Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur See summary

Recent articles:

allafrica.com Sudan: Opposition Forces Will Not Recognise Election Results 04/21
allafrica.com Sudan: Working Group Resumes Talks On Unamid's Exit Strategy 04/20
allafrica.com Sudan: Rescue Operation At Collapsed Mine Called Off 04/20
reuters.com Sudan's president cancels trip to Indonesia 04/20
allafrica.com South Sudan: Bona Malwal's Truths 04/20
turkishweekly.net Initial polling tallies indicate victory of Sudan's Bashir 04/19
reuters.com Sudan's Bashir heads to Indonesia in rare long-distance trip 04/19
sudantribune.com Saudi delegation to arrive in Khartoum on Sunday for talks on agricultural investments 04/18
sudantribune.com One person killed in clashes between police and gunmen in South Darfur 04/17
allafrica.com Head of Monusco, Condemns the Murderous Attack On Civilians in Matiba 04/17
allafrica.com Sudan: Militiamen Threaten to Torch West Darfur Camp 04/17
allafrica.com Sudan: Cluster Bombs Used in Nuba Mountains - End Indiscriminate Bombing 04/16
allafrica.com Sudan: Election Extended For A Day 04/16
sudantribune.com North Darfur accuses UNAMID of attempting to support anti elections protests 04/16
euronews.com Al-Bashir set for re-election as polls close in Sudan vote 04/16
mg.co.za Bashir tipped to win - again 04/16
turkishweekly.net Sudan to extend voting at some polling centers 04/15
turkishweekly.net Dozens of Sudan prisoners escape from Darfur jail 04/15
turkishweekly.net Sudan extends polling for 1 day 04/15
nzherald.co.nz Sudan extends vote amid low turnout 04/15
sudantribune.com Sudan’s electoral body extends voting period for one day 04/15
huffingtonpost.com Dying in Darfur: President Obama's Forgotten Promise 04/14
turkishweekly.net Polls close on 1st day of Sudan general elections 04/14
turkishweekly.net Polls close in 16 Sudan states 04/14
modernghana.com Rebels in Sudan's Kordofan attack vote centres: official 04/14
reuters.com Logistics block voting at handful of centers in Sudan 04/14
france24.com Sudan votes in poll expected to extend Bashir’s rule 04/13
reuters.com Sudan votes in elections boycotted by opposition groups 04/13
wsj.com Sudan’s Voters Head to the Polls 04/13
allafrica.com Sudan: Sudan Protests Against Election, Security 'Instructs' Media 04/13
allafrica.com Rwandans in Sudan Mark 21st Genocide Anniversary 04/13
bbc.co.uk Sudan votes amid opposition boycott 04/13
voanews.com 7 Things to Know About Sudan’s Elections 04/12
sudantribune.com Sudanese await start of voting amid heightened security 04/12
allafrica.com Sudan: Sudanese Civil Society Calls for Nation-Wide Intifada 04/12
modernghana.com For Darfur displaced, Sudan elections offer little hope 04/12
sudantribune.com Sudan’s electoral body criticised over lack of polling centres 04/11
bbc.co.uk How Sudan's general election works 04/11
allafrica.com Sudan: Anti-Election Rallies Blocked, Students Detained in Khartoum 04/10
reuters.com Sudan’s Bashir strengthens regional ties ahead of elections 04/10
allafrica.com Sudan: Rebels Ambush Sudan Forces in Blue Nile 04/10
allafrica.com Sudan: Sudan Frees Opposition Leaders Days Before Elections 04/10
allafrica.com Sudan: Mental Illness Dangerously Ignored By Health Services 04/10
modernghana.com Minister Nicholson Disappointed by Sudanese President's Failure to Hold National Dialogue Ahead of Elections 04/10
aljazeera.com Sudan prepares for elections amid opposition boycott 04/10
sudantribune.com One person killed in clashes between security and gunmen in S. Darfur 04/10
allafrica.com Sudan: Two Killed By Bomb Explosion in Darfur's Jebel Marra 04/10
sudantribune.com African Union undermines its own founding instruments 04/09
allafrica.com Central African Republic: CAR Groups Sign Ceasefire Pact in Nairobi 04/09
