Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur See summary

Recent articles: Sudan: Soldiers Clash in Darfur - Seven Killed, 'Tensions High' 11/27 Sudan: Specialists and Experts Call On Rejecting Armed Movements to Join National Dialogue 11/27 Sudan: Khartoum, Rebels Accuse Each Other of Aid Delivery Abuse 11/27 Minnawi condemns death sentences on SLM members 11/27 SLM-Minnawi warns Khartoum against carrying out death sentences in its members 11/27 Sudan arrests opposition figures over new alliance : November 26, 2015, 11:36 am 11/26 Sudan detains opposition leader 11/26 18 Darfur rebels sentenced to death 11/26 Sudan security forces detain opposition leader 11/25 Sudanese gov’t accuses rebels of seeking to use ceasefire for political reasons 11/25 Sudan security arrests three opposition figures, alliance says 11/25 Consultations between the African Union and the State of Qatar on Peace and Security issues 11/25 Africa: Orange the World - United to End Violence Against Women 11/25 Bashir to skip China-Africa summit in South Africa 11/25 Sudan: Police, Judiciary Return to Kutum, North Darfur 11/24 Sudanese opposition to protest violence against Darfur students 11/24 Sudan peace talks in Addis break without deal 11/24 Sudanese army to raise the state of alert in war areas 11/24 Sudan: Head of Sudan's Delegation for Cessation of Hostilities in Darfur Expects Reaching an Agreement During Coming Two Days 11/24 Sudan: Peace Talks Suspended After Aid Delivery Deadlock 11/24 AUHIP suspends security talks, announces pre-dialogue meeting for December 11/23 Darfur Track: gov’t speaks about progress but rebels point to divergences 11/22 On the streets of Sudan: Dreaming of riches and apples 11/21 Sudan: Militiamen Scare Off Residents in North Darfur 11/20 Sudan: for first time in four years, UN relief agencies visit areas in Central Darfur 11/20 SPLM-N claims repelling fresh government attack in Blue Nile 11/20 Sudan's gov't expresses reservation on the mediation proposal for ceasefire in Darfur 11/20 Sudan: Malaria Prevails in South Darfur Camp 11/20 Sudan: for first time in four years, UN relief agencies visit areas in Central Darfur 11/19 Tears of the Desert: Survivor tales from Darfur genocide 11/19 Sudanese gov’t, rebels vow to reach cessation of hostilities deal 11/19 7+7 Mechanism - Two Delegations Leaving for Addis Ababa to Negotiate On Cease-Fire, Security Arrangements and Two Areas 11/19 Khartoum says ready for humanitarian deal with SPLM-N rebels 11/18 Government Delegation Arrives in Addis Ababa for Negotiations With Darfur Movements On Thursday 11/18 New UNAMID chief to visit Sudan on Thursday 11/18 Turkey in Africa - a Humanitarian Approach 11/17 Sudan: Mother and Son Die in Darfur Grenade Blast 11/17 Sudan’s security arrangements talks delayed for 24 hours 11/17 Sudan’s dialogue conference to propose postponement of Darfur referendum 11/17 Dengue fever kills 118, infects 381 people in Darfur 11/16 Turkey in Africa; A humanitarian approach in Africa 11/16 Sudanese government and rebel groups to meet Wednesday: AU 11/16 UAE warns its nationals against hunting in Sudan’s war areas 11/13 Ukrainian pilot kidnapped in West Darfur has been freed 11/12 Sudan: Sudanese Peace Talks to Restart in Addis On 18 November 11/11 Khartoum University of Quran set ablaze 11/11 SPLM-N is sticking to comprehensive solution :Arman 11/11 Sudan: African Union to Host Fresh Sudan Peace Talks in Addis Ababa 11/11 Addis Ababa meeting to discuss rebels participation in Sudan’s dialogue: official 11/11 Talks on cessation of hostilities in Sudan to be held on 18 to 19 November: AU 11/10 Two killed in clashes between farmers and herders in North Darfur 11/10 Sudan’s opposition NCF condemns recent ban travel against its delegation 11/09 Sudan: Bakri Informed On Security Situation in Darfur 11/09 North Darfur authorities work to contain whooping cough outbreak 11/08 Will Sudan's wanted president return to South Africa? 11/07 Sudan calls on Turkish companies to invest in petroleum industry 11/06 Sudanese authorities arrest two suspects over abduction of Ukrainian pilot 11/05 Sudan: 21 Killed, Injured in South Darfur Missile Attack 11/05 Sudanese, WHO officials inspect health situation in West Darfur 11/04 Sudan rejects extension of US sanctions for another year 11/04 Rwanda: Rwanda Peacekeepers Construct Youth Centres in Darfur 11/04 Sudan: 45,000 Orphans in South Darfur 11/03 Associated Press: Burma’s minorities fear USDP election victory – Denis D. 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In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.