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Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur

Summary

In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 5
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,705,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
huffingtonpost.com America Just Chose A Talented, Qualified Diplomat To Bring Hope To War-Torn Congo Basin 07/06
dailytimes.com.pk Sudan intensifies forces in East Darfur state to tackle tribal violence 07/06
allafrica.com Sudan: Clashes Break Out in South Darfur 07/06
allafrica.com Wali of West Darfur Affirms Firmness of Relations Between Sudan and Chad 07/06
sudantribune.com Sudanese government to deploy joint force in East Darfur soon 07/05
sudantribune.com Sudan’s SRF welcomes extension of UNAMID mandate 07/03
allafrica.com Sudan: 'Sudanese Regular Forces Do Not Stand Above the Law' - North Darfur Governor 07/02
sudantribune.com North Darfur governor vows to wage harsh war against criminals 07/02
allafrica.com Uganda: Army Probe 1,500 Over Forged Papers 07/01
allafrica.com U.S Envoy Says the ICC Is Weak and Calls for a Stronger Court 07/01
allafrica.com Sudan: Two Killed, Six Injured in Darfur Attacks 07/01
allafrica.com Gambia: President Says Policy On Promotion Remains - As He Decorates Senior Army Officers 07/01
allafrica.com Sierra Leone: At Court Martial 07/01
allafrica.com Sudan: Teachers in Nyala, South Darfur, On Strike Against Militia Threats 07/01
nation.co.ke ICC prosecutor Bensouda criticises AU over failure to arrest Bashir 07/01
allafrica.com Africa: Hague Court Prosecutor Bensouda Criticises AU Over Failure to Arrest Bashir 07/01
allafrica.com Sudan: Two Murdered, Six Injured in Darfur Attacks 07/01
allafrica.com Sudan: WFP and Iom Agree to Boost Cooperation in Sudan 07/01
sudantribune.com Five killed in tribal clashes in East Darfur 07/01
worldpoliticsreview.com African Union’s Democracy Agenda Better in Theory Than in Practice 07/01
allafrica.com Africa: Xenophobia - Displaced Face Uncertainty as South Africa Camp Closes 06/30
allafrica.com Egypt: Military Funeral Slated for Slain Prosecutor General 06/30
allafrica.com Nigeria: Niger Region Struggles to Cope With Boko Haram Exodus 06/30
allafrica.com Sudan: UN Extends Darfur Peacekeeping Mission 06/30
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allafrica.com Africa: Why the Global Peace Index Needs Be Read With Scepticism 06/30
allafrica.com South Africa: Deputy President Ramaphosa Deployed to Lesotho 06/30
allafrica.com Niger: Boko Haram's Neglected Crisis 06/30
stripes.com UN extends Darfur peacekeeping force despite Sudan protest 06/30
af.reuters.com ICC prosecutor pleads for UN Security Council act on Darfur case 06/30
allafrica.com Kenya: Matatu Driver On the Run After Deadly Nairobi Crash 06/30
allafrica.com Kagame Warns Nyamasheke Residents Over False Ideology 06/30
allafrica.com Changes in CHAN Squad 06/30
allafrica.com Nigeria: '603 Civilian JTF Killed By Boko Haram' 06/30
allafrica.com Egypt: No Way to Stop the Bloodshed Except With "Breaking the Military Coup" - Brotherhood 06/30
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allafrica.com Video of Botched Al Shabaab Attack On KDF Camp Emerge, ITV Releases the Chilling Moment 11 Militia Were Killed 06/30
allafrica.com Kenya: We Will Not Relent in War Against Terror - Uhuru 06/30
allafrica.com Sudan: Spokesman - Top Officials Sudan Involved in Sending IS-Fighters 06/30
allafrica.com Sudan: Security Council Extends UN-African Union Operation in Darfur for Another Year 06/30
allafrica.com Libya: Libya Talks 'Very Positive,' Reports UN Envoy, Pointing Towards Preliminary Political Accord 06/30
allafrica.com Tunisia: The Battle for Jihadist Domination in Tunisia 06/30
allafrica.com Election Report Card 06/30
allafrica.com Africa: Supporting the Implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals 06/30
allafrica.com Operation Atalanta Force Commander Strengthens Counter-Piracy Cooperation During Visit to Japanese Warship Jds Ikazuchi At Sea in the Gulf of Aden 06/30
allafrica.com Climate Finance - Lessons From Rwanda 06/30
allafrica.com Seychelles: President Announces Removal of Import Duty On Electric Cars 06/30
allafrica.com A Milestone for Rwanda's Wildlife Conservation 06/30
