Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur See summary

Recent articles: UN expert urges Sudan to investigate mass rape allegations in Darfur 05/24 Sudan: Students Attacked Inside University in Khartoum 05/23 JEM acknowledges defection of two rebel commanders 05/23 UN urges Sudan to halt Darfur violations 05/22 UN rights experts urges Sudan to fight impunity and release detainees 05/21 Sudanese official makes his first public trip abroad since ICC warrant 05/20 SUDAN: It Was Bad, Then It Got Worse 05/18 Sudan: Displaced People in West Darfur Beaten or Kidnapped By Militamen 05/18 Sudan’s Supreme Court approves general elections results 05/17 Sudanese government approves strategy to end tribal fighting in East Darfur 05/17 Sudan says US sanctions largest violation of human rights 05/16 Bashir says measures taken to stop tribal fighting in East Darfur 05/15 Sudan forms commission to investigate deadly clashes between Ma’alia & Rezeigat tribes 05/14 Ancient Sudan citadel Meroe, of the Black Pharoahs, has pyramids to rival Egypt 05/14 Sudan: Will Sudan Allow Rights Experts to Do Their Job? 05/14 UN Peacekeepers Warn of Imminent Flare-Up in Darfur 05/13 UNAMID deplores the outbreak of violence between Ma'alia and Reziegat in East Darfur 05/13 UN mission ‘deplores’ deteriorating tensions in Sudan 05/13 Ma’alia tribal leader accuse federal officials of standing behind Rezeigat attack in East Darfur 05/13 Sudan: UN Mission 'Strongly Deplores' Deteriorating Tensions in Sudan's Darfur Region 05/13 Sudan: UN Mission in Darfur 'Seriously Concerned' By Escalating Tensions Between Tribes 05/13 UN independent expert on human rights to visit Sudan on Thursday 05/13 European diplomats voice concern over East Darfur clashes 05/13 UN mission in Darfur 'seriously concerned' by escalating tensions between tribes 05/12 Former Darfur rebel group urges UK to hand over rebel figures 05/12 Sudanese government seeks to contain deadly inter-tribal fighting in East Darfur 05/12 UN mission ‘strongly deplores’ deteriorating tensions in Sudan’s Darfur region 05/12 Dozens killed in Sudan tribal clashes 05/12 Sudan asks UNAMID to pay compensation for deadly incident 05/12 UN mission deplores deteriorating tensions in Sudan’s Darfur region 05/12 Girls raped, boys forced to become soldiers in Sudan conflict 05/12 First country mission by the new UN Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in Sudan 05/12 Sudanese presidency instructs to finalise consultations on Darfur referendum 05/12 Sudan: Many Flee From Stealing, Raping Militiamen in North Darfur 05/11 Attacks on Darfurian students may lead to ethnic cleansing: say activists 05/11 Sudan's Minister of Water Resources and Energy Says,'Any Challenge Over Gerd Is Now Over!' 05/11 Regional Grouping Urges Dialogue in Burundi 05/11 Sudan: The Curious Case of the Kingdom of North Sudan 05/11 A Huge Popular Ethiopian Delegation Arrives in Khartoum 05/11 Kenya: Two AK47 Rifles, 43 Bullets Recovered in Marakwet 05/11 Morocco: Happy V-E Day! 05/11 300,000 in South Sudan war zone 'without aid' as UN pulls out 05/11 UNAMID calls for restraint over rising tensions between the Rezeigat and Ma'alia tribes in East Darfur 05/11 Shift in Policy Gear Imperative to Inclusive Growth 05/11 UN mission in Darfur ‘concerned’ by escalating tensions between tribes 05/11 UN mission in Darfur ‘seriously concerned’ by escalating tensions between tribes 05/11 Heavy tribal clashes erupt in East Darfur 05/11 Fears of renewed tribal clashes following large-scale mobilization in East Darfur 05/09 IDP’s accuse HAC of