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Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur

Summary

In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 5
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,705,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
zeenews.india.com Loss of life in Sri Lanka conflict could have been averted: US 09/19
radiodabanga.org Government grenade kills three in Darfur's Jebel Marra 09/19
sudantribune.com Investigation underway into burning of a commercial market by army personnel in East Darfur 09/19
allafrica.com UNAMID Denies Statements On Transfer of Darfur Process to Addis Ababa 09/18
radiodabanga.org Robbery, hijacking, pillaging in North, Central Darfur 09/18
tamilguardian.com Atrocities could have been prevented by international community says US 09/18
allafrica.com Sudan: UN Mission Urges Feuding Groups to Reconcile 09/18
radiodabanga.org Killing of Sudanese soldier in East Darfur leads to ‘chaos’ 09/18
sudantribune.com UNAMID denies statements on transfer of Darfur process to Addis Ababa 09/17
appablog.wordpress.com ABIODUN OLUREMI BASHUA OF NIGERIA APPOINTED DEPUTY JOINT SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVE IN DARFUR HYBRID OPERATION 09/17
sudantribune.com Abiodun Bashua appointed as UNAMID deputy joint special representative 09/17
radiodabanga.org Heavy bombardments in Darfur’s East Jebel Marra kill four 09/17
gmanetwork.com George Clooney to get prize for humanitarian work 09/16
allafrica.com Sudan: Sudanese Authorities Release SCP Leader Ibrahim Al-Sheikh Following a 100-Day Detention 09/16
modernghana.com Communiqué of the 456th Meeting of the Peace and Security Council 09/16
sudantribune.com Sudan - Colliding interests 09/16
sudantribune.com Qatar did not agree to transfer venue of Darfur peace talks: DRA 09/16
telegraph.co.uk George Clooney 'to be married by ex-Rome mayor' 09/15
radiodabanga.org North Darfur farmers, nomads agree to peaceful coexistence 09/15
modernghana.com SECRETARY-GENERAL APPOINTS MOHAMMED IBN CHAMBAS OF GHANA SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVE FOR WEST AFRICA 09/15
radiodabanga.org ‘What peace was Unamid supposed to keep in Darfur?' 09/15
nationmultimedia.com George Clooney to get prize for humanitarian work 09/15
news.com.au Clooney to receive Cecil B DeMille award 09/15
allafrica.com Sudan: 'Rebels Killed 23 Government Troops in North Darfur' - Citizens 09/15
enoughproject.org CNN Op-Ed: At the UN, Janjaweed is a Dirty Word 09/15
allafrica.com Sudan: Darfur Ex-Rebels Integrate Into Sudan's Army 09/15
sudantribune.com Police use tear gas to disperse students’ protests in North Darfur state 09/14
radiodabanga.org Children burned to death in attack in East Jebel Marra, Darfur 09/14
independent.co.uk Darfur peace mission chaos is revealed 09/13
sudantribune.com Chambas proposes entrusting Mbeki with Darfur peace file 09/13
sudantribune.com Policeman killed, 4 injured in attack on pilgrims convoy in North Darfur 09/13
allafrica.com South Sudan: ICC Converts Darfur Rebel Figure's Court Summons to Arrest Warrant 09/12
allafrica.com Sudan: Hague Court Issues Darfur Arrest Warrant 09/12
isn.ethz.ch The Failure of the UN: Rebuilding from the Ruins 09/12
allafrica.com Sudan: ICC Issues Arrest Warrant for Darfur Rebel 09/12
radiodabanga.org Proliferation of 'alien ants' in Kass camp, South Darfur 09/12
allafrica.com South Sudan: ICC Issues Arrest Warrant for Sudanese Rebel 09/12
sify.com Ban appoints new UN envoy for West Africa 09/12
allafrica.com Sudan: Darfur Displaced Cry Out for 'Urgent International Help' 09/12
allafrica.com Sudan: North Darfur's Kabkabiya Camps Call for Protection Against Rape 09/12
sudantribune.com Sudan backs ceasefire, but rules out cessation of hostilities 09/12
allafrica.com Sudan: Janjaweed Shoot Five People, Kidnap Two in Darfur 09/12
allafrica.com Sudan: Health Situation Deteriorating in West Darfur's Murnei Camp 09/12
sudantribune.com South Darfur state coordinating with other states in the region to enhance security 09/12
modernghana.com Secretary-General Appoints Mohammed IBN Chambas Of Ghana As Special Representative For West Africa 09/12
sudantribune.com Sudan security arrests nine teachers in North Darfur state 09/11
allafrica.com Sudan: UNAMID Holds Consultations in Doha On Darfur, Sudan's Dialogue 09/11
allafrica.com Property of Sudanese Gold Prospectors Seized in Chad 09/11
allafrica.com South Sudan: Head of Darfur Peacekeeping Mission to Quit 09/11
radiodabanga.org Salary arrears lead to closing of Central Darfur hospital 09/11
