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Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur

Summary

In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 5
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,705,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
allafrica.com Sudan: Hundreds of Militia Troops Enter Central Darfur 07/25
sudantribune.com Masked gunmen steal 84,000 pounds in South Darfur 07/24
radiodabanga.org Hundreds of militia troops enter Central Darfur 07/24
modernghana.com Late Prof. Mills appreciated new way of doing politics for prosperity - Dr. Chambas 07/24
dailytimes.com.pk Death, displacement mar Eid in Sudan’s Darfur 07/24
allafrica.com Darfur Refugees in Eastern Chad Close to Starving 07/24
allafrica.com Mouri Ogunbiyi and Ezekiel Ndouassel Land in Paris 07/24
israelnationalnews.com Hero of the Week 07/24
sudantribune.com Sudanese opposition party calls for unconditional release of its detained leader 07/23
allafrica.com Darfuri Refugees in Eastern Chad - Among World's Most Forgotten People, and Increasingly Abandoned 07/23
radiodabanga.org Central Darfur displaced ill because of dire sanitary situation 07/23
sudantribune.com Sudan's JEM-Dabajo refuses to take in dissident LJM group 07/23
radiodabanga.org Displaced assaulted, robbed in Central and South Darfur 07/22
huffingtonpost.com Philanthropist Kimberly Smith Shares The Harrowing Tale Of Being Raped By Darfuri Refugees 07/22
modernghana.com Consider Prof Mills and suspend strike - Koku Anyidoho to Organised Labour 07/22
sudantribune.com Two people killed, one injured in South Darfur state 07/22
pmnewsnigeria.com Sudan’s Darfur rebels denies killing 13 civillians 07/21
sudantribune.com WFP concerned over Sudan’s food security 07/21
radiodabanga.org Health centre plundered in North Darfur’s Fata Borno camp 07/21
allafrica.com AU Extends UNAMID Mandate 07/21
vancouversun.com Will the International Criminal Court prosecute anyone for downing of Malaysia Airlines jet? 07/21
radiodabanga.org More than 20 dead in traffic accident in Sudan’s White Nile 07/21
radiodabanga.org Newborn babies dying in El Malha locality, North Darfur 07/20
radiodabanga.org Attack on vehicles, village kill at least 24 people in Darfur 07/20
sudantribune.com 4 suspects held in killing of paramilitary coordinator in South Darfur 07/20
radiodabanga.org Insecurity, prices soar, food rations cut, no jobs in Darfur 07/20
timeslive.co.za Aid workers free after month in captivity in Darfur: UN 07/19
modernghana.com Three humanitarian workers released in North Darfur 07/19
sudantribune.com Three aid workers released in North Darfur 07/19
foxnews.com 3 Sudanese aid workers abducted by gunmen in Darfur region freed after 32 days in captivity 07/19
modernghana.com Ibn Chambas To Deliver 2nd Atta Mills Lectures 07/19
thediplomat.com A Cambodian Genocide Tribunal and Lemkin’s Legacy 07/18
enoughproject.org Senators call for more U.S. action on Sudan 07/18
sudantribune.com Darfur’s Rizeigat tribe mediates between conflicting clans of Misseriya tribe 07/18
sudantribune.com Fresh violence in Darfur strains humanitarian resources 07/18
allafrica.com Sudan: Militia Members Abduct 'Mainly Displaced' in Darfur 07/18
appablog.wordpress.com Three humanitarian workers released in North Darfur 07/18
radiodabanga.org One person dies in car crash in Kass, South Darfur 07/18
allafrica.com South Sudan: Civil Society and the Crisis 07/17
allafrica.com A Lesson From the Srebrenica Massacres 07/17
sudantribune.com Sudan steps up tribal reconciliations efforts in Darfur, Kordofan 07/16
israelnationalnews.com Message to London's Useful Idiots 07/16
nzherald.co.nz UN threatens sanctions against South Sudan rivals 07/16
aljazeera.com UN: Seven million people need aid in Sudan 07/16
radiodabanga.org Sudan security detains teacher in Mukjar, Central Darfur 07/16
radiodabanga.org Killing, robberies, hijacks in North Darfur 07/16
allafrica.com RDF Retires 800 Military Officers 07/16
africanpress.me Sudan: Humanitarian Needs Reach US$982 million 07/16
