Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur See summary

Recent articles:

sudantribune.com UN expert urges Sudan to investigate mass rape allegations in Darfur 05/24
allafrica.com Sudan: Students Attacked Inside University in Khartoum 05/23
sudantribune.com JEM acknowledges defection of two rebel commanders 05/23
turkishweekly.net UN urges Sudan to halt Darfur violations 05/22
sudantribune.com UN rights experts urges Sudan to fight impunity and release detainees 05/21
sudantribune.com Sudanese official makes his first public trip abroad since ICC warrant 05/20
strategypage.com SUDAN: It Was Bad, Then It Got Worse 05/18
allafrica.com Sudan: Displaced People in West Darfur Beaten or Kidnapped By Militamen 05/18
sudantribune.com Sudan’s Supreme Court approves general elections results 05/17
sudantribune.com Sudanese government approves strategy to end tribal fighting in East Darfur 05/17
sudantribune.com Sudan says US sanctions largest violation of human rights 05/16
sudantribune.com Bashir says measures taken to stop tribal fighting in East Darfur 05/15
sudantribune.com Sudan forms commission to investigate deadly clashes between Ma’alia & Rezeigat tribes 05/14
dailymail.co.uk Ancient Sudan citadel Meroe, of the Black Pharoahs, has pyramids to rival Egypt 05/14
allafrica.com Sudan: Will Sudan Allow Rights Experts to Do Their Job? 05/14
allafrica.com UN Peacekeepers Warn of Imminent Flare-Up in Darfur 05/13
modernghana.com UNAMID deplores the outbreak of violence between Ma'alia and Reziegat in East Darfur 05/13
scoop.co.nz UN mission ‘deplores’ deteriorating tensions in Sudan 05/13
sudantribune.com Ma’alia tribal leader accuse federal officials of standing behind Rezeigat attack in East Darfur 05/13
allafrica.com Sudan: UN Mission 'Strongly Deplores' Deteriorating Tensions in Sudan's Darfur Region 05/13
allafrica.com Sudan: UN Mission in Darfur 'Seriously Concerned' By Escalating Tensions Between Tribes 05/13
sudantribune.com UN independent expert on human rights to visit Sudan on Thursday 05/13
sudantribune.com European diplomats voice concern over East Darfur clashes 05/13
globalsecurity.org UN mission in Darfur 'seriously concerned' by escalating tensions between tribes 05/12
sudantribune.com Former Darfur rebel group urges UK to hand over rebel figures 05/12
sudantribune.com Sudanese government seeks to contain deadly inter-tribal fighting in East Darfur 05/12
un.org UN mission ‘strongly deplores’ deteriorating tensions in Sudan’s Darfur region 05/12
punchng.com Dozens killed in Sudan tribal clashes 05/12
sudantribune.com Sudan asks UNAMID to pay compensation for deadly incident 05/12
sify.com UN mission deplores deteriorating tensions in Sudan’s Darfur region 05/12
themalaysianinsider.com Girls raped, boys forced to become soldiers in Sudan conflict 05/12
modernghana.com First country mission by the new UN Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in Sudan 05/12
sudantribune.com Sudanese presidency instructs to finalise consultations on Darfur referendum 05/12
allafrica.com Sudan: Many Flee From Stealing, Raping Militiamen in North Darfur 05/11
sudantribune.com Attacks on Darfurian students may lead to ethnic cleansing: say activists 05/11
allafrica.com Sudan's Minister of Water Resources and Energy Says,'Any Challenge Over Gerd Is Now Over!' 05/11
allafrica.com Regional Grouping Urges Dialogue in Burundi 05/11
allafrica.com Sudan: The Curious Case of the Kingdom of North Sudan 05/11
allafrica.com A Huge Popular Ethiopian Delegation Arrives in Khartoum 05/11
allafrica.com Kenya: Two AK47 Rifles, 43 Bullets Recovered in Marakwet 05/11
allafrica.com Morocco: Happy V-E Day! 05/11
monitor.co.ug 300,000 in South Sudan war zone 'without aid' as UN pulls out 05/11
modernghana.com UNAMID calls for restraint over rising tensions between the Rezeigat and Ma'alia tribes in East Darfur 05/11
allafrica.com Shift in Policy Gear Imperative to Inclusive Growth 05/11
sify.com UN mission in Darfur ‘concerned’ by escalating tensions between tribes 05/11
un.org UN mission in Darfur ‘seriously concerned’ by escalating tensions between tribes 05/11
sudantribune.com Heavy tribal clashes erupt in East Darfur 05/11
sudantribune.com Fears of renewed tribal clashes following large-scale mobilization in East Darfur 05/09
sudantribune.com IDP’s accuse HAC of preventing distribution of assistance in S. Darfur 05/09
