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India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir

Summary

As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 72.9 Warning (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 300,000 IDPs very approx.
WFP Hunger Map: 21 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating BB
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Final farewell to Colonel Rai, martyred in J&K 01/29
ibnlive.in.com India salutes Colonel MN Rai martyred in anti-terror operations in J&K, his last rites underway 01/29
zeenews.india.com Tributes paid to Colonel MN Rai martyred in Kashmir gunfight 01/29
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Thousands attend funeral of terrorists in Kashmir 01/29
bombaynews.net Special Cell in forefront of anti-terror fight Bassi 01/29
ibnlive.in.com Bassi defends cops on Liyaqat Shah arrest 01/29
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Tearful but proud daughter salutes Col MN Rai 01/29
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Geelani pays tributes to slain militants 01/29
bombaynews.net Tearful farewell to Col. M.N. Rai 01/29
zeenews.india.com WB CM condoles death of Colonel M N Rai 01/29
rediff.com Tearful farewell to Colonel M N Rai martyred in Kashmir 01/29
zeenews.india.com Indian Army pays tribute to braveheart Colonel Rai – curtains are down but applause continues 01/28
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Army honours braveheart killed in J&K gunbattle 01/28
dawn.com Kashmir gunfight leaves Indian colonel, two police officers dead 01/28
dnaindia.com Indian Army pays tribute to Republic Day awardee officer killed in encounter with terrorists 01/28
ibnlive.in.com Slain CO always led from the front in J-K: Army 01/28
ibnlive.in.com Braveheart Colonel MN Rai's Whatsapp status summed up his motto towards life and duty 01/28
bombaynews.net Indian Army honours martyrs of Kashmir gunfight 01/28
rediff.com Terrorists' relatives asked Colonel Rai to cease fire, then killed him 01/28
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Day after bravery award, colonel killed in J&K 01/27
rediff.com Army officer, awarded on R-Day, killed in Kashmir gun battle 01/27
bombaynews.net Army officer killed in Kashmir a day after getting medal 01/27
dawn.com Two rebels, two troops die in Indian Kashmir gunbattle 01/27
timesofindia.indiatimes.com J&K: Awarded yesterday for bravery, killed today 01/27
bombaynews.net Two guerrillas army officer killed in Kashmir gunfight 01/27
rediff.com Price of the relentless daily war in Kashmir 01/27
bombaynews.net Two guerrillas killed army officer injured in Kashmir gunfight 01/27
bombaynews.net Armyman killed in Kashmir a day after getting medal 01/27
dailytimes.com.pk Indian army colonel killed in IHK : January 28, 2015, 3:20 am 01/27
ibnlive.in.com NIA drops terror charges against Liaqat; questions Delhi Police action 01/27
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Cell, internet not disrupted in Kashmir on R-Day 01/26
ibnlive.in.com Maj Varadarajan, Naik Singh posthumously awarded Ashok Chakra 01/26
rediff.com First time in 10 yrs, Internet, mobile services on in J & K on R-day 01/26
bombaynews.net Ashoka Chakra for two fallen bravehearts on Republic Day 01/26
ibnlive.in.com Mobile, Internet services not disrupted in Kashmir on R-Day 01/26
rediff.com Country before self: 2 army officers honoured with Ashok Chakra 01/26
dnaindia.com Pakistan Army Chief in China on two-day visit 01/25
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Liaquat’s arrest plotted in advance: NIA 01/25
bombaynews.net Two fallen bravehearts to get Ashoka Chakra on Republic Day 01/25
timesofindia.indiatimes.com NIA absolves 'Hizbul militant' of terror charges 01/24
dawn.com Arrested Indian accused of passing military secrets to ISI 01/24
zeenews.india.com Obama in India: IB alerts Delhi Police of possible terror attack using paragliders 01/24
bombaynews.net BSF foils major infiltration bid in Kashmir 01/23
ibnlive.in.com Terrorists may avoid Delhi, target some other place, fear 01/23
in.reuters.com Arrested Indian accused of passing secrets to Pakistan's ISI 01/23
ibnlive.in.com Ahead of Obama visit, security beefed up across Kashmir Valley 01/23
ndtv.com Intel Alert to Mumbai's Famous Siddhivinayak Temple Ahead of Obama Arrival 01/22
