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India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir

Summary

As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 72.9 Warning (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 300,000 IDPs very approx.
WFP Hunger Map: 21 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating BB
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
dawn.com Modi continues tirade against Pakistan over Uri attack 09/25
tolonews.com India's Modi Hits Out At Pakistan After Attack In Kashmir 09/25
dnaindia.com India urges world to adopt pact on terrorism 09/25
zeenews.india.com Sushma Swaraj to address UNGA in New York; strong response to Pakistan expected 09/25
timesofindia.indiatimes.com At 10, Burhan wanted to join Army, father says 09/25
dnaindia.com Swaraj arrives in NY for UNGA address; expected to give stinging response to Sharif's 'tirade' on Kashmir 09/25
rediff.com Sushma Swaraj to address UNGA on Monday; strong response to Pakistan expected 09/25
zeenews.india.com `Kashmir is ours, no one should dream of taking it, BJP won`t let that happen` - Amit Shah blasts Pakistan 09/25
zeenews.india.com Finally, curfew lifted from all parts of Kashmir 09/25
thehindu.com Modi talks tough on Sharif, reaches out to Pakistani people 09/25
dailytimes.com.pk Pakistan seeks international probe into Uri attack 09/25
dnaindia.com After Gambhir's opening, Pakistan to face Sushma blitzkrieg at UNGA 09/25
bbc.co.uk Coronation Street actor Marc Anwar sacked over 'racist tweets' 09/25
dnaindia.com US senator McCain discusses Indo-Pak tension with former president Asif Ali Zardari 09/24
tribune.com.pk No cricket with ‘terrorist’ Pakistan, says BCCI chief 09/24
dnaindia.com Uri op: 3 Pakistan intruders held at LoC 09/24
dawn.com Nisar chides New Delhi over ‘false accusations’ 09/24
dailytimes.com.pk BCCI chief rules out resumption of Pakistan-India cricket ties 09/24
dnaindia.com J&K: Two JeM terrorists belonging to PoK arrested in Uri 09/24
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Here's what PM Modi said to people of Pakistan 09/24
timesofindia.indiatimes.com PM Modi's blistering attack on Pak: Top quotes 09/24
tribune.com.pk Despite losses running into billions, Kashmiri businesses determined to support resistance movement 09/24
reuters.com India's Modi hits out at Pakistan after attack in Kashmir 09/24
foxnews.com India's prime minister says Pakistan a haven for terrorism 09/24
tribune.com.pk Modi threatens to ‘isolate’ Pakistan globally 09/24
dnaindia.com Amarinder Singh for 'limited retaliatory action' against Pakistan 09/24
rferl.org Indian PM Accuses Pakistan Of Exporting Terrorism 09/24
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Kashmir: Stone pelting dips as 300 instigators held 09/24
dnaindia.com 'You can't handle Balochistan and Gilgit and you talk about Kashmir': Watch PM Modi's brutal takedown of Pak 09/24
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Sushma Swaraj arrives in New York for UN address 09/24
news18.com There Should be be Difference Between War And Art, Says Anna Hazare 09/24
dnaindia.com Indian Army steps up vigil on LoC following spurt in infiltration bids 09/23
dawn.com India slams Sharif’s UN speech 09/23
tribune.com.pk Uri assault may be a reaction of atrocities in Kashmir: Nawaz 09/23
hosted.ap.org India trying diplomacy in dealing with rival Pakistan 09/23
zeenews.india.com BJP accuses Nawaz Sharif of misusing UN platform 09/23
news18.com Gurgaon Businessman Donates Rs 20 Lakh to Uri Martyr's Widow 09/23
tribune.com.pk India should be held accountable for hurling baseless accusations: Nisar 09/23
dnaindia.com High-level banter: When Syed Akbaruddin trolled Pakistan without even mentioning them 09/23
dnaindia.com Priority is to expose Pak, no question of cricket: BCCI President Anurag Thakur 09/23
tribune.com.pk India’s brinkmanship: Army chief vows to defend every inch of Pakistan 09/23
rferl.org Russian Soldiers Arrive In Pakistan For First-Ever Joint Military Exercise 09/23
thehindu.com Border town blues 09/23
dailytimes.com.pk Petition filed in LHC seeking ban on Indian movies 09/23
zeenews.india.com Cornered by India, Pakistan says ready for unconditional talks to resolve all issues 09/23
dnaindia.com dna Morning Must Reads: Nawaz Sharif glorifies Burhan Wani at UN, India's 500th Test match, separate Rail budget scrapped and more 09/22
dawn.com ‘Exercise’ fuels Indo-Pak escalation fears, drives stocks down 09/22
tribune.com.pk India vexed by Nawaz hailing of Wani 09/22
zeenews.india.com SAARC security experts to discuss anti-terrorism mechanism; `terrorist state ` Pakistan won`t attend 09/22
