News aggregator for armed conflict worldwide

Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur


In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.

    Comment on this overview
Take Action (learn about relevant NGOs)


Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 5
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,705,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: UN moves to revamp AU-UN mission in Sudan's Darfur 03/06 Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan Reach Preliminary Agreement On Dam Operations - Mena 03/06 UN Sudan humanitarian chief urges Darfur conflict solution 03/06 Africa in pictures: 27 February - 5 March 2015 03/06 Sudan: 'Target Khartoum With Sanctions On Gold Exports' - U.S. Think-Tank 03/06 Spanish Warship ESPS Infanta Cristina Joins EU Naval Force 03/05 ICC appeals court confirms Banda's arrest warrant 03/05 Sudan: Ma'aliya to Raise Case to Sudanese Presidency After Talks Collapse 03/05 Almost half a million people in Darfur displaced in 2014, most in a decade, UN report says 03/05 EU Naval Force Croatian Maritime Team Awarded Operation Atalanta Medal for Protection of WFP Vessel 03/05 Africa: Africa's Human Rights Tribunal Issues Damning Decision in Sudan Torture Case 03/04 Sudan: Rape, Pillage, Arson in Darfur's Jebel Marra 03/04 Sudan: International Arrest Warrant for Darfur Rebel Confirmed 03/04 Bashir says security in Darfur top priority in his electoral program 03/04 New Report: Fool's Gold - The Case for Scrutinizing Sudan's Conflict Gold Trade 03/04 Russia Launches Probe Into Abduction of Russian Nationals in Sudan 03/04 Sudan: Appeals Chamber Confirms Arrest Warrant for Sudanese Rebel Banda 03/03 More Troops Deployed By Federal Government To Stabilise North East For Elections 03/03 Japan contributes $1.11 to enhance IOM operations in Darfur 03/03 Sudan: Measles Hits South Darfur Camp 03/02 Nigeria: 8,000 People Affected By Disasters in Lagos, Ogun, Oyo - Nema 03/02 Sudan: Unamid to Cut 770 Posts in Darfur 03/02 We’re in Africa on invitation - ICC boss 03/02 Denmark provides $2.3 million for humanitarian needs in Sudan 03/02 Sudan: Woman Raped, Air Raids Resume in East Jebel Marra, Darfur 03/02 More Troops Deployed By Federal Government To Stabilise North East For Elections 03/02 Africa: Bamboo - an Answer to Deforestation or Not in Africa? 03/01 Sudan: Water Shortage, Raids Cause Mass Exodus in North Darfur 02/28 Sudan: Fire Destroys Houses in East Darfur Camp 02/28 Why the Darfur Problem Is Every Black Person's Problem. 02/28 UN-AU mission in Sudan's Darfur cuts 770 jobs 02/28 Darfur’s tribal reconciliation conference stalls over land ownership 02/28 Sudan’s Bashir pledges to apply “clean Shari’a” 02/28 Paris Tent Camp Reflects Plight of Europe's Asylum-Seekers 02/28 I Will Restore Nigeria's Lost Glory, Buhari Says At Chatham House 02/26 George Clooney demands end to genocide, 'torture rapes' in Sudan 02/26 Ex-Janjaweed leader threatens to sabotage Sudan’s general elections 02/26 New York Times Op-Ed George Clooney on Darfur 02/25 Gambia: 214 GAF Peace Keepers to Be Dispatched to Darfur 02/25 Sudan: George Clooney Speaks Out on "Torture Rapes" in Darfur 02/25 Op-Ed Contributors: George Clooney on Sudan’s Rape of Darfur 02/25 Sudan: Unamid Deputy Head Meets Local, Community Leaders in South Darfur 02/24 Sudan: Clashes Displace Over 41,000 People in Darfur - UN 02/23 Watch Our HBO Report on the Genocide in Darfur 02/23 Three people killed by unknown gunmen in East Darfur 02/23 Sudan: Unamid Deputy Head Attends Peacebuilding Workshop for Community Leaders in South Darfur 02/23 Former Darfur rebel faction backs Bashir’s candidacy