sudantribune.com Hametti and his president: war as a livelihood 05/09
sudantribune.com Sudan gov’t beats genocide drums against Darfurians in Khartoum 05/08
rferl.org Sarkisian, Biden Honor Memory Of Massacred Armenians 05/08
scoop.co.nz U.S. Condemns Violence in Sudan 05/08
sudantribune.com US urges Sudanese rivals to cease hostilities, condemns attacks on Darfur peacekeepers 05/08
allafrica.com Seychelles: Shark Exports Under the Spotlight as Study on Hammerhead Shark Fishing is Launched 05/06
hosted.ap.org AP Interview: Uganda's president says he's the one bullied 05/06
sudantribune.com Two Sudanese ruling party MPs defect to RNP 05/06
reuters.com Sudan says anti-air defenses engaged target, deny attack 05/06
sudantribune.com UN, Sudan & aid groups launch joint appeal for $1.03 billion in aid 05/05
sudantribune.com JEM planned to attack Nyala, El-Fasher & Khartoum, military commander says 05/04
allafrica.com Rwandan Chief of Defence Staff Visits Unamid 05/04
sudantribune.com Darfur female students protest against burning of university residence 05/04
sudantribune.com Sudan’s militia vow to intensify attacks on South Kordofan rebels 05/04
sudantribune.com Victory and defeat in a battle do not constitute a loss of the war 05/03
sudantribune.com Darfur rebels say they deterred fresh attack by Sudanese militiamen 05/03
sudantribune.com SPLM-N accuses government of orchestrating violence against Darfur students 05/03
sudantribune.com Judges pulled out of four localities in South Darfur due to volatile security 05/03
allafrica.com Sudan: Two Killed By Militiamen in Darfur Cities 05/02
sudantribune.com Khartoum says Juba withdrew army from contested border area 05/02
sudantribune.com Sudan says rebels have no more alternative than peace 05/02
allafrica.com Sudan: Abductions By Security Forces, Militiamen in Darfur 05/01
allafrica.com Mofa Receives Copy of the Credentials of the Ambassador of the Sudan 05/01
sudantribune.com One person killed by gunmen in South Darfur 05/01
allafrica.com Five African Countries to Join the IGAD Mediation On South Sudan 05/01
sudantribune.com Sudan files charges against UNAMID in South Darfur incident 05/01
allafrica.com Sudan: The Military Museum 04/30
sudantribune.com Sudan opposition leader denies criticism of rebel attack in South Darfur 04/30
sputniknews.com Sudan Rejects Ransom Claims From Kidnappers of Russian Citizens in Darfur 04/30
allafrica.com Sudan: Al Bashir Threatens to 'Disarm Darfur Rebels' in South Sudan 04/30
allafrica.com Sudan: After the Elections, Time for New Ideas 04/30
allafrica.com Rwanda to Export Irish Potatoes to Zambia, South Sudan 04/30
sudantribune.com JEM leader say they have lost South Darfur battle not the war 04/30
sudantribune.com Sudanese opposition NCF says they do not support JEM attack 04/29
sudantribune.com Sudan rejects UN blame over deadly attacks in South Darfur 04/29
turkishweekly.net Sudan accuses UNAMID of killing 'civilians' in Darfur 04/29
sudantribune.com One killed, dozens injured in students clashes in Khartoum 04/29
allafrica.com Sudan: The African Union Deeply Concerned By the Attacks On Unamid Peacekeepers 04/29
sudantribune.com Sudan accuses UNAMID of seeking to cover up South Darfur incident 04/29
modernghana.com One dead in Sudan student clashes: ministry 04/29
af.reuters.com Sudan accuses U.N. peacekeepers of killing 7 civilians in Darfur 04/28
allafrica.com Sudan: Women-Operated Bakeries Launched in North Darfur Camps 04/28
allafrica.com Troops Torture Villagers in West Darfur 04/28
allafrica.com South Sudan: UN's Ban 'Deeply Concerned' Over Uptick in Attacks Against Peacekeepers in Darfur 04/28
allafrica.com Burundi: On the Brink? 04/28
allafrica.com Gen Dallaire Calls for New Approach to Peacekeeping 04/28
allafrica.com IMF Executive Board Completes First Review Under the ECF Arrangement, Approves Augmentation and Us$27.7 Million Disbursement 04/28
modernghana.com Statement attributable to the Spokesman of the Secretary-General on Darfur 04/28
allafrica.com Chad - Calm Returns to Kyabé After Clashes 04/28
sudantribune.com Sudan’s Bashir threatens to pursue rebels inside South Sudan territory 04/28
csmonitor.com With election victory, Sudan's Bashir stands out in a chaotic region (+video) 04/28

Summary

In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.