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Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur

Summary

In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 5
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,705,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
allafrica.com Sudan: Biden's Call With Former South African President Mbeki On Sudan 03/26
allafrica.com Limelights On the Declaration of Principles On the Renaissance Dam 03/26
sudantribune.com Sudan, the Obama Administration, and the costs of rapprochement 03/25
globalsecurity.org Defence plans no longer address new threats 03/25
sudantribune.com Death toll of South Darfur tribal clashes rises to 100 people 03/25
sudantribune.com Darfur Conflict: why Mbeki has to soberly reflect on the missing links 03/25
allafrica.com UN Refugee Chief Guterres Visits Nigerian Refugees in Northern Cameroon 03/24
allafrica.com Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan Sign Agreement On Renaissance Dam 03/24
allafrica.com Sudan: Fire Guts 25 Shelters in West Darfur's Kendebe Camp 03/24
allafrica.com Egypt: African Press Review 24 March 2015 03/24
sudantribune.com Darfur crisis entangled in the political games of powerful nations in Khartoum 03/24
allafrica.com Swaziland: Swazi Govt Snubs 'Starved Refugees' 03/24
allafrica.com Africa: Henley & Partners Forges Innovative Partnership With UNHCR 03/24
allafrica.com Sudan: Sudanese Students Leave to Join IS 03/23
allafrica.com Sudan: Bashir Speaks, Opposition Raided in Sudan 03/23
allafrica.com Kenya: How Sh27k Could Save These IDPs Water Agony 03/23
allafrica.com South Africa: Of Statues and History, or, How Do You Deal With a Problem Like Cecil Rhodes? 03/23
allafrica.com Sudan: 'International Agents Behind Arab, African Extremism' - NCP 03/23
sudantribune.com Bashir vows to end rebellion and tribal clashes in Darfur 03/22
sudantribune.com France denies harbouring Darfur rebel leader 03/22
sudantribune.com Nine people killed in fresh tribal clashes in South Darfur 03/22
sudantribune.com Sudan’s electoral body to employ 60.000 workers to run April’s elections 03/20
sudantribune.com Tribal tensions escalate in North Darfur state 03/20
sudantribune.com How Darfur conflict can impact negatively regional stability 03/19
allafrica.com Sudan: Landmine Kills Five Militiamen in Darfur's East Jebel Marra 03/19
allafrica.com Sudan: Local Law Enforcement Officers Benefit From Human Rights Training in East Darfur 03/19
sudantribune.com Sudan will not give up 14-Mile to South Sudan : Bashir 03/19
sudantribune.com Sudan expects spike in gold production 03/19
allafrica.com Sudan: Situation in Darfur 'Deteriorated Significantly' Over Past Year - Ladsous 03/19
modernghana.com Sudan to lift oil output with new wells: minister 03/19
sudantribune.com Turabi bans PCP political club hostile to Sudan’s dialogue process 03/19
allafrica.com Nigeria: Bomb Scare Disrupts Patience Jonathan's Rally in Ogun 03/18
allafrica.com Sudan: North Darfur Displaced Protest Food Rations Cuts 03/18
af.reuters.com Sudan: don't tie Darfur peacekeepers exit to tribal violence end 03/18
allafrica.com Africa: Outsourcing Asylum 03/18
allafrica.com Liberia: UNHCR to Resume Voluntary Repatriation of Ivorian Refugees 03/18
allafrica.com Ethiopia: UN Agency Begins Relocation of 50,000 Flood-Affected Refugees in Ethiopia 03/18
allafrica.com Sudan: North Darfur Displaced Queuing for Water 03/18
allafrica.com Africa: One in Five Newborn Deaths Could Be Prevented With Safe Water - Experts 03/18
allafrica.com Sudan: Working Group for Unamid's Exit Strategy Convenes 03/18
allafrica.com Africa: Academic Who 'Puts His Feet On the Ground and Works With People' Wins 2015 UN Award for Disaster Risk Reduction 03/18
allafrica.com Rwandans Urged to Embrace Rain Water Harvesting 03/18
allafrica.com Over 30,000 in Kayonza to Benefit From New Water System 03/18
allafrica.com Residents to Sue Councils Over Water Meters 03/18
modernghana.com UN considers withdrawal of peacekeepers from Darfur 03/18
globalsecurity.org Darfur security, humanitarian situations 'deteriorated significantly' – UN peacekeeping chief 03/18
allafrica.com Nigeria: Three Suicide Bombers Die in Failed Mission 03/17
allafrica.com Govt Encouraged to Intercept Fleeing Terrorists 03/17