allafrica.com Liberia: Gov't Promises Unhindered Peace in Post-UNMIL Era 04/09
allafrica.com Peacekeepers in Darfur Commemorate 04/09
allafrica.com What Sort of Change? 04/09
allafrica.com No Money for By-Elections 04/09
allafrica.com President Jonathan's Top Aide, Oronto Douglas, Is Dead 04/09
allafrica.com Why I'm Not for #Change in Lagos 04/09
allafrica.com As Long As the Hunters Tell the Lion's Story ... 04/09
allafrica.com 'We Are Not Scared... or in a Hurry' 04/09
allafrica.com Govt Runs Out of Ideas 04/09
allafrica.com Sudan: Rebel Campaign Disrupts Election Efforts in South Kordofan 04/09
allafrica.com Peacekeepers in Haiti Mark 21st Genocide Anniversary 04/09
allafrica.com Central African Republic: Rival CAR Groups Sign Ceasefire 04/09
sudantribune.com Gunmen carjack UNDP vehicle in South Darfur 04/09
allafrica.com Rwanda: Reflecting On Rwanda, Ban Urges Courage 'To Counter the Cruelty Taking Place Before Our Eyes' 04/08
allafrica.com To End Atrocities, the World Must Get Rid of Double Standards 04/08
allafrica.com Liberia: Liberia Set to Discuss UNMIL Transition - Pres. Sirleaf 04/08
allafrica.com 10th Meeting of Sectoral Council of Ministers for Lake Victoria Basin for Kigali 04/08
allafrica.com Rwanda to Host Joint EAC Military Exercise 'Ushirikiano Imara' 04/08
allafrica.com Africa: UNEP Chief Confident About the Future of Renewable Energy 04/08
allafrica.com 'Youth Have Responsibility in Fighting Genocide Denial' 04/08
allafrica.com At 21st Genocide Commemoration, Kagame Urges Rwandans to Fight for Their Rights 04/08
allafrica.com International Day of Sport for Development and Peace 04/08
allafrica.com Africa: The 'Police State' Is Home to Africa's Happiest People 04/08
allafrica.com How One Determined Survivor Managed to Turn Life Around 04/08
allafrica.com Hard Work Helped Genocide Survivor Beat the Odds 04/08
allafrica.com On the Anniversary of the Rwandan Genocide, Media Urged to Reflect On Responsible Reporting 04/08
allafrica.com Unamid Commemorates 21 Years of Genocide in Rwanda 04/08
allafrica.com Genocide Survivor and Former Street Kid Starts Orphanage 04/08
allafrica.com In Villages Countrywide, Citizens Commemorate Genocide 04/08
allafrica.com Army Week Provides Healthcare to Over 2000 Genocide Survivors in Rubavu 04/08
allafrica.com 21 Years After the Genocide, Remembrance Is Still Hard for Niyonshuti 04/08
allafrica.com Rebuttal - the University of Rwanda We Want 04/08
allafrica.com Obama On 21st Anniversary of Rwandan Genocide 04/08
allafrica.com Pl Expels Mitali, to Sue Former Leader 04/08
allafrica.com Handball League - APR Turn Focus to Gicumbi Clash 04/08
allafrica.com UN Marks Anniversary of Genocide 04/08
allafrica.com Kicukiro Residents Urged to Shun Genocide Ideology, Denial 04/08
allafrica.com How Schools Won the Genocide Ideology Battle 04/08
allafrica.com Artistes in Drive to Support Elderly Genocide Survivors 04/08
allafrica.com Rwandan Peacekeepers in Haiti Share Easter With Orphans 04/08
allafrica.com Clergyman Recounts How He Survived 1994 Genocide 04/08
allafrica.com We Must Soldier On, Kagame Tells Nation 04/08
allafrica.com Byukusenge Tips Local Riders to Win Tour Du Rwanda 04/08
allafrica.com Will the Next UK Parliament Probe BBC On Genocide Denial? 04/08
allafrica.com Truth Will Defeat Genocide Deniers - Nyarugenge Mayor 04/08
allafrica.com AS Kigali On Course for Debut League Title 04/08
allafrica.com Sudan: Row Over Claims of African Union Pro-Khartoum Bias 04/08
modernghana.com Sudan's Bashir hits out at peacekeepers in Darfur election rally 04/08
allafrica.com Sudan: African Union-UN Mission Condemns Bombings in Central Darfur 04/08
allafrica.com Past Politics and Present Preservation of the Gacaca Files 04/08
sudantribune.com Bashir says Darfur does not need peacekeepers 04/08

Summary

In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.