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Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur

Summary

In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 5
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,705,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
businessdailyafrica.com CBK orders banks to freeze assets of Sudanese officials 04/26
allafrica.com Sudan: 'Peacekeepers Responded Proportionally to Attacks in Kass' 04/26
allafrica.com Sudan: Peacekeepers Shoot Back in Darfur 04/26
allafrica.com Nigeria: B/Haram - Jonathan Didn't Act for Three Years - PDM Chairman 04/26
allafrica.com Nigeria: Two Soldiers Killed in Jos Army Barracks Explosion 04/26
allafrica.com Sudan: Sudan - "Your Silence Is a Shame to Humanity." 04/25
punchng.com Rebels clash with UN peacekeepers in Sudan 04/25
allafrica.com Namibia: Brigades Duel for Supremacy 04/25
un.org UN official in Darfur says mission&#39s peacekeepers acted proportionately in response to attacks 04/25
sudantribune.com Sudan’s spy chief vows to end rebellion during this year 04/25
sudantribune.com Joint rebel force attacks South Darfur town 04/25
sudantribune.com UNAMID criticizes “erroneous” accounts on South Darfur clashes 04/25
allafrica.com Sudan: Unamid Peacekeepers Repel Two Attacks in South Darfur 04/24
allafrica.com Sudan: The Chaos in Darfur 04/24
allafrica.com Sudan: Gov't Changes Law That Left Rape Victims Punished for Adultery 04/24
globalsecurity.org UN mission peacekeepers repel two attacks in South Darfur 04/24
sudantribune.com Tribal militia besiege UNAMID camp in South Darfur 04/24
allafrica.com Sudan: 'Collapse of Security Situation in Darfur' - Umma Party, ICG 04/24
allafrica.com South Sudan: Hostile Parties in South Sudan's Malakal Urged to Respect UN Personnel and Property 04/24
allafrica.com Nigeria: Military Debunks Withdrawal From Sambisa 04/24
allafrica.com Nigeria: Bakut the Soldier, the Humble Man 04/24
sudantribune.com USAID provides US$135 million food commodities to Sudan 04/24
allafrica.com Sudan: U.S. $81 Million Announced to Fight Malaria in Sudan 04/24
sudantribune.com UNAMID kills 6, injures 5 in South Darfur in clash with gunmen 04/23
enoughproject.org "RESTORE 2100" Calories Campaign and Refugee Rations Report from i-ACT 04/23
en.people.cn Chinese peacekeepers return from Darfur 04/23
af.reuters.com Proposed U.S., UK, French visit to Darfur was 'odd' -Sudan 04/23
sudantribune.com Musa Hilal’s "Awakening": Khartoum’s worst nightmare? 04/22
panorama.am IRI Majlis member: Rouhani should not avoid calling things by their name as regards Armenian Genocide 04/22
sudantribune.com Sudan slams Reuters for story on denying visas for UN diplomats 04/22
reuters.com Proposed U.S., UK, French visit to Darfur was 'odd': Sudan 04/22
allafrica.com Ghana Army Students Laud RDF-Citizen Collaboration 04/21
allafrica.com Sudan: Al-Bashir Cancels Indonesia Trip 04/21
allafrica.com Sudan: Opposition Forces Will Not Recognise Election Results 04/21
msf.org Sudan: responding to measles outbreak 04/21
aljazeera.com Sudan president cancels conference visit to Indonesia 04/21
sudantribune.com Sudan receives second measles vaccine batch amid outbreak 04/21
turkishweekly.net US food aid arrives in Sudan ahead of lean season 04/21
reuters.com Sudan won't give visas to US, British, French envoys: diplomats 04/21
allafrica.com Sudan: Observers Say Election Does Not Reflect 'Will of the People' 04/21
allafrica.com South Sudan: Bona Malwal's Truths 04/20
reuters.com Sudan's president cancels trip to Indonesia 04/20
allafrica.com Sudan: Working Group Resumes Talks On Unamid's Exit Strategy 04/20
allafrica.com Sudan: Rescue Operation At Collapsed Mine Called Off 04/20
turkishweekly.net Initial polling tallies indicate victory of Sudan's Bashir 04/19
reuters.com Sudan's Bashir heads to Indonesia in rare long-distance trip 04/19
