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India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir

Summary

As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 72.9 Warning (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 300,000 IDPs very approx.
WFP Hunger Map: 21 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating BB
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
dnaindia.com One more Islamic State suspect arrested in Delhi 02/05
dnaindia.com Hafiz Saeed leads anti-India rally on 'Kashmir Day' in Pakistan 02/05
zeenews.india.com Ready to share counter-terror expertise with world: Pakistan 02/05
rediff.com Hafiz Saeed praises Pathankot terror attack, warns of escalation: 02/04
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Hafiz Saeed calls for more Pathankot-like attacks 02/04
ibnlive.com Hafiz Saeed warns India of terror attacks 02/04
ibnlive.com 3 terrorists gunned down by security forces in Bandipora 02/04
rediff.com 3 terrorists killed in J & K, encounter continues 02/04
ibnlive.com Encounter on between security forces and terrorists in Jammu & Kashmir's Bandipora 02/04
zeenews.india.com Anti-terrorist front leader MS Bitta gets threat letter `from ISIS` 02/03
timesofindia.indiatimes.com 4 J&K men held while taking selfies near AF station 02/03
dnaindia.com Mumbai attacks mastermind Hafiz Saeed praises Pathankot air base attack, warns of escalation 02/03
zeenews.india.com Geelani terms Pakistan Parliamentary panel report as "unfair & unjustified" 02/03
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Pak panel to govt: Avoid support to militant groups in Kashmir 02/02
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Suspected spy arrested in Pathankot 02/02
ibnlive.com J&K: Muslims perform last rites of 84-year-old Kashmiri Pandit in Kulgam 02/02
dailytimes.com.pk Police profiling direct intervention into privacy: Residents : February 01, 2016, 1:12 pm 02/01
dailytimes.com.pk Pathankot incident derailed peace process with India, says Pakistan : February 01, 2016, 6:32 am 01/31
globalsecurity.org Militant commander, two aides shot dead in disputed Kashmir 01/31
rediff.com Top LeT commander, 2 other terrorists killed in encounter 01/30
zeenews.india.com Separatist guerrilla killed in gunbattle in Kashmir 01/30
dnaindia.com Militant gunned down in Kupwara, encounter underway 01/30
timesofindia.indiatimes.com 3 militants killed in encounter in Kupwara 01/30
ibnlive.com 3 Indians deported from UAE for suspected ISIS links 01/29
rediff.com Three Indian ISIS sympathisers deported from UAE 01/29
dnaindia.com Focus shifts on security lapses as NIA files charge-sheet in Udhampur terror case 01/28
france24.com ‘Pearl of Kashmir’ sees fragile tourist revival 01/28
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Udhampur attack part of larger conspiracy by LeT 01/28
rediff.com Ashok Chakra awardee Lance Naik killed 10 terrorists in 11 days 01/26
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Ashok Chakra for Uttarakhand braveheart 01/26
ibnlive.com Republic Day celebrations pass off peacefully amid unprecedented security cover 01/26
ibnlive.com Ashok Chakra for Lance Naik Goswami, Pathankot martyr Sepoy Jagdish Chand to get Kirti Chakra 01/26
ibnlive.com Militant killed in encounter in south Kashmir 01/26
rediff.com Militant killed in encounter in Srinagar, ammunition recovered 01/25
rediff.com India the Republic: 11 tales of valour YOU must know 01/25
ibnlive.com Martyred in Kashmir, Lance Naik Mohan Nath Goswami awarded Ashok Chakra 01/25
ibnlive.com Security heightened up in Valley ahead of Republic Day 01/23
zeenews.india.com Islamic State, Kashmiri militants come together to invade Valley 01/22
dnaindia.com LeT, Afghan Taliban follow Pakistan ISI's dictates, says ISIS military commander 01/21
nzherald.co.nz Deadly clashes erupt between police, protesters in Kashmir 01/20
aaj.tv Two dead in clashes with police in Indian-held Kashmir 01/20
foxnews.com Clashes erupt in Kashmir after Indian troops kill 1 rebel 01/20
tribune.com.pk Indian Kashmir: Two dead in clashes with police 01/20
zeenews.india.com Two guerrillas killed in Pulwama encounter in Kashmir 01/20
scmp.com India plans ‘laser wall’ along border with Pakistan following attack on air base 01/19
nzherald.co.nz AP PHOTOS: Editor selections from Asia 01/18
globalsecurity.org Pakistan Arrests Leader Of Banned Kashmiri Militant Group 01/16
zeenews.india.com Pakistan govt taking action against JeM to "please" India: Hafiz Saeed 01/16