foxnews.com International court issues arrest warrant for Darfur rebel accused of peacekeeper attack 09/11
modernghana.com ICC issues warrant for Darfur rebel leader's arrest 09/11
voanews.com ICC Issues Arrest Warrant for Sudanese Rebel 09/11
sudantribune.com Mbeki announces separate talks with Sudan rebels on cessation of hostilities 09/11
radiodabanga.org Four people killed, one injured in Darfur assaults 09/10
allafrica.com Sudan: Germany Supports Vulnerable People in Sudan Through Nutrient-Dense Food 09/10
allafrica.com Sudan: 'No Rebel Attack On North Darfur Military Base' - Tibra Residents 09/10
timeslive.co.za Mbeki sees 'big step' in efforts to end Sudan wars: Media 09/10
radiodabanga.org WFP Sudan welcomes $ 2.7 million contribution from Germany 09/10
modernghana.com UNAMID JSR holds consultations with Qatari Deputy Prime Minster and the African Union High-Level Implementation Panel Chairman in Doha 09/10
allafrica.com Africa: Sudanese Asylum Seekers Tortured After Being Sent Home By Israel - HRW 09/10
sudantribune.com Chambas to quit Darfur peacekeeping mission 09/10
allafrica.com U.S. Govt Warns That it Will Cease Assisting AMISON 09/09
allafrica.com Sudan: African Union-UN Mission Calls for Restraint Amid Tensions At Darfur Camp 09/09
radiodabanga.org Tribal leaders vow to stop abuses in Kubum, South Darfur 09/09
modernghana.com UNAMID Joint Special Representative Spokesperson to hold press conference in Khartoum 15 September 2014, 11:30 am UNAMID's Khartoum office 09/09
sudantribune.com 11 NGOs call for pressing Khartoum to stop bombing civilians 09/09
modernghana.com UNAMID calls for restraint over Kalma IDP camp tensions 09/09
appablog.wordpress.com UNAMID JSR holds consultations with Qatari Deputy Prime Minster and the African Union High-Level Implementation Panel Chairman in Doha 09/09
sudantribune.com UNAMID urges Sudan to investigate recent IDP camp incident 09/09
sudantribune.com Three people killed, two injured in South Darfur state shooting 09/09
modernghana.com Senior Sudan opposition figure freed after one month 09/09
allafrica.com Sudan: Sudan Opposition Forces Condemn Attack On Kalma Camp 09/09
appablog.wordpress.com UNAMID Joint Special Representative Spokesperson to hold press conference in Khartoum 15 September 2014, 11:30 am UNAMID's Khartoum office 09/08
allafrica.com Africa: The African Union Welcomes the Agreement Reached By Sudanese Parties On Their Participation in the National Dialogue 09/08
un.org African Union-UN mission calls for restraint amid tensions at Darfur camp 09/08
allafrica.com Sudan: Unamid FC Attends Final Security Arrangements for JEM - Sudan Combatants in the Implementaion of Doha Document 09/08
allafrica.com Sudan: An Expedient and Dishonest Trade-Off By the UN in Darfur" 09/08
allafrica.com Sudan: Rebels Claim Attack On Tibra Military Base in North Darfur 09/08
radiodabanga.org Sudan Defence Ministry signs contract for new airports in Darfur 09/08
sudantribune.com N. Darfur, UNAMID ban travel of peacekeepers to Ebola affected countries 09/07
sudantribune.com An expedient and dishonest trade-off by the UN in Darfur" 09/07
sudantribune.com Sudanese gold prospectors evacuated from Niger to Chad 09/06
huffingtonpost.com An Expedient and Dishonest Trade-Off by the UN in Darfur 09/06
sudantribune.com 2 women killed, 4 children injured in government raid on South Darfur IDP camp 09/06
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebels downplay China troops’ deployment 09/06
sudantribune.com South Darfur governor accuses SLM/AW of involvement in IDP camp incident 09/06
turkishweekly.net Sudan opposition parties agree to join dialogue 09/05
allafrica.com Sudan Bars Opposition Figure From Travelling to Addis Ababa 09/05
vancouversun.com Iraq, Ukraine see Canada's military footprint expand 09/05
kristof.blogs.nytimes.com Malnutrition Crisis in Sudan 09/05
allafrica.com Sudan: WFP Reduces Food Rations for Darfur Displaced 09/04
sudantribune.com Sudan bars opposition figure from travelling to Addis Ababa 09/04
sudantribune.com Sudan says UN human rights expert has resigned 09/04
radiodabanga.org Police ‘lacks fuel’ to persecute robbers in West Darfur 09/04
sudantribune.com Hepatitis outbreak kills 150 people in South Darfur’s Kalma IDP camp 09/03
usatoday.com Voices: Whatever happened to 'Save Darfur' movement? 09/03
radiodabanga.org Emirates foundation signs water station contract for Darfur, Kordofan 09/03
radiodabanga.org West Darfur’s Abu Suruj without water after solar panels theft 09/03
khaleejtimes.com Maktoum Foundation to build 10 water stations in Sudan 09/02