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India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir

Summary

As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 72.9 Warning (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 300,000 IDPs very approx.
WFP Hunger Map: 21 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating BB
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
rediff.com Security forces conduct search operations in Uri, no casualty 07/05
rediff.com Hizb chief Salahuddin still wants to come back: Dulat 07/05
dnaindia.com Former RAW chief AS Dulat's revelations: Who is Syed Salahuddin? 07/05
dawn.com Former RAW chief suggests interaction with ISI 07/05
dnaindia.com Government has made sure ISIS doesn't gain foothold in India: BJP 07/04
dawn.com Indian troops claim killing three armed men in Kashmir 07/04
dawn.com India funded militants in Kashmir to counter ISI, says ex-RAW chief 07/04
myaccount.nytimes.com Militants and Soldier Are Killed in Kashmir Gun Battle, Indian Officials Say 07/04
bbc.co.uk Zeal for Kashmir insurgency wanes 07/04
dailytimes.com.pk Ex-Raw chief admits funding Kashmiri militants to counter ISI : July 04, 2015, 2:06 pm 07/04
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Ominous signs: Islamic State trying to gain foothold in PoK, India Army says 07/03
timesofindia.indiatimes.com 'Goof up' by Vajpayee govt in Kandahar fuels row 07/03
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Salahudin got son medical seat with IB help: Dulat 07/03
telegraphindia.com Congress pins 'anti-India' label on BJP 07/03
dnaindia.com Ex RAW chief Dulat's claim of 'goof up' by Vajpayee government in Kandahar stokes controversy 07/03
dnaindia.com India could have got Syed Salahuddin back: Ex-RAW chief AS Dulat 07/03
rediff.com 1 militant dead, 1 solider injured in encounter in Uri 07/03
timesofindia.indiatimes.com 'Farooq gave medical seat to Hizbul chief's son' 07/03
dnaindia.com Army foils infiltration bid in Uri sector; militant, jawan killed in Kashmir 07/03
dnaindia.com Islamic State militants trying to gain foothold in PoK, says Indian army 07/03
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Army fears IS trying to get toe-hold in PoK 07/03
dnaindia.com Hurriyat, Hizbul Mujahideen reject ex-RAW chief Daulat's contention 07/03
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Kandahar hijack was 'goofed up': Former RAW chief A S Dulat 07/02
rediff.com 11 J & K militants upload photos on FB as Amarnath yatra gets underway 07/02
timesofindia.indiatimes.com J&K’s Hizb militants upload their photos on FB 07/02
timesofindia.indiatimes.com J&K militants FB pics: Amarnath security beefed up 07/02
tribune.com.pk Emergency law fuels army abuses in Indian Kashmir: Amnesty International 07/01
nzherald.co.nz Report: Special power for India army fuels abuses in Kashmir 07/01
nzherald.co.nz Pakistani artists look to counter violent extremism 07/01
bbc.co.uk Amnesty call to revoke Kashmir law 07/01
upi.com India arrests rebel leader connected to deadly Manipur ambush 06/30
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Son of man killed by militants in J&K cracks IIT 06/30
timesofindia.indiatimes.com 'NIA cop uses terror information in extortion bid' 06/29
dawn.com Three killed in Kashmir 06/23
timesofindia.indiatimes.com J&K: Civilian dead; fight on between Army, ultras 06/22
rediff.com 2 militants, 1 civilian killed in encounter in Kashmir 06/22
dawn.com Parrikar not to speak to media for six months 06/22
burmanet.org Reuters: Brief raid by India in faraway Burma has Pakistan fuming – Sanjeev Miglani and Katherine Houreld 06/22
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Kashmir encounter: 2 ultras, 1 civilian killed 06/22
tribune.com.pk For six months: Indian minister takes ‘vow of taciturnity’ 06/21
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Will not speak to media for 6 months, Parrikar says 06/20
rediff.com Army foils infiltration bid in Kupwara; militant killed 06/20
rediff.com Sopore: Blast in police van kills Pak militant, police constable 06/20
telegraphindia.com Jailed rebel's bomb kills 1 06/20
stripes.com Kashmir rattled by targeted killings after period of calm 06/19
voanews.com Mysterious Killings Rattle Indian-controlled Kashmir 06/19
