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India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir


As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.

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Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 72.9 Warning (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 300,000 IDPs very approx.
WFP Hunger Map: 21 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating BB
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
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A repeat of dark times? 06/17 Kashmir shuts down to protest civilian killings 06/17 J&K cops name two for Sopore killings 06/17 Ghost killers of Sopore 06/17 Hurriyat leaders call for shutdown in Srinagar over Sopore killings 06/17 Spoke with Pakistani leader on India tensions, says US Secretary of State John Kerry 06/16 Sopore killings: Jammu and Kashmir police announces cash reward on militants 06/16 Kerry says spoke with Pakistani leader on India tensions 06/16 Kerry Says He Spoke With Pakistani Leader on India Tensions 06/16 25% decline in terror incidents in J&K: Rajnath 06/16 Former Kashmiri militants shot dead 06/15 Ultras kill another man in Sopore, 6th in 3 weeks 06/15 Gunmen kill another former militant in Indian-controlled Kashmir 06/15 Killings spark fear in Indian administered Kashmir 06/15 Killings rattle separatist hub 06/14 In third killing in a week, militants gun down youth in Kashmir 06/14 RSS wants to evict Muslims from Jammu: Omar 06/13 India hits back at Raheel Sharif`s accusation, says Pakistan should first tackle terrorism on its soil 06/13 After Parrikar’s statement, people are being killed in Kashmir: Omar 06/13 “Not militants, Indian agencies killed my son” 06/13 Civilian shot dead by unidentified gunmen in Sopore 06/12 Brief raid by India in far-off Myanmar has Pakistan fuming 06/12 Pakistan's Sharif Laments 'Irresponsible' Indian Statements 06/11 Myanmar ops a one-off, can't expect replay on western border 06/10 Situation along LoC different: Officer 06/10 Myanmar situation can't be connected with situation along LOC in J&K: Army 06/10 Northeast deadliest place for Indian forces in 2015 06/10 Pakistan's Nawaz Asks UN Secretary For Help On Kashmir Dispute 06/09 Haider, Queen sweep 2015 IIFA awards as Shahid, Kangana win top honours : June 08, 2015, 3:10 pm 06/08 Taking tough action against anti-national activities: J&K Deputy CM Nirmal Singh 06/08 Taliban posters warning petrol pump owners, cable operators trigger panic in Jammu and Kashmir 06/06 Tehreek-e-Taliban posters surface in Kashmir 06/06 Indian army says 3 rebels killed in gunbattle in Kashmir 06/06 Three separatists killed in Kashmir: Indian Army 06/06 Heating up again 06/06 Indian army says kills three militants along border with Pakistan 06/06 Indian army says kills 3 militants along border with Pakistan 06/05 Why are mobile phone towers being targeted in Kashmir? 06/05 Ties with India Islamabad's priority: Pakistan president Mamnoon Hussain 06/04 Curfew in parts of Indian Kashmir after violence 06/04 Curfew in Indian Kashmir city after police shooting kills 1, injures 2 06/04 We know how to respond to India's aggression: Pak 06/04 Manipur attack worst on army in 20 years 06/04 India criticised for opposing CPEC 06/03 Kashmir a mobile blackspot as militants pressure providers 06/03 Kashmir battles to restore mobile services after militant attacks 06/03 Army ready to thwart Pakistan's diabolic plans for J & K 06/03