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India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir

Summary

As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 72.9 Warning (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 300,000 IDPs very approx.
WFP Hunger Map: 21 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating BB
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
bombaynews.net New current affairs magazine India Legal makes a mark 07/09
ndtv.com Gunbattle on Between Security Forces and Militants in Handwara Town of Jammu & Kashmir 07/09
ndtv.com Militant Killed, Jawan Injured in Encounter in J&K 07/09
rediff.com Top LeT commander killed in encounter in Kashmir 07/09
telegraphindia.com Pandit couple return home alone to the Valley, two decades after mass exodus 07/08
timesofindia.indiatimes.com LeT making recruits learn from Ajmal Kasab's mistakes 07/06
bombaynews.net Unidentified militant killed in Kashmir 07/05
ndtv.com Militant Killed, Jawan Injured in Encounter in Pulwama 07/05
telegraphindia.com Encounter unrest in JandK 07/05
bombaynews.net Guerrilla killed in Kashmir gunfight mob torches vehicles 07/05
independent.co.uk Massive security and empty streets greet Indian prime minister Narendra Modi on first visit to Kashmir 07/04
bbc.co.uk Indian PM on maiden Kashmir visit 07/04
ibnlive.in.com We are safe, ISIS militants have not harmed us: Abducted Indian nurse 07/03
rediff.com Army foils infiltration bid in Poonch 07/03
dailytimes.com.pk Hizbul Mujhadeen supports strike call on Modi’s arrival in Jammu, Kashmir : July 03, 2014, 2:54 pm 07/03
ndtv.com Infiltration Bid by Terrorists Foiled by Troops in J&K, Exchange of Fire On 07/02
ibnlive.in.com Kolkata Police arrests IM terrorist allegedly involved in German Bakery blast 07/02
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Army foils infiltration bid ahead of PM's J&K visit 07/02
rediff.com Security beefed up ahead of Modi's maiden Kashmir visit 07/02
telegraphindia.com JandK 'gang rape' admission hope 07/01
bombaynews.net Infiltration bid foiled along LoC in Poonch 06/30
ibnlive.in.com Arms, ammunition recovered from militant hideout in Reasi 06/29
tribune.com.pk Chinese-American prime target in Nanga Parbat massacre 06/29
dailytimes.com.pk Dar discusses Saudi funding for ‘development’ in Pakistan : June 27, 2014, 7:14 pm 06/27
ibnlive.in.com Militant hideout busted, arms cache recovered 06/27
bombaynews.net Authorities reopen historical Hari Parbat fort in Kashmir 06/26
aljazeera.com US blacklists Pakistani Islamic charity 06/26
zeenews.india.com Pakistani Islamist group condemns `terror` label 06/26
dailytimes.com.pk Jamaatud Dawa condemns ‘terror’ label : June 27, 2014, 2:25 am 06/26
ibnlive.in.com Curfew continues in Sopore for third day 06/26
rediff.com When 5,000 Indians signed up to lay down their lives in Iraq 06/24
ndtv.com Lashkar-e-Taiba Commander Killed in Sopore Encounter 06/23
rediff.com One militant killed in encounter in Kashmir 06/23
foxnews.com Indian forces fire on Kashmiri protesters; 1 killed and 4 wounded 06/23
bombaynews.net 2 militants including top Pakistani Lashkar commander killed in encounter in north Kashmir 06/23
nzherald.co.nz Indian forces fire on Kashmir protesters; 1 killed 06/23
bombaynews.net Local aide of killed LeT guerrilla nabbed in Kashmir 06/23
news24.com Indian cops shoot youth dead in Kashmir 06/23
bombaynews.net Youth killed in firing during Kashmir clash 06/23
bombaynews.net Militants hideout busted in Jammu and Kashmir 06/22
realclearworld.com Pakistan's Offensive, America's Withdrawal 06/22
zeenews.india.com Ready to take on any security challenge, even al Qaeda: Indian Army 06/22
bombaynews.net Gunfight on in Kashmirs Sopore town 06/22
bombaynews.net Guerrilla hideout busted in Jammu and Kashmir 06/22
bombaynews.net Waziristan developments worry Kashmiris 06/22
punchng.com Indian troops kill three militants in Kashmir 06/20
