Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur See summary

Recent articles: Sudan: Sudan OCHA Bulletin 30 - Aid for Flood-Affected Displaced in South Darfur 07/31 Sudan: Central Darfur Camp a Mud Pool After Rains 07/31 Sudan: Floods Follow Hunger in South Darfur's Largest Camp 07/31 Sudan: Farmer Tortured to Death, Two Held Incommunicado in West Darfur 07/31 EU Increases Humanitarian Aid for Burundi Refugees 07/31 KIAC Closes Alternative Dispute Resolution Project 07/31 Central African Republic: Muslims 'Erased' From CAR, Says Rights Group 07/31 Africa: An Open Letter to Obama - We Need Your Partnership in the Fight Against Climate Change 07/31 Ethiopia: The Secret to Ethiopia's Counterterrorism Success 07/31 Sudan: Shooting Between Soldiers, Militiamen in Central Darfur 07/31 Calais crisis: Inside the migrant camp where hundreds hope for a better life in the UK 07/31 Sudan: 'No Drinking Water, No School in Otash Camp, South Darfur' 07/30 Sudan: 'Rain Destroys 30 Homes, Relief Items Seized in South Darfur' 07/30 Sudan: Sese Asks Darfur Elders to Cooperate With 'Camp Re-Planning' 07/30 Sudan and the US Department of Justice: Moral myopia on a grand scale 07/29 30 Families to Be Relocated From Musanze Flood-Prone Areas 07/29 Africa: Tackling Climate Change 07/29 Sudanese army torture to death man accused of intelligence with Darfur rebels 07/29 Sudan’s ruling party and JEM-Dabajo discuss ways to defuse looming crisis 07/29 Sudan: Abducted Unamid Employee Released in Central Darfur 07/28 Sudan summons EU diplomat over statement on humanitarian needs 07/28 Sudan summons EU official over “false information” on humanitarian situation 07/28 Norway / US$ 6.6 million to the Sudan Common Humanitarian Fund for 2015 07/28 Sudan: South Darfur Employees to Pay for Nyala Hospital Upkeep 07/28 Nigeria: No Borno LGA Is Under Boko Haram Control - Army 07/27 Nigeria: Eleven Army Generals Retire 07/27 Elections not enough to deepen democracy – Gambari 07/27 JEM-Dabajo criticizes DRA's monopole by one group 07/27 U.S Piles Pressure On Spain, UK Over Arrested General Karake 07/27 Gambari disagrees with Obama, says Africa needs strong leaders 07/27 Heavy Shabaab Casualties As U.S. Steps Up Drone Attacks 07/26 Suicide Bomber Attacks in Northern Cameroon 07/26 Dogara Calls for Collective Efforts to End Boko Haram Menace 07/26 Media Must Reflect FG's New Resolve to Tackle Boko Haram - Lai Mohammed 07/26 Lack of Access to Loans Cripples Mining in Kaduna 07/26 Somalia: Shooting in Mogadishu Contradicts Obama 07/26 Kenya: I Have No Control Over Travel Advisories Against Kenya, Obama Says 07/26 Somalia: Shabaab Gunmen Kill Somali Lawmaker and His Guards 07/26 Kenya: Obama Addresses Kenyans As He Wraps Up Landmark Visit 07/26 Bashir arrives in Mauritania for regional summit 07/26 Kenya: No Problem With Gays, but Keep It to Yourself, Say Kenyans 07/26 Potus Ends Kenya Visit, Heads to Ethiopia 07/26 Mozambique: Women of Machaze Say No to War 07/26 Somalia: At Least Six Dead in Bomb Blast At Mogadishu Hotel 07/26 Nigeria: Reaction Of Senator Patrick Leahy (D-Vt.) To Nigerian President Buhari's Mis-Directed Criticism Of The Leahy Law On Human Rights 07/26 UNAMID Sudanese worker released in Central Darfur 07/26 Kenya: Obama Criticises Unnamed Opposition Leader 07/26 Alert Me, Please, When Barack Obama Leaves for Ethiopia 07/26 Obama Urged to Talk On Gibe 3 Dam 07/26 Kenya: Obama to Wind Up Landmark Kenya Visit With National Address 07/26 Kenya: Kenya Defence Forces Give Leader the Highest Honour 07/26 