Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur See summary

Recent articles:

sudantribune.com Minister propose to ban political activities in universities 06/28
allafrica.com Sudan: Farmers Driven-Off, Villagers Robbed in Tawila, North Darfur 06/28
sudantribune.com Sudanese court upholds death sentence against university student 06/28
sudantribune.com Unknown gunmen open fire at police station in North Darfur 06/28
sudantribune.com N. Darfur governor accuses unnamed parties of seeking to destabilize the region 06/27
allafrica.com Sudan: National Congress - Contacts On-Going With Rejecting Parties for Signing Roadmap 06/27
allafrica.com Sudan: Militiamen Attack Farmers in Gallab, North Darfur 06/26
allafrica.com Sudan: 'Death Penalty for Student a Crime' - Darfur Bar Association 06/26
sudantribune.com North Darfur government issues further decrees to enhance security 06/26
allafrica.com Sudan: Investigation Ordered Into North Darfur Police Station Attack 06/26
sudantribune.com North Darfur governor declares state of maximum readiness 06/25
sudantribune.com Sudan opposition parties expected to sign the Roadmap soon: Khartoum 06/25
sudantribune.com South Sudanese politician seeks to assist his country’s refugees in Sudan 06/24
allafrica.com Sudan: 23 Now Dead, 12 Wounded in West Darfur Clashes 06/24
allafrica.com Sudan: Ceasefire an Important Step Towards Ending the Fighting - U.S. 06/23
appablog.wordpress.com Statement attributable to the Spokesman for the Secretary-General on Sudan’s declaration of cessation of hostilities in Blue Nile and South Kordofan states 06/23
sudantribune.com Four gunmen sentenced to death and life imprisonment in South Darfur 06/23
allafrica.com Sudan: At Least Five Dead in Central Darfur 'Retaliatory Attack' 06/23
allafrica.com Sudan: Seven Dead, Six Wounded in West Darfur Herder Attack 06/23
foxnews.com Israel grants first refugee status to Sudanese asylum seeker 06/23
sudantribune.com Sudan’s dialogue welcomes international efforts to bring opposition on board 06/23
allafrica.com Sudan: 'Hungry' Darfur Displaced Call for Food Aid 06/22
allafrica.com Sudan: More Than 230,000 South Sudanese Refugees in the Country 06/22
allafrica.com Sudan: Govt Hosts Largest Number of South Sudanese Refugees 06/22
globalsecurity.org Government of Sudan's Declaration of a Cessation of Hostilities 06/22
un.org Welcoming Sudan’s cessation of hostilities, Ban urges ‘final peace’ through national dialogue 06/22
sudantribune.com Sudanese army orders troops to observe cessation of hostilities : spokesperson 06/22
sudantribune.com North Darfur governor acknowledges security problems 06/22
sudantribune.com South Darfur’s pharmacists strike to protest looting incidents 06/22
allafrica.com Sudan: African Union Welcomes Declaration of Four-Month Ceasefire 06/21
allafrica.com Sudan: Thirst in North Darfur's Zamzam Camp 06/21
sudantribune.com U.S. welcomes gov’t unilateral cessation of hostilities in Sudan’s Two Areas 06/21
sudantribune.com 18 people killed and injured after attacks in Central Darfur 06/21
sudantribune.com Darfur prosecutor completes investigations on IDPs killing 06/21
allafrica.com Sudan: Joint Civil Society Statement Regarding Sexual Violence in Conflict 06/20
allafrica.com Sudan: Two Killed in Air Raid On Darfur's Jebel Marra 06/20
appablog.wordpress.com Head of UNAMID meets with senior Government of Sudan officials 06/20
allafrica.com Sudan: Council of Darfur Peace Movements Welcomes Ceasefire Initiative 06/20
allafrica.com Sudan: Robbers Kill Man in North Darfur Capital 06/20
globalsecurity.org Sudan summons UNAMID's chief over mandate extension 06/20
sudantribune.com Sudan summons UNAMID’s chief over UN report on Darfur 06/19
sudantribune.com SPLM-N’s acceptance of peace roadmap essential to resume Two Areas talks : Khartoum 06/19
somalilandpress.com The ethical failure – Why I resigned from the UN-Anders Kompass 06/19
acjps.org 24 NGOS issue joint statement regarding Sexual Violence in Conflict in Sudan 06/19
sudantribune.com South Darfur holds its last tribal reconciliation conference 06/18
sudantribune.com South Darfur government buys 181 illegally smuggled vehicles: sources 06/18
allafrica.com Sudan: UXO Blast Kills Two East Darfur Children - Four Injured 06/17
sudantribune.com SPLM-IO says peace is priority not return to violence 06/17
huffingtonpost.com Poem Exposes The Gut-Wrenching Anonymity Of Child Brides 06/17
allafrica.com Sudan: Five Million Sudanese in Dire Need of Relief Aid - EU 06/17
