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Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur

Summary

In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 5
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,705,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
af.reuters.com Amnesty accuses Sudan of using chemical weapons in Darfur 09/29
aljazeera.com Sudan accused of chemical weapons attacks in Darfur 09/29
countervortex.org Chemical attacks in Darfur claimed 09/29
video.aljazeera.com Sudan accused of using chemical weapons in Darfur 09/29
af.reuters.com Amnesty accuses Sudan of using chemical weapons in Darfur 09/29
nbcnews.com Sudan Accused of Using Chemical Weapons on Civilians 09/29
myaccount.nytimes.com Report Accuses Sudan of ‘Scorched Earth’ Tactics in Darfur 09/29
dw.com Khartoum suspected of using chemical weapons in Darfur 09/29
telegraph.co.uk Darfur conflict: Sudanese government 'has gassed hundreds of children to death since January' 09/29
dw.com Khartoum suspected of using chemical weapons in Darfur 09/29
france24.com Amnesty accuses Sudan of 'horrific' Darfur chemical weapons attacks 09/28
allafrica.com Sudan: Darfur Child Dead, Another Loses Legs in UXO Blast 09/28
allafrica.com Sudan: Central Darfur Sheikh Seriously Wounded in Militia Attack 09/28
africa-newsroom.com Readout of the Secretary-General’s meeting with H.E. Mr. Ibrahim Ahmed Abd al-Aziz Ghandour, Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of the Sudan 09/28
bbc.co.uk Sudan government accused of using chemical weapons in Darfur 09/28
countervortex.org ICC to prosecute environmental crimes 09/28
allafrica.com Many Darfur Students in Eastern Chad Not Registered Yet 09/27
allafrica.com President Promotes Top ZPCs Officer 09/27
sudantribune.com UNAMID defends use of armoured vehicles inside major towns in South Darfur 09/27
foxnews.com UN report says Sudan violates Darfur sanctions 09/27
allafrica.com Sudan: Sudan Hosts Quarter of the One Million South Sudanese Refugees 09/26
sudantribune.com Discussions over UNAMID exit strategy to resume in October 09/25
sudantribune.com Local market shut down for repeated looting in North Darfur 09/25
sudantribune.com UNAMID calls to allow humanitarian access to Darfur’s Jebel Marra 09/25
sudantribune.com JEM criticizes UN for welcoming release of child soldiers allegedly arrested in Darfur 09/24
un.org At UN debate, leaders from Africa’s Sahel region spotlight efforts to keep peace, combat terrorism 09/23
sudantribune.com U.S. interests with the Sudan made the Darfur issue disappears from the radar 09/23
sudantribune.com Opposition group calls for new peace process in East Sudan 09/23
sudantribune.com Sudan releases 21 child soldiers from Darfur 09/22
sudantribune.com Sudan’s Bashir officially dissolves Darfur authority 09/22
hrw.org The Sudanese government should investigate and prosecute those responsible for human rights violations 09/21
allafrica.com Sudan: UNAMID Opens Investigation in Death of Girl Caused By One of Its Vehicles in North Darfur 09/21
sudantribune.com Washington welcomes Sudan’s anti-terrorism cooperation, rules out lifting of sanctions 09/21
sudantribune.com British envoy supports AU efforts for peace in Sudan 09/21
globalsecurity.org Obama, Ban Call on World's Leaders to Help Solve Epic Refugee Crisis 09/21
voanews.com Obama, Ban Call on World's Leaders to Help Solve Epic Refugee Crisis 09/20
sudantribune.com Sudan reiterates rejection for humanitarian access from abroad 09/20
allafrica.com Sudan: 'Darfur Rebels Kill Over 100 Govt Troops in Jebel Marra' - Slm-Aw Spokesman 09/20
sudantribune.com Minnawi group urges Washington not to lift sanctions on Sudan 09/20
sudantribune.com UNAMID acknowledges child death after patrol vehicle accident 09/20
sudantribune.com Militiamen kill six villagers and injure several others in North Darfur 09/20
allafrica.com Africa: Voices From Calais - An Introduction 09/19
allafrica.com Sudan: Camp Profiling in Kalma Camp, South Darfur 09/19
huffingtonpost.com Darfur and U.S. Presidential Campaigns: Making Genocide Disappear (with a "Political Postscript") 09/19
sudantribune.com North Darfur tribes sign peaceful coexistence document 09/19
allafrica.com Sudan: Democracy First - Will the AUHIP Roadmap Lead to Peace? 09/19
sudantribune.com SLM-AW claims repulsing two government attacks in Jebel Marra 09/19