preventing distribution of assistance in S. Darfur 05/09 Hametti and his president: war as a livelihood 05/09 Sudan gov’t beats genocide drums against Darfurians in Khartoum 05/08 Sarkisian, Biden Honor Memory Of Massacred Armenians 05/08 U.S. Condemns Violence in Sudan 05/08 US urges Sudanese rivals to cease hostilities, condemns attacks on Darfur peacekeepers 05/08 Seychelles: Shark Exports Under the Spotlight as Study on Hammerhead Shark Fishing is Launched 05/06 AP Interview: Uganda's president says he's the one bullied 05/06 Two Sudanese ruling party MPs defect to RNP 05/06 Sudan says anti-air defenses engaged target, deny attack 05/06 UN, Sudan & aid groups launch joint appeal for $1.03 billion in aid 05/05 JEM planned to attack Nyala, El-Fasher & Khartoum, military commander says 05/04 Rwandan Chief of Defence Staff Visits Unamid 05/04 Darfur female students protest against burning of university residence 05/04 Sudan’s militia vow to intensify attacks on South Kordofan rebels 05/04 Victory and defeat in a battle do not constitute a loss of the war 05/03 Darfur rebels say they deterred fresh attack by Sudanese militiamen 05/03 SPLM-N accuses government of orchestrating violence against Darfur students 05/03 Judges pulled out of four localities in South Darfur due to volatile security 05/03 Sudan: Two Killed By Militiamen in Darfur Cities 05/02 Khartoum says Juba withdrew army from contested border area 05/02 Sudan says rebels have no more alternative than peace 05/02 Sudan: Abductions By Security Forces, Militiamen in Darfur 05/01 Mofa Receives Copy of the Credentials of the Ambassador of the Sudan 05/01 One person killed by gunmen in South Darfur 05/01 Five African Countries to Join the IGAD Mediation On South Sudan 05/01 Sudan files charges against UNAMID in South Darfur incident 05/01 Sudan: The Military Museum 04/30 Sudan opposition leader denies criticism of rebel attack in South Darfur 04/30 Sudan Rejects Ransom Claims From Kidnappers of Russian Citizens in Darfur 04/30 Sudan: Al Bashir Threatens to 'Disarm Darfur Rebels' in South Sudan 04/30 Sudan: After the Elections, Time for New Ideas 04/30 Rwanda to Export Irish Potatoes to Zambia, South Sudan 04/30 JEM leader say they have lost South Darfur battle not the war 04/30 Sudanese opposition NCF says they do not support JEM attack 04/29 Sudan rejects UN blame over deadly attacks in South Darfur 04/29 Sudan accuses UNAMID of killing 'civilians' in Darfur 04/29 One killed, dozens injured in students clashes in Khartoum 04/29 Sudan: The African Union Deeply Concerned By the Attacks On Unamid Peacekeepers 04/29 Sudan accuses UNAMID of seeking to cover up South Darfur incident 04/29 One dead in Sudan student clashes: ministry 04/29 Sudan accuses U.N. peacekeepers of killing 7 civilians in Darfur 04/28 Sudan: Women-Operated Bakeries Launched in North Darfur Camps 04/28 Troops Torture Villagers in West Darfur 04/28 South Sudan: UN's Ban 'Deeply Concerned' Over Uptick in Attacks Against Peacekeepers in Darfur 04/28 Burundi: On the Brink? 04/28 Gen Dallaire Calls for New Approach to Peacekeeping 04/28 IMF Executive Board Completes First Review Under the ECF Arrangement, Approves Augmentation and Us$27.7 Million Disbursement 04/28 Statement attributable to the Spokesman of the Secretary-General on Darfur 04/28 Chad - Calm Returns to Kyabé After Clashes 04/28 Sudan’s Bashir threatens to pursue rebels inside South Sudan territory 04/28 With election victory, Sudan's Bashir stands out in a chaotic region (+video) 04/28


In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.