News aggregator for armed conflict worldwide

Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur


In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.

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Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 5
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,705,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: Sudan-Chad Forces Move in As Abducted Frenchman Sighted in West Darfur 03/29 Jordan: Arrest Sudan’s Bashir 03/28 Sudan president, sought by ICC, welcomed by Jordan's king 03/28 Sudan’s attorney general issues decision to release rights defender 03/28 Children suffer grave violations in Sudan’s conflict – UN reports 03/27 Senior British delegation to arrive in Khartoum for bilateral talks 03/27 Hassan Omar Bashir to attend Arab summit, says minister 03/27 Sudan's al-Bashir to attend Jordan summit despite warrant 03/27 Sudan: East Darfur - Sixteen Killed in Militia-Army Clash 03/27 Chadian Forces Killed in Central Darfur 03/27 Burkina Faso pulls out of UNAMID in Darfur: FM 03/27 HRW asks Jordan to arrest Sudan's Bashir 03/26 HRW urges Jordan to deny entry or arrest Sudan’s Bashir 03/26 HRW urges Jordan to arrest or deny entry to Sudan's Bashir 03/26 Jordan: Bar Entry or Arrest Sudan’s Bashir 03/26 Sudan, Saudi to hold first joint air force drill 03/26 Sudan affirms al-Bashir’s participation in Arab summit despite calls for his arrest 03/26 Sudan, Chad and France making efforts to free French hostage in Darfur: FM 03/26 Sudan's Bashir to attend Arab summit: minister 03/26 Sudan: Darfur - Children's Legs Amputated After Deadly Traffic Accident 03/25 Policeman killed, 6 injured by unknown gunmen in East Darfur 03/25 South Sudan denies obstructing humanitarian access 03/24 Sudan's New Post in Chemical Weapons Organization Draws Criticism 03/24 Merchant abducted by unknown gunmen in North Darfur 03/24 Sudan: Education Deteriorating in North Darfur Camp 03/24 UPDATE 3-Frenchman kidnapped near Chad border with Sudan's Darfur 03/23 French national abducted in Chad 03/23 Sudan: Explosion Near North Darfur Capital Wounds Seven 03/21 One killed, four injured in shooting incident in North Darfur 03/19 Sudan: SPLM-N Head - 'Are Chemical Weapons Allegations Being Ignored in Sudan?' 03/17 Sudan: 'Darfur Farmer Killed By Soldiers" - MP 03/17 Sudan: Hassabo Informed On Overall Situation in North Darfur State 03/17 Sudan Call urges opposition unity, renews commitment to African roadmap 03/17 Sudan: Army Ambulance Hijacked in Darfur's Jebel Marra 03/17 Troops return from rollercoaster peace mission in Darfur 03/17 Amnesty decries Sudan appointment to OPCW executive body 03/17 Sudan: Mahmoud - War in Blue Nile and Darfur Was Over 03/16 Sudan: Expired Pills Cause Concern in South Darfur Camp 03/16 SPLM-N slams Sudan election as OPCW deputy-chairman 03/16 Session of Sudanese - European Talks Held in Khartoum 03/15 55,000 children suffer from malnutrition in South Darfur 03/15 UNAMID welcomes Presidential decree pardoning members of Darfuri armed movements 03/15 Sudan: Recent release of political prisoners shouldn’t fool anyone 03/14 Sudan’s New Image Can’t Disguise Harsh Reality 03/14 Sudan, EU hold “clear and candid” discussions in Khartoum 03/14 Sudan: Presidential Amnesty Praised in View of Peace Talks 03/13 Sudan: Insecurity Grows At Hands of Militias - Kutum Residents, North Darfur 03/13 Measles and diarrhoea outbreak plagues IDPs and refugees in N. Darfur 03/13 Pows release paves the way for peace process: JEM leader 03/12 AU chairperson welcomes POWs by Sudan and SPLM-N 03/12 