Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur See summary

Recent articles:

allafrica.com Sudan-Chad Forces Move in As Abducted Frenchman Sighted in West Darfur 03/29
hrw.org Jordan: Arrest Sudan’s Bashir 03/28
foxnews.com Sudan president, sought by ICC, welcomed by Jordan's king 03/28
sudantribune.com Sudan’s attorney general issues decision to release rights defender 03/28
un.org Children suffer grave violations in Sudan’s conflict – UN reports 03/27
sudantribune.com Senior British delegation to arrive in Khartoum for bilateral talks 03/27
nation.co.ke Hassan Omar Bashir to attend Arab summit, says minister 03/27
nzherald.co.nz Sudan's al-Bashir to attend Jordan summit despite warrant 03/27
allafrica.com Sudan: East Darfur - Sixteen Killed in Militia-Army Clash 03/27
allafrica.com Chadian Forces Killed in Central Darfur 03/27
sudantribune.com Burkina Faso pulls out of UNAMID in Darfur: FM 03/27
monitor.co.ug HRW asks Jordan to arrest Sudan's Bashir 03/26
tribune.com.pk HRW urges Jordan to deny entry or arrest Sudan’s Bashir 03/26
dw.com HRW urges Jordan to arrest or deny entry to Sudan's Bashir 03/26
hrw.org Jordan: Bar Entry or Arrest Sudan’s Bashir 03/26
nation.co.ke Sudan, Saudi to hold first joint air force drill 03/26
sudantribune.com Sudan affirms al-Bashir’s participation in Arab summit despite calls for his arrest 03/26
sudantribune.com Sudan, Chad and France making efforts to free French hostage in Darfur: FM 03/26
modernghana.com Sudan's Bashir to attend Arab summit: minister 03/26
allafrica.com Sudan: Darfur - Children's Legs Amputated After Deadly Traffic Accident 03/25
sudantribune.com Policeman killed, 6 injured by unknown gunmen in East Darfur 03/25
sudantribune.com South Sudan denies obstructing humanitarian access 03/24
voanews.com Sudan's New Post in Chemical Weapons Organization Draws Criticism 03/24
sudantribune.com Merchant abducted by unknown gunmen in North Darfur 03/24
allafrica.com Sudan: Education Deteriorating in North Darfur Camp 03/24
af.reuters.com UPDATE 3-Frenchman kidnapped near Chad border with Sudan's Darfur 03/23
nation.co.ke French national abducted in Chad 03/23
allafrica.com Sudan: Explosion Near North Darfur Capital Wounds Seven 03/21
sudantribune.com One killed, four injured in shooting incident in North Darfur 03/19
allafrica.com Sudan: SPLM-N Head - 'Are Chemical Weapons Allegations Being Ignored in Sudan?' 03/17
allafrica.com Sudan: 'Darfur Farmer Killed By Soldiers" - MP 03/17
allafrica.com Sudan: Hassabo Informed On Overall Situation in North Darfur State 03/17
sudantribune.com Sudan Call urges opposition unity, renews commitment to African roadmap 03/17
allafrica.com Sudan: Army Ambulance Hijacked in Darfur's Jebel Marra 03/17
thejakartapost.com Troops return from rollercoaster peace mission in Darfur 03/17
sudantribune.com Amnesty decries Sudan appointment to OPCW executive body 03/17
allafrica.com Sudan: Mahmoud - War in Blue Nile and Darfur Was Over 03/16
allafrica.com Sudan: Expired Pills Cause Concern in South Darfur Camp 03/16
sudantribune.com SPLM-N slams Sudan election as OPCW deputy-chairman 03/16
allafrica.com Session of Sudanese - European Talks Held in Khartoum 03/15
sudantribune.com 55,000 children suffer from malnutrition in South Darfur 03/15
appablog.wordpress.com UNAMID welcomes Presidential decree pardoning members of Darfuri armed movements 03/15
sudantribune.com Sudan: Recent release of political prisoners shouldn’t fool anyone 03/14
hrw.org Sudan’s New Image Can’t Disguise Harsh Reality 03/14
sudantribune.com Sudan, EU hold “clear and candid” discussions in Khartoum 03/14
allafrica.com Sudan: Presidential Amnesty Praised in View of Peace Talks 03/13
allafrica.com Sudan: Insecurity Grows At Hands of Militias - Kutum Residents, North Darfur 03/13
sudantribune.com Measles and diarrhoea outbreak plagues IDPs and refugees in N. Darfur 03/13
sudantribune.com Pows release paves the way for peace process: JEM leader 03/12
sudantribune.com AU chairperson welcomes POWs by Sudan and SPLM-N 03/12
sudantribune.com SPLM-N welcomes pardoning of Darfur POWs, calls for release of all prisoners 03/10
allafrica.com Sudan: Sheikh Musa Hilal - National Dialogues the Only Way Out From Crisis 03/10