sudantribune.com British envoy says "concerned" by rebel attacks on civilians in S. Kordofan 03/17
voanews.com UN Moves Closer to Pulling Peacekeepers from Darfur 03/17
allafrica.com Sudan: Five Dead, Three Injured in Darfur Shootings 03/17
sify.com Darfur security, humanitarian situations deteriorated: UN 03/17
allafrica.com Kenya: Blast in Mandera, Two Explosives Detonated 03/17
allafrica.com Nigeria: Adamawa, Yobe Cleared of Boko Haram - DHQ 03/17
reuters.com Sudan: don't tie Darfur peacekeepers exit to tribal violence end 03/17
hosted.ap.org UN moves closer to pulling peacekeepers from troubled Darfur 03/17
modernghana.com UN, Sudan in talks on Darfur peacekeeping force 03/17
un.org Darfur security, humanitarian situations ‘deteriorated significantly’ – UN peacekeeping chief 03/17
allafrica.com Africa: How to Make Women Safer in Disasters? Attack Inequality 03/16
sudantribune.com Bashir pardons five Darfur rebel figures sentenced to death 03/16
sudantribune.com Foreign ministry rejects UK’s criticism of human rights situation in Sudan 03/15
sudantribune.com Two killed in clashes between RSF and armed bandits in South Darfur 03/15
turkishweekly.net Rebels claim to kill 68 Sudan troops in Darfur 03/14
reuters.com Sudan rebels say they have begun armed campaign to derail elections 03/13
allafrica.com Africa: AU, UN Officials Meet in Ethiopia to Discuss Security Challenges in Africa 03/13
modernghana.com Sudan brands ICC 'failure' for referring Bashir to UN 03/12
allafrica.com Sudan: Soldier Killed in West Darfur Market 03/12
allafrica.com Sudan: Four Kids Die, Five Injured As Ammo Explodes in North Darfur, Abyei 03/12
allafrica.com Sudan: The Prospects for 'National Dialogue' 03/12
reuters.com Question marks hang over flawed Darfur peacekeeping force 03/11
allafrica.com Sudan: More Than 45 Darfuri Drown in the Mediterranean Sea 03/11
modernghana.com Darfur gunmen ambush peacekeeper, food aid convoy: UN 03/11
sudantribune.com Bashir pledges to make peace top priority in his new term 03/11
sudantribune.com Commander from former Darfur rebel group attacked by fellow fighters 03/11
allafrica.com Sudan: International Court Urges UN to Help Arrest Al-Bashir 03/10
allafrica.com Africa: 'Despite Extremists, Christians and Muslims Try to Live Together Respectfully' 03/09
foxnews.com International Court urges UN Security Council action over failure to arrest Sudan's president 03/09
allafrica.com Sudan: Two Dead in Militia Clash At Abu Shouk Camp, North Darfur 03/09
nzherald.co.nz International court reports Sudan to UN Security Council 03/09
reuters.com International court: Sudan has failed to cooperate in al-Bashir case 03/09
huffingtonpost.com Failing the People of Darfur 03/09
huffingtonpost.com UNSC: Darfur's Referral Turns 10 Years 03/09
dw.de International court urges UN to help arrest Sudan president Omar al-Bashir 03/09
modernghana.com ICC hands Bashir case to UN after Sudan fails to arrest leader 03/09
voanews.com ICC Accuses Sudan of Failing to Help in Al-Bashir Case 03/09
sudantribune.com EU envoy meets Sudanese women, calls to implement provisions on sexual offences 03/09
sudantribune.com ICC informs UNSC of Sudan’s non cooperation on Bashir’s arrest 03/09
allafrica.com Sudan: Militiamen Threaten to Kill Abducted Man in North Darfur 03/08
sudantribune.com Discussions on UNAMID exit strategy to resume soon 03/08
allafrica.com Burst Pipes, Raw Sewage Hre's Image - CHRA 03/07
sudantribune.com Sudan denies movement of militants from Darfur towards Libya 03/07
sudantribune.com Sudanese president to visit Abyei next week 03/07
nzherald.co.nz Arizona family holds hometown memorial for slain hostage 03/07
bbc.co.uk Africa in pictures: 27 February - 5 March 2015 03/06
modernghana.com UN Sudan humanitarian chief urges Darfur conflict solution 03/06
allafrica.com Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan Reach Preliminary Agreement On Dam Operations - Mena 03/06
allafrica.com Sudan: 'Target Khartoum With Sanctions On Gold Exports' - U.S. Think-Tank 03/06
allafrica.com Sudan: Militia Kill One in Attempt to Spring Arrestees From Central Darfur Police 03/06
modernghana.com UN moves to revamp AU-UN mission in Sudan's Darfur 03/06
sudantribune.com ICC appeals court confirms Banda's arrest warrant 03/05