thejakartapost.com Jo Cox remembered as tireless campaigner and aid worker  06/17
sudantribune.com Qatar’s Emir to visit Sudan in July 06/17
enoughproject.org Government of Sudan Continues Policies of Suffering in Darfur 06/16
hosted.ap.org Jo Cox remembered as tireless campaigner and aid worker 06/16
sudantribune.com Unknown gunmen kill security officer in North Darfur 06/16
allafrica.com Sudan: 'Little Progress On Solving Darfur Conflict, Extend UNAMID Mandate' - UN Chief Ladsous 06/15
allafrica.com Sudan: 'Little Progress' Made On Finding Viable Solution to Darfur Conflict - UN Peacekeeping Chief 06/15
appablog.wordpress.com EU supports WFP humanitarian activities in Sudan 06/15
sudantribune.com Sudanese government awaits outcome of international pressures on opposition: minister 06/15
stripes.com UN chief urges restraint after Ethiopia-Eritrea border clash 06/15
foxnews.com UN says 80,000 have fled fighting in Darfur's Jebel Marra 06/14
un.org 'Little progress' made on finding viable solution to Darfur conflict – UN peacekeeping chief 06/14
sudantribune.com Security forces and carjackers exchange heavy fire in S. Darfur’s Nyala 06/14
sudantribune.com Border Guard Forces to take part in illegal arms collection in Darfur: minister 06/14
allafrica.com Sudan: Ghandour Calls UN to Convince Armed Movements and Opposition to Join Peace Process 06/13
allafrica.com Sudan: Cooperation Between Sudan Police and UNAMID for Maintaining Security and Stability in Darfur Discussed 06/13
allafrica.com Sudan: UXO Explosion Kills Child in North Darfur Camp 06/13
allafrica.com Sudan: Air Raids in Jebel Marra, Darfur Claim Six Lives 06/13
appablog.wordpress.com Communiqué of the Peace and Security Council of the African Union (AU), at its 605th meeting on the situation in Darfur a nd the activities of the AU-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) 06/13
sudantribune.com “Sudan Call” meeting shrouded in mystery amid conflicting statements from its leaders 06/13
sudantribune.com Darfur Regional Authority officially dissolved 06/13
sudantribune.com Unknown gunmen storm a pharmacy in the capital of South Darfur 06/12
nation.co.ke Bensouda, Sudan envoy trade barbs over ICC 06/11
globalsecurity.org Justice for crimes committed in Darfur must not be sacrificed – ICC Prosecutor 06/10
allafrica.com Sudan: Bakri Renews Call On North Sector to Join Peace and Building Process 06/10
borglobe.com Ebola-Like Disease Outbreak Kills 10 in South Sudan, IRIN Says 06/10
allafrica.com Chad: Refugees in Chad Must Adapt or Starve 06/10
sudantribune.com “Sudan Call” to discuss joint position on African peace roadmap: SPLM-N 06/10
allafrica.com Sudan: Prosecutors Beaten By Troops in East Darfur Market 06/10
sudantribune.com UNAMID, Sudan police services form coordination mechanism 06/10
allafrica.com Sudan: Two Injured As Darfur Bus Driver Refuses to Pay 'Toll' 06/10
allafrica.com Sudan: Darfur Peace Document 'Not Open to Negotiation' 06/09
foxnews.com ICC prosecutor knocks Security Council over Sudan 06/09
nzherald.co.nz Winner of award honoring AP photographer accustomed to risk 06/09
un.org Justice for crimes committed in Darfur must not be sacrificed – ICC Prosecutor 06/09
irinnews.org Sudanese refugees in Chad must adapt or starve 06/09
sudantribune.com ’We’re all Darfurians’: Sudan’s protest movement makes bold return 06/09
sudantribune.com International inaction encourages Sudan’s Bashir to defy ICC: Bensouda 06/09
allafrica.com Sudan: Government - Doha Document for Peace in Darfur Is Not Subject for Revision and Repeated Negotiation 06/08
allafrica.com Sudan: Darfur's Rizeigat, Ma'aliya Tribes Sign Peace 06/08
allafrica.com Sudan: Tension in Kutum, North Darfur, As Clash Kills Four 06/07
sudantribune.com EU rapprochement with Khartoum does not serve peace in Sudan : PAX 06/07
sudantribune.com UNAMID's local staff protest over unpaid dues 06/07
sudantribune.com Sudan says Darfur peace document won’t be opened for negotiation 06/07
sudantribune.com Three military killed, four others injured in North Darfur 06/07
allafrica.com Sudan: Ramadan Message - UNAMID Head Calls for Peace in Darfur 06/06
allafrica.com Returnees From Chad, El Niño Impact 06/06
allafrica.com Sudan: 'Central Darfur Displaced Prevented From Returning to Homes' - Activist 06/06
allafrica.com Sudan: NUP, AUHIP Heads Discuss Darfur Roadmap 06/06
allafrica.com Sudan: Starvation As Less Than Half Receive Rations in North Darfur Camp 06/06

Summary

In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.