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India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir

Summary

As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 72.9 Warning (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 300,000 IDPs very approx.
WFP Hunger Map: 21 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating BB
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
timesofindia.indiatimes.com J&K: Terrorist who snatched rifle surrenders 03/29
dnaindia.com 104 local youths joined militancy in J&K since 2016, 65 currently active: Government 03/29
timesofindia.indiatimes.com 104 locals joined militancy in J&K since 2016: Govt 03/29
telegraphindia.com Army chief's order enforced 03/29
zeenews.india.com After Hafiz Saeed`s house arrest, son Talha Saeed takes charge; provokes violence against India 03/29
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Terrorists attack police party in south Kashmir 03/29
voanews.com March 29, 2017 03/29
dw.com Corruption, nepotism, Kashmir: Democracy Indian style? 03/29
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Militant killed, 3 protesters die in J&K's Budgam 03/28
zeenews.india.com Poor thermal imagers restricting Army’s ability to conduct night operations in Jammu and Kashmir: Report 03/28
rediff.com Budgam encounter: 1 terrorist, 3 civilians killed 03/28
dnaindia.com 3rd attack in 3 days:Militants open fire on cop's house in J&K 03/28
globalsecurity.org Clashes leave two dead, 18 injured in Kashmir 03/28
dnaindia.com Watch: Encounter underway between security forces, terrorists in Jammu & Kashmir's Budgam 03/28
dnaindia.com DNA Morning Must Reads: Nigerians attacked in Noida, encounter between security forces, terrorists in J&K; and more 03/28
dnaindia.com Live grenade found outside militant's house, defused 03/28
dnaindia.com J&K: 2 killed, 17 injured after security forces and stone-pelters clash near encounter site 03/28
nzherald.co.nz 2 Kashmir civilians killed in protests against Indian rule 03/28
timesofindia.indiatimes.com J&K: 3 killed in firing on mob shielding terrorist 03/28
dnaindia.com Terrorists being supplied across border to disrupt peace in Kashmir BJP 03/28
timesofindia.indiatimes.com 'Had to fight both militants, locals in Budgam' 03/28
dailytimes.com.pk Clashes kill four civilians killed in Kashmir 03/28
news18.com Skiing: Kashmir's Slice of 'Paradise' Has Big Ambitions 03/27
dnaindia.com Two policemen injured in militant attack on Abdrabi's house 03/27
dnaindia.com China-Pakistan Economic Corridor will be a 'game changer': Nawaz Sharif 03/27
timesofindia.indiatimes.com CPEC will be a 'game changer': Nawaz Sharif 03/27
rediff.com 7 Hizbul terrorists tasked to disrupt bypolls held in Kashmir 03/27
telegraphindia.com SC prods Centre on pellet guns 03/27
timesofindia.indiatimes.com 2 killed as gunbattle rages in J&K's Budgam 03/27
aaj.tv Pakistan to continue raising Kashmir issue internationally: FO 03/27
dnaindia.com 2 Hizb militants killed while trying to ambush police party 03/26
timesofindia.indiatimes.com 2 terrorists killed in encounter in Pulwama, J&K 03/26
zeenews.india.com Two Hizbul terrorists gunned down, two others held in J&K 03/26
dnaindia.com Terrorists attack J&K minister Syed Farooq Andrabi's house, third incident in 24 hours 03/26
news18.com Militants Attack Jammu and Kashmir Minister's House, Steal Rifle 03/26
telegraphindia.com J&K cop kin targeted 03/26
dnaindia.com Two Hizb-ul-Mujahideen commanders killed in J&K 03/26
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Militants attack J&K minister's home, cop injured 03/26
dnaindia.com I prayed for death: Indian soldier Chandu Chavan who strayed into Pakistan 03/24
dnaindia.com Counter-terrorist operations claim 92 soldiers in J&K since 03/24
tribune.com.pk Indian propaganda about LoC aims to destabilise Kashmir: Gen Qamar 03/24
dnaindia.com Ready to talk with India on Kashmir issue, says Pak Prez; envoy Basit bats for good relations 03/23
rediff.com For talks, Pak should commit to end terror: Rajnath 03/22
timesofindia.indiatimes.com 'Surgical operation has cut terror attacks' 03/22
telegraphindia.com Valley militant ranks swelled in 2016: Govt 03/21
dnaindia.com J&K: Gangs of stone pelters, 'pro azadi' protesters give sleepless nights to mainstream parties 03/21
