Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur See summary

Recent articles:

allafrica.com Sudan: President Bashir Orders Army to Launch Decisive Attack to End Rebellion 10/30
turkishweekly.net Sudan official says Bashir deserves Nobel Peace Prize 10/30
radiodabanga.org Displaced villager found beheaded in South Darfur 10/30
aljazeera.com Bashir's calculated diplomatic dance 10/29
af.reuters.com U.N. says Darfur mission withheld details of attacks on civilians 10/29
modernghana.com UN chief blasts Darfur mission for under-reporting crimes 10/29
foxnews.com UN review finds Darfur peacekeeping mission held back information on crimes vs. civilians 10/29
globalsecurity.org Ban 'deeply troubled' by findings of review of allegations of misreporting by joint Darfur Mission 10/29
sudantribune.com Sudan’s Bashir orders army to launch decisive attack to end rebellion 10/29
reuters.com Opposition leader suggests 'soft exit' for Sudan's Bashir 10/28
en.ria.ru UN Sets Up Gendered Camps Amid Attacks on Displaced Women 10/28
vanguardngr.com Kwankwaso to tackle insecurity, endemic corruption, boosting economic growth 10/28
modernghana.com Third opposition candidate declares bid for Nigeria presidency 10/28
sudantribune.com SLM Minnawi, Sudanese gov’t to engage in talks next November 10/28
allafrica.com Sudan: 'Positive Developments in Sudan Dialogue' - Al Bashir 10/27
allafrica.com In Honor of Country 10/27
radiodabanga.org Police foil South Darfur jailbreak 10/27
radiodabanga.org Displaced man abducted for ransom in Central Darfur 10/27
radiodabanga.org Three die as Electoral Commission vehicle ambushed in South Darfur 10/27
sudantribune.com Talks on Sudan’s Two Areas to resume on 12 November : SPLM-N spokesperson 10/27
sudantribune.com Sudan’s SRF describes Bashir’s re-nomination as “tragic end” for national dialogue 10/26
sudantribune.com Sudan denounces renewal of US economic sanctions 10/26
sudantribune.com Sudan’s dialogue outcome would shape political scene: official 10/25
sudantribune.com Mbeki travels to Khartoum to discuss resumption of peace talks 10/25
sudantribune.com Obama extends Sudan sanctions for another year 10/25
modernghana.com Sudan president says country's regional isolation ending 10/25
sudantribune.com Sudan frees Chinese oil worker abducted in W. Kordofan 10/24
modernghana.com Sudan's Bashir calls opponents to talks 10/23
radiodabanga.org Two men killed, three injured in South Darfur and East Jebel Marra 10/23
horseedmedia.net Cumar Xassan al-Bashiir oo mar kale xilka madaxtinimada isku soo sharaxaya 10/23
radiodabanga.org Staff of health centres on strike in Kass, South Darfur 10/23
modernghana.com Inauguration of UNAMID photo exhibition and musical concert in Khartoum 10/22
sudantribune.com Sudan speaks about contacts with rebel commanders in Darfur 10/22
allafrica.com Sudan: Campaign for Peaceful Harvest Concludes in West Darfur 10/22
allafrica.com Sudan: UNAMID Celebrates UN Day 10/22
allafrica.com Sudan: "Unamid's Successes Often Overlooked" - Interview With Outgoing JSR Mohamed IBN Chambas 10/22
modernghana.com Sudan opposition groups hit out at Bashir re-election bid 10/22
radiodabanga.org ‘Health services in Darfur far from sufficient’: minister 10/21
radiodabanga.org Outbreak of conjunctivitis in Fata Borno, North Darfur 10/21
bbc.co.uk Bashir seeks to extend 25-year rule 10/21
mg.co.za Sudan names Bashir as possible choice for presidency 10/21
huffingtonpost.com Syria Exhibit at US Holocaust Memorial Museum 10/21
nzherald.co.nz Sudan's al-Bashir to seek re-election 10/21
appablog.wordpress.com Inauguration of UNAMID photo exhibition and musical concert in Khartoum 10/21
allafrica.com Sudan: UNAMID Mourns Fallen Comrades in North Darfur 10/20
allafrica.com Sudan: Displaced Lynch Murderer in Central Darfur's Deleig 10/20
allafrica.com Sudan: Air Raids On Zaghawa Tribal Area in North Darfur 10/20
allafrica.com Ethiopia: Ministry Condemns Killing of Ethiopian Peacekeepers in Darfur 10/20
allafrica.com Sudan: Sudan's Opposition Leaders Agree to Unify Efforts for Peace and Democracy 10/20
allafrica.com Ethiopia Deplores Slaying of Three Blue Helmets in Darfur 10/20
modernghana.com Council of the European Union conclusions on Sudan 10/20
