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Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur

Summary

In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 5
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,705,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
allafrica.com Sudan: Militiamen Continue Blocking Sortony Road 07/26
sudantribune.com Feature: When Sudanese remember Djibril Bassolé 07/25
sudantribune.com Police force return to work in North Darfur locality after 13-year absence 07/25
sudantribune.com One child died, six fell sick by explosive remnants in North Darfur 07/24
sudantribune.com Security forces arrest criminal band in South Darfur 07/23
sudantribune.com Sissi hails Qatar and Chad efforts for peace in Darfur 07/22
allafrica.com Sudan: Malnutrition Rife in Central Darfur Camps 07/21
sudantribune.com North Darfur deploys special forces to protect agricultural season 07/21
sudantribune.com Ex-Janjaweed leader calls for reconciliation in Darfur 07/20
allafrica.com Sudan: Shelling Kills Mother and Son in South Darfur 07/20
allafrica.com Sudan: Detonation Kills North Darfur Farmer 07/19
allafrica.com Sudan: Rebels Claim Victory in Central Darfur 07/19
allafrica.com Sudan: Security Clamp-Down in Central Darfur 07/18
allafrica.com Sudan: Al Bashir Invites Chad's Deby to Darfur Celebration 07/18
allafrica.com Sudan: Floods Destroy 200 Homes in North Darfur Camp 07/18
allafrica.com Sudan: Armed Robberies Leave Three Dead in Central Darfur 07/18
appablog.wordpress.com Readout of the Secretary-General’s meeting with H. E. Mr. Paul Kagame, President of Rwanda 07/18
allafrica.com Sudan: Floods - Homes, Water Infrastructure Destroyed 07/18
allafrica.com Sudan: Extremist Islam in Sudan - 'More Than 100' Joined IS 07/18
allafrica.com Sudan: Hassabo Informed On Security Situations in East Darfur 07/18
allafrica.com Sudan: New Site for South Sudanese Refugees in East Darfur 07/18
stripes.com UN: Nearly 50,000 kids at risk of starvation due to Boko Haram campaign 07/18
allafrica.com Africa: Heads of State Must Rethink Pulling Out of ICC 07/17
sudantribune.com Defector officer returns to North Darfur after nearly three years 07/17
monitor.co.ug Bashir attends AU summit despite arrest order 07/17
sudantribune.com Sudanese president arrives in Kigali for AU summit 07/16
foxnews.com Sudan's Bashir travels to Rwanda despite ICC arrest warrant 07/16
modernghana.com Floods kill 9 in Sudan's Darfur 07/16
monitor.co.ug Heads of state must rethink pulling out of ICC 07/16
sudantribune.com Unknown gunmen kill woman, injure her son in South Darfur 07/16
sudantribune.com South Sudan crisis dominates AU summit in Rwanda 07/16
sudantribune.com Mbeki’s visit to Sudan is postponed for two weeks : minister 07/15
allafrica.com Sudan: South Sudanese Refugees Flee Fighting to Darfur 07/14
sudantribune.com Sudan interior minister says extremist groups recruit in Darfur 07/14
allafrica.com Sudan: South Sudanese Influx Into Sudan Continues 07/14
allafrica.com Sudan: Killing of Student Evokes Protest in North Darfur 07/13
sudantribune.com Emir of Qatar, and Chadian president to visit North Darfur 07/13
allafrica.com South Sudan: Would an Arms Embargo On Work? 07/13
allafrica.com Sudan: Tension Rises As Paramilitaries Enter Central Darfur Town 07/13
theeastafrican.co.ke ICC refers Uganda, Djibouti for failure to arrest Bashir 07/13
foxnews.com ICC reports Djibouti, Uganda for failing to arrest al-Bashir 07/12
sudantribune.com Sudan preparing for possible influx of South Sudanese refugees 07/12
dw.com ICC refers Uganda and Djibouti to UN for not arresting al-Bashir 07/12
dailytimes.com.pk UN requests monetary aid for Sudan 07/12
allafrica.com Sudan: Paramilitaries Ambush Convoy in Darfur's East Jebel Marra 07/12
vanguardngr.com Food crisis in North East Nigeria like Darfur in South Sudan, says UN 07/11
allafrica.com Sudan: Darfur Displaced Living Rough 07/11
sudantribune.com Armed herdsmen attack farmers in North Darfur 07/10
sudantribune.com Sudan’s Bashir to dissolve Darfur authority soon: Sissi 07/09
allafrica.com East Africa: It's a 'No' to the Many Africans Seeking Asylum 07/09
