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India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir


As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.

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Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 72.9 Warning (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 300,000 IDPs very approx.
WFP Hunger Map: 21 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating BB
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: Kashmir: Just 200 militants, but a vale of fears 05/01 Teams for Cricket Tourneys in Kashmir Named After Terrorists 05/01 BSF activates 'laser walls' along India-Pakistan border 04/28 'Laser walls' activated along India-Pak border to plug gaps in vigil 04/27 JKLF leader Amanullah Khan`s funeral today 04/27 Terrorist Camps Continue to Function in PoK: Mos Home 04/26 You can't be in denial about terrorism: India to Pak 04/26 Terror attacks, Kashmir figure at talks between foreign secretaries 04/26 India, Pakistan foreign secretaries meet in New Delhi 04/26 India Pushes Pakistan to Clamp Down on Terrorism 04/26 Militancy guru dead 04/26 India 'sedition' students suspended 04/26 India rebuts Pakistan's allegations on Balochistan 04/25 Jammu and Kashmir: Two militants killed by security forces in Kupwara, encounter still underway 04/21 dna Morning Must Reads: From live updates on West Bengal elections to Krunal Pandya proving his worth in IPL 2016 04/21 2 militants killed in gun battle in Kashmir 04/21 Govt worried as support for terror rises in J&K 04/19 Indian Defense Minister on a 'Ping-Pong Diplomacy' Mission to China 04/18 India Addresses China Over Imposing UN Sanctions on Kashmir Militant 04/18 OIC: a house divided 04/17 Turkish PM lauds Pakistan’s success in war against terrorism 04/16 Restrictions, shutdown continue in Kashmir 04/16 'Molest' town in lockdown, bunker vacant 04/16 Arab, ASEAN countries’ envoys briefed on RAW’s activities 04/15 New Generation of Militants Emerging in Kashmir 04/15 Handwara: Quell passions, institute inquiry, let things cool down 04/13 When babus, cops face a question of 'faith' 04/11 NIA issues red corner notice against JeM chief Maulana Masood Azhar 04/11 Kashmir dispute contributed to ‘jihadi’ sentiments in region: Ambassador Jilani 04/09 J&K police chafe at 'anti-national' tag 04/08 Clashes in held Kashmir after two killed in gunbattle 04/08 2 terrorists killed in Jammu-Kashmir encounter 04/07 Two militants killed in encounter in Shopian district of J-K 04/07 J&K: Security forces kill 2 terrorists in Shopian, gunbattle on 04/07 Clashes in Kashmir after Indian troops kill 2 local rebels 04/07 Jammu and Kashmir: Two Hizbul Mujahideen terrorists killed in encounter in Shopian; gunbattle on 04/07 Terrorists in Swift Dzire may target Delhi, Mumbai 04/06 Security alert! Three Pakistani terrorists travelling in grey car may target Delhi, Mumbai, Goa 04/06 Modi government's Pak policy in shambles: Manmohan Singh 04/06 Punjab Police issues alert, says terrorists may target Delhi, Mumbai, Goa 04/06 Grey Swift Dzire has 3 Pak terrorists and explosives, warns Punjab Police 04/06 Security forces exchange fire with militants in Kupwara 04/05 Delhi, Mumbai, Goa on terror radar: Report 04/05 Kashmiri Hindus: Driven out and insignificant 04/05 Mehbooba Mufti: Architect of ‘healing touch’ 04/05 Bilawal vows to combat terrorists 04/05 Encounter breaks out between terrorists and security forces in J&K 04/05 Jammu and Kashmir - Cop shot at by militants in Pulwama, says Police 04/03 Jammu and Kashmir: Terrorists attack police party in Pulwama, one policeman injured 04/03 India furious as China blocks U.N. blacklisting of militant chief 04/01 Jammu and Kashmir: Hizbul Mujahideen militant, former member arrested 04/01 Pakistan needs to forcefully confront extremists: US daily 03/31 Pakistanis critical of Taliban, extremist groups: Survey 03/31 Jammu and Kashmir: 50-year-old woman killed by terrorists in Pulwama 03/31 Pakistanis critical of Taliban, support govt action to fight extremists: Pew Research 03/31 ‘Pakistan policy to liberate Kashmir with jihadis has backfired’ 03/29 Pakistani team in India to probe attack on Indian air base 03/27 President reiterates Pakistan’s commitment to eradicate terrorism 03/26 Mehbooba stakes claim, BJP in tow 03/26 Anantnag: Two army jawans, one civilian injured in grenade blast 03/26 Headley denies part of his statement given to NIA about Ishrat Jahan 03/25 Will Mehbooba say `Bharat Mata ki Jai`? asks AAP leader 03/25 Pathankot: Car stolen at gunpoint found abandoned 03/24 Jammu & Kashmir: How political uncertainty may affect security 03/23 The boy who refused to leave police custody 03/22 South Kashmir becomes fertile ground for terror groups 03/20 Jammu and Kashmir: Two militants killed in encounter at Kupwara 03/18 J&K: Two terrorists killed in encounter with security forces in Handwara 03/18 Cricket rivalry could boost India-Pakistan ties 03/18 UN urged to appoint special envoy for Kashmir : March 18, 2016, 8:43 pm 03/18 Now, Kanhaiya Kumar says Kashmir is an integral part of India 03/18 Senior Indian, Pakistani officials discuss attack in India 03/17 BSF may be withdrawn from LoC, deployed to secure Indo-Pak International Border 03/15 A Nuclear Deal for Pakistan? 03/14 Delhi Police reveals al Qaeda training camp exists ‘somewhere in Jharkhand’ 03/14 Pandits, Muslims both have left troubled Kashmir 03/13 Lt Gen NPS Hira to take over as Deputy Chief of Army Staff 03/12 PoK continues to be terrorist launching pad, say exiled leaders 03/12 Special care for human rights during anti-militant ops: J-K DGP 03/12 J&K security review 03/12 NIA's most wanted militant killed in encounter in Pulwama 03/10 Two militants killed in Kashmir encounter 03/09 Kanhaiya Kumar raised anti-national slogans because his mother failed to teach him about patriotism: BJP MLA 03/09 Jammu and Kashmir: Two militants killed in encounter with security forces 03/09 The seditious campus 03/09 Terror attacks perpetrated from Pakistan on rise: India 03/09 Kashmir musn't be condition for talks: UK to Pak 03/08 India, Pakistan shouldn`t let non-state actors derail peace: UK 03/08 Terror threat: Delhi, Gujarat, Mumbai on high alert; Rajnath Singh to chair high-level meeting 03/07 Terror alert: Rajnath Singh to chair high-level meet 03/07 Terror threat to Gujarat, metros too on alert 03/06 1 terrorist killed in encounter in J&K's Kulgam 03/06 Militant killed in encounter in south Kashmir 03/06 Tunnel from Pakistan to push in terrorists: BSF 03/04 'Want Indo-Pak match? Bring us Masood's head' 03/03 3 Hizbul terrorists killed in Pulwama encounter 03/03 Keran: BSF foils infiltration bid along LOC, one terrorist killed; operation still on 03/03 Three Hizb militants killed in Kashmir encounter 03/03 Two soldiers injured in LoC gunfight with militants 03/03 Indian army: Troops kill 3 rebels in gunbattle in Kashmir 03/03