sudantribune.com UNAMID vehicle run over a child in North Darfur 09/18
reuters.com Sudan threatens to close border with South Sudan within days 09/18
sudantribune.com Britain donates £3m to WFP cash and voucher programme in Darfur 09/18
sudantribune.com Sudan’s groups urge African mediators to stop negotiation tactic deadlines 09/17
sudantribune.com Over 2,000 S. Sudanese refugees relocated to East Darfur 09/17
sudantribune.com No peace talks after the end of Sudan’s dialogue conference: official 09/17
theeastafrican.co.ke The forgotten mountain people of Darfur 09/17
sudantribune.com South Sudanese refugees exceed one million: UNHCR 09/16
sudantribune.com Darfur and U.S. Presidential Campaigns: Making genocide disappear 09/16
sudantribune.com Three students killed, two injured by militias in South Darfur 09/16
monitor.co.ug S.Sudan refugees hit one million mark 09/16
allafrica.com Sudan: Three Dead in North Darfur Air Raid 09/15
sudantribune.com Sudanese President to attend social peace conference in South Darfur 09/14
acjps.org EVENT: Sudan’s entrenched crises and & the role of the Human Rights Council 09/14
allafrica.com Sudan: Leader of Federal Umma Party Affirms His Party's Support for Collection of Weapons 09/14
allafrica.com Sudan: Rebels Deny Child Soldiers Claim 09/13
allafrica.com Sudan: West Darfur Takes Measures to Improve Security 09/12
allafrica.com Al-Bashir Might Dodge IGAD Meeting for Fear of Arrest, Official 09/12
allafrica.com Sudan: Attack On North Darfur Market Leaves Two Injured 09/12
sudantribune.com Darfur group denies involvement in fighting in east Libya 09/12
sudantribune.com SLM-AW rebels vow to continue its struggle to “uproot the regime” 09/12
sudantribune.com Nearly 250,000 S. Sudanese living in Sudan: UNHCR 09/12
sudantribune.com JEM denies using child soldiers 09/12
allafrica.com Sudan: South Sudanese Refugees Relocated in East Darfur 09/12
sudantribune.com Darfur group urged to speed up transfer of POWs to Khartoum 09/11
sudantribune.com Police officer mysteriously killed in South Darfur 09/10
sudantribune.com West Darfur governor issues emergency orders to maintain security 09/09
allafrica.com Egypt: 'Harrassment' of Darfur Refugees in Egypt 09/09
allafrica.com Sudan: CAR, Chad, Sudan Discuss Joint Border Force 09/09
allafrica.com Derby- Security and Stability in Sudan and Chad Is Inseparable 09/08
allafrica.com Tripartite Summit Held Between Presidents of Sudan, Chad and the Central African Republic 09/08
allafrica.com Sudan: 'General Amnesty for Child Soldiers, Rebel POWs' - President Al Bashir 09/08
hrw.org NGO Letter regarding the human rights situation in Sudan 09/08
allafrica.com Sudan: JEM to Release Prisoners for Eid 09/08
allafrica.com Sudan: President Bashir Declares Pardoning Any Rebel Who Put Down Arms 09/08
sudantribune.com Opposition FFC proposes merger of Sudan’s political and security talks but SPLM-N rejects 09/08
sudantribune.com CAR, Chad and Sudan leaders discuss joint border force 09/07
sudantribune.com Darfur group announces release of government POWs 09/07
sudantribune.com Al-Bashir announces release of child soldiers, vows to consider release of POWs 09/07
allafrica.com Chadian President Idris Deby Arrives in Khartoum 09/07
acjps.org Letter from 36 NGOs and individuals regarding the human rights situation in Sudan in advance of the 33rd session of the UN Human Rights Council 09/07
video.aljazeera.com Sudan: Thousands mark end of Darfur transitional government 09/07
nation.co.ke Bashir says peace has returned to Darfur 09/07
sudantribune.com The era of negotiations in exchange for ministerial posts has ended : Bashir 09/07
allafrica.com Instigators of Violence Warned 09/07
allafrica.com Sudan: Italy Forcefully Deports Darfur Migrants Back to Sudan 09/06
sudantribune.com EU denies funding Sudanese militia to combat illegal migration 09/06
sudantribune.com Chad’s president visits Sudan , holds talks with Bashir 09/06
dw.com Darfur's refugees continue to live in fear 09/06
allafrica.com Sudan: Teacher Killed in North Darfur 09/05
allafrica.com Sudan: Militia 'Guards' Storm North Darfur Market 09/05
allafrica.com Qatar Emir and Chad President Will Fly to Fashir for Ceremony Marking End of the Darfur Regional Authority Term 09/05
allafrica.com Sudan: SPLM-N Urges EU 'Not to Fund the Wars in Sudan' 09/05