allafrica.com Sudan: Central Darfur Displaced Reject Model Villages 10/20
modernghana.com Sudan ruling party names Bashir possible choice for presidency 10/20
enoughproject.org Movie Trailers That Spark Activism from ‘Iolani School’s 7th Graders 10/20
telegraph.co.uk The Sudanese 'spies' in London Starbucks 10/20
radiodabanga.org Border Guard slain in South Darfur’s Dereig camp 10/20
radiodabanga.org Air raids on Zaghawa tribal area in North Darfur 10/19
radiodabanga.org Displaced lynch murderer in Central Darfur’s Deleig 10/19
radiodabanga.org South Darfur state's politicians demand more parliament seats 10/19
sudantribune.com European envoys in Sudan plan to visit South Darfur state 10/19
sudantribune.com Abyei is not among West Darfur electoral districts : official 10/19
sudantribune.com Al-Mahdi calls for UN pressure to secure release of female Darfurian students 10/18
allafrica.com Sudan: '21 Sudan Troops Killed' - Rebels 10/18
sudantribune.com Ethiopia condemns slaying of peacekeepers in Darfur 10/18
globalsecurity.org UN envoy calls for funding backed by government action, peace successes in troubled Sahel 10/17
globalsecurity.org Ban deplores attacks on UN peacekeepers amid simmering tensions in Darfur region 10/17
af.reuters.com Gunmen kill three Ethiopian peacekeepers in Sudan's Darfur 10/17
english.people.com.cn UN Security Council deplores attack on peacekeepers in Darfur 10/17
enoughproject.org "Watchers of the Sky" Documentary Film Opens in NY and LA 10/17
modernghana.com Statement attributable to the Spokesman for the Secretary-General on Darfur 10/17
sudantribune.com Celebrate the golden jubilee of the October 1964 Sudanese revolution 10/17
radiodabanga.org 'West Darfur sold Unamid items worth millions of pounds' 10/17
allafrica.com The Ministry of Foreign Affairs Condemns the Killing of Ethiopian Peacekeepers in Darfur 10/17
turkishweekly.net Ban Ki-moon ‘strongly condemns’ attack on UN peacekeepers in Darfur, Sudan 10/17
en.ria.ru Ban Ki-moon ‘Strongly Condemns’ Attack on UN Peacekeepers in Darfur, Sudan 10/16
myaccount.nytimes.com World Briefing: Sudan: 3 Peacekeepers Killed by Gunmen in Darfur 10/16
en.ria.ru UN Security Council Condemns Killing of Peacekeepers in Darfur, Sudan, Calls for Justice 10/16
af.reuters.com Gunmen kill three Ethiopian peacekeepers in Sudan's Darfur 10/16
modernghana.com Three Ethiopian peacekeepers killed in Darfur attack 10/16
un.org Ban deplores attacks on UN peacekeepers amid simmering tensions in Darfur region 10/16
sudantribune.com Three Ethiopian peacekeepers slain in North Darfur 10/16
appablog.wordpress.com Statement attributable to the Spokesman for the Secretary-General on Darfur 10/16
sify.com UN envoy calls for funding backed by government action, peace successes in troubled Sahel 10/16
nzherald.co.nz UN chief: 2 peacekeepers killed in Darfur 10/16
modernghana.com Two peacekeepers killed in Darfur attack: UN chief   10/16
allafrica.com Rwanda: 32 Police Officers Set for Darfur Mission 10/16
radiodabanga.org Displaced leader abducted in Central Darfur 10/15
allafrica.com Sudan: Security Forces Abuse Women, Says Rights Group 10/15
radiodabanga.org Darfur rebel leader Minawi sacks commanders 10/15
sudantribune.com Rights group calls for probe into abuse of female students from Darfur 10/15
radiodabanga.org West Darfur minister orders activists detained 10/14
sudantribune.com Gunmen kill 5 people in North Darfur state 10/14
allafrica.com Sudan: Eastern Sudan Leader Warns for Darfur Scenario in the Region 10/14
radiodabanga.org North Darfur 'robbers' kill army commander 10/14
sudantribune.com East Darfur state imposes emergency order 10/14
reuters.com Sudan's Popular Congress Party to boycott 2015 election 10/13
turkishweekly.net Ethiopia vows to work for peace in region, on continent 10/13
sudantribune.com Clashes in Jebel Marra prevent health assessment efforts :UN 10/13
radiodabanga.org ‘North Darfur tribal leaders agree to end use of child soldiers’: Unamid 10/13
modernghana.com UNAMID welcomes North Darfur tribal leaders' commitment to end use of child soldiers 10/13

Summary

In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.