Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur See summary

Recent articles: GOING PLACES: New ‘Steak Out’ has a lot going for it 04/30 South Sudan: 32 kidnapped Ethiopian children recovered 04/30 Sudan: UN Secretary-General Laments Intensification of Fighting, Criminality in Darfur 04/29 Sudan: Rebels Announce Unilateral Ceasefire 04/29 Sudan: Insecurity in South Darfur Capital - One Man Killed, Gunfire 04/29 Nigeria: UN Appoints Nigerian to Lead Investigation Into S'Sudan Attack 04/29 Sudan: Hassabo Informs On All Situation of South Darfur State 04/29 Sudan: Council of Ministers Reviews Report of Vice - President On Incidents in East Darfur 04/29 South Sudan forms new coalition government of national unity 04/29 Frustration rises over American policies in South Sudan 04/28 Sudan: More Bombs Fall On Darfur's Jebel Marra 04/28 Sudan: Deadly RPG Attack in East Darfur Capital 04/28 Invisible, Forgotten, and Suffering: Darfuri Refugees in Eastern Chad 04/28 The Hill Op-ed: Obama’s Iran Playbook Gives Hope to Darfur 04/28 Sudan: Student Unrest Continues Across the Country 04/28 Sudan: South Darfur, Khartoum Students Detained, Injured 04/27 Sudan: Referendum Outcome Dissolves Darfur Authority 04/27 Secretary-General appoints Abiodun O. Bashua of Nigeria to lead the Special Investigation into the Malakal incident in South Sudan 04/27 Nigeria: Ban Ki Moon Appoints Nigerian to Lead UN Investigation in South Sudan 04/27 Countering Violent Extremism: The Horn of Africa 04/27 Sudan: Killing of Two Students Sparks Protest in South Darfur Camp 04/27 Sudan: Bombing in Darfur's Western Jebel Marra Continues 04/27 Why are people fleeing to Darfur? And other questions from Africa's refugee crisis. 04/27 Khalwas help Sudanese learn Quran, eradicate illiteracy 04/27 Nigerian appointed in UN mission attack probe 04/27 Sudan: OCHA - Surge of South Sudanese Fleeing to East Darfur 04/26 Sudan: Flawed but Crucial - Govt Pushes for UN's Peace Force to Leave Darfur 04/26 Darfur rebel group warns against executing one of its commanders 04/26 Why Africa Needs a Strong Community of Activists 04/26 Two women killed by rocket targeting East Darfur governor residence 04/26 South Sudanese refugees continues to arrive in Darfur 04/25 Darfur referendum results are nothing but foregone conclusion 04/25 Darfur votes to retain multi-state system 04/25 George Clooney on how he uses fame to get support for underprivileged 04/25 Sudan: Darfur Votes to Keep Five-State System 04/25 Sudan: Commission - '30,000 Weapons in South and West Darfur Civilian Hands' 04/25 Sudan: MSF - Malnutrition, Sexual Violence Cases in Darfur's Sortony Camp 04/25 Sudan: Teenage Girl Abducted in North Darfur Militia Attack 04/25 Darfur regional body term wouldn’t be extended: official 04/25 Sudan: Over 30,000 Pieces of Unlicensed Firearms Registered in Darfur 04/25 Two IDPs killed in South Darfur camp 04/25 Sudan’s Bashir invited to attend Djiboutian president inauguration 04/25 Sissi’s party recognizes Darfur referendum outcome 04/24 Darfur votes against reunification of five states into one entity 04/24 Darfur votes for five-state status quo 04/24 Darfur Votes to Keep Five-State System 04/24 Sudan's Darfur votes to keep current multi-state system -referendum commission 04/23 Darfur votes to retain state system 04/23 Sudan's Darfur Votes to Maintain Multi-State System in the Region 04/23 97% of Darfurians voted for the current administrative status: DRC 04/23 