News aggregator for armed conflict worldwide

Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur


In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.

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Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 5
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,705,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
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Darfur to assess security conditions 05/14 Sudan: UN and AU Commission Heads Condemn North Darfur Killings 05/13 US diplomats walk out of Uganda president’s inauguration 05/13 Uganda Defies ICC, Bashir Arrest Warrant 05/13 Top UN and African Union officials condemn deadly violence at camp for displaced in North Darfur 05/13 US denounces Uganda for hosting Sudan's Bashir 05/13 Africa: Sixth Term - Uganda's Museveni Lashes At ICC, Vows to Fight Corruption 05/13 Central Darfur government moves to Jebel Marra to supervise IDP’s return 05/13 Sudan: 238 Children Have Fled Darfur's Jebel Marra to Shangil Tobaya 05/13 French president marks end to C. African Republic mission 05/13 Sudan: Armed Cattle Herders Terrorise Darfur Refugees 05/12 Museveni says ICC a “bunch court”, assures Al-Bashir of safe exit from Uganda 05/12 Sudan: Refugee Centres Under Siege in Darfur Strife 05/12 Sudan's Bashir Defies International Arrest Warrant With Trip to Uganda 05/12 Museveni sworn in as Uganda's president for fifth term 05/12 Top UN and African Union officials condemn deadly violence at camp for displaced in North Darfur 05/12 Uganda urged to arrest al-Bashir 05/12 Uganda: President inaugurated amid opposition arrests 05/12 US diplomats walk out of Uganda president's inauguration 05/12 Joint statement by the Spokespeople for the UN Secretary-General and the Chairperson of the African Union Commission on Darfur 05/12 Museveni sworn-in as US, EU envoys walk out 05/12 US denounces Uganda for hosting Sudan’s Bashir 05/12 Ugandan president inaugurated amid opposition arrests 05/12 La 594ème réunion du Conseil de paix et de sécurité de l’UA sur Soudan et de l’Ethiopie et sur la situation dans la région du Darfour et sur les activités de la MINUAD 05/11 South Africa: SA Withdraws Troops From Darfur 05/11 UNAMID condemns attacks in Sortony, calls for maximum restraint 05/11 Sudan: African Union-UN Mission Launches Campaign in West Darfur Against Use of Child Soldiers 05/11 Sudan: Senior UN Aid Official Condemns Killings of Displaced Civilians By Armed Local Tribes in North Darfur 05/11 Sudan: UN Condemns Killing of Displaced in Darfur's Sortony 05/11 Sudan: Ministry of Finance Stresses Government Concern With Stability and Development in Central Darfur State 05/11 UN Footage Highlights Worsening Food Crisis in South Sudan 05/11 The 594th meeting of the AUPSC on the situation in Darfur and activities of UNAMID, as well as on Sudan and Ethiopia – 05/11 Adriane Ohanesian wins prize named for AP photographer 05/10 Implementation Follow-Up Commission of the Doha Document convenes in Khartoum 05/10