sudantribune.com British government grants $2.5m for South Sudanese refugees in Sudan 03/09
sudantribune.com Sudanese rebels praise Ugandan president for the release of their POWs 03/09
theeastafrican.co.ke Nile Basin countries building bridges over Ethiopian dam, to calm tensions 03/09
allafrica.com Sudan: Sudan Calls On International Community to Support Its Endeavors to Complete Peace Process 03/09
allafrica.com Sudan: £2 Million UK Grant for South Sudanese Refugee Response in Sudan 03/08
allafrica.com Sudan: Sudan Chemical Warfare Killed Hundreds 03/08
aljazeera.com Sudan's Omar al-Bashir pardons 259 rebels 03/08
sudantribune.com Sudanese president pardons 259 convicts from Darfur armed movements 03/08
allafrica.com Sudan: Market Raided After Militiamen Clash in Central Darfur Capital 03/07
nation.co.ke Sudan expresses 'deep regret’ over new US travel ban as Iran hits back 03/07
allafrica.com Sudan: Commission, Qatar Ministers Discuss Darfur Peace File 03/07
allafrica.com Sudan: Smuggled Weapons Seized in Large North Darfur Operation 03/07
allafrica.com Sudan: Breakaway Rebel Leader Returns to Sudan Capital 03/07
appablog.wordpress.com 12th Meeting of the Implementation Follow-Up Commission of the Doha Document convenes in Khartoum 03/06
modernghana.com 'Shameful' if Darfur chemical attacks left unprobed: Amnesty 03/06
telegraph.co.uk Don Cheadle claims Donald Trump used the 'n-word' on the golf course 03/06
sudantribune.com Chad vows to continue efforts to convince Darfur rebels to join peace process 03/06
allafrica.com Sudan: Families Who Fled Jebel Marra Clashes Face Food Shortage 03/06
thejakartapost.com Stranded Indonesian police unit returns from Darfur 03/06
sudantribune.com Qatari mediator says any new peace agreement can be added to Doha document 03/06
sudantribune.com Sudanese families concerned by continued detention of their daughters 03/05
sudantribune.com Humanitarian and early recovery activities begin in Jebel Marra’s Golo 03/03
allafrica.com Sudan: UNAMID Campaigns Against Recruiting Child Soldiers in West Darfur Camp 03/02
pambazuka.org Sudan’s war criminal: Lessons on how to get away with murder 03/02
sudantribune.com International Community keeps Bashir in power 03/02
allafrica.com Sudan: German Representative Visits South Darfur 'For First-Hand Info' 03/01
allafrica.com Sudan: Sudan's V-P Praises Steps to Collect Weapons, Legalise Vehicles in Darfur 03/01
allafrica.com Sudan: South Darfur Transfers School Exams From Unsafe Jebel Marra 02/28
sudantribune.com SLM-MM calls to arrest Sudanese officials indicted by the ICC 02/28
enoughproject.org Is the Sudan-Saudi Arabia Alliance Paying Off? 02/27
allafrica.com Sudan: UNAMID Hands Over School, Materials in West Darfur 02/27
sudantribune.com UNAMID’s former workers resume protests over unpaid benefits 02/26
sudantribune.com Over 30,000 S. Sudanese entered Sudan in 2017, says UNHCR 02/26
sudantribune.com South Darfur transports Jebel Marra pupils to safe areas for examinations 02/25
allafrica.com Sudan: South Darfur Teachers Threaten With Strike 02/25
allafrica.com Sudan: 600 Homeless After East Darfur Camp Blaze 02/24
appablog.wordpress.com United Nations Independent Expert Calls on Sudan to Protect the Rights of Civilians in Darfur 02/23
monitor.co.ug South African court slaps down bid to leave ICC 02/22
nzherald.co.nz South African court rules against ICC withdrawal 02/22
allafrica.com Sudan: Insecurity, Lack of Education Harm Darfur's Sortony Camp 02/21
allafrica.com Sudan: FVP Briefed On Situations in N. Darfur State 02/21
sudantribune.com Darfur group joins Sudan’s national dialogue document 02/21
allafrica.com Sudan: About 80,000 People Returned to Umm Dukhun Locality, Central Darfur, Between 2014 and 2016 02/20
allafrica.com Sudan: 14,000 Displaced Given Days to Vacate South Darfur Camp 02/20
allafrica.com Sudan: Central Darfur Police Disperse Demo At UNAMID Base 02/20
allafrica.com Sudan: Clamp-Down in North Darfur Capital Following Militia-Army Clash 02/20
allafrica.com Sudan: Deadline to Vacate South Darfur Camp Centre Extended By Two Weeks 02/20
allafrica.com Sudan: South Darfur Displaced Deny Governor's Report On Mass Return 02/20

Summary

In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.