SPLM-N welcomes pardoning of Darfur POWs, calls for release of all prisoners 03/10 Sudan: Sheikh Musa Hilal - National Dialogues the Only Way Out From Crisis 03/10 British government grants $2.5m for South Sudanese refugees in Sudan 03/09 Sudanese rebels praise Ugandan president for the release of their POWs 03/09 Nile Basin countries building bridges over Ethiopian dam, to calm tensions 03/09 Sudan: Sudan Calls On International Community to Support Its Endeavors to Complete Peace Process 03/09 Sudan: £2 Million UK Grant for South Sudanese Refugee Response in Sudan 03/08 Sudan: Sudan Chemical Warfare Killed Hundreds 03/08 Sudan's Omar al-Bashir pardons 259 rebels 03/08 Sudanese president pardons 259 convicts from Darfur armed movements 03/08 Sudan: Market Raided After Militiamen Clash in Central Darfur Capital 03/07 Sudan expresses 'deep regret’ over new US travel ban as Iran hits back 03/07 Sudan: Commission, Qatar Ministers Discuss Darfur Peace File 03/07 Sudan: Smuggled Weapons Seized in Large North Darfur Operation 03/07 Sudan: Breakaway Rebel Leader Returns to Sudan Capital 03/07 12th Meeting of the Implementation Follow-Up Commission of the Doha Document convenes in Khartoum 03/06 'Shameful' if Darfur chemical attacks left unprobed: Amnesty 03/06 Don Cheadle claims Donald Trump used the 'n-word' on the golf course 03/06 Chad vows to continue efforts to convince Darfur rebels to join peace process 03/06 Sudan: Families Who Fled Jebel Marra Clashes Face Food Shortage 03/06 Stranded Indonesian police unit returns from Darfur 03/06 Qatari mediator says any new peace agreement can be added to Doha document 03/06 Sudanese families concerned by continued detention of their daughters 03/05 Humanitarian and early recovery activities begin in Jebel Marra’s Golo 03/03 Sudan: UNAMID Campaigns Against Recruiting Child Soldiers in West Darfur Camp 03/02 Sudan’s war criminal: Lessons on how to get away with murder 03/02 International Community keeps Bashir in power 03/02 Sudan: German Representative Visits South Darfur 'For First-Hand Info' 03/01 Sudan: Sudan's V-P Praises Steps to Collect Weapons, Legalise Vehicles in Darfur 03/01 Sudan: South Darfur Transfers School Exams From Unsafe Jebel Marra 02/28 SLM-MM calls to arrest Sudanese officials indicted by the ICC 02/28 Is the Sudan-Saudi Arabia Alliance Paying Off? 02/27 Sudan: UNAMID Hands Over School, Materials in West Darfur 02/27 UNAMID’s former workers resume protests over unpaid benefits 02/26 Over 30,000 S. Sudanese entered Sudan in 2017, says UNHCR 02/26 South Darfur transports Jebel Marra pupils to safe areas for examinations 02/25 Sudan: South Darfur Teachers Threaten With Strike 02/25 Sudan: 600 Homeless After East Darfur Camp Blaze 02/24 United Nations Independent Expert Calls on Sudan to Protect the Rights of Civilians in Darfur 02/23 South African court slaps down bid to leave ICC 02/22 South African court rules against ICC withdrawal 02/22 Sudan: Insecurity, Lack of Education Harm Darfur's Sortony Camp 02/21 Sudan: FVP Briefed On Situations in N. Darfur State 02/21 Darfur group joins Sudan’s national dialogue document 02/21 Sudan: About 80,000 People Returned to Umm Dukhun Locality, Central Darfur, Between 2014 and 2016 02/20 Sudan: 14,000 Displaced Given Days to Vacate South Darfur Camp 02/20 Sudan: Central Darfur Police Disperse Demo At UNAMID Base 02/20 Sudan: Clamp-Down in North Darfur Capital Following Militia-Army Clash 02/20 Sudan: Deadline to Vacate South Darfur Camp Centre Extended By Two Weeks 02/20 Sudan: South Darfur Displaced Deny Governor's Report On Mass Return 02/20