News aggregator for armed conflict worldwide

Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur


In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.

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Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 5
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,705,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: UN: 50,000 Flee South Sudan's Instability for Darfur 08/25 About 243,000 S.Sudanese refugees in Sudan: UN 08/25 MSF Statement on the ABC News 20/20 Documentary on Kayla Mueller 08/24 Northeast destruction rivals Chechnya, Darfur – UN 08/24 Africa: When African Intelligence Chiefs Tackled Universal Jurisdiction 08/24 Tribal reconciliation conference begins in West Kordofan 08/24 Sudan: Returnees Lack Services in Kabkabiya, North Darfur 08/23 Sudan: 'Restoration of Rule of Law Most Important for Darfur' 08/23 British Ambassador optimistic Sudan’s warring parties reach agreement 08/22 Africa: Why Africa's Opposition to ICC Will Only Get Louder 08/22 Sudan: Ibrahim Mahmoud Calls for Boosting Reconciliations and Social Peace in West Darfur 08/22 Sudan: Woman Killed By Barrel Bomb in Darfur's Jebel Marra 08/22 Sudanese army did not let people down despite conspiracies: Bashir 08/21 Sudan’s peace talks to resume next September: government 08/20 Sudan: Sudan Opposition Declare 'Continued Support for Ongoing Peace Talks' 08/19 Sudan: Bashir - We Will Work Hand in Hand With Arab Kings, Princes and Heads of States to Extinguish the Terrorism Fires 08/19 JEM combatant dies of TB in Khartoum prison : statement 08/19 Sudan: Ban 'Disappointed' At Failure to Reach Truce Agreement 08/19 Sudan: Sudanese Air Force Bombs 'Empty Village' in Darfur 08/19 Sudan: North Darfur Displaced Reject Flood Victim Voluntary Return Plan 08/19 Sudan: Ban 'disappointed' at failure to reach truce agreement 08/18 Sudan says demobilized 4718 ex-rebel fighters in 2015 08/18 UN chief urges Sudan’s warring parties to resume peace talks 08/18 The Secretary-General is disappointed that the Sudanese parties failed to reach an agreement on a cessation of hostilities in Darfur and the Two Areas of Blue Nile and South Kordofan States 08/18 Sudan: Five Children Die in South Darfur Camp Deluge 08/18 Sudan: Three Dead, Five Wounded in North Darfur Raids 08/18 Sudan: 'Failed Talks Leave Hopes and Expectations Dashed' - AUHIP 08/18 Darfur groups accuse African mediation of siding with Sudanese government 08/18 Sudan: Understanding Sudan's Collapsed Peace Talks 08/17 Sudan: 'Khartoum Cause of Peace Talks Impasse' - Sudan Opposition 08/17 Summer floods in Sudan kill over 100, destroy 14,000 homes 08/17 Summer floods in Sudan kill over 100, destroy 14,000 homes 08/17 AUHIP urges Sudanese parties to reconsider positions on peace talks 08/17 Sudan: Government Delegation to the Peace Negotiations Returns Home 08/16 Failure of Sudan’s talks jeopardizes implementation of peace roadmap: SCoP 08/16 Sudan: Stalemate in Sudanese Peace Talks 08/16 Sudan’s FM denies detention of Darfuris after U.S. envoy’s visit 08/16 Libya: Five North Darfuris Killed in Air Raid On Benghazi in Libya 08/15 Sudan government says rebels are not serious about peace 08/15 Concerns Regarding Detention of Darfuris by Government of Sudan Authorities 08/15 Washington says concerned about Darfur IDPs detained after meeting US envoy 08/15 Sudan: Four Displaced Held by Security in South Darfur 08/15 U.S. demands release of Darfuris arrested after meeting with Special Envoy Booth 08/13 Darfur peace talks on knife-edge over rebel locations 08/13 Sudanese army arrests 26 illegal migrants in North Darfur 08/13 Sudan: UNHCR Demarcating New Refugee Camps in East Darfur 08/12 The members of the Security Council welcomed the signing on