Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur See summary

Recent articles:

sudantribune.com Sudan's RSF arrests 64 illegal migrants near Libyan border 01/24
allafrica.com Sudan: New Signatory to Darfur Peace File in Qatar Capital 01/24
allafrica.com Assistant of President Hails Efforts of Qatar and Chad for Realizing Peace in Darfur 01/24
modernghana.com Indonesia denies peacekeepers tried to leave Sudan with arms 01/24
huffingtonpost.com Wanted: A New Chapter In U.S.-Sudan Relations 01/24
foxnews.com Indonesia probes alleged gun smuggling by peacekeeping unit 01/24
scmp.com Indonesia investigates whether its peacekeepers smuggled guns out of Sudan 01/24
allafrica.com Sudan: Two Displaced Hit By Police Car in South Darfur Camp 01/24
allafrica.com Sudan: Indonesian UNAMID Police Deny Smuggling Arms From Darfur 01/24
allafrica.com Sudan: Darfur Slm Denies News of Another Breakaway Group 01/23
allafrica.com Sudan: Government to Sign Peace Deal With Slm-New Revolution in Doha Monday 01/23
sudantribune.com Sudanese gov’t, Darfur group sign peace agreement in Doha 01/23
allafrica.com Sudan: North Darfur Capital 'Crammed With Cars From Libya' 01/22
sudantribune.com UNAMID’s local workers renew protests over unpaid benefits 01/22
sudantribune.com Sudan’s SRF re-appoints Agar as chairman 01/22
modernghana.com AU welcomes US move to lift sanctions against Sudan 01/22
sudantribune.com $167m needed for S. Sudan refugees in Sudan: UNHCR 01/22
sudantribune.com Security Council to hold consultations on S. Sudan on Monday 01/22
sudantribune.com Darfuri splinter group signs peace agreement with Sudanese government 01/21
huffingtonpost.com Civil Lawsuit On Behalf Of Sudanese Victims Brought Against BNP Paribas In U.S. Federal District Court 01/21
sudantribune.com Sudan’s police arrest UNAMID peacekeepers accused of smuggling weapons 01/20
sudantribune.com African Union to verify Juba is no longer harbouring Sudanese rebels 01/20
sudantribune.com Sudanese government, Darfur group to sign peace deal next week 01/19
af.reuters.com Sudanese government says rebel group to sign Darfur peace pact 01/19
thejakartapost.com Indonesia to send 140 personnel for peacekeeping mission in Sudan 01/19
allafrica.com Sudan: Draft Bill to Give Sudanese President Sway Over RSF Militia 01/19
nation.co.ke Soldiers won’t fight back, Gambian army chief says 01/19
sudantribune.com Sudan’s al-Mahdi vows no bilateral agreement with al-Bashir regime 01/18
pulitzercenter.org For Sudan, Breaking Ties with Its Radical Past Is a ‘Delicate Balancing Act’ 01/18
allafrica.com Sudan: Resumption of Darfur Internal Dialogue in 8 Localities 01/17
appablog.wordpress.com United States Lifting Select Sanctions on Sudan 01/16
modernghana.com Darfur rebel groups retreat to Libya, South Sudan: UN report 01/16
sudantribune.com Sudanese parliament passes RSF Act integrating militiamen in the army 01/16
allafrica.com Sudan: 'Sudan Govt. Declares Ceasefire to Appease U.S.' - Opposition 01/16
allafrica.com Sudan: Easing Sanctions - Lifeline for Bashir or Catalyst for Change? 01/16
huffingtonpost.com Sudan Sanctions: Obama, You've Been Played, Advantage Bashir 01/16
allafrica.com Sudan: Darfur's Jebel Marra Hit By Disease, Displaced Need Winter Aid 01/16
allafrica.com Sudan: Displaced Contradict Sudanese Envoy's Statement to UN 01/16
allafrica.com Sudan: Darfur Rebel Movement Welcomes New UNAMID Head 01/16
sudantribune.com Obama’s promises and pledges for Darfur went unheeded with lifting sanctions 01/15
voanews.com Sudan Extends Cease-fire by Six Months 01/15
modernghana.com Sudan extends ceasefire in 3 conflict areas 01/15
sudantribune.com Sudanese government extends ceasefire for six months 01/15
allafrica.com Sudan: Obama Lifts 20-Year Sanctions On Sudan 01/14
reuters.com Move to lift Sudan sanctions came after Trump approval, months of talks 01/14
sudantribune.com JEM welcomes appointment of new UNAMID chief 01/14
allafrica.com Sudan: Obama's Premature 'Easing' of Sanctions On Sudan 01/14
globalsecurity.org United States Lifting Select Sanctions on Sudan 01/14
allafrica.com Sudan: US Set to Lift Some Sanctions Against Sudan 01/13
africa-newsroom.com Inter-communal tensions in Darfur threaten return of millions of displaced people, Security Council told 01/13