UN expert assesses human rights and security situation in N. Darfur 04/23 Sudan: 61,000 IDPs in danger, Sortoni camp 04/22 SLM-Minnawi fighters clash with Sudanese forces in North Darfur : spokesperson 04/21 Rebels ties with South Sudan prevent them from peace: official 04/21 Sudan: Wali of North Darfur - Situation in East Darfur Under Full Control 04/20 Sudan: More Jebel Marra Displaced Arrive in South Darfur 04/20 Sudan: East Darfur Tensions - Six Killed, Governor's House Torched 04/20 Sudan: UN, AU Delegation Meet Nort Darfur Governor 04/20 JEM-Dabajo calls for international intervention to release its prisoners 04/20 UNAMID expresses concern over recent violence in East Darfur 04/20 Sudan briefs European diplomats on peace roadmap and Darfur referendum. 04/20 UNAMID calls for restraint over recent violence in East Darfur 04/20 Africa: Foreign Ministry Informs African Ambassadors On Darfur Administrative Referendum and Road-Map Document 04/20 Sudan: Germany Reaffirms Support for National Dialogue, Promises Encouragement Signing of Those Reject to Sign Road Map 04/20 Sudan: 13 Die in East Darfur Tribal Clash 04/19 Sudan: Shelling, Pillage, Rape in North Darfur Raids 04/19 Sudan: FVP - People of Darfur Foiled Big International Plot 04/19 Sudan: Qatari Charge d'Affaires Affirms Keenness of His Country to Support Peace Efforts in Darfur 04/19 Sudan: Displaced Boy Scores Top Marks in North Darfur Exams 04/19 UN human rights expert discusses press freedom in Sudan 04/19 Sudan: New Reports of Jebel Marra Families in Central, South Darfur 04/18 Over 1400 IDPs arrive in South Darfur camps 04/18 Gunmen kill three guards, burn East Darfur governor house 04/18 Sudan’s FVP: disarmament will boost security in Darfur 04/18 U.S. should impose modernized sanctions on Sudan: group 04/17 UNAMID’s exit strategy team to resume its meetings on Monday 04/17 SPLM-N claims shooting down Sudanese chopper in S Kordofan 04/17 South Africa: SA Soldiers Not Stranded in Sudan - SANDF 04/15 UN expert arrives in Khartoum, visits Sudan’s dialogue exposition 04/14 Sudan: Extensive Aerial Bombardment On Darfur's Jebel Marra 04/14 Sudan: Darfur - Rebels Remain Defiant After Loss of Sorrong 04/14 We need planes for our brave troops, not for Zuma 04/14 Gunmen kidnap Coptic priest in South Darfur’s Nyala 04/14 Sudan concludes Darfur referendum amid opposition boycott 04/14 Sudan: Referendum Demonstrators Detained in Khartoum 04/13 Africa: Africa's Threat Over ICC Is Not Sincere 04/13 Sudan: Political Progress to End Darfur Conflict 'Remains Elusive' - UN Peacekeeping Chief 04/13 Looking for UN's Next Chief: Candidates Take Part in Open Hustings Event 04/13 Nigeria: 'Nigeria Risks Going Darfur, Rwanda Way' 04/13 Sudan: Two Darfur Referendum Monitors Beaten 04/13 Darfur rebels say still controlling Jebel Marra area 04/13 Sudan concludes Darfur referendum amid opposition boycott 04/13 Darfur Votes in Referendum Amid Boycott 04/12 Sudan: (7+7) Mechanism Reveals Return of Armed Movements to West Darfur to Participate in Dialogue 04/12 Africa: Enough Project Condemns 'Smokescreen' Referendum On Darfur 04/12 Sudan: Credibility of Darfur Referendum in Doubt 04/12 Sudan: Army Claims Victory in Sarrong, Jebel Marra 04/12 U.N. Panel of Experts Reveals Gold Smuggling and Cluster Bombs in Darfur 04/12 Sudan – Darfur (12.04.16) 04/12 Sudanese army seizes last rebel stronghold in Jebel Marra 04/12


In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.