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India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir


As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.

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Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 72.9 Warning (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 300,000 IDPs very approx.
WFP Hunger Map: 21 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating BB
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: Major terror attack averted? 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10/24 Pakistan violates ceasefire again at RS Pura in Jammu 10/23 Pakistan is stronger than ever before, claims Army Chief Raheel Sharif 10/23 BSF constable, injured in Pak firing in Kashmir, dies 10/23 Sri Lanka: Kashmiris step up sovereignty struggle braving New Delhi’s militarization 10/23 J&K: BSF jawan Gurnam Singh, injured in cross-border firing by Pakistan, dies 10/22 Watchdog flagged banks on cyber strike from Pak 10/22 Two local JeM militants arrested in Baramulla 10/22 2 Jaish terrorists found in Kashmir after cops launch door-to-door search 10/22 Remember the nation's Armed Forces on Diwali: PM 10/22 M Ilyas Khan: India's 'surgical strikes' - truth or illusion? 10/22 Overview: Our barbed boundaries 10/22 Pakistani spy arrested in Ramgarh 10/22 Baramulla: Security forces arrest two JeM militants 10/22 Pakistan rejects India's claim about killing seven soldiers 10/22 Pak sniper attack: BSF kills 7 Rangers, 1 militant; Rajnath Singh reviews situation 10/21 BSF kills 7 Pak Rangers, 1 terrorist on Jammu border 10/21 Jammu and Kashmir: Army, police launch major search operation in Baramulla 10/21 Blog: After surgical strikes, what next for J&K? 10/21 BSF hits back at ceasefire breach, says 7 Pak Rangers and 1 terrorist killed 10/21 Syed Salahuddin seeks military help from Pakistan 10/21 Pakistan bans all Indian TV and radio as tensions mount 10/21 Don't kill 'local boys', 'tolerate' stone-pelting: Mehbooba to cops 10/21 Pakistan bans Indian media content 10/21 7 Pak soldiers shot on Jammu border: BSF 10/21 India: Pakistan soldiers killed in border shootings 10/21 India Says Seven Pakistani Troops Killed On Kashmir Border 10/21 Ceasefire violation: BSF retaliates at Bobiya post in Hiranagar sector, kills Pak ranger 10/21 `Talks won`t provide solution to Kashmir dispute, Pakistani military should support Mujahideens` 10/21 Pakistan violates another ceasefire in J&K, resorts to firing in Pooch 10/20 Pakistan to welcome if U.S mediates with India on Kashmir issue:... 10/20 In a first, India, China hold joint army exercise in Jammu-Kashmir 10/20 Kashmiri Pandits say will return on own terms 10/20 12 J&K govt staff sacked for anti-India leanings 10/20 Apples cheaper for city, sour for Kashmir growers 10/20 Pak violates ceasefire in Kathua; BSF jawan injured 10/20 Kashmir journalist questioned over Hizbul Mujahideen video 10/20 India, China hold joint army exercise in Kashmir 10/19 New Hizbul commander asks Kashmiri Pandits to return to Valley 10/19 First India-China joint Army exercise in J&K 10/19 J&K: 44 suspected terrorists arrested; Chinese, Pak flags, incriminating materials recovered 10/19 Gun-snatching in Valley worries Army 10/19 J & K: Chinese flags recovered from terror hideouts; 44 held 10/18 What more troubles brew for Sharif in Pakistan 10/18 44 held in Baramulla; LeT issued warning to SHO 10/18 Don't believe Pak sponsors terror: Ex-Chinese envoy 10/18 Chinese flags recovered from terror hideouts in J&K's Baramulla; 44 held 10/18 Ready to deal with any misadventure at LoC: Army 10/18 Terrorists decamp after snatching five rifles from policemen in Jammu and Kashmir`s Anantnag 10/17 Narendra Modi misleading BRICS, India has no moral ground to talk about counter-terrorism efforts: Pakistan 10/17 Modi, Xi differ over terrorism at BRICS summit 10/17 AP PHOTOS: Editor selections from the past week in Asia 10/17 Militants decamp with service rifles of cops guarding TV tower in Anantnag 10/17 Rupee Tumbles 12 Paise Against Dollar on US Rate Hike Calls 10/17 Militants loot Indian weapons to arm new recruits in Kashmir 10/17 Mumbai Film Festival bows to threats, drops ‘Jago Hua Savera’ from line-up 10/17 Pak`s entire establishment fueling terrorism in India: Rajnath 10/17 India Ready To Help Pakistan Act Against Terrorists: Rajnath 10/17 India misleading BRICS, trying to hide its brutalities in Kashmir: Pakistan 10/17 Ongoing unrest in Kashmir Valley completes 100 days 10/16 Pakistan at it again, violates ceasefire in Jammu and Kashmir`s Naushera 10/16 Kashmir`s 100-day shutdown: Time refuses to heal 10/16 Hands full, Trump vague on India 10/16 BRICS Leaders Meet In India For Summit 10/16 Indian cinema group bans films with Pakistani artists 10/15 BRICS 2016: Old Friend Russia Part of India's Anti-Terror War, Says PM Modi 10/15 Has Chinese pressure forced Pakistan U-turn on anti-India terror groups? 10/15 Terrorists attack police convoy in Handwara 10/15 Terrorism main cause of Kashmir unrest: Ram Vilas Paswan 10/15 No details about India’s plan to seal border by 2018, says Pakistan 10/15 Islamabad lifts travel ban on journalist 10/15 Hafiz Saeed a designated terrorist, LeT behind hundreds of deaths: US 10/14 LeT operative Bahadur Ali's judicial custody extended till Oct 22 10/14 India wants to contain tensions with Pakistan, focus on economy 10/14 Indian Army does not speak but displays its valour, PM Modi says 10/14 Special court extends suspected LeT operative`s custody till Oct 22 10/14 COAS expresses complete satisfaction over operational preparedness of Army 10/14 Terrorists attack SSB convoy in Kashmir 10/14 One jawan martyred in terror attack in Kashmir 10/14 Pakistan Army warns India against any 'misadventurism' 10/14 Jawan killed, eight others injured as militants attack SSB convoy in Srinagar 10/14 Kashmir attack: Two security men killed in IOK ambush 10/14