sudantribune.com Saudi delegation to arrive in Khartoum on Sunday for talks on agricultural investments 04/18
sudantribune.com One person killed in clashes between police and gunmen in South Darfur 04/17
allafrica.com Head of Monusco, Condemns the Murderous Attack On Civilians in Matiba 04/17
allafrica.com Sudan: Militiamen Threaten to Torch West Darfur Camp 04/17
allafrica.com Sudan: Cluster Bombs Used in Nuba Mountains - End Indiscriminate Bombing 04/16
allafrica.com Sudan: Election Extended For A Day 04/16
sudantribune.com North Darfur accuses UNAMID of attempting to support anti elections protests 04/16
euronews.com Al-Bashir set for re-election as polls close in Sudan vote 04/16
mg.co.za Bashir tipped to win - again 04/16
turkishweekly.net Sudan to extend voting at some polling centers 04/15
turkishweekly.net Dozens of Sudan prisoners escape from Darfur jail 04/15
turkishweekly.net Sudan extends polling for 1 day 04/15
nzherald.co.nz Sudan extends vote amid low turnout 04/15
sudantribune.com Sudan’s electoral body extends voting period for one day 04/15
huffingtonpost.com Dying in Darfur: President Obama's Forgotten Promise 04/14
turkishweekly.net Polls close on 1st day of Sudan general elections 04/14
turkishweekly.net Polls close in 16 Sudan states 04/14
modernghana.com Rebels in Sudan's Kordofan attack vote centres: official 04/14
reuters.com Logistics block voting at handful of centers in Sudan 04/14
france24.com Sudan votes in poll expected to extend Bashir’s rule 04/13
reuters.com Sudan votes in elections boycotted by opposition groups 04/13
wsj.com Sudan’s Voters Head to the Polls 04/13
allafrica.com Sudan: Sudan Protests Against Election, Security 'Instructs' Media 04/13
allafrica.com Rwandans in Sudan Mark 21st Genocide Anniversary 04/13
bbc.co.uk Sudan votes amid opposition boycott 04/13
voanews.com 7 Things to Know About Sudan’s Elections 04/12
sudantribune.com Sudanese await start of voting amid heightened security 04/12
allafrica.com Sudan: Sudanese Civil Society Calls for Nation-Wide Intifada 04/12
modernghana.com For Darfur displaced, Sudan elections offer little hope 04/12
sudantribune.com Sudan’s electoral body criticised over lack of polling centres 04/11
bbc.co.uk How Sudan's general election works 04/11
allafrica.com Sudan: Anti-Election Rallies Blocked, Students Detained in Khartoum 04/10
reuters.com Sudan’s Bashir strengthens regional ties ahead of elections 04/10
allafrica.com Sudan: Rebels Ambush Sudan Forces in Blue Nile 04/10
allafrica.com Sudan: Sudan Frees Opposition Leaders Days Before Elections 04/10
allafrica.com Sudan: Mental Illness Dangerously Ignored By Health Services 04/10
modernghana.com Minister Nicholson Disappointed by Sudanese President's Failure to Hold National Dialogue Ahead of Elections 04/10
aljazeera.com Sudan prepares for elections amid opposition boycott 04/10
sudantribune.com One person killed in clashes between security and gunmen in S. Darfur 04/10
allafrica.com Sudan: Two Killed By Bomb Explosion in Darfur's Jebel Marra 04/10
sudantribune.com African Union undermines its own founding instruments 04/09
allafrica.com Central African Republic: CAR Groups Sign Ceasefire Pact in Nairobi 04/09
allafrica.com Liberia: Gov't Promises Unhindered Peace in Post-UNMIL Era 04/09
allafrica.com Peacekeepers in Darfur Commemorate 04/09
allafrica.com What Sort of Change? 04/09
allafrica.com No Money for By-Elections 04/09
allafrica.com President Jonathan's Top Aide, Oronto Douglas, Is Dead 04/09
allafrica.com Why I'm Not for #Change in Lagos 04/09
allafrica.com As Long As the Hunters Tell the Lion's Story ... 04/09
allafrica.com 'We Are Not Scared... or in a Hurry' 04/09
allafrica.com Govt Runs Out of Ideas 04/09
allafrica.com Sudan: Rebel Campaign Disrupts Election Efforts in South Kordofan 04/09
allafrica.com Peacekeepers in Haiti Mark 21st Genocide Anniversary 04/09
allafrica.com Central African Republic: Rival CAR Groups Sign Ceasefire 04/09