Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur See summary

Recent articles: Sudan hosts more than 300,000 South Sudanese refugees: UN 02/18 Sudan: Now 300k+ South Sudanese Refugees in Sudan - UNHCR 02/17 Sudan: North Darfur Issues a Statement On Recent Security Events in Fashir 02/17 Sudan: 22 Shelters Consumed By South Darfur Camp Blaze 02/17 Darfur breakaway faction complains about slow implementation of peace deal 02/17 Sudan: North Darfur Capital Tense As Army, Militias Clash 02/17 Sudanese army officer slain in El- Fasher 02/16 President al-Bashir, UN official discuss humanitarian challenges in Sudan 02/16 UNICEF launches $110 mn appeal for Sudan children 02/15 Video: Asylum seekers in limbo at Israel-Egypt border fence 02/15 Sudan: WFP Reviews Food Rations in South Darfur Camps 02/14 Unknown gunmen kill woman in North Darfur 02/14 Sudan’s mineral minister pays rare visit to N. Darfur gold mines 02/13 Homes Devoured by Flames in Darfur, Eastern Chad 02/13 Global pariah 02/13 Sudan: 'Situation in Darfur Improved' - EU Diplomat 02/12 Aid groups launch health care operation in Darfur’s Jebel Marra 02/12 Sudan: South Darfur Announces 2017-2019 Development Plan 02/12 UN expert vows to raise situation of detained Sudanese activists 02/12 Sudan: Spokesman for the Rapid Support Forces - Our Forces Played a Major Role in Security and Stability in Darfur 02/09 Sudan: Darfuri Parties and Movements - Darfur Safe and Free of Any Rebellion 02/09 EU envoys, North Darfur officials discuss post conflict and recovery plans 02/09 Sudan: UN Independent Expert to follow up on recommendations by the UN human rights system 02/08 Militias of Bashir’s Regime and the Proxy War (1) 02/08 Security Council urges unfettered access to Darfur experts, considers sanctions on rebels 02/08 Sudan: Rebels Deny Sudan's RSF Claims 02/08 European Union Ambassador meets Ghandour and announces that the EU Ambassadors will visit West and North Darfur 02/07 Sudan: Hassabo Arrives in Al-Fasher to Attend Celebrations Marking First Anniversary for Martyrdom of Sultan Ali Dinar 02/07 Sudan: RSF - 'Darfur Free of Rebels, Except Jebel Marra Top' 02/07 European Union Ambassador meets Ghandour and announces that the EU Ambassadors will visit West and North Darfur 02/07 Sudan: SRF - 'Darfur Free of Rebels, Except Jebel Marra Top' 02/06 Sudan president accuses Egypt of backing opponents 02/06 Sudan president accuses Egypt of backing opponents 02/05 Sudan: Darfur Protest Spreads After Teachers Raped 02/05 Darfur rebels are only at the top of Jebel Marra : RSF say 02/04 The Peacemakers of Darfur: ‘We Are Your Aunties, and We Are Coming for Mediation’ 02/04 Sudan: Soldiers, Locals Ambushed - Four Dead in North Darfur 02/03 Cattle raiders kill three military in North Darfur’s Tawila 02/03 Darfur groups welcome new African Union Commission chairperson Moussa Faki 02/03 Sudan: Darfur - UNAMID Welcomes JEM Order Against Child Soldiers 02/02 UNAMID welcomes JEM’s Command Order prohibiting recruitment of child soldiers 02/01 Sudan releases British filmmaker captured in Darfur 02/01 African Union backs plan for ICC withdrawal 02/01 Sudan: Militiamen Assault Displaced Woman in North Darfur 01/31 Nigeria: Sudan to Support Nigeria Combat Terrorism 01/27 Sudan: South Darfur Displaced Decry 'Bussed-In' New Settlers 01/26 Sudan opposition leader Mahdi returns from exile 01/26 Sudan opposition chief Mahdi to return from exile: party 01/26 Sudan authorizes humanitarian and medical assistance to Jebel Marra areas 01/26 