Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur See summary

Recent articles: UN Security Council extends Darfur peacekeeping mission 06/29 UN extends Darfur peacekeeping force despite Sudan protest 06/29 U.N. Council Extends Troops’ Presence in Darfur 06/29 Africa: 25th AU Summit - Political Risk and FDI in Africa 06/29 Crushing defeat for NCP regime in the battle for ending UNAMID Mandate 06/29 Government to appeal ruling ordering Bashir's arrest on ICC warrant 06/29 Britain, US say no UN exit from Darfur 06/29 WFP and IOM sign a memorandum of understanding to boost cooperation in Sudan 06/29 U.N. extends Darfur peacekeeping mission amid withdrawal calls 06/29 Security Council extends UN-African Union operation in Darfur for another year 06/29 UNSC extends UNAMID mandate for another year, dampens Sudan hope of troops drawdown 06/29 ICC prosecutor pleads for U.N. 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Africa considers pulling out of ICC after Bashir visit (+video) 06/25 Court critical of South Africa for letting al-Bashir leave 06/24 Sudan: Air Raid Kills Girl Near Fanga in Darfur's Jebel Marra 06/24 Al-Bashir: 'It was a cabinet decision' 06/24 African Union extends UNAMID mandate, calls to resume talks on exit strategy 06/24 Darfuris and human rights groups demand renewal of UNAMID 06/24 Darfuri Refugees in Chad 'Reassured' By Court Ruling for Bashir's Arrest 06/23 Al-Bashir: South Africa’s moment of glory and shame 06/23 Sudan’s ruling party in discussion with Darfur NLJP over government participation 06/23 Sudan: Country Mission to UN Regrets Statements of U.S Representative On Darfur 06/23 We can't abandon Darfur civilians, says US envoy 06/22 Sudan: 'Cook Collective Iftar for Displaced During Ramadan' - North Darfur Activist 06/22 S.Africa denies it hatched plan to protect Sudan’s Bashir 06/22 Remittance Companies Help to Build Somalia 06/22 Food Delayed in Bredjing Camp for Darfur in East Chad 06/22 South African govt agencies were prepared to arrest Sudan’s Bashir during AU summit: report 06/21 US calls to maintain Darfur peacekeeping mission 06/21 Sudan regrets remarks of the United States envoy to the UN about the situation in Darfur 06/21 JEM dissidents to hold extraordinary conference 06/20 Not the time to pull peacekeepers from Darfur -U.S. envoy 06/20 South Africa: Union Alleges Fresh Attack On Nigerians, Others in South Africa 06/19 Nigeria: Retrieved Explosives Kill 63 in Borno State 06/19 West Africa: Nigeria Pledges to End Proliferation of Small Arms in West Africa 06/19 Sudan: 40 Percent of Registered Newly Displaced in Darfur Received Aid - OCHA 06/19 Nigeria: Unknown Gunmen Kill Egba Chief in Ogun 06/19 Nigeria: Military Command Centre - Army Begins Installation of Hi-Tech Equipment, Infrastructure 06/19 DHQ - No Chadian Air Strikes Conducted in Nigeria 06/19 Defence Headquarters Says No Chadian Air Strikes Conducted in Nigeria 06/19 Huila - Landmines Situation Worrying 06/19 Sudan: Militia Cut Off Both Ears of a Man in Darfur Defending His Cattle 06/19 Ethiopia: 1st Historic Commemoration of Col. John C. Robinson 06/19 Sudan in the wake of Bashir's return 06/19 A Step Back for South Africa on the Rule of Law, Courtesy of Al-Bashir 06/19 Darfur’s SRAC criticizes statements by the RSF militia commander 06/19 Not the time to pull peacekeepers from Darfur: U.S. envoy 06/19 US urges UN not to reduce peacekeeping force in Darfur 06/19 The prosecution strategy that harms the ICC’s credibility the most? 06/18 Nigeria: Boko Haram - Military Command Centre in Maiduguri/Yola Operational in 21 Days 06/18 Darfuri Refugees in Chad 'Reassured' By Court Ruling for Bashir's Arrest 06/18 Kenyan President Says Troops Will Stay in Somalia 06/18 Africa: Travel of Sudanese President Bashir to South Africa 06/18 Adam: Blame ICC's credibility problem for al-Bashir's escape 06/18 Sudan summons British ambassador over UNAMID mandate renewal 06/18 AU Voices Disapproval of ICC While Bashir Escapes Arrest 06/18 ICC will fail in Africa because the West plays double standards 06/18 Activist urges Security Council’s unity over renewal of UNAMID mandate 06/18 Sudan: 'Five Wounded in Central Darfur Market Raid By Militia' - Witnesses 06/18 Africa: Al-Bashir Debunks Myth of Africa's Democratization 06/17 Sudan: SA Troops in Sudan Feared the Worst 06/17 NPR: Sudanese President Avoids Arrest In South Africa For War Crimes 06/17 Sudanese army repels attack by rebel faction in West Darfur: spokesperson 06/17 Darfur’s NLPJ to withdraw from Sudan’s federal cabinet 06/17 Why they dig al-Bashir 06/17 Khartoum, UN deny peacekeepers held hostage in Darfur 06/17 Sudan: Sudan Regains Control of Rokoro At the Cost of Civilian Lives 06/17 Bashir escape highlights the determination of African lawyers 06/17 ANC adds insult to Sudanese genocide 06/16 AU chief Robert Mugabe criticizes International Criminal Court after Sudan kerfuffle 06/16 Africa: Allowing Al-Bashir to Evade Justice Shows Total Disregard for the Law 06/16 AU head Mugabe says international court not wanted in Africa 06/16 Court gives S.Africa seven days to explain why it let Bashir go 06/16 ANC to dump ICC over Omar al-Bashir debacle: report 06/16 Bashir returns home to Khartoum, greeted by supporters 06/16 Sudan: 'Villages Shelled, Sudan Forces Killed in Central Darfur' - Rebels 06/16 SPB Caught Offside, Again 06/16 Canada Calls for Arrest of ICC-indicted Sudanese President Bashir 06/16 AU Head Mugabe: ICC Unwelcome in Africa 06/16 Another Zanu-PF Youth League Official Arrested 06/16 Sudan's Bashir flies out of S.Africa, defying court order 06/16 Mozambique: Renamo and Police Clash 06/16 Sudan: Unamid Organizes Horse Race for Peace in West Darfur 06/16 Sudan: Cluster Bombs Hit Homes in May 06/16


In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.