sify.com Pak prisoner killed after militants attack police vehicle in J-K 06/19
sify.com India remains target of terrorist attacks: US report 06/19
zeenews.india.com Modi`s phone call reduced India, Pakistan tension: Daily 06/18
sputniknews.com Indian Intelligence Identifies ISIL Flag-Hoisting Youth in Kashmir - Source 06/18
sify.com A five-minute phone call that reduced Indo-Pak tension 06/17
rediff.com Sopore killings: Separatists' strike paralyses Valley 06/17
reuters.com Kashmir killings raise fears of new bloodletting 06/17
csmonitor.com In Kashmir, unexplained killings mount. A repeat of dark times? 06/17
thekashmirwalla.com Kashmir shuts down to protest civilian killings 06/17
timesofindia.indiatimes.com J&K cops name two for Sopore killings 06/17
thekashmirwalla.com Ghost killers of Sopore 06/17
dnaindia.com Hurriyat leaders call for shutdown in Srinagar over Sopore killings 06/17
dnaindia.com Spoke with Pakistani leader on India tensions, says US Secretary of State John Kerry 06/16
dnaindia.com Sopore killings: Jammu and Kashmir police announces cash reward on militants 06/16
reuters.com Kerry says spoke with Pakistani leader on India tensions 06/16
voanews.com Kerry Says He Spoke With Pakistani Leader on India Tensions 06/16
timesofindia.indiatimes.com 25% decline in terror incidents in J&K: Rajnath 06/16
turkishweekly.net Former Kashmiri militants shot dead 06/15
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Ultras kill another man in Sopore, 6th in 3 weeks 06/15
punchng.com Gunmen kill another former militant in Indian-controlled Kashmir 06/15
tribune.com.pk Killings spark fear in Indian administered Kashmir 06/15
telegraphindia.com Killings rattle separatist hub 06/14
rediff.com In third killing in a week, militants gun down youth in Kashmir 06/14
rediff.com RSS wants to evict Muslims from Jammu: Omar 06/13
zeenews.india.com India hits back at Raheel Sharif`s accusation, says Pakistan should first tackle terrorism on its soil 06/13
thekashmirwalla.com After Parrikar’s statement, people are being killed in Kashmir: Omar 06/13
thekashmirwalla.com “Not militants, Indian agencies killed my son” 06/13
rediff.com Civilian shot dead by unidentified gunmen in Sopore 06/12
reuters.com Brief raid by India in far-off Myanmar has Pakistan fuming 06/12
voanews.com Pakistan's Sharif Laments 'Irresponsible' Indian Statements 06/11
rediff.com Myanmar ops a one-off, can't expect replay on western border 06/10
telegraphindia.com Situation along LoC different: Officer 06/10
dnaindia.com Myanmar situation can't be connected with situation along LOC in J&K: Army 06/10
thekashmirwalla.com Northeast deadliest place for Indian forces in 2015 06/10
rferl.org Pakistan's Nawaz Asks UN Secretary For Help On Kashmir Dispute 06/09
dailytimes.com.pk Haider, Queen sweep 2015 IIFA awards as Shahid, Kangana win top honours : June 08, 2015, 3:10 pm 06/08
dnaindia.com Taking tough action against anti-national activities: J&K Deputy CM Nirmal Singh 06/08
dnaindia.com Taliban posters warning petrol pump owners, cable operators trigger panic in Jammu and Kashmir 06/06
zeenews.india.com Tehreek-e-Taliban posters surface in Kashmir 06/06
nzherald.co.nz Indian army says 3 rebels killed in gunbattle in Kashmir 06/06
tribune.com.pk Three separatists killed in Kashmir: Indian Army 06/06
dawn.com Heating up again 06/06
reuters.com Indian army says kills three militants along border with Pakistan 06/06
sify.com Indian army says kills 3 militants along border with Pakistan 06/05
bbc.co.uk Why are mobile phone towers being targeted in Kashmir? 06/05
zeenews.india.com Ties with India Islamabad's priority: Pakistan president Mamnoon Hussain 06/04
nzherald.co.nz Curfew in parts of Indian Kashmir after violence 06/04
foxnews.com Curfew in Indian Kashmir city after police shooting kills 1, injures 2 06/04
timesofindia.indiatimes.com We know how to respond to India's aggression: Pak 06/04
telegraphindia.com Manipur attack worst on army in 20 years 06/04
dawn.com India criticised for opposing CPEC 06/03
turkishweekly.net Kashmir a mobile blackspot as militants pressure providers 06/03
reuters.com Kashmir battles to restore mobile services after militant attacks 06/03
rediff.com Army ready to thwart Pakistan's diabolic plans for J & K 06/03