Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur See summary

Recent articles: Sudan: Extreme Weather Causes Damage, Tensions in Sudan 10/05 This World Teachers’ Day: Support Darfuri Refugee Educators 10/05 S.Africa seeks more time from ICC to explain Bashir saga 10/05 South Africa asks ICC for more time to explain non-arrest of Bashir 10/05 Readout of the Secretary-General’s meeting with H.E. 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She Is Dead.' 09/10 Sudan: Background - Who Are the Rapid Support Forces in Sudan? 09/10 Sudan Denies Rape and Torture Report 09/10 Sudan: 'RSF Committed Horrific Crimes Against Civilians in Darfur' 09/10 Sudan: Special Force Rampages in Darfur 09/10 Unknown gunmen kill two humanitarian worker in West Darfur 09/10 Darfur: UN humanitarian officials deplore fatal attack on health workers 09/10 Rights group: Sudanese forces committed mass rape 09/10 Sudan summons UK ambassador over newspaper interview 09/10 Sudan: Govt Forces Carried Out Mass Rapes, Killings in Darfur - Rights Group 09/10 Sudan summons British ambassador over newspaper interview 09/10 Government militia guilty of atrocities in Darfur: rights group 09/09 Rights group: Sudanese forces committed mass rape; women attacked in hospital rooms 09/09 South Africa: The Judiciary and the Executive - At Peace, for Now 09/09 Sudan govt militia carried out Darfur rape, killing 'sprees': HRW 09/09 Report Details New Atrocities in Darfur by Sudanese Force 09/09 HRW urges African Union and United Nations to protect civilians in Darfur 09/09 Sudan grants China gas production franchise in four zones 09/08 Sudan: War Keeps 3 Million Children From School - UNICEF 09/08 Sudan’s Bashir reiterates his commitment to end rebellion by 2016 09/08 ICC to S/Africa: Explain failure to arrest Bashir 09/08 Warring tribes in South Darfur agree to cease hostilities 09/08 ICC Asks South Africa to Explain Failure to Arrest Bashir 09/07 Sudan: UN Humanitarian Air Service in Dire Need of Funds to Continue Life-Saving Work in Sudan - UN Agency 09/07 Sudan’s inflation rate moves closer to single digit figures 09/07 WFP calls on donors to support its air service in Darfur 09/06 South Darfur to lift state of emergency in three months: Governor 09/06 Bashir urges Museveni to convince rebels to join Sudan’s dialogue process 08/10 Abu Garda steps up criticism of embattled DRA chief 08/10 Reno Omokri Breaks Silence, Wants "Baby Factories" Allowed 08/10 Africa: Leaders to Adopt Sustainable Development Agenda 08/10 Local Health Worker Killed Near Bossangoa 08/10


In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.