aljazeera.com US lifts 20-year economic embargo on Sudan 01/13
hrw.org Obama’s Premature ‘Easing’ of Sanctions on Sudan 01/13
africa-newsroom.com Secretary-General, African Union Commission Chairperson appoint Jeremiah Kingsley Mamabolo of South Africa Acting Joint Special Representative for Darfur 01/12
nzherald.co.nz Sudan news agency: President underwent heart procedure 01/12
reuters.com U.S. set to lift some financial sanctions against Sudan 01/12
globalsecurity.org Inter-communal tensions in Darfur threaten return of millions of displaced people, Security Council told 01/12
appablog.wordpress.com WFP Launches Innovative Cash Assistance Programme in Darfur, Supported by UKAID 01/11
appablog.wordpress.com High level British delegation visits Sudan 01/11
allafrica.com Sudan: Gunmen Ambush Children in North Darfur, Kidnap Two 01/09
allafrica.com Sudan: Sudan Scholars - 'Tobacco Not Allowed in Islam' 01/09
sudantribune.com Sudan’s Bashir invited to attend Arab Summit in Amman 01/09
allafrica.com Sudan: 'Sudan's Armed Forces Stand Above the Law' - Analyst 01/09
sudantribune.com Sudan’s RSF denies presence of foreign militia in N. Darfur gold area 01/07
allafrica.com Sudan: Seven Killed in West Darfur Attack 01/06
allafrica.com Africa: African Press Review 5 January 2017 01/05
sudantribune.com Minister calls for military intervention in N. Darfur gold mines 01/05
huffingtonpost.com President Obama, Will the Moral Arc of the Universe Bend Toward Justice for the People of Sudan during Your Presidency? 01/05
dw.com Calais refugees adapt to life in the UK 01/05
sudantribune.com Seven people killed in cattle-rustling violence in W. Darfur 01/05
allafrica.com Sudan: Blame Traded Over Civilian Deaths in Darfur 01/04
sudantribune.com Sudan says agreement reached with Darfur rebels on major issues 01/04
allafrica.com Africa: Nigeria to Deploy 800 Army Personnel for Peacekeeping Mission in Darfur 01/04
thisdaylive.com Nigeria to Deploy 800 Soldiers in Darfur for Peacekeeping 01/03
sudantribune.com Central Darfur governor blames SLM-AW rebels for Nertiti killing 01/03
aljazeera.com Sudan: Blame traded over civilian deaths in Darfur 01/03
allafrica.com Sudan: North Darfur Displaced Reject Voluntary Return 01/02
dnaindia.com Sudan: Gunmen in military uniform kill 8 people in Darfur 01/02
sudantribune.com Nertiti massacre in Central Darfur exposes the criminal nature of Bashir’s regime 01/02
reuters.com Sudan's Bashir announces one-month ceasefire extension 01/01
sudantribune.com Sudan urges Juba to expel rebel groups from its territory 01/01
sudantribune.com Sudanese forces kill 9 civilians in Central Darfur 01/01
allafrica.com Sudan: Vigils for Release of Sudan Detainees 01/01
sudantribune.com Three gunmen accused of killing and carjacking arrested in East Darfur 12/31
sudantribune.com Sudan’s president extends ceasefire for one month 12/31
scmp.com Nobel laureates slam Suu Kyi over Myanmar’s Rohingya crisis, call for UN intervention 12/30
allafrica.com Sudan: Sudan Liberation Movement - We Signed Peace Agreement for Ending Darfur People Suffering 12/30
allafrica.com Sudan: Sudan President Scorns Ceasefire Agreement With Darfur Rebels 12/29
allafrica.com Sudan: West Darfur Market Closed After Tribal Clashes 12/28
sudantribune.com UNAMID says there is “no military solution” for the conflict in Darfur 12/28
allafrica.com Uganda: Uganda President, Darfur Rebels Discuss Peace Process 12/28
allafrica.com Sudan: '2016 a Challenging Year' - Darfur Peacekeeping Head 12/28
allafrica.com Sudan: Darfur - Five People Killed in Attacks 12/27
allafrica.com Sudan: Renewal of Sudan Membership in Chemical Weapons Organization 12/27
allafrica.com Sudan: Militiamen Assault Central Darfur Prayers 12/27
sudantribune.com Sudanese security seizes two newspapers 12/27
allafrica.com Sudan: Darfuri Student Leaders Fear Arrest in Khartoum 12/26
sudantribune.com Ugandan president, Sudanese rebels discuss peace in Sudan 12/25
sudantribune.com Six killed, eight injured by gunmen in West Darfur 12/24
sudantribune.com Four stores burgled in South Darfur 12/24
sudantribune.com 12 killed in clashes between farmers and camel herders in South Darfur 12/24

Summary

In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.