East Africa: Obama East African Visit Enhanced Security Co-Operation 07/26 Kenya: Spot-On Secret Service Whose Task Is to Protect Obama and His Family Has Had Its Fair Share of Security Breaches and Mishaps 07/26 Liberia: Mixture of Ivorians, Burkinabes At Liberian Borders Poses Threat to Security - Senate's Security Committee Reports 07/26 Kenya: Thousands of Kenyan and American Personnel Deployed to Ensure Security 07/26 Kenya: Obama's Bag of Goodies for Kenya 07/26 Liberia: Liberia's 168th Anniversary Must Help Sustain the Peace 07/26 Sudan: Air Force, Militia Attack Darfur Villages 07/26 Cameroon: 'Female' Suicide Bomber Strikes Night Spot 07/26 South Darfur reduces vehicle registration fees to curb insecurity 07/25 Kenya: Obama Arrival - Cars Parked at Airport Moved, Westlands Roundabout Closed 07/24 Kenya: What's On the Agenda As Obama Comes to Kenya 07/24 President Obama's Trip to Ethiopia and Impact to the Regional Politics. 07/24 Sudan: South Darfur Protest Against Attacks, 'Toll Gates' On Nyala-El Fasher Road 07/24 Sudan: 'Revolutionary Council Takes Control of North Darfur Gold Mine' 07/24 Sudan: Villagers Wounded in Grenade Blast, Central Darfur 07/24 Minnawi calls on Obama to take "resolute action" on Darfur crisis 07/24 Resource Page: President Obama in Africa 07/23 Sudan: Two Women Crushed By RSF Vehicle in Nyala, South Darfur 07/23 Sole the president has the privilege to appoint DRA chairman : Sissi group 07/22 Sudan: Unamid Celebrates Nelson Mandela Day 07/22 Rwanda: Peacekeeping Course Opens in Musanze 07/21 2500 IDPs due to recent tribal fighting in North Darfur: HAC 07/21 JEM-Dabago to run for Darfur authority chairmanship 07/21 Senate Human Rights Caucus briefing: “The Crisis in Sudan: Prospects for Justice and Peace.” 07/20 Darfur Janjaweed leader flies to Egypt despite UNSC travel ban 07/20 Sudanese officials survive chopper incident in West Kordofan 07/20 49 NGOs sign letter to US Special Envoy Ambassador Booth in advance of visit to Sudan 07/20 Mali: UNESCO Refers Insurgent Destruction of Shrines to ICC 07/19 Darfur rebel leader signs anti-extremism document in Paris 07/19 Two girls die of scorpion stings in Darfur 07/19 South Africa: Community Service Activities Mark Nelson Mandela Day 07/18 Kenya: Westgate Mall Re-Opens Amid Security Concerns 07/18 Three Sudanese traders shot in South Sudan’s Lakes state 07/18 Nigeria: Twin Blasts Leave Over a Dozen Dead 07/18 Africa: Harness the Ingenuity of Refugees, Aid Agencies Told 07/18 Kenya: Grandma Accepts She Won't Cook for Obama 07/18 UNAMID peacekeepers repulse attack on patrol team in North Darfur 07/18 EU provides additional humanitarian assistance for Sudan 07/18 Google launches free Play Store content in Sudan 07/18 Ministers to Visit France 07/18 Zim Has Most Stringent Financial Trade Restrictions - UN Report 07/18 Sudan: Gunmen Fire on Darfur Peacekeepers 07/17 Libya: Security Council Urges All Libyan Parties to Unite in Support of New Political Agreement 07/17 Sudan: Peacekeepers Express Concern at Local Clashes 07/17 Africa: Did the UN Financing for Development Conference Deliver? 07/17 Somalia: Full-Fledged UN Peacekeeping Mission in Somalia Would Be 'High-Risk Undertaking,' Security Council Told 07/17 Somalia: Two Al-Shabaab Commanders Reportedly Killed in Airstrike 07/17 Ethiopia Moves Forward With Major New Grants 07/17 UNEP Executive Director Applauds Potential of Addis Ababa Action Agenda to Speed Financing for Development 07/17


In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.