News aggregator for armed conflict worldwide

India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir


As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.

    Comment on this overview
Take Action (learn about relevant NGOs)


Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 72.9 Warning (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 300,000 IDPs very approx.
WFP Hunger Map: 21 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating BB
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: India will not be allowed to build bunkers on Working Boundary Sartaj 10/24 Army to procure jammer to thwart radio, cell phone IED attacks 10/24 Fierce gunbattle in Kashmir between security forces and militants 10/24 Terrorism a threat to India when Pak is frustrated says defence expert 10/23 Separatists call for shutdown in Kashmir to protest PM Modis visit 10/23 Policeman shot dead in Kashmir in house 10/23 Security Beefed Up in Kashmir Ahead of Prime Minister's Visit 10/22 IS militants, Al Qaeda not yet a threat: India 10/21 India warns Pakistan of more pain in Kashmir fighting 10/21 Moderate Hurriyat leader makes Mirwaiz Umar Farooq it to world's 500 most influential Muslim list 10/20 Guerrilla hideout busted in Jammu and Kashmir 10/20 Army Chief tells commanders to assess security situation 10/18 Maintain pressure on terrorists for peaceful Kashmir polls Indian Army chief 10/18 Maintain pressure on terrorists for peaceful Kashmir polls: Army chief 10/18 Army option vs Maoists on table 10/17 IED blast injures two soldiers in Srinagar 10/16 2 jawans injured in IED blast in Kashmir 10/16 ISIS, Al Qaeda Threat to India Real, Says National Security Guard Chief 10/16 Army jawan killed in encounter in Kashmir 10/13 Army jawan killed in J&K encounter 10/13 Army Jawan Killed in Encounter With Militants in Kupwara, Jammu and Kashmir 10/13 Haider: Shakespeare in Kashmir 10/12 Indian general says fewer militants entering Kashmir 10/12 Devendra Pathak: The soldier who keeps Pak in check 10/11 Bardhaman blast: NIA probe leads to J&K, Tamil Nadu, Kerala 10/11 Why India's recent response to Pakistan's ceasefire violation is a welcome change 10/11 US has Pakistan fatigue 10/08 India, Pakistan not ready to back down: daily 10/08 `Pakistan extremely keen to cross border to create disturbance` 10/07 2,000 terrorists across LoC waiting to infiltrate: Army 10/07 Rebels without a cause? In Kashmir, returning militants left dangling 10/07 Attempts to stop screening of 'Haider' in Vadodara thwarted by police 10/07 INDIA-PAKISTAN: Played And Paid By China 10/07 Militant 'blowback' looms on border 10/07 Indian-Pakistan fighting kills nine civilians, three militants 10/06 Our Armed Forces Are Fully Ready, Warns Defence Minister After Pakistan Firing: 10 Developments 10/06 Soldier killed in Kashmir blast laid to rest with military honours army promises action 10/06 Shells rain death, then sweets follow 10/06 3 terrorists killed, Army foils infiltration bid along LoC 10/06 Militant outfits in Pak desperate to disrupt JK polls, says army 10/05 Militant outfits in Pak desperate to disrupt JK polls: Army 10/05 Security forces bust militant hideout at Bhaderwah in Kashmir 10/05 Pakistan Violates Ceasefire Again, Fires at Indian Posts in J&K's Poonch 10/05 Army jawan killed, another injured in landmine blast at LoC 10/04 14 militants killed by Army in September 10/04 Army wiped out 14 militants in backdrop of worst Jammu and Kashmir floods 10/04 Haider: Between text and texture 10/03 Hizbul guerrilla killed in Kashmir gunfight 10/03 'Haider' review: Solid, well-acted movie that deserves your time 10/02 Bilateral dialogue on Kashmir ‘undermines’ UN resolutions: FO : October 03, 2014, 2:50 am 10/02 Haider - a powerful revenge saga 10/01 One militant killed in encounter in Jammu and Kashmir's Kupwara 09/30 Modi attracts thousands on historic visit to the US, calls for global front against terrorism 09/28 India's Modi wants Pakistan talks without 'terrorism' shadow 09/27 India PM says serious about peace with Pakistan 09/27 Indian PM Modi prepared for Kashmir talks with Pakistan 09/27 India Calls On Pakistan To Show 'Seriousness' For Talks 09/27 Srinagar: Terrorists open fire at CRPF bunker, kill one 09/26 Four guerrillas held in Kashmirs Baramulla 09/26 World leaders give their annual speeches at the UN 09/26 Unmanned Aerial Vehicles deployed to trace terrorists in Uttar Pradesh 09/25 Floods damage 50 km border fencing along LoC, IB in JK 09/21 Floods damage 50 Kms border fencing along LoC, IB in JK 09/21 FLOODS-FENCING 2 LAST 09/21 National Conference Worker Shot Dead in Kashmir 09/21 I will take back entire Kashmir from India: Bilawal Bhutto 09/20 200 Heavily Armed Militants Waiting Across Line of Control: Indian Army 09/20 Four militants killed in gunbattle with security forces 09/20 200 heavily armed militants waiting across LoC: Army 09/20 J&K: Four Lashkar-e-Toiba terrorists gunned down 09/20 Four militants killed in Jammu and Kashmir 09/20 Four Militants Killed in Encounter With Security Forces 09/20 Prime Minister Modi Says Al Qaeda 'Delusional' To Think India's Muslims Will Follow 09/19 India's Modi Calls Al-Qaida's Plans For His Country 'Delusional' 09/19 PM says al-Qaeda holds no appeal for India Muslims 09/19 Indian prime minister says al-Qaida holds no appeal for Indian Muslims 09/19 Scotland’s referendum stirs Kashmiri demands for plebiscite 09/19 PM Narendra Modi Says Al Qaeda Will Fail in India 09/19 Indian media: Scottish referendum 09/19 Scotland’s referendum stirs Kashmiri demands for vote : September 19, 2014, 3:31 am 09/18 PM says al-Qaida holds no appeal for India Muslims 09/18 Two Militants Killed in Encounter in Kashmir 09/17 Two militants killed in encounter along LoC 09/17 7 Must Reads: Barack Obama orders US airstrikes in Syria against Islamic State; Death toll in Kashmir floods crosses 215; and more 09/11 Indian Army turns saviour, wins the praise of flood-hit Kashmiris, but will the perception change? 09/10 Al Qaeda’s India chief ‘highly respected’ 09/10 Three militants killed in Kashmir 09/10 Militant killed in encounter in North Kashmir 09/09 J&K: Three terrorists killed in an encounter with Army along the LoC 09/09 Terrorist gunned down in Kashmir 09/09 Raheel calls on Khattak 09/09 Jammu and Kashmir Floods: Damage to Border Fencing Raises Security Concerns 09/08 Shia outfit announces Rs 5 crore bounty for ISIS chief's head 09/08 Army fully prepared to foil any infiltration bid: GOC 09/07 After Syria and Iraq, Islamic State makes inroads in South Asia 09/07 Big FM's Big Chennaiite Awards honour unsung heroes of Chennai 09/07 US Launches Airstrikes on Islamic State Group Around Iraq's Haditha Dam 09/07 India: Qaeda sees fertile ground for sectarian war 09/06 India on Edge - Indian Muslims Reject al-Qaida Call for Jihad 09/06 Indian Muslim leaders condemn al-Qaeda video, say will never buy terrorist propaganda 09/06