News aggregator for armed conflict worldwide

Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur


In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.

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Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 5
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,705,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: 14 injured as Rizeigat, Fellata clash in East Darfur 10/01 Germany hosts workshop for Sudanese rebels 10/01 AU-UN Joint Special Representative/Joint Chief Mediator's message on the occasion of Eid Al-Adha and the Haj 10/01 SUDAN: China Applies Pressure 09/30 Teachers strike in East Darfur enters fourth week 09/30 Crops spoiled in Central Darfur, farmers demand investigation 09/30 Abdul Kamara Appointed As UNAMID Deputy Joint Special Representative 09/29 Remarks By President Paul Kagame During Summit On Strengthening International Peacekeeping 09/29 Darfur peace accord incorporated in Sudan’s Interim Constitution 09/29 Six dead in North Darfur cattle theft; sheep stolen in East Darfur train robbery 09/29 Computers stolen from Central Darfur refugee camp 09/29 Tripartite Coordination Mechanism meeting on Unamid concluded 09/28 South Darfur governor sacks ministers after failing to win party’s nomination 09/28 Mahdi has to relinquish Paris Declaration before returning to Sudan: Bashir 09/27 Abdul Kamara appointed as UNAMID deputy joint special representative 09/27 Sudan’s 2nd VP witnesses signing of tribal reconciliation deal in W. Kordofan 09/27 Sudan security bans Darfur lawyer to travel 09/26 Militiamen kill displaced man in Tawila, North Darfur 09/26 Sudan: UNHRC Appoints New Independent Expert for Sudan 09/26 Ex-Janjaweed leader sponsors tribal reconciliation conference in North Darfur 09/26 Sudan Revolutionary Front leaders to meet with emir of Qatar 09/25 Arab special envoy pledges to improve health situation in Darfur 09/25 Sudan announces it will hold cease-fire talks with country's main rebel coalition next month 09/25 Estimated costs of Darfur war $50 billion 09/24 Displaced held by security in Zalingei, Central Darfur 09/24 Angola to Have Prefab Schools With Blockhaus Technology 09/24 Zaghawa, Arab tribes talk peace in North Darfur 09/24 Official warns against spread of tribalism within Sudan ruling party 09/24 Gandour renews calls to Darfur rebels to join Sudan's dialogue 09/23 ‘Government has tribalised Sudan’: Darfur Civil Society Platform 09/23 Sudan: Qatar Donates U.S.$88.5 Million for Darfur 09/23 Gunmen attack village, kill one; raid market in Darfur 09/23 Qatar to be associated to cessation of hostilities talks with Darfur rebels 09/23 AU Celebrates UN International Day of Peace 09/22 Sudan: Unamid Enhances the Role of Women in Conflict Resolution 09/22 UNAMID welcomes conviction of attackers against peacekeepers in North Darfur 09/22 Qatar offers $88.5mln for Darfur reconstruction 09/22 UNAMID steps up Ebola preventive measures in Sudan 09/22 Ruling party member killed in South Darfur ambush 09/22 $88.5 mn Qatar grant for development in Darfur 09/22 UNAMID applauds sentence on rapist of Darfur female peacekeeper 09/22 Qatar Donates $88.5 Million for Darfur 09/22 Darfuris call on Sudan’s HRs Commission to stop violations 09/21 Middle East’s Sectarian Tensions Play Out in Sudan-Iran Relations 09/21 Ma'alia officials quit East Darfur institutions over tribal attacks 09/21 Sudan: Investigation Underway Into Burning of a Commercial Market By Army Personnel in East Darfur 09/20 Investigation underway into burning of a commercial market by army personnel in East Darfur 09/19 Government grenade kills three