Indonesian team to arrive in Khartoum to follow probe on alleged gun smuggling 01/25 Assistant of President Hails Efforts of Qatar and Chad for Realizing Peace in Darfur 01/24 Indonesia probes alleged gun smuggling by peacekeeping unit 01/24 Indonesia investigates whether its peacekeepers smuggled guns out of Sudan 01/24 Sudan: Two Displaced Hit By Police Car in South Darfur Camp 01/24 Sudan: Indonesian UNAMID Police Deny Smuggling Arms From Darfur 01/24 Sudan: New Signatory to Darfur Peace File in Qatar Capital 01/24 Wanted: A New Chapter In U.S.-Sudan Relations 01/24 Sudan: Abul-Gasim Imam Affirms His Movement's Commitment to National Dialogue Outcome 01/24 Sudan's RSF arrests 64 illegal migrants near Libyan border 01/24 Indonesia denies peacekeepers tried to leave Sudan with arms 01/24 Sudan: Darfur Slm Denies News of Another Breakaway Group 01/23 Sudan: Government to Sign Peace Deal With Slm-New Revolution in Doha Monday 01/23 Sudanese gov’t, Darfur group sign peace agreement in Doha 01/23 Sudan: North Darfur Capital 'Crammed With Cars From Libya' 01/22 UNAMID’s local workers renew protests over unpaid benefits 01/22 Sudan’s SRF re-appoints Agar as chairman 01/22 AU welcomes US move to lift sanctions against Sudan 01/22 $167m needed for S. Sudan refugees in Sudan: UNHCR 01/22 Security Council to hold consultations on S. Sudan on Monday 01/22 Darfuri splinter group signs peace agreement with Sudanese government 01/21 Civil Lawsuit On Behalf Of Sudanese Victims Brought Against BNP Paribas In U.S. Federal District Court 01/21 Sudan’s police arrest UNAMID peacekeepers accused of smuggling weapons 01/20 African Union to verify Juba is no longer harbouring Sudanese rebels 01/20 Sudanese government, Darfur group to sign peace deal next week 01/19 Sudanese government says rebel group to sign Darfur peace pact 01/19 Indonesia to send 140 personnel for peacekeeping mission in Sudan 01/19 Sudan: Draft Bill to Give Sudanese President Sway Over RSF Militia 01/19 Soldiers won’t fight back, Gambian army chief says 01/19 Sudan’s al-Mahdi vows no bilateral agreement with al-Bashir regime 01/18 For Sudan, Breaking Ties with Its Radical Past Is a ‘Delicate Balancing Act’ 01/18 Sudan: Resumption of Darfur Internal Dialogue in 8 Localities 01/17 United States Lifting Select Sanctions on Sudan 01/16 Darfur rebel groups retreat to Libya, South Sudan: UN report 01/16 Sudanese parliament passes RSF Act integrating militiamen in the army 01/16 Sudan: 'Sudan Govt. Declares Ceasefire to Appease U.S.' - Opposition 01/16 Sudan: Easing Sanctions - Lifeline for Bashir or Catalyst for Change? 01/16 Sudan Sanctions: Obama, You've Been Played, Advantage Bashir 01/16 Sudan: Darfur's Jebel Marra Hit By Disease, Displaced Need Winter Aid 01/16 Sudan: Displaced Contradict Sudanese Envoy's Statement to UN 01/16 Sudan: Darfur Rebel Movement Welcomes New UNAMID Head 01/16 Obama’s promises and pledges for Darfur went unheeded with lifting sanctions 01/15 Sudan Extends Cease-fire by Six Months 01/15 Sudan extends ceasefire in 3 conflict areas 01/15 Sudanese government extends ceasefire for six months 01/15 Sudan: Obama Lifts 20-Year Sanctions On Sudan 01/14 Move to lift Sudan sanctions came after Trump approval, months of talks 01/14 JEM welcomes appointment of new UNAMID chief 01/14 Sudan: Obama's Premature 'Easing' of Sanctions On Sudan 01/14 United States Lifting Select Sanctions on Sudan 01/14 Sudan: US Set to Lift Some Sanctions Against Sudan 01/13


In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.