Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur See summary

Recent articles:

radiodabanga.org Abbala, Beni Hussein clash in North Darfur 04/23
allafrica.com Rwanda: Female Police Officers Commended for Darfur Peacekeeping Mission 04/22
dw.de South Sudan rebels deny civilian killings 04/22
allafrica.com Africa: Weekly Summary - UN Calls for Arrest of ICTR Fugitives, ICC Summons Eight Kenyans to Testify 04/22
allafrica.com Sierra Leone: Key Note Address Delivered By His Excellency President Ernest Bai Koroma 04/22
businessdailyafrica.com Poaching fuelled by corruption: Study 04/22
radiodabanga.org Five women raped in South Darfur wadi 04/22
radiodabanga.org Attacker dies after botched robbery in West Darfur 04/22
radiodabanga.org Sudanese refugees in CAR living in fear 04/22
allafrica.com Sudan: Militiamen Attack, Abduct Woman in Kutum, North Darfur 04/21
timeslive.co.za South Sudan rebels slaughter 'hundreds' in ethnic massacres: UN 04/21
allafrica.com Sudan: Militia Pillages North Darfur Town 04/21
sudantribune.com JEM-Dabajo threatens to denounce peace agreement over rifts within the group 04/21
sudantribune.com SDFG mourn the loss of a Sudanese activist 04/20
sudantribune.com Humanitarian groups in Darfur continue to be targeted for expulsion 04/20
realclearworld.com The Genocide America Forgot 04/20
allafrica.com Sudan: Opposition Reiterates Call to Overthrow Bashir 04/20
sudantribune.com Sudan’s JEM denies kidnapping oil workers in Kordofan 04/20
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebels deny killing of Darfurian traders in Unity state 04/20
scmp.com Chinese, Algerian oil workers abducted in Sudan's West Kordofan province 04/20
sudantribune.com Sudanese opposition reiterates calls for overthrowing Bashir regime 04/19
modernghana.com Gunmen abduct foreigners from Sudan oilfield: army 04/19
dw.de Sudan courts German investors 04/19
enoughproject.org Op-ed: Darfur, The Genocide America Forgot 04/18
radiodabanga.org 'More robberies of drugs in Darfur, Sudan': Ministry 04/18
allafrica.com South Sudan: Hundreds Feared Dead in Bentiu Massacres, South Sudan 04/18
sudantribune.com UNICEF supports emergency response for children in Sudan with 89 tons of life-saving supplies 04/18
allafrica.com Sudan: Bomb Maims Darfur Children 04/17
sudantribune.com Rebels aided by foreign mercenaries in S. Sudan's Bentiu: SPLA 04/17
acjps.org Board Members أعضاء مجلس الإدارة 04/17
radiodabanga.org Dead, injured in North Darfur accident, attack 04/17
pmnewsnigeria.com Bandits steal United Nations vans in Bauchi 04/16
allafrica.com Egypt: IMF - Ready to Support Egypt 04/16
sudantribune.com Sudanese army clears rebels from eastern S. Kordofan: spokesperson 04/16
modernghana.com ICC puts Darfur rebel leader's trial on ice 04/16
allafrica.com Sudan: UNAMID Peacekeepers Provide Medical Support to Displaced Community 04/16
allafrica.com Sudan: Radio Show Produced By Darfuri Children Officially Launches 04/16
radiodabanga.org Two die as lorry ambushed in North Darfur 04/15
radiodabanga.org Central Darfur displaced to be ‘denied aid’ for five months 04/15
radiodabanga.org North Darfur banker abducted ‘for the second time’ 04/15
radiodabanga.org 334 Sudanese refugee students sit exams in Chad 04/15
allafrica.com 15 Die in Chad-Sudan Border Clash 04/14
radiodabanga.org Three-month crisis as fuel shortage silences water pumps in Gireida, South Darfur 04/14
allafrica.com Africa: A Glimmer of Hope for Victims of Sexual and Gender-Based Crime 04/14
radiodabanga.org El Fasher, North Darfur: University staff call for dismissal of ‘corrupt’ Chancellor 04/14
sudantribune.com Rebellion is declining in Darfur, says Sudan’s defence minister 04/14
allafrica.com Sudan: EU Urges Sudan to Open Humanitarian Access to Darfur IDPs 04/13
radiodabanga.org Girl dies under Unamid vehicle in South Darfur 04/13
radiodabanga.org 'Decisive summer' for Sudan rebels: Defence Minister 04/13
