Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur See summary

Recent articles: Rwanda: Maj Gen Musemakweli Appointed RDF's Army Chief of Staff 02/09 44,700 villagers flee Jebel Marra clashes 02/08 Sudan: Children Starve High in Darfur's Jebel Marra 02/08 South Sudan: 'Violence Must Stop Now,' Says UN Expert As Fresh Fighting Displaces Thousands in North Darfur 02/08 Sudan: Displaced Stage Demo Against War, Referendum in Central Darfur 02/08 Sudan: Abductions Sow Unrest in North and South Darfur 02/08 Sudan: Campaign Against Darfur Referendum - Sudan's Opposition 02/08 IDPs and refugees body calls to boycott Darfur Referendum 02/08 Sudanese army retakes rebel positions in Jebel Marra: spokesperson 02/08 Sudan army urges civilians to return to clashes-hit Darfur area 02/08 Sudan: Dr Tigani Sisi, Renews Commitment to Referendum Set in Darfur Next April. 02/08 Holocaust Memorial Day 02/07 Abu Garda calls to vote in favour of Darfur’s five states 02/07 Sudan appeals for US and Germany to pressure rebels to engage in “serious talks” 02/07 Civilians fleeing Darfur clashes in 'dire' conditions: UN 02/07 Heavy clashes between Libyan armed faction & Sudanese fighters, 30 killed 02/06 Sudan: UN expert urges protection of unarmed civilians after new escalation of violence in Darfur 02/05 Sudan – Violence in Darfur (05.02.16) 02/05 Sudan: Unamid Organizes Community Dialogue in Maaly Village, East Darfur 02/05 UN human rights expert calls for immediate end to Jebel Marra clashes 02/05 'Violence must stop now,' says UN expert as fresh fighting displaces thousands in North Darfur 02/05 Sudan: Unamid Organizes Capacity-Building Workshop for Women in North Darfur 02/05 Ten more Darfur rebels killed in Libya 02/05 Sudan: Displaced in Central Darfur Reject Dismantling of Camps 02/05 Sudan: Unamid Provides Support for Informal Talks On Cessation of Hostilities 02/04 Africa’s leaders protect each other 02/04 Sudan: Unamid Sector East Hands Over Completed Qips Projects 02/04 Sudan: Committee for External Relations Completes Discussion of Proposals and Visions 02/04 Sudanese refugees nervous after deportation from Jordan 02/03 Sudan: 'Unamid Exit Will Exacerbate Crises in Darfur' - SDFG 02/03 Sudan: Chinese Blue Helmets in Darfur Safeguard Regional Peace Despite Harsh Conditions 02/03 Sudanese president says determined to disarm tribal militias in Darfur 02/03 NCP regime poised for Darfur Referendum willy-nilly coinciding with new escalation of killing spree 02/03 Sudan: Prof. Ghandour Meets With Head of Unamid and International Envoy for Libya 02/03 Sudan: Killing, Beating in South Darfur's Gireida 02/03 Shakespeare's Globe performs Hamlet for migrants at Calais 'Jungle' 02/03 Sudan: Six Die in Bombardment Near Golo in Darfur's Jebel Marra 02/02 Sudan’s dialogue conference calls to postpone the Darfur referendum 02/02 Sudan: Protests Quashed in Khartoum 02/02 Israel's unwanted African migrants 02/02 Chinese blue helmets in Darfur safeguard regional peace despite harsh conditions 02/02 Jebel Marra clashes : over 21.000 IDPs reach UNAMID site in N. Darfur 02/02 Sudan: 'West Darfur Authorities Unable to Protect Civilians' - DBA 02/01 A Glimmer of Good News for the ICC 02/01 Darfur referendum procedures progressing well: DRC 01/31 Director of USAID to visit Khartoum in February: ambassador 01/30 Khartoum’s intimidation strategy against UNAMID 01/29 Sudan: Students Take to Streets to Protest Against Jebel Marra Attacks 01/29 Sudan: Painted Marker Posts Help Quell Land Conflicts in Sudan's Darfur 01/29 UNAMID exit strategy committee to meet in New York next March 01/29 South Sudan: Former UN Official Slams Failure to Protect Darfur's Refugees 01/29 Sudan: