Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur See summary

Recent articles: Sudan: Four Children Die in Explosions, West Darfur 09/01 Sudan: Hundreds Killed in Darfur Clashes 09/01 Gunmen kill teacher, cut off his head in Kutum, North Darfur 09/01 Woman killed, four others injured in East and South Darfur 08/31 Sudan: Rebel SLM-MM Agreed to Engage in Dialogue With the Government - Official 08/31 Herders killed in armed robbery in Darfur’s East Jebel Marra 08/31 Gimir gold miners captured at Sudan-Chad border 08/31 Sudan’s rebel SLM-MM agree to engage in dialogue with the government: official 08/30 Sudan’s RNM, LJM call for release of political detainees 08/30 Security Council Extends Unamid Mandate 08/29 14, 000 Tree Planting 'Parks' Set Up After Meles 08/29 Sudan: Sudan Says Suspected Ebola Patient Died of Aids 08/29 DRA launches reconciliation initiative to end Rizeigat and Ma’alia feud 08/29 EU launches new education projects in Sudan 08/28 Security Council Extends Unamid Mandate for Another Year 08/28 Security Council extends UNAMID mandate, calls for revised focus 08/28 Sudan: Um Dukhun Commissioner Visits UNAMID Office in Zalingei 08/28 Sudan: Govt to Begin Implementation of Security Arrangement With Ex-Darfur Rebels 08/27 Darfur: Security Council extends African Union-UN mission for 10 more months 08/27 Ex-Janjaweed leader accuses North Darfur governor of fuelling tribal conflicts. 08/27 International Medical Corps Calls for Increased Humanitarian Support in Chad 08/27 Sudanese army denies involvement in tribal clashes in East Darfur 08/27 Sudan to begin implementation of security arrangement with ex-Darfur rebels 08/26 NISS pledges to secure Sudan's 2015 elections 08/26 Displaced robbed in Nierteti, Central Darfur 08/26 West Darfur camp inundated as water reservoir collapses 08/25 Condom for goats in use - Kenya 08/25 Head of UNAMID addresses launch of Doha Document security arrangements in El Fasher 08/25 Gunmen rape 8 women in South Darfur state 08/25 Herders release livestock on Darfur farmlands 08/24 LJM accuses government troops of involvement in tribal clashes in East Darfur 08/24 Sudanese official meets with opposition figure in Germany 08/24 Rwanda: Reconsider Conflict Intervention Models, Says Genocide Scholar 08/24 Sudan: Darfur Displaced Reject National Dialogue 08/22 Sudan: Unamid Head Engages Government, Displaced Leaders in South Darfur to Defuse Tension 08/22 Sudan: Forces Deployed in East Darfur to Curb New Tribal Clashes 08/22 INTERVIEW: Sudan says peace in conflict zones could be reached through national dialogue process 08/22 Sudan’s PCP and RNP say national dialogue process seeks to achieve real change 08/22 Sudan: UN Should End Silence On Rights Abuses in Darfur 08/22 Sudan: Unamid Concerned About Security Raids in South Darfur, Takes Mitigating Measures 08/22 Sudan: Red Cross Absent in Sudan - Darfur Rebels Hand Captives to Families 08/21 Deadly ethnic clashes in Darfur 08/21 South Sudan: Fresh Tribal Clashes Erupt in East Darfur 08/21 Sudan: Hundreds Killed in Ma'aliya, Rizeigat Fighting in East Darfur 08/21 63 dead in Sudanese groups clashes 08/21 Egyptian Blue Berets to Be Sent to Central African Republic, Mali, Darfur 08/21 Sudan: Northern State districts demand electricity 08/21 Darfur displaced reject Sudan’s National Dialogue 08/21 Darfur: UN Should End Silence on Rights Abuses 08/21 Sudan: Paramilitary Troops Kill University Student in North