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Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur

Summary

In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 5
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,705,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
huffingtonpost.com Last Chance for Darfur: US Congress presses Obama to act 05/05
allafrica.com Sudan: Undersecretary of Foreign Ministry Receives Deputy Chairman of UNAMID 05/05
allafrica.com Sudan: Vice-President Chairs Peaceful Co-Existence Conference 05/05
allafrica.com Sudan: Foreign Ministry Undersecretary Meets Deputy Head of UNAMID 05/05
appablog.wordpress.com AMENDMENT: DDPD Implementation Follow-up Commission to meet in Khartoum 05/05
africa-newsroom.com AMENDMENT: DDPD Implementation Follow-up Commission to meet in Khartoum 05/05
appablog.wordpress.com Amendment Original date remains : Media Advisory, DDPD Implementation Follow-up Commission to meet in Khartoum on Monday, 09 May 05/05
allafrica.com Sudan: AUHIP Roadmap and UNAMID Exit From Darfur On Khartoum Agenda 05/05
sudantribune.com Sudan’s justice minister to receive probe report on East Darfur tribal clashes 05/04
appablog.wordpress.com DDPD Implementation Follow-up Commission to meet in Khartoum 05/04
allafrica.com Sudan: Joint Working Group to Begin Visit to Darfur On May 8 05/04
allafrica.com South Sudan: Opposition Fighters Attack Soldiers 05/03
allafrica.com Sudan: Bakri Affirms State Keenness to Realize Sustainable Development and Stability in South Darfur 05/03
sudantribune.com Foreign aid groups work in Darfur “unsatisfactory”: official 05/03
huffingtonpost.com The Journey Of Two Journalists Into Darfur's Forgotten War 05/03
allafrica.com Sudan: Displaced Woman Killed, Shootings in North Darfur Camps 05/03
sudantribune.com Darfur Regional Authority starts wrapping up its activities 05/02
allafrica.com Sudan: South Sudanese Continue to Arrive in the Country 05/02
sudantribune.com One person seriously injured in Darfur’s Kalma shooting 05/02
allafrica.com Sudan: Dozens More Students Detained 05/02
nation.co.ke GOING PLACES: New ‘Steak Out’ has a lot going for it 04/30
stripes.com South Sudan: 32 kidnapped Ethiopian children recovered 04/30
allafrica.com Sudan: UN Secretary-General Laments Intensification of Fighting, Criminality in Darfur 04/29
allafrica.com Sudan: Rebels Announce Unilateral Ceasefire 04/29
allafrica.com Sudan: Insecurity in South Darfur Capital - One Man Killed, Gunfire 04/29
allafrica.com Nigeria: UN Appoints Nigerian to Lead Investigation Into S'Sudan Attack 04/29
allafrica.com Sudan: Hassabo Informs On All Situation of South Darfur State 04/29
allafrica.com Sudan: Council of Ministers Reviews Report of Vice - President On Incidents in East Darfur 04/29
stripes.com South Sudan forms new coalition government of national unity 04/29
stripes.com Frustration rises over American policies in South Sudan 04/28
allafrica.com Sudan: More Bombs Fall On Darfur's Jebel Marra 04/28
allafrica.com Sudan: Deadly RPG Attack in East Darfur Capital 04/28
huffingtonpost.com Invisible, Forgotten, and Suffering: Darfuri Refugees in Eastern Chad 04/28
enoughproject.org The Hill Op-ed: Obama’s Iran Playbook Gives Hope to Darfur 04/28
allafrica.com Sudan: Student Unrest Continues Across the Country 04/28
allafrica.com Sudan: South Darfur, Khartoum Students Detained, Injured 04/27
allafrica.com Sudan: Referendum Outcome Dissolves Darfur Authority 04/27
africa-newsroom.com Secretary-General appoints Abiodun O. Bashua of Nigeria to lead the Special Investigation into the Malakal incident in South Sudan 04/27
allafrica.com Nigeria: Ban Ki Moon Appoints Nigerian to Lead UN Investigation in South Sudan 04/27
isn.ethz.ch Countering Violent Extremism: The Horn of Africa 04/27
allafrica.com Sudan: Killing of Two Students Sparks Protest in South Darfur Camp 04/27
allafrica.com Sudan: Bombing in Darfur's Western Jebel Marra Continues 04/27
stripes.com Why are people fleeing to Darfur? And other questions from Africa's refugee crisis. 04/27
turkishweekly.net Khalwas help Sudanese learn Quran, eradicate illiteracy 04/27
dailytrust.com.ng Nigerian appointed in UN mission attack probe 04/27
allafrica.com Sudan: OCHA - Surge of South Sudanese Fleeing to East Darfur 04/26
allafrica.com Sudan: Flawed but Crucial - Govt Pushes for UN's Peace Force to Leave Darfur 04/26