National Congress Affirms Its Commitment to Dialogue and Rejection to Imposition of Agenda On People 01/29 Bashir forces accused of mass rape of women 01/28 Sudan: UN Peacekeeping Chief Reports 'Limited Progress On Darfur Conflict' 01/28 Sudan: Darfur - UN Expresses Grave Concern Over New Hostilities and Impact On Thousands of Civilians 01/28 Sudan: People's Forces Movement Party Rejects One Region-Option in Darfur 01/28 Informal talks with Darfur groups are promising despite divergences: Sudanese official 01/28 Sudan: Children Killed in Bombardment On Jebel Marra, Darfur 01/27 Administrative Referendum: A wakeup call for the ethno-political conflict in Darfur 01/27 Sudan: Rape As Weapon of War 01/27 Sudan: Sudan Govt., Darfur Rebels in Talks in Ethiopia 01/27 Sudan: Militia 'Toll Gates' Re-Appear in North Darfur 01/27 Sudan: 'Little Progress' As Sudan and Darfur Rebel Talks End 01/27 Sudan: 'El Fasher Security Campaign Works Well' - North Darfur Security Head 01/27 Statement attributable to the United Nations Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator in Sudan, Ms. Marta Ruedas, on the recent conflict in Darfur 01/27 Darfur: UN expresses grave concern over new hostilities and impact on thousands of civilians 01/27 Sudan opens border with South Sudan for first time since 2011 secession 01/27 Some 34,000 flee clashes in Sudan's Darfur: UN 01/27 UPDATE 1-Sudan says defeats Darfur rebel group after two weeks of fighting 01/27 Sudan criticizes UN report on the situation in Darfur 01/27 Jebel Marra fighting displaces over 34 thousands peoples: UN 01/27 Sudan: Lorries Clog Streets in South Darfur Capital 01/26 Darfur tribunal sentences three carjackers to ten years in prison 01/26 Sudan: 520 Displaced Families Reach Tawila in North Darfur 01/26 Sudan: Darfur - Strafing Continues in Jebel Marra War Zone 01/26 Sudan: 'Govt. Represses Darfuris in Jebel Marra' - Sudan Opposition 01/25 JEM-Dabajo calls for retaining the five states in Darfur 01/25 Dialogue delegates to tour Sudan’s disputed areas 01/25 Amid military confrontation in Darfur, 'limited' progress on resolving conflict - UN peacekeeping chief 01/25 UNAMID says continuing to protect civilians displaced by Jebel Marra clashes 01/25 Sudan: Darfur - Militia Attacks, Charred Villages in Jebel Marra Offensive 01/25 Sudan: Jebel Marra Families Continue to Flee Bombings 01/25 Government, Darfur groups agree to pursue informal talks 01/25 Sudan: DRA - West Darfur State Secured and Stable 01/25 Sudan’s Bashir to participate in the upcoming African Union summit 01/24 Lack of funding forces two groups to call off humanitarian activities in W. Darfur 01/24 African Union summit to formally demand Washington to lift Sudan sanctions 01/23 Sudan, Darfur rebels start informal talks in Ethiopia 01/23 Sudan: AU Peace and Security Council Reviews Report On Issues of Dialogue, Two Areas, Darfur and Relations Between Sudan and South Sudan 01/22 Sudan: Parties - Darfur Referendum Does Not Contradict Dialogue 01/22 Darfur breakaway faction demands Khartoum to implement peace deal 01/22 Sudan: 5,000 Newly Displaced in West Darfur Capital 01/22 ON THE RADAR || ALARMING REPORTS OF BOLD LRA ATTACKS IN CENTRAL AFRICA 01/22 Sudan: Jebel Marra in Darfur - Three Rape Survivors Speak 01/22 Raping Girls in Darfur: a continuing weapon of war 01/22 Rwanda: Lt Gen Kamanzi Takes Over As UNAMID Commander 01/22 Sudan: Withdrawing Troops Rape, Pillage, Murder in Darfur's Nierteti 01/22 Sudan: 'Thousands Affected By New Darfur Clashes' - UN 01/22 Sudan: 'Darfur Referendum Grotesque' - Activist 01/22 Sudan: Sudanese Opposition Condemn 'Silence On Attacks' 01/21


In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.