Darfur 08/21 ‘Court for Serious Crimes unconstitutional’: Darfur Bar 08/20 Scores killed as Arab tribes clash in Darfur 08/20 UN housing stops for Sudanese Unamid staff in North Darfur’s capital 08/20 Fresh tribal clashes erupt in East Darfur 08/20 China sends peacekeeping troops to Darfur 08/19 Sudan: Catchment Management to Support Livelihoods and Peace in North Darfur 08/19 Gunmen kill, injure displaced in Darfur 08/18 Torrents destroy 1,196 homes, six schools in North Darfur’s El Sareif 08/18 Sudan: 47 Die in Fierce Ma'aliya, Rizeigat Clashes in East Darfur 08/18 New oilfield in North Darfur to go into production soon: governor 08/18 Sudanese presidency directs to end tribal fighting in West Kordofan 08/18 Sudan: North Darfur Citizens Praise Paris Declaration 08/17 Sudan: Final Two Sudan Rebel Groups Sign Landmine Ban 08/17 Sudan: Sudan's NCP Says Jealousy Motivated Al-Mahdi's Deal With SRF 08/17 Sudan: Eight Die in Darfur Clashes 08/17 8 killed in renewed tribal clashes in East Darfur 08/16 'Darfur: The Genocide the World Got Tired of' 08/16 Sudan: Floods Leave 142,000 People in Darfur, Sudan Without Shelter 08/16 Sudan: Militiamen Kill One, Rape Two, Surround North Darfur Camp 08/16 Heavy Battle in Mogadishu, As NISA and Amisom Forces Target Well-Armed Politicians 08/15 South Sudan: Military Raid On South Darfur's Kalma Camp - UNAMID Measures 'To Mitigate Impact' 08/15 Sudan: Concerned By Raids On Darfur Camps, UN-African Union Mission Takes Mitigating Measures 08/15 Sudan: Tribal Conflicts Hamper East Darfur State Govt. Formation 08/15 Sudan: Scores Killed in Heavy Flooding 08/14 Man killed, students assaulted, women raped in Kutum, North Darfur 08/14 Tribal conflicts hamper East Darfur State govt. formation 08/14 UN: Concerned by security raids on Darfur camps 08/14 Concerned by security raids on Darfur camps, UN-African Union mission takes mitigating measures 08/14 Darfur rebels attack military base, Sudan's army calls for dialogue 08/13 New rebel group to target East Darfur State govt. 08/13 77 people killed, 227 injured in heavy flooding across Sudan 08/13 ‘Boko Haram still a huge threat’ 08/12 Brazen Assault Caught on Camera As Security Council Debates Darfur Peacekeeping Mission 08/12 Sudan: UN Team to Investigate Allegations of UNAMID 'Cover-Up' - Chambas 08/12 Sudan: Inter-Communal Violence, Banditry in Darfur Threaten Civilians - African Union-UN Envoy 08/12 Sudan downplays investigation on allegations of UNAMID “cover-up” 08/12 Senior Sudan opposition figure held after deal with rebels 08/12 Sudan: 'UN Investigation Team to Arrive in Darfur Within Weeks' - Unamid Head 08/12 Sudan’s NCP confirms detention of opposition senior official 08/12 Sudan: Seven Children Die of Diarrhoea in Central Darfur 08/11 Egypt: Israel to Cut Off Cairo Truce Talks Under Fire - Netanyahu 08/11 Sudan's Bashir undergoes second knee operation 08/11 Three sisters gang-raped in North Darfur 08/11 In pictures: Darfur refugees then and now 08/11 Inter-communal violence, banditry in Darfur threaten civilians – African Union-UN envoy 08/11 UN team to investigate allegations of UNAMID “cover-up” : Chambas 08/11 Gunmen kill passenger on highway linking North and South Darfur states 08/10 ‘North Darfur’s capital one large pool’: residents 08/10 Call for release abducted Zaghawa in North Darfur 08/10 US and genocide: Who gets bombed, who gets saved? 08/10


In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.