Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur See summary

Recent articles:

allafrica.com Sudan: Sudan OCHA Bulletin 30 - Aid for Flood-Affected Displaced in South Darfur 07/31
allafrica.com Sudan: Central Darfur Camp a Mud Pool After Rains 07/31
allafrica.com Sudan: Floods Follow Hunger in South Darfur's Largest Camp 07/31
allafrica.com Sudan: Farmer Tortured to Death, Two Held Incommunicado in West Darfur 07/31
allafrica.com EU Increases Humanitarian Aid for Burundi Refugees 07/31
allafrica.com KIAC Closes Alternative Dispute Resolution Project 07/31
allafrica.com Central African Republic: Muslims 'Erased' From CAR, Says Rights Group 07/31
allafrica.com Africa: An Open Letter to Obama - We Need Your Partnership in the Fight Against Climate Change 07/31
allafrica.com Ethiopia: The Secret to Ethiopia's Counterterrorism Success 07/31
allafrica.com Sudan: Shooting Between Soldiers, Militiamen in Central Darfur 07/31
independent.co.uk Calais crisis: Inside the migrant camp where hundreds hope for a better life in the UK 07/31
allafrica.com Sudan: 'No Drinking Water, No School in Otash Camp, South Darfur' 07/30
allafrica.com Sudan: 'Rain Destroys 30 Homes, Relief Items Seized in South Darfur' 07/30
allafrica.com Sudan: Sese Asks Darfur Elders to Cooperate With 'Camp Re-Planning' 07/30
sudantribune.com Sudan and the US Department of Justice: Moral myopia on a grand scale 07/29
allafrica.com 30 Families to Be Relocated From Musanze Flood-Prone Areas 07/29
allafrica.com Africa: Tackling Climate Change 07/29
sudantribune.com Sudanese army torture to death man accused of intelligence with Darfur rebels 07/29
sudantribune.com Sudan’s ruling party and JEM-Dabajo discuss ways to defuse looming crisis 07/29
allafrica.com Sudan: Abducted Unamid Employee Released in Central Darfur 07/28
reuters.com Sudan summons EU diplomat over statement on humanitarian needs 07/28
sudantribune.com Sudan summons EU official over “false information” on humanitarian situation 07/28
modernghana.com Norway / US$ 6.6 million to the Sudan Common Humanitarian Fund for 2015 07/28
allafrica.com Sudan: South Darfur Employees to Pay for Nyala Hospital Upkeep 07/28
allafrica.com Nigeria: No Borno LGA Is Under Boko Haram Control - Army 07/27
allafrica.com Nigeria: Eleven Army Generals Retire 07/27
punchng.com Elections not enough to deepen democracy – Gambari 07/27
sudantribune.com JEM-Dabajo criticizes DRA's monopole by one group 07/27
allafrica.com U.S Piles Pressure On Spain, UK Over Arrested General Karake 07/27
punchng.com Gambari disagrees with Obama, says Africa needs strong leaders 07/27
allafrica.com Heavy Shabaab Casualties As U.S. Steps Up Drone Attacks 07/26
allafrica.com Suicide Bomber Attacks in Northern Cameroon 07/26
allafrica.com Dogara Calls for Collective Efforts to End Boko Haram Menace 07/26
allafrica.com Media Must Reflect FG's New Resolve to Tackle Boko Haram - Lai Mohammed 07/26
allafrica.com Lack of Access to Loans Cripples Mining in Kaduna 07/26
allafrica.com Somalia: Shooting in Mogadishu Contradicts Obama 07/26
allafrica.com Kenya: I Have No Control Over Travel Advisories Against Kenya, Obama Says 07/26
allafrica.com Somalia: Shabaab Gunmen Kill Somali Lawmaker and His Guards 07/26
allafrica.com Kenya: Obama Addresses Kenyans As He Wraps Up Landmark Visit 07/26
sudantribune.com Bashir arrives in Mauritania for regional summit 07/26
allafrica.com Kenya: No Problem With Gays, but Keep It to Yourself, Say Kenyans 07/26
allafrica.com Potus Ends Kenya Visit, Heads to Ethiopia 07/26
allafrica.com Mozambique: Women of Machaze Say No to War 07/26
allafrica.com Somalia: At Least Six Dead in Bomb Blast At Mogadishu Hotel 07/26
allafrica.com Nigeria: Reaction Of Senator Patrick Leahy (D-Vt.) To Nigerian President Buhari's Mis-Directed Criticism Of The Leahy Law On Human Rights 07/26
sudantribune.com UNAMID Sudanese worker released in Central Darfur 07/26
allafrica.com Kenya: Obama Criticises Unnamed Opposition Leader 07/26
allafrica.com Alert Me, Please, When Barack Obama Leaves for Ethiopia 07/26
allafrica.com Obama Urged to Talk On Gibe 3 Dam 07/26
allafrica.com Kenya: Obama to Wind Up Landmark Kenya Visit With National Address 07/26
allafrica.com Kenya: Kenya Defence Forces Give Leader the Highest Honour 07/26