for new mandate 02/23 Sudan election campaign to start amid opposition boycott 02/22 Tribal clashes cause food shortage and malnutrition diseases in South Darfur 02/21 LJM commanders demand full implementation of security arrangements in Darfur 02/21 Sudan: Talks in Khartoum On Unamid's Exit Strategy 02/20 Sudan: Conflict Forces Thousands to Flee in Darfur, UN Humanitarian Office Reports 02/20 LRA commander says Kony is harboured near Darfur region : new report 02/20 Two SLM factions agree to coordinate actions in Darfur 02/20 Sudan's Darfur conflict displaced 41k in 2 months: UN 02/19 Conflict forces thousands to flee in Darfur, UN humanitarian office reports 02/19 UNAMID to start withdrawing troops from stable parts of Darfur: diplomats 02/19 Jebel Marra’s clashes displace over 41,000 people: UN 02/19 Russia Does All it Can to Free Nationals Abducted in Western Sudan 02/19 Darfur - A brief history of Sudan's silent suffering 02/18 Photojournalist Lynsey Addario focuses on war and love in her new memoir 02/18 Memorial to honor US woman held hostage by Islamic State 02/18 VIDEO: Photographing women and war 02/17 Sudan’s justice minister dismisses HRW report on mass rape in Darfur 02/17 US eases Sudan communications sanctions 02/17 Sudan: Mass Rapes and the Future of UN Darfur Mission 02/17 Sudan: Presidential Contender Vows to Lift U.S. Sanctions in First 100 Days if Elected 02/16 Sudan: Insecurity in Darfur Tempts African and Arab Extremist Movements 02/16 Sudan discusses AU/UN mission exit from Darfur 02/16 Sudan: UN Deputy Chief, Top Sudan Official Meet in New York, Discuss Peace, Security Issues 02/16 Sudan presidential contender vows to lift US sanctions in first 100 days if elected 02/15 South Sudan: Massive Fire Guts Homes 02/15 South Sudan draws “redline” on first VP proposal 02/14 Insecurity in Darfur tempts African and Arab extremist movements 02/14 Shocking Darfur rape claim 02/14 Sudan: UN Urges Full Probe On Mass Rape Claims 02/14 Group: Sudanese soldiers raped 200 women and girls 02/14 Massive fire consumes 100 homes at IDP camp in S. Darfur 02/14 Two people killed in road accident in East Darfur 02/14 Sudan: Young Voices Reach Out to the Community 02/13 Russian Embassy Coordinating Efforts With Sudan to Release Kidnapped Pilots 02/13 Report: Soldiers raped 200 women, girls 02/13 UN urges Sudan to allow UNAMID to investigate “mass rape” 02/13 Sudan: Amb. Power's Explanation of Vote At UN On Sudan Sanctions 02/13 U.S. slams Sudan for blocking Darfur mass rape investigation 02/13 US slams Sudan for blocking Darfur mass rape probe 02/13 Euronews exclusive: Sudan president challenges reports of mass rape by soldiers 02/13 Sudan: Darfur, the Conflict That Just Won't Go Away 02/13 Sudan: Unanimously Adopting Resolution 2200 (2015), Security Council Renews Mandate of Expert Panel On Sudan, Deplores 'Routine' Conveyance of Arms Into Darfur 02/13 UN urges Sudan to allow full probe on mass rape claims in Darfur 02/13 UK backs calls for new investigation into Darfur mass rape allegations 02/13 UN deputy chief, top Sudan official meet in New York, discuss peace, security issues 02/13 Sudan: 'They Raped Us All Night. I'm Still Sick' 02/12 Security Council renews Sudan sanctions panel of experts 02/12 Sudan: Rights Group Documents Mass Rape in Darfur 02/12 Sudan: HRW Confirms Mass Rape Allegations in North Darfur By Sudanese Soldiers 02/12 Sudan: Army Repeats - 'Accusations Mass Rape Absolutely Wrong' 02/12 Mass rape in Darfur: Sudanese army blamed for multiple attacks on women 02/12 Sudan Official Challenges Rights Group’s Rape Report 02/12 Sudan: Mass Rapes Reported in Darfur As Conflict Escalates 02/12