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Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur

Summary

In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 5
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,705,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
sudantribune.com Armed herdsmen kill farmer in North Darfur 12/03
allafrica.com Sudan: Army Officer Sentenced to Death for Rape in South Darfur 12/02
sudantribune.com Sudan, Darfur groups hold consultations over cessation of hostilities 12/01
sudantribune.com JEM leader fires close aide 12/01
allafrica.com Sudan: Brahim Mahmud Briefed On Agreement Signed By Government and SLM 12/01
allafrica.com Almost Half of Refugees in Chad Going Hungry After Aid Cuts, Poor Harvests - UN 11/30
aina.org Chaldean Bishop Urges Solidarity With Suffering Christians of Middle East 11/30
foxnews.com Sudan's Al-Bashir voices support for Trump 11/29
foxnews.com Sudan's Al-Bashir says dealing with Trump will be 'easier' 11/29
allafrica.com Sudan: Gunmen Abduct Three UN Workers in Sudan's Darfur, Says Official 11/29
tribune.com.pk 3 UN workers abducted in Darfur 11/28
punchng.com Gunmen kidnap three UN workers in Sudan 11/28
sudantribune.com Gunmen abduct three UNHCR staff members in W. Darfur 11/28
allafrica.com Sudan: Three UNAMID Staff Abducted in South Darfur City 11/28
allafrica.com Rwanda: RDF Rotates Troops Deployed Under UNAMID 11/28
allafrica.com Sudan: Militiamen Attack Convoy in North Darfur's Kutum 11/28
af.reuters.com UPDATE 1-Gunmen kidnap three UNHCR workers in Sudan's Darfur -local official 11/28
sudantribune.com SLM Al-Nur to U.S. Booth: ’Negotiations by Khartoum are illusory’ 11/28
af.reuters.com REFILE-Gunmen kidnap three UNHCR workers in Sudan's Darfur -local official 11/28
aljazeera.com Three UN workers abducted in Sudan's Darfur 11/28
voanews.com Local Official: Gunmen Kidnap 3 UNHCR Workers in Sudan's Darfur 11/28
dw.com Gunmen abduct three UN workers in Sudan's Darfur, says official 11/28
un.org Refugees in Chad facing continued food insecurity, joint UN agency assessment reveals 11/28
sudantribune.com Schools students protest against price hikes in N. Darfur 11/27
huffingtonpost.com Obama Administration Special Envoys for Sudan: A Succession of Failure, Duplicity, and Cynicism 11/26
sudantribune.com Over 50,000 S. Sudanese refugees flee to E. Darfur 11/26
sudantribune.com UNAMID Sudanese workers released in South Darfur 11/25
allafrica.com The World Must Not Forget Chad's Refugees, UN Agencies Warn 11/25
sudantribune.com South Sudan says Sudanese rebel agreed to leave its territory 11/25
allafrica.com Sudan: Doubts Over Commitment to UN Rule of Law Project for Darfur 11/24
sudantribune.com Three UNAMID local staffers abducted in South Darfur 11/24
sudantribune.com Sudanese army attacks SPLM-N positions in S. Kordofan: rebels say 11/24
allafrica.com Sudan: State Councillor Warns of Displacement Surge As Hundreds of Darfur Farms Damaged By Herders 11/24
allafrica.com Sudan: Merchant Killed in Darfur, Sudan VP Vows to Rebuild Jebel Marra 11/23
allafrica.com Hassabo - Joint Forces Experiment Is Model of Cooperation Between Sudan, Chad and CAR 11/23
theeastafrican.co.ke Wanted Sudanese President Bashir in Equatorial Guinea for summit 11/23
appablog.wordpress.com The Pros and Cons of Black Friday for Small Businesses 11/22
allafrica.com Sudan: Hassabo - Darfur Has Entered Stage of Security and Stability 11/22
appablog.wordpress.com Bringing Stability to Darfur: UN and Government of Sudan Launch a Joint Programme for Rule of Law in Darfur 11/22
appablog.wordpress.com Media Briefing by The International Cooperation, Trade and Security Cluster 11/22
sudantribune.com Sudan’s FM holds new talks on exit strategy from Darfur 11/22
sudantribune.com UN, Sudan launch joint initiative for rule of law in Darfur 11/22
dawn.com End of liberalism? 11/21
allafrica.com Sudan: West Darfur to Collect Weapons From 'Citizens' 11/21
sudantribune.com South Darfur, UNMAID official visit Graida after tribal clashes 11/21
allafrica.com Sudan: Thousands of North Darfur Refugees Return Home - Governor 11/21
allafrica.com Sudan: Inferno Destroys 30 Homes in South Darfur Camp 11/18
allafrica.com Sudan: 'A Guerrilla Movement With a Just Cause Can't Be Defeated' 11/18
sudantribune.com Darfur Crimes Courts sentence armed robbers in Nyala and El Geneina 11/18
