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India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir


As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.

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Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 72.9 Warning (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 300,000 IDPs very approx.
WFP Hunger Map: 21 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating BB
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: Jammu & Kashmir Police accept lapses in Narbal firing that killed a teenager 04/18 India to Push to Expose Pakistan's 'Double Standards' on Terrorism - Source 04/18 Violent clashes erupt in Kashmir over arrest of separatist leaders 04/17 Tral march: 14 hurt as protesters throw stones, clash with cops in Srinagar 04/17 Indian police arrest Kashmir separatist leader 04/17 Tral encounter unfortunate, Army should have been cautious, says J&K CM 04/15 Protests in Kashmir after civilian killed by Indian army 04/15 Clashes in J&K's Tral over killing of youth, protesters snatch AK-47; Yasin Malik, Masarat ... 04/14 Youth killed in encounter militant of Hizbul Mujahideen: Army 04/14 Protests in Indian Kashmir after civilian killed by army 04/14 Yasin Malik, Masarat Alam detained; 6 injured in clashes in Pulwama 04/14 Separatist leaders Yasin Malik, Masrat Alam detained in Kashmir 04/13 Militant’s brother killed in Kashmir 04/13 Kashmir Pandits seek exclusive township, say PM must act 04/12 Mumbai 2008 terror attack mastermind Zakiur Rehman Lakhvi released from Pakistan prison 04/10 Kashmiris clash with Indian police over settlement of Hindus 04/10 Pakistan court frees on bail accused mastermind of Mumbai attack: lawyer 04/10 UPDATE 1-Pakistan court frees on bail accused mastermind of 2008 Mumbai attack -lawyer 04/09 Rebels threaten to foil Pandit 'homeland' plan 04/09 Except Mufti, no takers for townships in Kashmir 04/08 30 terrorists spotted in PoK adjoining Poonch waiting to infiltrate 04/08 Terror should not be allowed to revisit Jammu and Kashmir 04/08 Narendra Modi admits to problems in PDP-BJP government in Jammu and Kashmir 04/08 Martyr's body airlifted to Leh 04/08 J-K assembly erupts in chaos over terror attacks 04/07 AFSPA revocation Mufti Sayeed meets PM Modi Rajnath Singh 04/07 Riding through Indo-Pak tensions, cross-LoC bus completes 10 yrs 04/07 Three Indian policemen killed in Kashmir 04/07 BJP protests in J&K assembly, Mufti meets PM 04/07 BJP protests in JK Assembly over yesterday's terror attack 04/07 Polls should end in 2 to 3 phases: CEC Brahma 04/07 Shopian attack a grim reminder of challenges in Kashmir Omar Abdullah 04/06 Pak army, ISI ask militants to target forces, avoid civilians 04/06 Militants kill 3 cops in Valley 04/06 Jammu and Kashmir hit by three separate terror attacks, 3 dead, 2 injured 04/06 J&K militants told to target forces, avoid civilians 04/06 Indian army police conduct mock drill to fight militants in Kashmir 04/06 Suicide at army general's home 04/06 IB alerts Delhi police about fidayeen-style attack in Delhi 04/05 Delhi Police alerted about Samba-style attack in Delhi 04/05 New Delhi on High Alert Over Threat of Suicide Terrorist Attack 04/05 Delhi terror alert 04/05 Jawan killed in encounter in Kashmir cremated 04/04 Pakistani Kashmir to expel 11,000 Afghans: Police 04/02 Cop killed, army official injured in gunbattle in Kashmir 04/02 Suspected Kashmiri rebels kill 1 Indian policeman, wound 2 army soldiers 04/02 Jammu and Kashmir: Cop dead, 3 injured; Encounter operation between armed forces, militants still on 04/02 PDP-BJP appear to be in disagreement over J-K flood control measures Congress 04/02 Police, militants engage in gunbattle in J&K 04/02 Two security personnel killed in Baramulla encounter 04/02 UKPNP leader calls on UN to protect rights of people of Kashmir, Gilgit-Baltistan 04/01 Bulldozed: Illegally built marriage halls demolished 04/01 8 militants sneaked into India 4 of them killed Intelligence agencies 03/29 1811 stone-pelters granted amnesty in JK Sayeed 03/29 Govt may decide tomorrow whether to continue pre-paid mobile 03/29 Construction of 39 BOPs along Indo-Pak border delayed 03/29 1,811 stone-pelters granted amnesty in J&K: govt 03/29 61 convicts executed since December 03/29 Pakistan: Over 32,000 arrested in anti-terror operations since Peshawar carnage 03/28 32,347 held in 28,826 operations by security forces across country : March 29, 2015, 4:01 am 03/28 Countrywide sweeps: 727 ‘hardcore terrorists’ arrested since December 24 03/28 Mirpur by-election: PPP holds final show ahead of polling day 03/27 Vishal Bhardwaj dedicates National Awards win to Kashmiri Pandits, Anupam Kher calls it 'fraudish' 03/26 Security forces on high alert to thwart infiltration attempts: GOC Chinar Corps 03/25 Jammu attacks Security beefed up in Pathankot Chamba 03/24 86.6 per cent more civilian casualties in JK in 2014 MHA 03/24 BSF foils infiltration bids in Samba, Kathua 03/24 LeT, Hizbul terrorists attempting to infiltrate into J&K`s Samba, Kathua area: IB to MHA 03/23 Hafiz Saeed launches 'new movement' for implementing Sharia in Pakistan 03/23 Stop cross-border infiltration: Mufti's message to Pakistan 03/23 Issues with Pak can be resolved in terror-free atmosphere: PM 03/23 Mufti has no role in solving Kashmir issue: Hurriyat 03/23 Pakistan continues to bleed India 03/23 Intelligence agencies warn of more infiltration bids near JK 03/23 Two militants killed after attacking army camp in Kashmir 03/22 Pak must control terrorism: Mufti Sayeed 03/22 Mufti Sayeed condemns terror attacks in J-K calls it a conspiracy 03/22 Don't cover anti-terror operations live: TV channels told 03/22 Mufti terms attacks conspiracy, says even Pak victim' of terror 03/22 Do not broadcast live anti-terrorist operations: I&B Ministry to TV channels 03/22 Mufti asks Pak to control terrorists 03/22 KASHMIR-LD MUFTI 2 LAST 03/22 India doesnt need illegitimate interlocutor to talk to Pak Congress 03/22 Rape accused shot dead in J&K CM's hometown 03/22 IampB ministry issues advisory to TV channels on antiterror ops 03/22 Attacks won’t be tolerated, Mufti warns Pak 03/22 Rein in militants, Mufti tells Pakistan 03/22 I&B ministry issues advisory to TV channels on anti-terror ops 03/22 Confident Pakistan holds first Republic Day parade in seven years 03/22 Attack on army camp foiled 2 militants killed 03/22 Six die in attack on Kashmir police station 03/21 Panthers Party demands Governor rule in J-K 03/21 Gun battle as militants attack India's Kashmir army camp 03/21 Time for Pakistan to give up the ‘jihadi’ option forever: Hussain Haqqani 03/21 Mufti plays footsie with Pak, Modi watches haplessly:Cong 03/21 J&K militants 'trying to raise their low morale' 03/21 Militant attack in Jammu and Kashmirs Samba district one injured 03/21 2 terrorists killed during encounter with Army in Samba 03/21 Army camp in Jammus Samba under militant attack reports 03/21 Samba terror attack CPI M taunts PM Modi 03/21