allafrica.com Sudan: West Darfur Village Raided, Two Women Raped 07/08
allafrica.com Sudan: Eid El Fitr Blessings to Displaced in Darfur, Blue Nile 07/08
allafrica.com Sudan: Delegation of LJP Urges Europeans to Support Roadmap 07/08
allafrica.com Sudan: 'Force Out Rebels From Camp' - North Darfur Governor 07/08
sudantribune.com UXO blast kills two children in North Darfur 07/08
realclearworld.com How Darfur's Royal Family Fell from Grace 07/08
allafrica.com Sudan: Suspects of Suicide Bombing Apprehended in Central Darfur 07/08
allafrica.com Sudan: 'Peace for All Sudanese' - Native Administration Leaders 07/07
allafrica.com Africa: War On Genocide Ideology - Hope for Better Tomorrow 07/07
enoughproject.org The Enough Project Remembers Elie Wiesel 07/07
allafrica.com South Sudan: 'No Health Care in Duro Camp' - Darfur Refugee 07/07
allafrica.com Sudan: Soldiers Clash With Militants in East Darfur 07/06
sudantribune.com Security measures reduced criminal activities in South Darfur: governor 07/06
allafrica.com Sudan: No Services Yet for East Darfur Returnees 07/05
allafrica.com Police Peacekeepers in Darfur Decorated 07/05
allafrica.com Sudan: Paramilitaries Kill Driver in South Darfur 07/05
allafrica.com Sudan: Discussion of Logistics and Procedural Matter Related to UNAMID Work 07/05
sudantribune.com South Darfur gov’t deploys extra troops to enhance security in Nyala 07/05
sudantribune.com Why can’t the Obama Administration speak honestly about Sudan? 07/05
allafrica.com Sudan: Hundreds of South Sudanese Arrive in North Darfur 07/04
allafrica.com Sudan: U.S. Welcomes Govt.'s Ceasefire in Darfur 07/04
allafrica.com Sudan: Darfur Displaced Wish All Muslims a Blessed Eid El Fitr 07/04
allafrica.com Sudan: Sudan Appeal Forces to Meet in Paris 07/04
sudantribune.com Darfur rebel faction proposes UNAMID-monitored cessation of hostilities 07/04
allafrica.com Of Rwanda Defence Forces Contribution to Peacekeeping 07/04
upi.com Elie Wiesel, author, Holocaust survivor, dies at 87 07/02
sudantribune.com East Darfur governor declares general amnesty for outlaws 07/02
sudantribune.com Darfur IDPs welcome UNSC resolution to renew UNAMID’s mandate 07/02
allafrica.com Sudan: Civilians Again Targeted Across Darfur 07/01
allafrica.com Sudan: UN Extends Darfur Peacekeeping Mission's Mandate for a Year 07/01
sudantribune.com Darfur group welcomes extension of UNAMID’s mandate for additional year 07/01
stripes.com South Sudan risks return to full-scale war, observer says 07/01
sudantribune.com One girl killed, two injured in North Darfur 07/01
appablog.wordpress.com Explanation of Vote at the Adoption of UN Security Council Resolution 2296 on the Situation in Darfur 07/01
sudantribune.com Sudan warns against rebel attempts to regain Darfur 07/01
sudantribune.com Central Darfur government moves to Jebel Marra to oversee return of IDPs 07/01
sudantribune.com Lawlessness in Darfur unabatedly continues 06/30
globalsecurity.org Security Council extends mandates of UN peacekeeping operations in Darfur, Golan and Mali 06/30
allafrica.com Sudan: North Darfur Security Director Warns Non-Soldiers On Carrying Arms 06/30
allafrica.com Sudan: FM - It Is High Time to Complete the Peace Process and Comprehensive National Reconciliation 06/30
theeastafrican.co.ke UN extends Darfur mission despite Sudan opposition 06/30
allafrica.com Sudan: Urgent Questions in Sudanese Parliament On Darfur Ramadan Violence 06/30
sudantribune.com Sudan vows to facilitate UN humanitarian activities 06/29
nzherald.co.nz UN extends peacekeeping mission in Darfur 06/29
sudantribune.com Spain calls on Sudanese opposition to sign the Roadmap Agreement 06/29
sudantribune.com UN Security Council renews UNAMID mandate for additional year 06/29
sudantribune.com Sudanese court upholds death sentence against university student 06/28
sudantribune.com Unknown gunmen open fire at police station in North Darfur 06/28
allafrica.com Sudan: Farmers Driven-Off, Villagers Robbed in Tawila, North Darfur 06/28
sudantribune.com Minister propose to ban political activities in universities 06/28