News aggregator for armed conflict worldwide

India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir


As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.

    Comment on this overview
Take Action (learn about relevant NGOs)


Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 72.9 Warning (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 300,000 IDPs very approx.
WFP Hunger Map: 21 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating BB
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: Azad cancels rally in J&K after sarpanch killing 04/22 Acts of terrorism meant to scare away voters Omar Abdullah 04/22 Suspected rebels kill 3, including village headman, in Indian Kashmir ahead of elections 04/22 Militants kill three in Kashmirs Anantnag District 04/22 J-K: Sarpanch, village official shot dead in Pulwama 04/21 Suspected militants kill sarpanch, his son in Jammu and Kashmir 04/21 Militants kill three before voting in India's Kashmir 04/21 Mirwaiz has a Point! 04/21 Two village headmen shot dead in Kashmir 04/21 Terror groups now pick sophisticated Indian-made arms ammunition 04/20 SARPANCH KILLING: 11 panchayat members quit 04/20 Two guerrillas arrested in Kashmirs Sopore 04/19 Valley rage 04/19 Mehbooba Mufti holds Farooq Abdullah responsible for sarpanchs murder in Kashmir 04/18 Clashes in Palhallan, Bla 04/18 Guerrillas kill sarpanch in Kashmir 04/18 Sarpanch shot dead by militants in Kashmir 04/18 Militants kill sarpanch after kidnapping him in Kashmir 04/18 800 militants killed during Omar’s rule: Er Rashid 04/17 Shabir Shah condemns Mushtaq’s detention 04/16 Militant hideout busted in Kashmir 04/16 Former JampK militants Pakistani wives hold protest 04/15 Wont tolerate Chinese incursion or Pakistani infiltration Rajnath 04/15 DGP says no militants from third country operate in JK 04/15 Separatists sympathise with Ahmad Nagar families 04/15 Two Pakistani militants killed in Soura Srinagar 04/14 Two militants, 2 policemen killed in Kashmir 04/14 Attack in Indian-held Kashmir leaves four dead 04/14 Police tighten security in Kashmir to ensure peaceful general election 04/14 3 villages at loggerheads—all for bodies of militants 04/14 Khrew, Pampore shut over killing of militants 04/14 PDP no different from NC, says Hurriyat (G) 04/14 Two killed in Srinagar clash 04/14 20-hour gunfight 04/14 Two militants killed in Kashmir gun battle 04/14 Two militants killed in Indian-held Kashmir after an overnight gun battle 04/14 Militants kill cops in Valley 04/13 Militant attack on National Conference leader's house in Pulwama; 2 cops killed 04/13 J-K: Two policemen killed as militants attack NC leader's house 04/13 Militants kill two policemen in Pulwama district of Kashmir 04/13 Two suspected terrorists holed up in house near Srinagar 04/13 Two terrorists holed up in house near Srinagar, heavy firing on 04/13 Militants kill two policemen in Kashmir 04/13 Four killed in attack on house of pro-India politician in IHK : April 14, 2014, 2:54 am 04/13 Militants fled after firing at police naka 04/12 18 Kashmiris detained at Nepal border 04/12 18 persons from PoK detained at Nepal border 04/12 Army Chief arrives on 2-day visit to JK 04/11 Army chief on two-day Kashmir visit 04/11 NC will be no more after elections: Beigh 04/10 Indian officers killed in 16-hour Kashmir firefight 04/09 Five die in Kashmir clash ahead of polls 04/09 Salahudin pays tributes to Maqbool Illahi 04/09 J&K encounter: 3 security personnel, 2 terrorists killed 04/08 JCO, two militants killed in encounter in Kupwara 04/08 Indian elections: Second leg of polls kicks off today 04/08 Two guerrillas one army officer killed in Kashmir 04/08 Two guerrillas one armyman killed in Kashmir gunfight 04/08 Two guerrillas three security personnel killed in Kashmir gunfight 04/08 Deadly Gunbattle Erupts in Indian-Kashmir 04/08 Kashmir gunbattle kills 2 rebels, 3 Indian troops 04/08 Major dies in accident during operation in Kashmir 04/07 Two policemen injured in Kashmir gunfight 04/07 Army officer, two cops killed in encounter in J&K's Kupwara 04/07 Army officer, cop killed in fierce encounter in J&K's Kupwara 04/07 J&K: Encounter in Kupwara, one policeman, terrorist dead 04/07 Army police bust militant hideout in Kashmir 04/06 3 youth arrested in Soibug, 2 missing in Pulwama 04/04 Indian Investigations Reveal Funding System for Promoting Jihad in Kashmir 04/04 8484 persons died in terror attacks during 2010-2013 04/04 Terror threat in letter to Welham 04/02 People in Kashmir stage demonstration against Pakistan 04/01 Combing operation launched in Kathua 04/01 Several youth detained 04/01 Never ‘yes’ to solution 03/31 22 years on, no trace of missing Budgam youth 03/31 NC PDP criticize differences between Bhullar Afzal Guru cases 03/31 NC undermined Kashmir’s autonomy: Sajad Lone 03/30 Welham girls' school receives threat letter from IM vowing to 'avenge Muzaffarnagar' 03/30 Muslims for Modi and Modi for Muslims: Farooq Khan 03/29 Court allows Army to file objections 03/29 CPI condemns terror attack in Kathua 03/28 Kashmir 'militants' attack army camp 03/28 Defence experts predict increase in militant attacks in Kashmir 03/28 Terror attack in Kathua in J&K, 1 killed, 3 hurt 03/28 Two guerrillas one civilian killed in Jammu terror attack 03/28 J & K: Terrorists in Army uniform hijack car, kill one 03/28 Jammu & Kashmir terror attack: 2 terrorists killed, say unconfirmed reports 03/28 Militants in fatigues attack army camp in Kashmir shot dead 03/28 Congress dubs Modi as traitor, after he calls Antony a Pak agent 03/27 Terror attack in Kathua in Jammu and Kashmir; 1 killed, 3 injured 03/27 Militants strike terror in Jammu and Kashmir, hijack car, attack Army camp in Kathua 03/27 Jammu: Two terrorists killed in encounter after twin terror attacks 03/27 Narendra Modi begins `Bharat Vijay` mission with `3 AKs` attack 03/26 Arvind Kejriwal slams Narendra Modi for calling him AK-49 03/26 Kejriwal slams Modi for calling him AK-49, using foul language 03/26 Shutdown, protests in Tral against ‘excesses by forces’ 03/26 Hizb, Hurriyat leaders mourn demise 03/26 Barb makes Arvind a big shot 03/26 Arun Jaitley commends security agencies for arresting IM terrorists 03/24