17 Abiodun Bashua appointed as UNAMID deputy joint special representative 09/17 Heavy bombardments in Darfur’s East Jebel Marra kill four 09/17 George Clooney to get prize for humanitarian work 09/16 Sudan: Sudanese Authorities Release SCP Leader Ibrahim Al-Sheikh Following a 100-Day Detention 09/16 Communiqué of the 456th Meeting of the Peace and Security Council 09/16 Sudan - Colliding interests 09/16 Qatar did not agree to transfer venue of Darfur peace talks: DRA 09/16 George Clooney 'to be married by ex-Rome mayor' 09/15 North Darfur farmers, nomads agree to peaceful coexistence 09/15 SECRETARY-GENERAL APPOINTS MOHAMMED IBN CHAMBAS OF GHANA SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVE FOR WEST AFRICA 09/15 ‘What peace was Unamid supposed to keep in Darfur?' 09/15 George Clooney to get prize for humanitarian work 09/15 Clooney to receive Cecil B DeMille award 09/15 Sudan: 'Rebels Killed 23 Government Troops in North Darfur' - Citizens 09/15 CNN Op-Ed: At the UN, Janjaweed is a Dirty Word 09/15 Sudan: Darfur Ex-Rebels Integrate Into Sudan's Army 09/15 Police use tear gas to disperse students’ protests in North Darfur state 09/14 Children burned to death in attack in East Jebel Marra, Darfur 09/14 Darfur peace mission chaos is revealed 09/13 Chambas proposes entrusting Mbeki with Darfur peace file 09/13 Policeman killed, 4 injured in attack on pilgrims convoy in North Darfur 09/13 South Sudan: ICC Converts Darfur Rebel Figure's Court Summons to Arrest Warrant 09/12 Sudan: Hague Court Issues Darfur Arrest Warrant 09/12 The Failure of the UN: Rebuilding from the Ruins 09/12 Sudan: ICC Issues Arrest Warrant for Darfur Rebel 09/12 Proliferation of 'alien ants' in Kass camp, South Darfur 09/12 South Sudan: ICC Issues Arrest Warrant for Sudanese Rebel 09/12 Ban appoints new UN envoy for West Africa 09/12 Sudan: Darfur Displaced Cry Out for 'Urgent International Help' 09/12 Sudan: North Darfur's Kabkabiya Camps Call for Protection Against Rape 09/12 Sudan backs ceasefire, but rules out cessation of hostilities 09/12 Sudan: Janjaweed Shoot Five People, Kidnap Two in Darfur 09/12 Sudan: Health Situation Deteriorating in West Darfur's Murnei Camp 09/12 South Darfur state coordinating with other states in the region to enhance security 09/12 Secretary-General Appoints Mohammed IBN Chambas Of Ghana As Special Representative For West Africa 09/12 Sudan security arrests nine teachers in North Darfur state 09/11 Sudan: UNAMID Holds Consultations in Doha On Darfur, Sudan's Dialogue 09/11 Property of Sudanese Gold Prospectors Seized in Chad 09/11 South Sudan: Head of Darfur Peacekeeping Mission to Quit 09/11 Salary arrears lead to closing of Central Darfur hospital 09/11 International court issues arrest warrant for Darfur rebel accused of peacekeeper attack 09/11 ICC issues warrant for Darfur rebel leader's arrest 09/11 ICC Issues Arrest Warrant for Sudanese Rebel 09/11 Mbeki announces separate talks with Sudan rebels on cessation of hostilities 09/11 Four people killed, one injured in Darfur assaults 09/10 Sudan: Germany Supports Vulnerable People in Sudan Through Nutrient-Dense Food 09/10 Sudan: 'No Rebel Attack On North Darfur Military Base' - Tibra Residents 09/10 Mbeki sees 'big step' in efforts to end Sudan wars: Media 09/10 WFP Sudan welcomes $ 2.7 million contribution from Germany 09/10 UNAMID JSR holds consultations with Qatari Deputy Prime Minster and the African Union High-Level Implementation Panel Chairman in Doha 09/10 Africa: Sudanese Asylum Seekers Tortured After Being Sent Home By Israel - HRW 09/10 Chambas to quit Darfur peacekeeping mission 09/10 U.S. Govt Warns That it Will Cease Assisting AMISON 09/09 Sudan: African Union-UN Mission Calls for Restraint Amid Tensions At Darfur Camp 09/09 Tribal leaders vow to stop abuses in Kubum, South Darfur 09/09 UNAMID Joint Special Representative Spokesperson to hold press conference in Khartoum 15 September 2014, 11:30 am UNAMID's Khartoum office 09/09 11 NGOs call for pressing Khartoum to stop bombing civilians 09/09 UNAMID calls for restraint over Kalma IDP camp tensions 09/09 UNAMID JSR holds consultations with Qatari Deputy Prime Minster and the African Union High-Level Implementation Panel Chairman in Doha 09/09 UNAMID urges Sudan to investigate recent IDP camp incident 09/09 Three people killed, two injured in South Darfur state shooting 09/09 Senior Sudan opposition figure freed after one month 09/09 Sudan: Sudan Opposition Forces Condemn Attack On Kalma Camp 09/09 UNAMID Joint Special Representative Spokesperson to hold press conference in Khartoum 15 September 2014, 11:30 am UNAMID's Khartoum office 09/08 Africa: The African Union Welcomes the Agreement Reached By Sudanese Parties On Their Participation in the National Dialogue 09/08 African Union-UN mission calls for restraint amid tensions at Darfur camp 09/08 Sudan: Unamid FC Attends Final Security Arrangements for JEM - Sudan Combatants in the Implementaion of Doha Document 09/08 Sudan: An Expedient and Dishonest Trade-Off By the UN in Darfur" 09/08 Sudan: Rebels Claim Attack On Tibra Military Base in North Darfur 09/08 Sudan Defence Ministry signs contract for new airports in Darfur 09/08 N. Darfur, UNAMID ban travel of peacekeepers to Ebola affected countries 09/07 An expedient and dishonest trade-off by the UN in Darfur" 09/07 Sudanese gold prospectors evacuated from Niger to Chad 09/06 An Expedient and Dishonest Trade-Off by the UN in Darfur 09/06 2 women killed, 4 children injured in government raid on South Darfur IDP camp 09/06 South Sudanese rebels downplay China troops’ deployment 09/06 South Darfur governor accuses SLM/AW of involvement in IDP camp incident 09/06 Sudan opposition parties agree to join dialogue 09/05 Sudan Bars Opposition Figure From Travelling to Addis Ababa 09/05 Iraq, Ukraine see Canada's military footprint expand 09/05 Malnutrition Crisis in Sudan 09/05 Sudan: WFP Reduces Food Rations for Darfur Displaced 09/04 Sudan bars opposition figure from travelling to Addis Ababa 09/04 Sudan says UN human rights expert has resigned 09/04 Police ‘lacks fuel’ to persecute robbers in West Darfur 09/04 Hepatitis outbreak kills 150 people in South Darfur’s Kalma IDP camp 09/03 Voices: Whatever happened to 'Save Darfur' movement? 09/03 Emirates foundation signs water station contract for Darfur, Kordofan 09/03 West Darfur’s Abu Suruj without water after solar panels theft 09/03 Maktoum Foundation to build 10 water stations in Sudan 09/02