in Darfur's Jebel Marra 09/19 Loss of life in Sri Lanka conflict could have been averted: US 09/19 UNAMID Denies Statements On Transfer of Darfur Process to Addis Ababa 09/18 Robbery, hijacking, pillaging in North, Central Darfur 09/18 Atrocities could have been prevented by international community says US 09/18 Sudan: UN Mission Urges Feuding Groups to Reconcile 09/18 Killing of Sudanese soldier in East Darfur leads to ‘chaos’ 09/18 UNAMID denies statements on transfer of Darfur process to Addis Ababa 09/17 ABIODUN OLUREMI BASHUA OF NIGERIA APPOINTED DEPUTY JOINT SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVE IN DARFUR HYBRID OPERATION 09/17 Abiodun Bashua appointed as UNAMID deputy joint special representative 09/17 Heavy bombardments in Darfur’s East Jebel Marra kill four 09/17 George Clooney to get prize for humanitarian work 09/16 Sudan: Sudanese Authorities Release SCP Leader Ibrahim Al-Sheikh Following a 100-Day Detention 09/16 Communiqué of the 456th Meeting of the Peace and Security Council 09/16 Sudan - Colliding interests 09/16 Qatar did not agree to transfer venue of Darfur peace talks: DRA 09/16 George Clooney 'to be married by ex-Rome mayor' 09/15 North Darfur farmers, nomads agree to peaceful coexistence 09/15 SECRETARY-GENERAL APPOINTS MOHAMMED IBN CHAMBAS OF GHANA SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVE FOR WEST AFRICA 09/15 ‘What peace was Unamid supposed to keep in Darfur?' 09/15 George Clooney to get prize for humanitarian work 09/15 Clooney to receive Cecil B DeMille award 09/15 Sudan: 'Rebels Killed 23 Government Troops in North Darfur' - Citizens 09/15 CNN Op-Ed: At the UN, Janjaweed is a Dirty Word 09/15 Sudan: Darfur Ex-Rebels Integrate Into Sudan's Army 09/15 Police use tear gas to disperse students’ protests in North Darfur state 09/14 Children burned to death in attack in East Jebel Marra, Darfur 09/14 Darfur peace mission chaos is revealed 09/13 Chambas proposes entrusting Mbeki with Darfur peace file 09/13 Policeman killed, 4 injured in attack on pilgrims convoy in North Darfur 09/13 South Sudan: ICC Converts Darfur Rebel Figure's Court Summons to Arrest Warrant 09/12 Sudan: Hague Court Issues Darfur Arrest Warrant 09/12 The Failure of the UN: Rebuilding from the Ruins 09/12 Sudan: ICC Issues Arrest Warrant for Darfur Rebel 09/12 Proliferation of 'alien ants' in Kass camp, South Darfur 09/12 South Sudan: ICC Issues Arrest Warrant for Sudanese Rebel 09/12 Ban appoints new UN envoy for West Africa 09/12 Sudan: Darfur Displaced Cry Out for 'Urgent International Help' 09/12 Sudan: North Darfur's Kabkabiya Camps Call for Protection Against Rape 09/12 Sudan backs ceasefire, but rules out cessation of hostilities 09/12 Sudan: Janjaweed Shoot Five People, Kidnap Two in Darfur 09/12 Sudan: Health Situation Deteriorating in West Darfur's Murnei Camp 09/12 South Darfur state coordinating with other states in the region to enhance security 09/12 Secretary-General Appoints Mohammed IBN Chambas Of Ghana As Special Representative For West Africa 09/12 Sudan security arrests nine teachers in North Darfur state 09/11 Sudan: UNAMID Holds Consultations in Doha On Darfur, Sudan's Dialogue 09/11 Property of Sudanese Gold Prospectors Seized in Chad 09/11 South Sudan: Head of Darfur Peacekeeping Mission to Quit 09/11 Salary arrears lead to closing of Central Darfur hospital 09/11 International court issues arrest warrant for Darfur rebel accused of peacekeeper attack 09/11 ICC issues warrant for Darfur rebel leader's arrest 09/11 ICC Issues Arrest Warrant for Sudanese Rebel 09/11 Mbeki announces separate talks with Sudan rebels on cessation of hostilities 09/11