August 8 of the Roadmap Agreement 08/12 Sudan: Government and the Two Rebel Movements Resume Talks 08/12 Peace talks on Darfur and Two Areas may be extended: AU 08/12 Algeria: Algeria Welcomes Roadmap Agreement to End Hostilities in Sudan 08/12 Sudan: Opposition NCF Doubt Value of AUHIP Roadmap 08/12 Sudan: 'Tension Rising' Between Militias and Regular Forces in North Darfur 08/11 Sudan: Five Members of Jebel Marra Family Killed in Darfur Air Raid 08/11 Direct Negotiations for Cessation of Hostilities in Darfur Begin in Addis Ababa 08/11 Sudan: Rebels Put Offer of One-Year Ceasefire 08/11 Sudan: Soldiers Killed, Arms Seized in North Darfur Ambush 08/10 Sudanese gov’t delegation lash out at SPLM-N chief negotiator 08/10 Sudanese activists’ sign petition for peace in Sudan 08/10 Statement by Chairperson of the Commission on the signing of the Sudan Roadmap Agreement 08/10 Government Delegation for Negotiations On Two Areas and Darfur Arrive in Addis Ababa 08/09 Sudanese rebels reportedly agree to roadmap for peace 08/09 Joint Statement on the Roadmap Agreement for Sudan 08/09 Sudan: Four More Displaced Who Met U.S. Envoy Held in Central Darfur 08/08 Sudan: Cooperation Between the Government and UNAMID Discussed 08/08 Sudan: Measles Cases Among South Sudanese in North Darfur 08/08 Sudan’s government and rebels meet African mediation ahead of direct talks 08/08 Sudan: Sudanese UNAMID Staff Suspend Strike This Week 08/08 Sudan says keen to carry out smooth UNAMID exit from Darfur 08/07 Large floods leave 17 dead, 6 injured in South Darfur state 08/07 Sudan: UNAMID Decries Obstruction by Strikers Staff 08/05 Former South Sudan official says 'total breakdown of law and order' in country 08/04 UNAMID deeply concerned about ongoing strike action, attempts to disrupt operations by its national staff 08/04 Sudanese government reiterates rejection of dialogue preparatory meeting 08/04 UNAMID national staff to continue strike while awaiting decision from New York 08/04 North Darfur doctors go on strike over poor working conditions 08/03 Ex-Darfur group engage in security arrangement procedures in North Darfur 08/03 Sudan: EU, UNDP, UNAMID Launch Darfur Dialogue Funding 08/03 Sudan: Eastern Sudan Families Missing After Floods 08/02 Sudan: More Detentions Days After U.S. Envoy's Visit to Darfur 08/02 Peace talks on Darfur and Two Areas set to resume next week: AU 08/02 Sudan: East Darfur Returnees Fear Attacks As Military Forces Withdraw 08/02 Sudan: EU Affirms Commitment to Backup Partnerships for Peace in Darfur 08/01 Sudan: South Sudanese Refugees in East Darfur to Be Relocated 08/01 Sudan: Central Darfur Displaced Request Return of Food Rations 08/01 Sudan: Acute Jaundice Syndrome Cases in North Darfur 08/01 Sudan: EU, UNDP, UNAMID to Support Dialogue in Darfur 08/01 Sudanese security arrests Darfur IDPs after meeting U.S. envoy 08/01 Africa: Sudanese President Vows to 'Liberate' Continent From 'Modern Colonialism' 07/31 Sudan’s RSF militia arrests 600 illegal migrants near Libyan and Egyptian border 07/30 Sudan: Sheikh Killed in Darfur Air Raid 07/29 Sudanese security seizes AKhir Lahza newspaper for the second day 07/29 East Darfur villagers fear attacks after troops withdrawal 07/29 Sudan: UNAMID's Sudanese Staff Down Tools Over Salary Dispute 07/29 Sudan’s Bashir says non-cooperation with ICC an attempt to “balance scales of justice” 07/29 Political Parties and Government to Back the Honoring of Bashir in Addis Ababa 07/29 UNAMID local staff goes on strike over unpaid benefits 07/28 Sudan: SLM-AW Claims Win in Jebel Marra Battle 07/27 U.S. envoy to assess humanitarian situation in Darfur, discuss peace plan : FM 07/27 U.S. special envoy starts visit to North Darfur 07/26 Sudan: Militiamen Continue Blocking Sortony Road 07/26