sudantribune.com Darfur: A bibliography of violence and international indifference 04/13
radiodabanga.org Chadian refugees robbed in Darfur 04/13
radiodabanga.org 15 die in Chad-Sudan border clash 04/13
theeastafrican.co.ke Ex-staff accuses UN of failure in Darfur 04/12
sudantribune.com EU urges Sudan to open humanitarian access to Darfur IDPs 04/12
sudantribune.com Sudan’s defence minister vows decisive summer for Darfur rebels 04/11
globalsecurity.org With millions facing hunger in Sudan, UN urges support to prevent further crisis 04/11
radiodabanga.org Gunmen kill man inside his house, Central Darfur 04/11
allafrica.com Africa: Scaling Up Accountability to Communities 04/11
csmonitor.com Torn by war and potential famine, South Sudan needs US humanitarian surge 04/11
reuters.com Darfur rebel says peacekeepers turning blind eye to new violence 04/11
radiodabanga.org Head Unamid indicates reduction Darfur peace mission 04/11
allafrica.com Sudan: UN Radio Interview With UNAMID Joint Special Representative 04/11
radiodabanga.org Sudan Leaks: Ethnic killings at Sigili in 2012 04/11
cfr.org Must Reads of the Week: China's Military Might, the Darfur Debacle, Eurozone Fears, and More 04/11
realclearworld.com Pity the Palestinians? Count Me Out 04/10
modernghana.com 'Insecurity' blocks UN, EU mission to Darfur camp 04/10
modernghana.com 'Insecurity' prevents UN, EU mission to Darfur camp 04/10
un.org With millions facing hunger in Sudan, UN urges support to prevent further crisis 04/10
radiodabanga.org UK condemns Sudan: 'Sexual violence in Darfur almost doubled' 04/10
allafrica.com Sudan: Four Million Sudanese Face Food Insecurity 04/10
sudantribune.com US reiterates support to Darfur’s Doha accord 04/10
allafrica.com Heavy Rains Destroy Homes of Darfur Refugees in CAR 04/09
allafrica.com Sudan: Sudan Leaks - UN Admits Inaccurate Darfur Reports Aimed to Please Sudan 04/09
ndtv.com Sudan expels UN agency chief accused of 'interfering' 04/09
bbc.co.uk UN 'failed to stop Darfur attacks' 04/09
sudantribune.com INTERVIEW: UN alarmed by growing violence and displacement in Darfur 04/09
allafrica.com Sudan: UN Criticised Over Darfur 04/09
allafrica.com Media Cautioned As Rwanda Marks Genocide 04/08
radiodabanga.org Arson suspected in Central Darfur's Hassahissa camp 04/08
allafrica.com Rwanda: Rwandan Peacekeepers Commemorate the 20th Anniversary of 1994 Genocide 04/08
csmonitor.com The mad, mad debate over Rwanda -- 20 years after the genocide 04/08
sudantribune.com Minnawi calls on France to support comprehensive solution in Sudan 04/08
allafrica.com Sudan: Air Force Bombs Darfur Areas 04/08
allafrica.com 'Chad Army Troops Deployed in North Darfur' - Sudan Revolutionary Front 04/08
sudantribune.com SAF recaptures two of rebel-controlled in North Darfur state 04/07
modernghana.com Homes torched, displaced cry for aid in Sudan's Darfur 04/07
radiodabanga.org Sudan Leaks: UN surrendered displaced to abductors 04/07
sudantribune.com Chad's Deby meets Darfur rebels in Paris 04/07
radiodabanga.org ‘Chad army troops deployed in North Darfur’: Sudan Revolutionary Front 04/07
modernghana.com Militias out of control in Sudan's Darfur: fearful residents 04/07
radiodabanga.org Classrooms overloaded, facilities lacking in Misterei, West Darfur 04/07
sudantribune.com SLM’s Minnawi denies meeting with Deby in Paris 04/07
radiodabanga.org Traffic accident in Karnoi, North Darfur, kills three 04/06
radiodabanga.org Oil explorations suspended in Zurga Um Hadeeda, East Darfur 04/06
radiodabanga.org Displaced killed, beaten, robbed in Mershing, South Darfur 04/06
vanguardngr.com Read More → 04/06
sudantribune.com SRF rebels say new Chadian troops arrive in Darfur 04/05
csmonitor.com Nigerian forces killed hundreds of unarmed in Giwa Barracks incident: Amnesty 04/05
allafrica.com Sudan: Averting the Risks of Unexploded Ordnance 04/04
stripes.com UN approves measure to improve Darfur peacekeeping 04/04

Summary

In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.