sudantribune.com UN working to connect aid with development projects in Sudan 11/17
stripes.com Sudan lauds Russia's snub of ICC, which seeks its president 11/17
sudantribune.com Three police officers killed by unknown gunmen in North Darfur 11/17
allafrica.com Africa: Africa Wants Out of ICC but Lacks Capacity to Hold Trials 11/16
allafrica.com Sudan: Internet Freedom - More Arrests, No Blackouts 11/16
allafrica.com Africa: African Countries in Failed Attempts to Try 'Serious' Crimes 11/16
allafrica.com Sudan: Herders' Fighting Nears Tabit - Five Wounded, Two Kidnapped 11/16
sudantribune.com unknown gunmen attack North Darfur resident 11/16
theeastafrican.co.ke Africa wants out of ICC but lacks capacity to hold trials 11/15
huffingtonpost.com Sudan in the Wake of a Trump Victory 11/15
allafrica.com Sudan: Al-Basher Gives Directives for Implementation of Corona Agreement 11/14
allafrica.com Sudan: 'Darfuri Rebel Fighters Languishing in Sudan's Prisons' - Slm-AW 11/14
sudantribune.com Troika envoys, Darfur rebel leaders discuss Sudan peace process 11/14
kristof.blogs.nytimes.com In the Holiday Season, Supporting the Vilified 11/14
sudantribune.com Sudan’s Bashir travels to Morocco for climate change conference 11/14
allafrica.com Sudan: President Orders Implementation of 'Korona Peace Agreement' 11/14
sudantribune.com Bashir directs to implement peace deal with Darfur breakaway faction 11/13
theeastafrican.co.ke UN: Over 1.3m South Sudanese have fled from home 11/12
sudantribune.com Sudan’s austerity measures meant to address impact of sanctions and civil war: Official 11/12
allafrica.com Sudan: Deadly Village Raid Sparks Protest in South Darfur 11/11
sudantribune.com SLM’s Minnawi calls on U.S. Trump to end "ongoing genocide" in Darfur 11/10
sudantribune.com Darfur Crimes Court sentences police officer to life imprisonment 11/10
allafrica.com Sudan: Bus Fares Soar in Eastern Sudan 11/09
sudantribune.com 10 people killed in clashes in South Darfur 11/09
sudantribune.com Sudan’s Bashir congratulates U.S. President-elect Trump, as adviser vows to not lift sanction 11/09
allafrica.com Sudan: Slm-Aw Defectors Sign for Peace in Central Darfur 11/09
allafrica.com Peacekeepers Build School for IDPs in Darfur 11/08
allafrica.com Peacekeepers Build School for Darfur Community 11/08
allafrica.com Sudan: Darfur Rebel Leader Responds to UNAMID Remarks On Ceasefire 11/07
sudantribune.com West Darfur governor vows to fight all forms of crime 11/07
worldpoliticsreview.com Darfur’s Conflict Might Be Forgotten, but It’s Not Over 11/07
allafrica.com Sudan: Aid Provision to Jebel Marra Displaced in North Darfur Ongoing 11/06
sudantribune.com 32,000 IDPs return to C. Darfur from Chad and CAR: OCHA 11/06
af.reuters.com Burkina Faso to withdraw Darfur peacekeepers by July 11/05
allafrica.com Sudan: UNAMID Welcomes Rebels' Extension of Ceasefire 11/04
voanews.com With ‘Jungle’ Dismantled, Police Clear Paris Migrant Camp 11/04
allafrica.com Sudan: Child Dies in South Darfur Camp Fire 11/04
allafrica.com Sudan: African Union-UN Mission in Darfur Welcomes Unilateral Six-Month Truce By Two Armed Groups 11/04
sudantribune.com U.S. congressmen call to investigate chemical weapons use in Darfur 11/04
allafrica.com Sudan: Assistant of the President Reaffirms Stability of the Situation in Darfur States 11/03
un.org African Union-UN mission in Darfur welcomes unilateral six-month truce by two armed groups 11/03
sudantribune.com UNMAID calls for comprehensive cessation of hostilities in Darfur 11/03
appablog.wordpress.com UNAMID welcomes Cessation of Hostilities announcement 11/03
allafrica.com '20+ Dead' As Darfur Bandits Clash With Chadian Pursuit Posse 11/03
reuters.com France moves Calais child migrants as row with Britain simmers 11/02
euractiv.com Berlin questions authenticity of claims Sudan used chemical weapons 11/02
globalsecurity.org Germany Extends Involvement in UN Missions in Sudan, S. Sudan Until 2018 11/02
sudantribune.com 20 people killed in clashes in West Darfur State 11/02
huffingtonpost.com U.S. Sanctions Against Khartoum Renewed By Obama -- But His State Department Works Hard To Minimize The Significance Of His Action 11/01
sudantribune.com China to send 925 peacekeepers to Darfur and South Sudan 11/01
modernghana.com Sudan says keen to normalise US ties despite sanctions 11/01