allafrica.com Kagame Urges Kicukiro Residents to Strive for Self-Reliance 06/30
allafrica.com Remera Residents Call for Correction of 'Ubudehe' Lists 06/30
allafrica.com Lions to Roar Again in Akagera This Week 06/30
allafrica.com 80 SMEs Acquires Skills On Business Management 06/30
allafrica.com Peace Cup - APR FC Held to Draw By Police 06/30
allafrica.com Deputy Chief Justice Kaitesi Lauds Women Contribution to National Devt 06/30
allafrica.com Nyamagabe Man Arrested Over Genocide Ideology 06/30
allafrica.com Gen KK's Arrest - Contest of Spirit and Might 06/30
allafrica.com Rusizi Turn Focus to ARS Season 3 National Title 06/30
allafrica.com Kayiranga Criticises Rayon Management 06/30
allafrica.com Ex-Rayon Defender Rucogoza Joins Kenya Side KCB 06/30
allafrica.com Amavubi to Face Bafana Without APR Players 06/30
allafrica.com BK Counter Sheds Rwf7 06/30
allafrica.com Kayonza District Residents Warned Against Alcohol Abuse 06/30
allafrica.com Gin Producers Could Lose Billions As RsSB Insists On Plastic Bottles Ban Deadline 06/30
allafrica.com Legislators Enraged By Loss of Rwf346 Million in Tuition Scam 06/30
allafrica.com Four Arrested in Police Crackdown On Narcotics 06/30
allafrica.com Unity and Security Are Foundation of Our Development, Kagame Tells Nyamasheke Residents 06/30
tamilguardian.com ICC Prosecutor restates commitment to bringing justice in Sudan 06/30
allafrica.com Lesotho: Opposition Boycotts Parliament Over Army Killing 06/30
allafrica.com Open Letter to the Jurist Community, Human Rights Activists in the World 06/30
allafrica.com Gasabo Traders Call for Tax Policy Review 06/30
allafrica.com Mugabe Mocks US Gay Marriage With Obama Proposal 06/30
allafrica.com Africa: Closing the Historical Circle - White Terrorism At Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church 06/30
allafrica.com AMISON Withdraw Base Near Mogadishu After Al Shabaab Attack 06/30
allafrica.com Egypt: Sis Mourns Prosecutor General 06/30
allafrica.com South Sudan: Army Raped Girls and Burned Them Alive - UN 06/30
allafrica.com Sudan: ICC Prosecutor Says Determination to Bring Justice to People of Sudan Remains 'Unshaken' 06/30
allafrica.com Mali: Extending Mandate of UN Mission in Mali, Security Council Adds Observers to Monitor Fresh Ceasefire 06/30
allafrica.com South Sudan: UN Alleges 'Widespread' Human Rights Abuses Amid Uptick in Fighting 06/30
allafrica.com Sudan: Unamid Expresses Concern Over Allegations of Deliberate Delays in DDR Process in Darfur 06/30
sudantribune.com ICC prosecutor vows to continue efforts to arrest the Sudanese president 06/30
allafrica.com Libya: Numbers of Internally Displaced in Libya Double Since September 06/30
allafrica.com Africa: 25th AU Summit - Political Risk and FDI in Africa 06/29
sudantribune.com Crushing defeat for NCP regime in the battle for ending UNAMID Mandate 06/29
reuters.com U.N. extends Darfur peacekeeping mission amid withdrawal calls 06/29
un.org Security Council extends UN-African Union operation in Darfur for another year 06/29
modernghana.com Britain, US say no UN exit from Darfur 06/29
timeslive.co.za Government to appeal ruling ordering Bashir's arrest on ICC warrant 06/29
dw.com UN Security Council extends Darfur peacekeeping mission 06/29
nzherald.co.nz UN extends Darfur peacekeeping force despite Sudan protest 06/29
myaccount.nytimes.com U.N. Council Extends Troops’ Presence in Darfur 06/29
allafrica.com Africa: Economics of a Failed State 06/29
un.org ICC Prosecutor says determination to bring justice to people of Sudan remains ‘unshaken’ 06/29
reuters.com ICC prosecutor pleads for U.N. Security Council act on Darfur case 06/29
sudantribune.com WFP and IOM sign a memorandum of understanding to boost cooperation in Sudan 06/29
sudantribune.com UNSC extends UNAMID mandate for another year, dampens Sudan hope of troops drawdown 06/29
allafrica.com Ethiopia Opens an International Peace Support Training Center 06/29
sudantribune.com UNAMID rebuts Sudan’s allegations of delaying Darfur DDR process 06/29
allafrica.com Hamburg to Table Offer for Mohammed 06/29
sudantribune.com Sudanese president extends DRA’s term for one year 06/28
sudantribune.com Sudan accuses UNAMID of delaying demobilization of ex-combatants 06/28