rferl.org Pakistan Arrests Leader Of Banned Kashmiri Militant Group 01/15
aaj.tv The ball is in India’s court now 01/15
foxnews.com India, Pakistan reschedule high-level peace talks 01/14
zeenews.india.com Attack on Pathankot airbase was carried out by Pakistani militants: JeM operative 01/14
tribune.com.pk Kashmir chapter meeting: PPP wants action against terrorists 01/14
rediff.com India needs to salute this hero 01/14
dw.com Pakistan arrests suspects in India's Pathankot airbase attack 01/13
rferl.org Pakistan Announces Arrests In Connection With Indian Air Base Attack 01/13
nzherald.co.nz Clashes occur at funeral of rebel commander in Kashmir 01/12
rediff.com 'Chiefs allowed Doval to dictate terms and micro manage' 01/11
thekashmirwalla.com Gravedigger – Witness, Atta Mohammad dies at 75 01/11
rferl.org Indian PM Visits Attacked Air Base Near Pakistan 01/09
dnaindia.com Pathankot terror attack: Sukhbir Singh Badal meets Rajnath Singh; seeks more BSF men to guard border 01/08
zeenews.india.com JeM celebrates Pathankot attack, Maulana Masood Azhar praises attackers 01/08
dawn.com Kashmiri Mujahideen’s squad carried out airbase attack: UJC 01/07
zeenews.india.com Pathankot terror attack: Is JeM head Masood Azhar`s brother Abdul Rauf Asghar the mastermind? 01/07
dnaindia.com Hardline Hurriyat leader Syed Ali Shah Geelani slams ISIS 01/07
globalsecurity.org Indian Kashmir Leader's Death Brings More Political Uncertainty 01/07
zeenews.india.com Kashmir an unfinished agenda, says Pakistan President Mamnoon Hussain 01/06
zeenews.india.com `Pakistan`s ISI responsible for Pathankot terror attack` 01/06
dawn.com After the Pathankot affair 01/06
zeenews.india.com Pathankot attack: `Pakistan can`t sweep under carpet United Jihad Council`s claims` 01/06
tribune.com.pk Pathankot attack: US ‘expects’ Pakistan to act against India attackers 01/05
ibnlive.com 72 hours on, no clarity on whether Pathankot operation is over 01/05
dailytimes.com.pk Kashmir-based group claims Pathankot air base attack : January 05, 2016, 11:31 am 01/05
bbc.co.uk US expects Pakistan to act on attackers 01/05
ibnlive.com No Central Minister attends funeral of Pathankot martyrs, Opposition shocked 01/05
ww4report.com Kashmir jihadis claim attack on India border base 01/05
sputniknews.com Whether at Home or Abroad, Saudi Arabia Can't Kill Its Way Out of Adversity 01/04
ibnlive.com Pakistan-backed United Jihad Council's 'Highway Squad' claims responsibility for Pathankot terrorist attack 01/04
huffingtonpost.com Deadly Siege At Indian Air Force Base Enters Third Day 01/04
globalsecurity.org Pakistan-based Militants Claim Attack on Indian Air Base 01/04
rediff.com Pak-based Jehad Council claims responsibility for Pathankot attack 01/04
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Terror org other than JeM claims Pathankot attack 01/04
aaj.tv Indian forces works to disarm explosive in final stages of air base operation 01/04
telegraphindia.com Attempt to deflect blame 01/04
dnaindia.com Punjab to demand sensitive status for border shared with Pakistan: Sukhbir Singh Badal 01/04
dnaindia.com Intelligence agencies still struggling to deconstruct Pathankot attack, NIA takes over case 01/04
dawn.com Kashmiri separatist group UJC claims Pathankot attack 01/04
dailytimes.com.pk Kashmiri group claims deadly attack on Indian Air Force base 01/04
sputniknews.com Saudi-Iranian Conflict Threatens to Explode Into Region-Wide Sectarian War 01/03
rferl.org Fresh Gunfire At Indian Base After Battle 01/03
foxnews.com Death toll in Indian base attack by militants rises to 6 troops, 4 gunmen 01/03
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Spurned and broken, Jaish was ISI’s trump card 01/03
zeenews.india.com Revealed: Unhappy over Sharif-Modi bonhomie, Pak Army, ISI plotted Pathankot attack! 01/03
nzherald.co.nz Death toll in Indian base attack rises to 6 troops, 4 gunmen 01/03
dnaindia.com Government guarded about Pathankot attack, Congress lashes out 01/02
zeenews.india.com Pathankot attack is PM Narendra Modi`s first major test against Pakistan: Omar Abdullah 01/02
timesofindia.indiatimes.com 'Terror attack shouldn't stop Pak peace talks' 01/02
rferl.org Two Dead As Gunmen Attack Indian Air Base Near Pakistan 01/02
dnaindia.com Pathankot attack is PM Modi's first major test against Pakistan, says Omar Abdullah 01/02
nzherald.co.nz Fresh gunfire heard at Indian air base near Pakistan border 01/02