News aggregator for armed conflict worldwide

Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur


In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.

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Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 5
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,705,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: South Sudanese politician seeks to assist his country’s refugees in Sudan 06/24 Sudan: 23 Now Dead, 12 Wounded in West Darfur Clashes 06/24 Sudan: Ceasefire an Important Step Towards Ending the Fighting - U.S. 06/23 Statement attributable to the Spokesman for the Secretary-General on Sudan’s declaration of cessation of hostilities in Blue Nile and South Kordofan states 06/23 Four gunmen sentenced to death and life imprisonment in South Darfur 06/23 Sudan: At Least Five Dead in Central Darfur 'Retaliatory Attack' 06/23 Sudan: Seven Dead, Six Wounded in West Darfur Herder Attack 06/23 Israel grants first refugee status to Sudanese asylum seeker 06/23 Sudan’s dialogue welcomes international efforts to bring opposition on board 06/23 Sudan: 'Hungry' Darfur Displaced Call for Food Aid 06/22 Sudan: More Than 230,000 South Sudanese Refugees in the Country 06/22 Sudan: Govt Hosts Largest Number of South Sudanese Refugees 06/22 Government of Sudan's Declaration of a Cessation of Hostilities 06/22 Welcoming Sudan’s cessation of hostilities, Ban urges ‘final peace’ through national dialogue 06/22 Sudanese army orders troops to observe cessation of hostilities : spokesperson 06/22 North Darfur governor acknowledges security problems 06/22 South Darfur’s pharmacists strike to protest looting incidents 06/22 Sudan: African Union Welcomes Declaration of Four-Month Ceasefire 06/21 Sudan: Thirst in North Darfur's Zamzam Camp 06/21 U.S. welcomes gov’t unilateral cessation of hostilities in Sudan’s Two Areas 06/21 18 people killed and injured after attacks in Central Darfur 06/21 Darfur prosecutor completes investigations on IDPs killing 06/21 Sudan: Joint Civil Society Statement Regarding Sexual Violence in Conflict 06/20 Sudan: Two Killed in Air Raid On Darfur's Jebel Marra 06/20 Head of UNAMID meets with senior Government of Sudan officials 06/20 Sudan: Council of Darfur Peace Movements Welcomes Ceasefire Initiative 06/20 Sudan: Robbers Kill Man in North Darfur Capital 06/20 Sudan summons UNAMID's chief over mandate extension 06/20 Sudan summons UNAMID’s chief over UN report on Darfur 06/19 SPLM-N’s acceptance of peace roadmap essential to resume Two Areas talks : Khartoum 06/19 The ethical failure – Why I resigned from the UN-Anders Kompass 06/19 24 NGOS issue joint statement regarding Sexual Violence in Conflict in Sudan 06/19 South Darfur holds its last tribal reconciliation conference 06/18 South Darfur government buys 181 illegally smuggled vehicles: sources 06/18 Sudan: UXO Blast Kills Two East Darfur Children - Four Injured 06/17 SPLM-IO says peace is priority not return to violence 06/17 Poem Exposes The Gut-Wrenching Anonymity Of Child Brides 06/17 Sudan: Five Million Sudanese in Dire Need of Relief Aid - EU 06/17 Jo Cox remembered as tireless campaigner and aid worker  06/17 Qatar’s Emir to visit Sudan in July 06/17 Government of Sudan Continues Policies of Suffering in Darfur 06/16 Jo Cox remembered as tireless campaigner and aid worker 06/16 Unknown gunmen kill security officer in North Darfur 06/16 Sudan: 'Little Progress On Solving Darfur Conflict, Extend UNAMID Mandate' - UN Chief Ladsous 06/15 Sudan: 'Little Progress' Made On Finding Viable Solution to Darfur Conflict - UN Peacekeeping Chief 06/15 EU supports WFP humanitarian activities in Sudan 06/15 Sudanese government awaits outcome of international pressures on opposition: minister 06/15 UN chief urges restraint after Ethiopia-Eritrea border clash 06/15 UN says 80,000 have fled fighting in