telegraphindia.com Militant killed in Bandipora encounter 09/22
telegraphindia.com Pakistan is terrorist state, shelters groups given terror tag by UN: India 09/22
dw.com Pakistan's PM Nawaz Sharif says India stonewalling Kashmir dialog 09/22
tribune.com.pk Analysis: India’s limited war option 09/22
dailytimes.com.pk Pakistan host to Ivy League of terrorism: Modi 09/22
zeenews.india.com Sharif presents dossier on rights violations in Kashmir 09/22
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Uri attack probe points to many procedural lapses 09/22
zeenews.india.com Nawaz Sharif talked like supreme commander of `Hizbul Mujahideen` not Pakistan at UN: Ram Madhav 09/22
rediff.com Sharif spoke like Hizbul chief not Pak PM, says BJP's Ram Madhav 09/22
rediff.com US lawmakers condemn Uri terror attack 09/22
foxnews.com India calls Pakistan 'terrorist state' at UN debate 09/22
zeenews.india.com RESPECT! This businessman from Gujarat will sponsor education of children of martyrs of Uri attack 09/22
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Scan database, identify Uri attackers: India to Pak 09/22
zeenews.india.com No country spoke about `Kashmir` on which Nawaz Sharif devoted 80% of time at UN: India 09/22
voanews.com India Hits Back at Pakistan, Calling Archrival ‘Terrorist State’ 09/22
globalsecurity.org Pakistan accuses India of 'unprecedented arms build-up' 09/22
zeenews.india.com Should India wage war against Pakistan? Watch the video and decide 09/22
zeenews.india.com Sharif spoke at UN like Hizbul supreme commander: Ram Madhav 09/22
tribune.com.pk Uri aftermath: India whips up war hysteria 09/22
rediff.com How India can execute a military strike in Pakistan 09/21
dawn.com Indian claim of ceasefire violation rejected 09/21
news18.com 10 Terrorist Killed, 1 Jawan Martyred as Army Foils Infiltration Bids in J&K 09/21
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Army foils 2 infiltration bids in Kashmir valley 09/21
rediff.com 2 counter-infiltration ops continue along LoC 09/21
dnaindia.com dna Morning Must Reads: India to share proof of Pak’s links with terror outfits; US portrays NY bomb suspect as jihadist who praised Laden; and more 09/21
zeenews.india.com Viral WhatsApp message creates buzz on `Bharat Bandh` - Is it true? 09/21
tolonews.com India-Pakistan Tension Mounts After Attack In Kashmir 09/21
dnaindia.com Indian team salutes the Uri bravehearts: Anil Kumble 09/21
zeenews.india.com NIA to quiz captured LeT terrorist Bahadur Ali, visit Uri attack site to collect evidence 09/21
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Pak PM consults army chief ahead of UN address 09/21
rediff.com 'Uri won't lead India to undertake major military action' 09/21
dnaindia.com NIA to seek help of IB, RAW and Army in Uri attack probe 09/21
dnaindia.com Uri attack: Meeting of Cabinet Committee on security ends 09/21
nzherald.co.nz Soldiers search Kashmir frontier after 2 gunbattles end 09/21
zeenews.india.com `Terrorists who perpetrated this cowardly act must be brought to justice` - Members of US Congress strongly condemn Uri attack 09/21
zeenews.india.com NIA to seek help of IB, RAW and Army in Uri attack probe 09/21
zeenews.india.com Pakistan-based terrorists trying to infiltrate through Rajasthan, Gujarat; BSF on high alert 09/21
dnaindia.com Following Uri attack, Pakistan International Airlines cancels flights to northern cities 09/21
app.com.pk Pak-China ties have entered new phase: PM Nawaz 09/21
tribune.com.pk India summons Pakistani envoy over Uri attack 09/21
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Sharif rakes up Kashmir at UN, says Wani symbol of 'Kashmiri intifada' 09/21
aaj.tv Pakistan and China are Iron Brothers, says PM Nawaz 09/21
timesofindia.indiatimes.com India slams Wani's reference in Sharif's speech 09/21
zeenews.india.com Pakistan's national carrier cancels flights to northern cities over Indo-Pak tensions 09/21
news18.com Afghanistan Blames Pakistan For Attacks on Its Civilians 09/21
zeenews.india.com Uri terror attack: India summons Pak envoy Abdul Basit, says `terror machinery in Pakistan thriving` 09/21
dailytimes.com.pk China to support Pakistan on Kashmir issue 09/21
zeenews.india.com Nawaz Sharif rakes up Kashmir at UNGA, glorifies Burhan Wani; India hits back, says `Pakistan attached to terrorism` 09/21
voanews.com India Summons Pakistani Official Over Deadly Kashmir Attack 09/21
rediff.com Sharif likely to tone down reference to Kashmir in UNGA address 09/21
rediff.com No peace between India & Pak without resolving Kashmir issue: Sharif 09/21