Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur See summary

Recent articles:

sudantribune.com Sudan hosts more than 300,000 South Sudanese refugees: UN 02/18
allafrica.com Sudan: Now 300k+ South Sudanese Refugees in Sudan - UNHCR 02/17
allafrica.com Sudan: North Darfur Issues a Statement On Recent Security Events in Fashir 02/17
allafrica.com Sudan: 22 Shelters Consumed By South Darfur Camp Blaze 02/17
sudantribune.com Darfur breakaway faction complains about slow implementation of peace deal 02/17
allafrica.com Sudan: North Darfur Capital Tense As Army, Militias Clash 02/17
sudantribune.com Sudanese army officer slain in El- Fasher 02/16
sudantribune.com President al-Bashir, UN official discuss humanitarian challenges in Sudan 02/16
modernghana.com UNICEF launches $110 mn appeal for Sudan children 02/15
france24.com Video: Asylum seekers in limbo at Israel-Egypt border fence 02/15
allafrica.com Sudan: WFP Reviews Food Rations in South Darfur Camps 02/14
sudantribune.com Unknown gunmen kill woman in North Darfur 02/14
sudantribune.com Sudan’s mineral minister pays rare visit to N. Darfur gold mines 02/13
allafrica.com Homes Devoured by Flames in Darfur, Eastern Chad 02/13
bbc.co.uk Global pariah 02/13
allafrica.com Sudan: 'Situation in Darfur Improved' - EU Diplomat 02/12
sudantribune.com Aid groups launch health care operation in Darfur’s Jebel Marra 02/12
allafrica.com Sudan: South Darfur Announces 2017-2019 Development Plan 02/12
sudantribune.com UN expert vows to raise situation of detained Sudanese activists 02/12
allafrica.com Sudan: Spokesman for the Rapid Support Forces - Our Forces Played a Major Role in Security and Stability in Darfur 02/09
allafrica.com Sudan: Darfuri Parties and Movements - Darfur Safe and Free of Any Rebellion 02/09
sudantribune.com EU envoys, North Darfur officials discuss post conflict and recovery plans 02/09
africa-newsroom.com Sudan: UN Independent Expert to follow up on recommendations by the UN human rights system 02/08
sudantribune.com Militias of Bashir’s Regime and the Proxy War (1) 02/08
sudantribune.com Security Council urges unfettered access to Darfur experts, considers sanctions on rebels 02/08
allafrica.com Sudan: Rebels Deny Sudan's RSF Claims 02/08
africa-newsroom.com European Union Ambassador meets Ghandour and announces that the EU Ambassadors will visit West and North Darfur 02/07
allafrica.com Sudan: Hassabo Arrives in Al-Fasher to Attend Celebrations Marking First Anniversary for Martyrdom of Sultan Ali Dinar 02/07
allafrica.com Sudan: RSF - 'Darfur Free of Rebels, Except Jebel Marra Top' 02/07
appablog.wordpress.com European Union Ambassador meets Ghandour and announces that the EU Ambassadors will visit West and North Darfur 02/07
allafrica.com Sudan: SRF - 'Darfur Free of Rebels, Except Jebel Marra Top' 02/06
theeastafrican.co.ke Sudan president accuses Egypt of backing opponents 02/06
modernghana.com Sudan president accuses Egypt of backing opponents 02/05
allafrica.com Sudan: Darfur Protest Spreads After Teachers Raped 02/05
sudantribune.com Darfur rebels are only at the top of Jebel Marra : RSF say 02/04
pulitzercenter.org The Peacemakers of Darfur: ‘We Are Your Aunties, and We Are Coming for Mediation’ 02/04
allafrica.com Sudan: Soldiers, Locals Ambushed - Four Dead in North Darfur 02/03
sudantribune.com Cattle raiders kill three military in North Darfur’s Tawila 02/03
sudantribune.com Darfur groups welcome new African Union Commission chairperson Moussa Faki 02/03
allafrica.com Sudan: Darfur - UNAMID Welcomes JEM Order Against Child Soldiers 02/02
africa-newsroom.com UNAMID welcomes JEM’s Command Order prohibiting recruitment of child soldiers 02/01
sudantribune.com Sudan releases British filmmaker captured in Darfur 02/01
theeastafrican.co.ke African Union backs plan for ICC withdrawal 02/01
allafrica.com Sudan: Militiamen Assault Displaced Woman in North Darfur 01/31
allafrica.com Nigeria: Sudan to Support Nigeria Combat Terrorism 01/27
allafrica.com Sudan: South Darfur Displaced Decry 'Bussed-In' New Settlers 01/26
theeastafrican.co.ke Sudan opposition leader Mahdi returns from exile 01/26
modernghana.com Sudan opposition chief Mahdi to return from exile: party 01/26
sudantribune.com Sudan authorizes humanitarian and medical assistance to Jebel Marra areas 01/26
