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India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir


As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.

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Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 72.9 Warning (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 300,000 IDPs very approx.
WFP Hunger Map: 21 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating BB
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: Militants can target running trains in Jammu, fears IGP railways Salaria 05/23 Hurriyat (G), JKLF and others react to Parrikar’s statement 05/23 Pakistani flags raised again in J-K, protesters clash with cops 05/22 Despite sanctions, Pakistan's 'terrorists' thrive 05/20 2 troopers wounded in Indian-controlled Kashmir militant attack 05/20 India to seek UN sanctions against Hizbul Mujahideen chief Syed Salahuddin 05/18 Pak 'caught India by throat' in Kargil: Musharraf 05/18 Pakistan army 'caught India by throat' during Kargil war, says Pervez Musharraf 05/17 Car bomb blast: Police files charge sheet after 15 years 05/17 Grabbed India by the throat, they won't forget Kargil: Musharraf 05/17 Militant hideout busted in Kashmir’s Baramulla district 05/16 Nakba Day: Kashmiri students in solidarity with Palestine 05/15 Ismaili Muslims massacred in Pakistan 05/13 J&K Police busts Hizb-Jaish joint module 05/13 Two CRPF men killed in South Kashmir 05/11 J&K CM condemns the killing of CRPF jawans in militant attack 05/11 Srinagar: Militants kill 2 CRPF personnel, flee with their weapons 05/11 Indian paramilitary says Kashmir militants killed 2 troops 05/11 2 CRPF personnel martyred in militant attack in Kashmir 05/11 Taliban releases video of SAM-7; says it hit Pak army chopper 05/10 Taliban claims to have brought down Pak army chopper 05/10 Grenade attack in Kashmir's Shopian, 14 injured 05/09 Security forces bust two militant hideouts in J-K 05/09 Jammu and Kashmir: Six injured in grenade attack 05/09 Grenade attack in Kashmir's Shopian; six injured 05/09 Pak military chopper crashes; Taliban claims Sharif was target 05/08 Taliban downs Pak chopper thinking Sharif was on board; 2 foreign envoys killed 05/08 Pakistan helicopter crash: 2 envoys, 5 others killed, Taliban claims responsibility 05/08 Anti-terror front organises protest march against Geelani 05/07 Pakistan's Military Accuses India Of 'Whipping Up Terrorism' 05/06 Pakistan army accuses India of backing terrorism in rare rebuke 05/06 Pakistan army accuses India of backing terrorism in rare rebuke 05/05 Kashmiri Pandits stage protest over issue of return to Valley 05/03 Top Hizbul Mujahideen operative gets seven year jail 05/01 Jitendra for Amnesty for Jammu youth in Amarnath land row case 05/01 Now police drops a bombshell on MQM : May 01, 2015, 6:42 am 04/30 Sayeed woos film-makers to shoot films in Kashmir 04/30 Arrested suspects affiliated with MQM, trained by RAW: SSP 04/30 Another police post to be erected on HP-JK border: Kunddu 04/27 Modi using Mufti’s shoulder in Kashmir: Syed Sallah-ud-din 04/24 'Lakhvi's release is detrimental to regional security' 04/24 India punishes al-Jazeera over map 04/22 Two Indians among 2015 Yale World Fellows 04/21 Indo-Pak troops exchange fire at international border 04/20 2nd rung of defence on the anvil along J&K border 04/19 Centre planning second rung of defence along int'l border 04/19 BSF troops exchange fire with militants, foil infiltration bid in Kathua 04/19 Centre mulls 2-tier defence along LoC in J&K 04/19 Jammu & Kashmir Police accept lapses in Narbal firing that killed a teenager 04/18 India to Push to Expose Pakistan's 'Double Standards' on Terrorism - Source 04/18 Violent clashes erupt in Kashmir over arrest of separatist leaders 04/17 Tral march: 14 hurt as protesters throw stones, clash with cops in Srinagar 04/17 Indian police arrest Kashmir separatist leader 04/17 Tral encounter unfortunate, Army should have been cautious, says J&K CM 04/15 Protests in Kashmir after civilian killed by Indian army 04/15 Clashes in J&K's Tral over killing of youth, protesters snatch AK-47; Yasin Malik, Masarat ... 04/14 Youth killed in encounter militant of Hizbul Mujahideen: Army 04/14 Protests in Indian Kashmir after civilian killed by army 04/14 Yasin Malik, Masarat Alam detained; 6 injured in clashes in Pulwama 04/14 Separatist leaders Yasin Malik, Masrat Alam detained in Kashmir 04/13 Militant’s brother killed in Kashmir 04/13 Kashmir Pandits seek exclusive township, say PM must act 04/12 Mumbai 2008 terror attack mastermind Zakiur Rehman Lakhvi released from Pakistan prison 04/10 Kashmiris clash with Indian police over settlement of Hindus 04/10 Pakistan court frees on bail accused mastermind of Mumbai attack: lawyer 04/10 UPDATE 1-Pakistan court frees on bail accused mastermind of 2008 Mumbai attack -lawyer 04/09 Rebels threaten to foil Pandit 'homeland' plan 04/09 Except Mufti, no takers for townships in Kashmir 04/08 30 terrorists spotted in PoK adjoining Poonch waiting to infiltrate 04/08 Terror should not be allowed to revisit Jammu and Kashmir 04/08 Narendra Modi admits to problems in PDP-BJP government in Jammu and Kashmir 04/08 Martyr's body airlifted to Leh 04/08 J-K assembly erupts in chaos over terror attacks 04/07 AFSPA revocation Mufti Sayeed meets PM Modi Rajnath Singh 04/07 Riding through Indo-Pak tensions, cross-LoC bus completes 10 yrs 04/07 Three Indian policemen killed in Kashmir 04/07 BJP protests in J&K assembly, Mufti meets PM 04/07 BJP protests in JK Assembly over yesterday's terror attack 04/07 Polls should end in 2 to 3 phases: CEC Brahma 04/07 Shopian attack a grim reminder of challenges in Kashmir Omar Abdullah 04/06 Pak army, ISI ask militants to target forces, avoid civilians 04/06 Militants kill 3 cops in Valley 04/06 Jammu and Kashmir hit by three separate terror attacks, 3 dead, 2 injured 04/06 J&K militants told to target forces, avoid civilians 04/06 Indian army police conduct mock drill to fight militants in Kashmir 04/06 Suicide at army general's home 04/06 IB alerts Delhi police about fidayeen-style attack in Delhi 04/05 Delhi Police alerted about Samba-style attack in Delhi 04/05 New Delhi on High Alert Over Threat of Suicide Terrorist Attack 04/05 Delhi terror alert 04/05 Jawan killed in encounter in Kashmir cremated 04/04 Pakistani Kashmir to expel 11,000 Afghans: Police 04/02 Cop killed, army official injured in gunbattle in Kashmir 04/02 Suspected Kashmiri rebels kill 1 Indian policeman, wound 2 army soldiers 04/02 Jammu and Kashmir: Cop dead, 3 injured; Encounter operation between armed forces, militants still on 04/02 PDP-BJP appear to be in disagreement over J-K flood control measures Congress 04/02 Police, militants engage in gunbattle in J&K 04/02 Two security personnel killed in Baramulla encounter 04/02 UKPNP leader calls on UN to protect rights of people of Kashmir, Gilgit-Baltistan 04/01 Bulldozed: Illegally built marriage halls demolished 04/01