allafrica.com East Africa: Obama East African Visit Enhanced Security Co-Operation 07/26
allafrica.com Kenya: Spot-On Secret Service Whose Task Is to Protect Obama and His Family Has Had Its Fair Share of Security Breaches and Mishaps 07/26
allafrica.com Liberia: Mixture of Ivorians, Burkinabes At Liberian Borders Poses Threat to Security - Senate's Security Committee Reports 07/26
allafrica.com Kenya: Thousands of Kenyan and American Personnel Deployed to Ensure Security 07/26
allafrica.com Kenya: Obama's Bag of Goodies for Kenya 07/26
allafrica.com Liberia: Liberia's 168th Anniversary Must Help Sustain the Peace 07/26
allafrica.com Sudan: Air Force, Militia Attack Darfur Villages 07/26
allafrica.com Cameroon: 'Female' Suicide Bomber Strikes Night Spot 07/26
sudantribune.com South Darfur reduces vehicle registration fees to curb insecurity 07/25
allafrica.com Kenya: Obama Arrival - Cars Parked at Airport Moved, Westlands Roundabout Closed 07/24
allafrica.com Kenya: What's On the Agenda As Obama Comes to Kenya 07/24
allafrica.com President Obama's Trip to Ethiopia and Impact to the Regional Politics. 07/24
allafrica.com Sudan: South Darfur Protest Against Attacks, 'Toll Gates' On Nyala-El Fasher Road 07/24
allafrica.com Sudan: 'Revolutionary Council Takes Control of North Darfur Gold Mine' 07/24
allafrica.com Sudan: Villagers Wounded in Grenade Blast, Central Darfur 07/24
sudantribune.com Minnawi calls on Obama to take "resolute action" on Darfur crisis 07/24
enoughproject.org Resource Page: President Obama in Africa 07/23
allafrica.com Sudan: Two Women Crushed By RSF Vehicle in Nyala, South Darfur 07/23
sudantribune.com Sole the president has the privilege to appoint DRA chairman : Sissi group 07/22
allafrica.com Sudan: Unamid Celebrates Nelson Mandela Day 07/22
allafrica.com Rwanda: Peacekeeping Course Opens in Musanze 07/21
sudantribune.com 2500 IDPs due to recent tribal fighting in North Darfur: HAC 07/21
sudantribune.com JEM-Dabago to run for Darfur authority chairmanship 07/21
enoughproject.org Senate Human Rights Caucus briefing: “The Crisis in Sudan: Prospects for Justice and Peace.” 07/20
sudantribune.com Darfur Janjaweed leader flies to Egypt despite UNSC travel ban 07/20
sudantribune.com Sudanese officials survive chopper incident in West Kordofan 07/20
acjps.org 49 NGOs sign letter to US Special Envoy Ambassador Booth in advance of visit to Sudan 07/20
allafrica.com Mali: UNESCO Refers Insurgent Destruction of Shrines to ICC 07/19
sudantribune.com Darfur rebel leader signs anti-extremism document in Paris 07/19
sudantribune.com Two girls die of scorpion stings in Darfur 07/19
allafrica.com South Africa: Community Service Activities Mark Nelson Mandela Day 07/18
allafrica.com Kenya: Westgate Mall Re-Opens Amid Security Concerns 07/18
sudantribune.com Three Sudanese traders shot in South Sudan’s Lakes state 07/18
allafrica.com Nigeria: Twin Blasts Leave Over a Dozen Dead 07/18
allafrica.com Africa: Harness the Ingenuity of Refugees, Aid Agencies Told 07/18
allafrica.com Kenya: Grandma Accepts She Won't Cook for Obama 07/18
sudantribune.com UNAMID peacekeepers repulse attack on patrol team in North Darfur 07/18
sudantribune.com EU provides additional humanitarian assistance for Sudan 07/18
sudantribune.com Google launches free Play Store content in Sudan 07/18
allafrica.com Ministers to Visit France 07/18
allafrica.com Zim Has Most Stringent Financial Trade Restrictions - UN Report 07/18
allafrica.com Sudan: Gunmen Fire on Darfur Peacekeepers 07/17
allafrica.com Libya: Security Council Urges All Libyan Parties to Unite in Support of New Political Agreement 07/17
allafrica.com Sudan: Peacekeepers Express Concern at Local Clashes 07/17
allafrica.com Africa: Did the UN Financing for Development Conference Deliver? 07/17
allafrica.com Somalia: Full-Fledged UN Peacekeeping Mission in Somalia Would Be 'High-Risk Undertaking,' Security Council Told 07/17
allafrica.com Somalia: Two Al-Shabaab Commanders Reportedly Killed in Airstrike 07/17
allafrica.com Ethiopia Moves Forward With Major New Grants 07/17
allafrica.com UNEP Executive Director Applauds Potential of Addis Ababa Action Agenda to Speed Financing for Development 07/17

Summary

In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.