sudantribune.com Indonesian team to arrive in Khartoum to follow probe on alleged gun smuggling 01/25
allafrica.com Assistant of President Hails Efforts of Qatar and Chad for Realizing Peace in Darfur 01/24
foxnews.com Indonesia probes alleged gun smuggling by peacekeeping unit 01/24
scmp.com Indonesia investigates whether its peacekeepers smuggled guns out of Sudan 01/24
allafrica.com Sudan: Two Displaced Hit By Police Car in South Darfur Camp 01/24
allafrica.com Sudan: Indonesian UNAMID Police Deny Smuggling Arms From Darfur 01/24
allafrica.com Sudan: New Signatory to Darfur Peace File in Qatar Capital 01/24
huffingtonpost.com Wanted: A New Chapter In U.S.-Sudan Relations 01/24
allafrica.com Sudan: Abul-Gasim Imam Affirms His Movement's Commitment to National Dialogue Outcome 01/24
sudantribune.com Sudan's RSF arrests 64 illegal migrants near Libyan border 01/24
modernghana.com Indonesia denies peacekeepers tried to leave Sudan with arms 01/24
allafrica.com Sudan: Darfur Slm Denies News of Another Breakaway Group 01/23
allafrica.com Sudan: Government to Sign Peace Deal With Slm-New Revolution in Doha Monday 01/23
sudantribune.com Sudanese gov’t, Darfur group sign peace agreement in Doha 01/23
allafrica.com Sudan: North Darfur Capital 'Crammed With Cars From Libya' 01/22
sudantribune.com UNAMID’s local workers renew protests over unpaid benefits 01/22
sudantribune.com Sudan’s SRF re-appoints Agar as chairman 01/22
modernghana.com AU welcomes US move to lift sanctions against Sudan 01/22
sudantribune.com $167m needed for S. Sudan refugees in Sudan: UNHCR 01/22
sudantribune.com Security Council to hold consultations on S. Sudan on Monday 01/22
sudantribune.com Darfuri splinter group signs peace agreement with Sudanese government 01/21
huffingtonpost.com Civil Lawsuit On Behalf Of Sudanese Victims Brought Against BNP Paribas In U.S. Federal District Court 01/21
sudantribune.com Sudan’s police arrest UNAMID peacekeepers accused of smuggling weapons 01/20
sudantribune.com African Union to verify Juba is no longer harbouring Sudanese rebels 01/20
sudantribune.com Sudanese government, Darfur group to sign peace deal next week 01/19
af.reuters.com Sudanese government says rebel group to sign Darfur peace pact 01/19
thejakartapost.com Indonesia to send 140 personnel for peacekeeping mission in Sudan 01/19
allafrica.com Sudan: Draft Bill to Give Sudanese President Sway Over RSF Militia 01/19
nation.co.ke Soldiers won’t fight back, Gambian army chief says 01/19
sudantribune.com Sudan’s al-Mahdi vows no bilateral agreement with al-Bashir regime 01/18
pulitzercenter.org For Sudan, Breaking Ties with Its Radical Past Is a ‘Delicate Balancing Act’ 01/18
allafrica.com Sudan: Resumption of Darfur Internal Dialogue in 8 Localities 01/17
appablog.wordpress.com United States Lifting Select Sanctions on Sudan 01/16
modernghana.com Darfur rebel groups retreat to Libya, South Sudan: UN report 01/16
sudantribune.com Sudanese parliament passes RSF Act integrating militiamen in the army 01/16
allafrica.com Sudan: 'Sudan Govt. Declares Ceasefire to Appease U.S.' - Opposition 01/16
allafrica.com Sudan: Easing Sanctions - Lifeline for Bashir or Catalyst for Change? 01/16
huffingtonpost.com Sudan Sanctions: Obama, You've Been Played, Advantage Bashir 01/16
allafrica.com Sudan: Darfur's Jebel Marra Hit By Disease, Displaced Need Winter Aid 01/16
allafrica.com Sudan: Displaced Contradict Sudanese Envoy's Statement to UN 01/16
allafrica.com Sudan: Darfur Rebel Movement Welcomes New UNAMID Head 01/16
sudantribune.com Obama’s promises and pledges for Darfur went unheeded with lifting sanctions 01/15
voanews.com Sudan Extends Cease-fire by Six Months 01/15
modernghana.com Sudan extends ceasefire in 3 conflict areas 01/15
sudantribune.com Sudanese government extends ceasefire for six months 01/15
allafrica.com Sudan: Obama Lifts 20-Year Sanctions On Sudan 01/14
reuters.com Move to lift Sudan sanctions came after Trump approval, months of talks 01/14
sudantribune.com JEM welcomes appointment of new UNAMID chief 01/14
allafrica.com Sudan: Obama's Premature 'Easing' of Sanctions On Sudan 01/14
globalsecurity.org United States Lifting Select Sanctions on Sudan 01/14
allafrica.com Sudan: US Set to Lift Some Sanctions Against Sudan 01/13

Summary

In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.