sudantribune.com Darfur rebel group warns against executing one of its commanders 04/26
huffingtonpost.com Why Africa Needs a Strong Community of Activists 04/26
sudantribune.com Two women killed by rocket targeting East Darfur governor residence 04/26
sudantribune.com South Sudanese refugees continues to arrive in Darfur 04/25
sudantribune.com Darfur referendum results are nothing but foregone conclusion 04/25
dailytrust.com.ng Darfur votes to retain multi-state system 04/25
dnaindia.com George Clooney on how he uses fame to get support for underprivileged 04/25
allafrica.com Sudan: Darfur Votes to Keep Five-State System 04/25
allafrica.com Sudan: Commission - '30,000 Weapons in South and West Darfur Civilian Hands' 04/25
allafrica.com Sudan: MSF - Malnutrition, Sexual Violence Cases in Darfur's Sortony Camp 04/25
allafrica.com Sudan: Teenage Girl Abducted in North Darfur Militia Attack 04/25
sudantribune.com Darfur regional body term wouldn’t be extended: official 04/25
allafrica.com Sudan: Over 30,000 Pieces of Unlicensed Firearms Registered in Darfur 04/25
sudantribune.com Two IDPs killed in South Darfur camp 04/25
sudantribune.com Sudan’s Bashir invited to attend Djiboutian president inauguration 04/25
sudantribune.com Sissi’s party recognizes Darfur referendum outcome 04/24
globalsecurity.org Darfur votes against reunification of five states into one entity 04/24
nation.co.ke Darfur votes for five-state status quo 04/24
globalsecurity.org Darfur Votes to Keep Five-State System 04/24
af.reuters.com Sudan's Darfur votes to keep current multi-state system -referendum commission 04/23
bbc.co.uk Darfur votes to retain state system 04/23
sputniknews.com Sudan's Darfur Votes to Maintain Multi-State System in the Region 04/23
sudantribune.com 97% of Darfurians voted for the current administrative status: DRC 04/23
sudantribune.com UN expert assesses human rights and security situation in N. Darfur 04/23
msf.org Sudan: 61,000 IDPs in danger, Sortoni camp 04/22
sudantribune.com SLM-Minnawi fighters clash with Sudanese forces in North Darfur : spokesperson 04/21
sudantribune.com Rebels ties with South Sudan prevent them from peace: official 04/21
allafrica.com Sudan: Wali of North Darfur - Situation in East Darfur Under Full Control 04/20
allafrica.com Sudan: More Jebel Marra Displaced Arrive in South Darfur 04/20
allafrica.com Sudan: East Darfur Tensions - Six Killed, Governor's House Torched 04/20
allafrica.com Sudan: UN, AU Delegation Meet Nort Darfur Governor 04/20
sudantribune.com JEM-Dabajo calls for international intervention to release its prisoners 04/20
sudantribune.com UNAMID expresses concern over recent violence in East Darfur 04/20
sudantribune.com Sudan briefs European diplomats on peace roadmap and Darfur referendum. 04/20
africa-newsroom.com UNAMID calls for restraint over recent violence in East Darfur 04/20
allafrica.com Africa: Foreign Ministry Informs African Ambassadors On Darfur Administrative Referendum and Road-Map Document 04/20
allafrica.com Sudan: Germany Reaffirms Support for National Dialogue, Promises Encouragement Signing of Those Reject to Sign Road Map 04/20
allafrica.com Sudan: 13 Die in East Darfur Tribal Clash 04/19
allafrica.com Sudan: Shelling, Pillage, Rape in North Darfur Raids 04/19
allafrica.com Sudan: FVP - People of Darfur Foiled Big International Plot 04/19
allafrica.com Sudan: Qatari Charge d'Affaires Affirms Keenness of His Country to Support Peace Efforts in Darfur 04/19
allafrica.com Sudan: Displaced Boy Scores Top Marks in North Darfur Exams 04/19
sudantribune.com UN human rights expert discusses press freedom in Sudan 04/19
allafrica.com Sudan: New Reports of Jebel Marra Families in Central, South Darfur 04/18
sudantribune.com Over 1400 IDPs arrive in South Darfur camps 04/18
sudantribune.com Gunmen kill three guards, burn East Darfur governor house 04/18
sudantribune.com Sudan’s FVP: disarmament will boost security in Darfur 04/18
sudantribune.com U.S. should impose modernized sanctions on Sudan: group 04/17
sudantribune.com UNAMID’s exit strategy team to resume its meetings on Monday 04/17
sudantribune.com SPLM-N claims shooting down Sudanese chopper in S Kordofan 04/17
allafrica.com South Africa: SA Soldiers Not Stranded in Sudan - SANDF 04/15
sudantribune.com UN expert arrives in Khartoum, visits Sudan’s dialogue exposition 04/14
allafrica.com Sudan: Extensive Aerial Bombardment On Darfur's Jebel Marra 04/14