zeenews.india.com Motion on Kashmiri Pandits tabled in UK Parliament 01/22
sify.com UPDATE 1-Blast kills 2 in India as security tightened for Republic Day 01/22
ndtv.com Ahead of Barack Obama Visit, Pakistan Talks Border Violence, Terror 01/22
dailytimes.com.pk US must respect international laws in war against terrorism: Pakistan : January 23, 2015, 5:30 am 01/22
sify.com Two killed in bomb blast in eastern India as security tightened for Republic Day 01/22
rediff.com Army apprehends Pak's Border Action Team attack, security heightened 01/20
ndtv.com Rain, Snowfall Likely in Jammu and Kashmir 01/20
mypetjawa.mu.nu Meanwhile in Pakistan Democratic Freedom Party Praises Jaish-e-Mohammed 01/20
ndtv.com Indian Forces Foil Infiltration Bid in Jammu and Kashmir 01/20
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Plan B for Obama: Reach Taj by unspecified road 01/19
ndtv.com Terror Attack Possibility Ahead of Republic Day a Concern for US, India 01/19
rediff.com We were the survivors. We are the survivors 01/19
rediff.com Two terrorists killed in Sopore encounter 01/18
ibnlive.in.com Two militants killed in Sopore encounter 01/18
ibnlive.in.com 25 years on, Kashmir Pandits long for homeland 01/18
ndtv.com Ensure No Cross-Border Terror Incident During Obama's India Visit: US Warns Pakistan 01/18
bombaynews.net Two militants killed in Jammu and Kashmir 01/18
timesofindia.indiatimes.com No terror during Obama India trip, US warns Pak 01/18
ndtv.com Two Terrorists Killed in Sopore Encounter in Jammu and Kashmir 01/17
ndtv.com Policeman Killed in Militant Attack in South Kashmir's Kulgam District 01/17
rediff.com 'Despite befitting replies, Pakistan not mending its ways' 01/17
dailytimes.com.pk Kashmir dispute has to be resolved for peace, stability: Gen Sharif 01/17
bombaynews.net Policeman killed in Kashmir militant attack 01/17
timesofindia.indiatimes.com J&K: 2 militants killed in Sopore encounter 01/17
ndtv.com Encounter in Sopore, 2 Terrorists Holed Up in a House 01/17
ibnlive.in.com Pak not mending its ways: Rajnath 01/17
telegraphindia.com Lashkar man found in politician's home 01/16
tribune.com.pk NAP: Strategy being implemented to address terrorism in Pakistan, says Army chief 01/16
dnaindia.com Police unearths major nexus between militants and mainstream leaders 01/16
dailytimes.com.pk No ‘favourites’ among terrorists: Gen Raheel : January 17, 2015, 5:18 am 01/16
dawn.com Resolution of Kashmir dispute necessary for peace in region: COAS 01/16
ibnlive.in.com Pakistan-trained terrorists may attack civilian targets during Barack Obama's India tour, says Army 01/15
sify.com Army warns of attacks by Pak ultras ahead of Obama visit 01/15
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Terrorists may attack schools, highways during Obama visit: Army official 01/15
bombaynews.net Militants may attack schools ahead of Obama visit Army 01/15
ndtv.com Pakistan 'War Rooms' Planning Strikes in India, Warns Top Army Commander 01/15
rediff.com J & K: 5 JeM and HM militants killed in gun battle with army 01/15
foxnews.com Indian troops kill 2 suspected rebels in gunbattle in disputed Kashmir region 01/15
dawn.com Indian troops kill 3 suspected rebels in Kashmir gunbattle 01/15
bombaynews.net Pakistan continues to support militants in Kashmir Army chief 01/15
ibnlive.in.com Peace in Kashmir has to be maintained: Army chief 01/15
ibnlive.in.com Possible attacks by Pak militants in JK ahead of Obama visit: 01/15
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Pak may ban Hafiz Saeed's JuD 01/15
reuters.com Indian army kills five militants in Kashmir gunbattle 01/15
aljazeera.com Suspected rebels killed in Kashmir gun battle 01/15
bombaynews.net Army well prepared to tackle militants Parrikar 01/15
zeenews.india.com Army well prepared to tackle militants: Parrikar 01/15
ndtv.com Terror Threat for Obama Visit? Defence Minister Parrikar Says 'We Are Well Prepared' 01/15
ibnlive.in.com India well prepared to thwart possible terror attack: Manohar Parrikar 01/15
ndtv.com Jammu on High Alert in Wake of Inputs of Terrorist Attack 01/15
rediff.com Peace in Kashmir has to be maintained: Gen Suhag on army day 01/15
bombaynews.net Forces well prepared to tackle any terror threat Parrikar 01/15
tribune.com.pk London briefing: Indian truce violations threatening peace, says ISPR DG 01/15