Darfur's Jebel Marra 06/14 'Little progress' made on finding viable solution to Darfur conflict – UN peacekeeping chief 06/14 Security forces and carjackers exchange heavy fire in S. Darfur’s Nyala 06/14 Border Guard Forces to take part in illegal arms collection in Darfur: minister 06/14 Sudan: Ghandour Calls UN to Convince Armed Movements and Opposition to Join Peace Process 06/13 Sudan: Cooperation Between Sudan Police and UNAMID for Maintaining Security and Stability in Darfur Discussed 06/13 Sudan: UXO Explosion Kills Child in North Darfur Camp 06/13 Sudan: Air Raids in Jebel Marra, Darfur Claim Six Lives 06/13 Communiqué of the Peace and Security Council of the African Union (AU), at its 605th meeting on the situation in Darfur a nd the activities of the AU-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) 06/13 “Sudan Call” meeting shrouded in mystery amid conflicting statements from its leaders 06/13 Darfur Regional Authority officially dissolved 06/13 Unknown gunmen storm a pharmacy in the capital of South Darfur 06/12 Bensouda, Sudan envoy trade barbs over ICC 06/11 Justice for crimes committed in Darfur must not be sacrificed – ICC Prosecutor 06/10 Sudan: Bakri Renews Call On North Sector to Join Peace and Building Process 06/10 Ebola-Like Disease Outbreak Kills 10 in South Sudan, IRIN Says 06/10 Chad: Refugees in Chad Must Adapt or Starve 06/10 “Sudan Call” to discuss joint position on African peace roadmap: SPLM-N 06/10 Sudan: Prosecutors Beaten By Troops in East Darfur Market 06/10 UNAMID, Sudan police services form coordination mechanism 06/10 Sudan: Two Injured As Darfur Bus Driver Refuses to Pay 'Toll' 06/10 Sudan: Darfur Peace Document 'Not Open to Negotiation' 06/09 ICC prosecutor knocks Security Council over Sudan 06/09 Winner of award honoring AP photographer accustomed to risk 06/09 Justice for crimes committed in Darfur must not be sacrificed – ICC Prosecutor 06/09 Sudanese refugees in Chad must adapt or starve 06/09 ’We’re all Darfurians’: Sudan’s protest movement makes bold return 06/09 International inaction encourages Sudan’s Bashir to defy ICC: Bensouda 06/09 Sudan: Government - Doha Document for Peace in Darfur Is Not Subject for Revision and Repeated Negotiation 06/08 Sudan: Darfur's Rizeigat, Ma'aliya Tribes Sign Peace 06/08 Sudan: Tension in Kutum, North Darfur, As Clash Kills Four 06/07 EU rapprochement with Khartoum does not serve peace in Sudan : PAX 06/07 UNAMID's local staff protest over unpaid dues 06/07 Sudan says Darfur peace document won’t be opened for negotiation 06/07 Three military killed, four others injured in North Darfur 06/07 Sudan: Ramadan Message - UNAMID Head Calls for Peace in Darfur 06/06 Returnees From Chad, El Niño Impact 06/06 Sudan: 'Central Darfur Displaced Prevented From Returning to Homes' - Activist 06/06 Sudan: NUP, AUHIP Heads Discuss Darfur Roadmap 06/06 Sudan: Starvation As Less Than Half Receive Rations in North Darfur Camp 06/06 Doha meeting discussed opening of Darfur peace document : Minnawi 06/06 Air-dropping aid is the only way to deal with Assad's 'sovereign right' to starve Syria's people 06/05 Gunmen storm police detention centre, free 4 prisoners in N. Darfur 06/04 Sudan, two rebel factions discuss ways to hold peace talks on Darfur conflict 06/04 Indonesia to strengthen its role in UN police missions 06/04 Sudan says 11 detainees escaped JEM prisons in South Sudan 06/04 Sudan: Al-Sudan Anna Party Calls for Stand Against Security Threats Facing the Country 06/03 Sudan: Council of Peace Signatory Movements of Darfur Welcomes Efforts of Qatari Mediator to Support Peace 06/03 Mbeki agrees to discuss “Sudan Call” reservations on Roadmap Agreement: NUP 06/03 Sudan: South Darfur Imam Slain in Pre-Dawn Raid 06/02 SPLM-N says alarmed by deployment of RSF militiamen in Sudan’s Blue Nile 06/02 Sudan: JEM Head - Doha Meeting On Darfur Positive, Frank 06/02