english.people.com.cn Indian troops arrest militant commander in Indian-controlled Kashmir 06/20
bombaynews.net Lashkar leader arrested in Kashmir 06/20
bombaynews.net Youth shot dead by militants in Kashmir 06/20
zeenews.india.com Evacuation of Indians from Iraq big challenge for Centre: Omar 06/19
ndtv.com Three Hizbul Militants Killed, Two Security Men Injured 06/19
foxnews.com Police say 3 rebels killed in raid on hideout in Indian-controlled Kashmir 06/19
bombaynews.net Three guerrillas killed in Kashmir gunfight 06/19
rediff.com Pulwama: 3 Hizb militants killed, 2 jawans injured in encounter 06/19
dnaindia.com Paramilitary hands over old man to their Pakistani counterparts across LoC 06/18
bombaynews.net Ex-guerrilla killed Kashmir grenade blast injures two 06/17
rediff.com Former militant shot dead in Anantnag 06/17
bombaynews.net Guerrilla hideout busted in Kishtwar 06/16
dailytimes.com.pk Al Qaeda set eyes on Kashmir 06/15
dawn.com Left-wing parties form alliance on Kashmir issue 06/07
bombaynews.net Three policemen injured in two guerrilla attacks in Kashmir 06/07
bombaynews.net Militants attack police party in Kashmir six injuredupdate 06/07
dailytimes.com.pk Lower House puts its stamp on govt’s plan to rein in terrorism : June 07, 2014, 3:18 am 06/06
ibnlive.in.com Meghalaya: Security forces smash militants' camp who blew off woman's head 06/05
bombaynews.net Refugees in Jammu and Kashmir The human dimension 06/05
bombaynews.net Hope for Improvement in Relations Between India Pakistan 06/05
greaterkashmir.com 2 held on LoC 06/04
bbc.co.uk Kashmir leader backs special status 06/03
greaterkashmir.com Militant hideout busted in North Kashmir: Army 06/02
ndtv.com Lashkar Commander Killed in Kashmir Gunfight 06/01
greaterkashmir.com LeT Divisional Commander Killed 06/01
rediff.com This is no way to treat a martyred soldier's widow 05/30
greaterkashmir.com Court rejects plea for court martial documents 05/29
greaterkashmir.com US State Deptt highlights JK passport delays 05/28
greaterkashmir.com Shabir Shah detained 05/28
tribune.com.pk LeT denies it attacked Indian consulate in Afghanistan 05/27
greaterkashmir.com Give Kashmiris their birth right: Salah-ud-Din to GoI 05/27
stripes.com India's new PM meets leader of rival Pakistan 05/27
greaterkashmir.com DPN hails Modi–Nawaz meet 05/27
zeenews.india.com Court orders freezing of terror funds of JK operative 05/27
france24.com India’s Modi sworn in as hopes rise for warmer ties with Pakistan 05/26
zeenews.india.com Jehadis will soon turn to Kashmir: former Pakistan army chief 05/25
ndtv.com Two Lashkar-e-Taiba Militants Killed in Kulgam District of South Kashmir 05/25
greaterkashmir.com No infiltration in Kashmir this year: Army 05/25
bombaynews.net Northern Command Chief says there has been no infiltration in Kashmir this year 05/25
dnaindia.com How to make Kashmiris Indians, writes Suhel Seth 05/24
af.reuters.com Pakistan prime minister to attend inauguration of Indian prime minister 05/24
dw.de Pakistan's Prime Minister Sharif to attend inauguration of India's Modi 05/24
telegraph.co.uk Pakistan's Nawaz Sharif accepts invitation to attend swearing-in of India's prime minister 05/24
greaterkashmir.com Govt ignoring us, say returning families 05/23
greaterkashmir.com ‘Fidayeen’ big security challenge in JK: NSG chief 05/23
greaterkashmir.com Palhalan shuts to remember Hilal Moulvi 05/23
bombaynews.net Tributes paid to soldier killed in Jammu gunfight 05/22
greaterkashmir.com NF pays tributes to Prof Abdul Waheed 05/22
greaterkashmir.com CJ seeks list of cases against CMs, legislators, past and present 05/22
greaterkashmir.com Lashkar condemns killings, Hizb rebuts police claims 05/21
greaterkashmir.com ‘Family not allowed to meet Dr Nisar’ 05/20
greaterkashmir.com Unidentified gunmen kill civilian in Shopian 05/20
ndtv.com Three Jawans Injured in Kashmir Encounter; Militants Still Holed Up 05/19
ndtv.com One Army Jawan Killed, Three Injured in Encounter With Militants Hiding in a House in Kashmir 05/19