allafrica.com Sudan: ICC Sets November Trial Date for Darfur Rebel Commander 07/15
radiodabanga.org Central Darfur's Mukjar devoid of health care 07/15
appablog.wordpress.com The AU PSC, at its 446th meeting held on 9 July 2014, adopted a decision on the situation in Darfur and the activities of the UNAMID 07/15
pulitzercenter.org Interim Lives: Refugee Civil Society in Jordan and Lebanon 07/15
allafrica.com Sudan Ranks Second Investing in Ethiopia 07/15
radiodabanga.org Rebel fighters repulse army troops in Golo, Central Darfur 07/14
allafrica.com Sudan: Parts of West Darfur's New Airport Collapse 07/14
sudantribune.com Khartoum's newspapers issue conflicting reports on SPLM-N and ex-Janjaweed leader agreement 07/14
sudantribune.com Sudan's Bashir defends RSF militias, says elections to be held on time 07/14
sudantribune.com ICC sets November trial date for Darfur rebel commander 07/14
sudantribune.com US sanctions poses serious threat to Sudan’s strategic reserves of wheat 07/14
radiodabanga.org Abduction, robberies in North Darfur 07/13
sudantribune.com Gunmen kill paramilitary coordinator in South Darfur 07/13
radiodabanga.org Koran sheikh killed in South Darfur 07/13
sudantribune.com PDF recruits involved in murder of South Darfur commissioner 07/13
allafrica.com Sudan: SPLM-N and Ex-Janjaweed Leader Sign Memo of Understanding 07/12
allafrica.com Sudan: Tribal Leaders Sign Deal to End Bloody Fighting 07/12
radiodabanga.org Gunmen hijack vehicle Deputy Governor North Darfur 07/12
radiodabanga.org Armed robbers kill citizen, injure another in Kass, South Darfur 07/11
sudantribune.com Sudan’s SPLM-N and ex-Janjaweed leader sign a memo of understanding 07/11
ndtv.com Sudan Activists Freed After Alleged Torture 07/11
allafrica.com Sudan: UNAMID Presents Computers to Nyala University 07/11
modernghana.com Sudan aid mission finds 'dire' conditions in Darfur town 07/10
radiodabanga.org Traces North Darfur market thieves lead to military base 07/10
radiodabanga.org Women raped in South Darfur ‘during fasting time’ 07/10
radiodabanga.org Janjaweed raid village in Sirba, West Darfur 07/09
sudantribune.com Two paramilitary elements killed in clashes with police in North Darfur 07/09
allafrica.com South Sudan: 18 Killed in Darfur Tribal Fighting 07/08
modernghana.com Sudan political dialogue at 'dead end', says opposition chief 07/08
sudantribune.com Khartoum integrates former rebel combatants into Sudanese army 07/08
radiodabanga.org Darfur school students in eastern Chad sit for exams 07/08
sudantribune.com Sudanese president hold talks with Qatar’s Emir in Doha 07/08
radiodabanga.org 12 SLM-AW rebels sentenced to death in Central Darfur 07/07
radiodabanga.org IOM employee abducted in Nyala, South Darfur 07/07
turkishweekly.net 18 killed in Darfur tribal fighting 07/07
radiodabanga.org Citizens killed, injured at Central and South Darfur markets 07/07
stripes.com Words of war, peace of mind: The Veterans Writing Project 07/07
radiodabanga.org Bombing, pillaging in Kutum, North Darfur 07/07
sudantribune.com Gunmen kill local official in South Darfur 07/06
voanews.com 18 Killed in Darfur Tribal Fighting 07/06
modernghana.com Ambush kills district chief in Sudan's Darfur 07/06
sudantribune.com Over 5 million Sudanese may face food shortage 07/05
modernghana.com 'Tortured' Sudan activists will not be broken: mothers 07/05
economist.com 5 BNP Paribas in the dock : No way to treat a criminal 07/05
allafrica.com How Liberation Struggle Inspired RDF's Peacekeeping Efforts 07/04
allafrica.com Sudan: UN Probes Allegations Against Darfur Peace Mission 07/04
radiodabanga.org 'Rapid Support militia' rob Central Darfur pilgrims 07/04
sudantribune.com Sudanese army promises fiercer attacks against SPLM-N 07/03
allafrica.com The Liberation Struggle and the Making of Rwandan Peacekeepers 07/03
sudantribune.com Sudanese troops to be deployed between Darfur, W. Kordofan to prevent tribal clashes 07/03
modernghana.com MSF team 'blocked' from life-saving work in Darfur 07/03
globalsecurity.org Ban announces review of probes related to UN-African Union Darfur peacekeepers 07/03