timesofindia.indiatimes.com 88 youth join militancy in Kashmir in 2016: Govt 03/21
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Jihadi recruitment saw 55% jump after Wani 03/21
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Surgical strike heroes get gallantry medals 03/20
telegraphindia.com In Maoist fight, without mine shield 03/19
rediff.com Surgical strike conducted after 'specific and very definite' inputs: Government 03/17
dnaindia.com J&K: Terrorists escape after exchanging gunfire with Security Forces 03/17
telegraphindia.com Hurriyat decries Hizbul line 03/17
aaj.tv Troubled waters: India fast-tracks hydro projects in held Kashmir 03/16
zeenews.india.com Troubled waters? India fast-tracks hydro projects in disputed Kashmir 03/16
tribune.com.pk India fast-tracks hydro projects in occupied Kashmir 03/16
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Hizbul charade ends as it says pelt stones for Islam 03/16
telegraphindia.com Burhan successor for Islam supremacy 03/16
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Shift focus to enforcing Sharia: Hizbul Mujahideen 03/16
rediff.com 3 terrorists, girl killed in Kupwara encounter 03/15
telegraphindia.com Tie-up test for Mehbooba brother 03/15
in.reuters.com Troubled waters? India fast-tracks hydro projects in disputed Kashmir 03/15
dnaindia.com Former sarpanch found dead in Jammu & Kashmir 03/13
dnaindia.com J-K: Militants kill former sarpanch in Pulwama 03/13
telegraphindia.com Pre-poll Valley murder 03/13
dailytimes.com.pk Fencing on Afghan border to stop terrorists from entering country: Zakaria 03/11
dailytimes.com.pk ‘Afghan border fencing will stop terrorists’ 03/11
zeenews.india.com India repatriates Uri attack `suspects` to Pakistan 03/10
dnaindia.com DGMO speaks to Pak counterpart on terrorists' movement along 03/09
timesofindia.indiatimes.com No terrorists' movement on LoC, show us proof: Pak 03/09
timesofindia.indiatimes.com India conveys concern to Pak on LoC terrorists  03/09
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Terrorist movement on rise along LoC: India to Pak 03/09
tribune.com.pk Homeward bound 03/09
dailytimes.com.pk Three killed in IHK firefight 03/09
stripes.com Teen, 2 rebels killed during fighting in Kashmir 03/09
aaj.tv Boy, two ‘militants’ killed in Indian Kashmir firefight 03/09
timesofindia.indiatimes.com J&K: 3 militants, civilian killed in 2 encounters 03/09
dnaindia.com Three militants killed in two encounters in Kashmir, civilian dead in crossfire 03/09
telegraphindia.com Valley bullet kills student 03/09
zeenews.india.com India Army conveys concern over terrorists along LoC 03/09
timesofindia.indiatimes.com You too have families, J&K DGP warns terrorists  03/08
tribune.com.pk India deploys US-made surveillance drones along LoC 03/08
dnaindia.com Kashmiri's who glorify terrorists should learn from Saifullah's father: BJP leader 03/08
sputniknews.com India’s Counter-Terror Agency Frees Two Pakistani Boys Arrested for Uri Attack 03/08
timesofindia.indiatimes.com J&K: Encounter underway in Pulwama 03/08
telegraphindia.com Kashmir rural polls to counter 03/08
dnaindia.com Gurmehar Kaur to be represented on screen? 03/08
timesofindia.indiatimes.com NIA releases two Uri terror attack suspects 03/08
telegraphindia.com Raid on officer home worries Valley police 03/07
timesofindia.indiatimes.com 'Pak groups fund Kashmir terror through charity' 03/06
zeenews.india.com Pakistan-based terror groups fund terrorism in J&K through charity 03/06
sputniknews.com Pakistan-Based Groups Carried Out 2008 Mumbai Attacks - Ex-Security Advisor 03/06
dnaindia.com Pak-based terror groups fund terrorism in Jammu and Kashmir through charity: NIA 03/06
rediff.com War and Pakistan's 3rd front 03/06
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Kashmir blast: Three civilians injured in Sopore 03/05
khaleejtimes.com Policeman, two militants killed in Kashmir encounter 03/05
globalsecurity.org Firefight leaves three dead, several injured in Kashmir 03/05
nzherald.co.nz Fierce gunbattle in Indian Kashmir kills 3 combatants 03/05
rediff.com Tral: Slain constable had volunteered for op that claimed life 03/05
dailytimes.com.pk Three killed during 15-hour firefight in IHK 03/05