Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur See summary

Recent articles:

allafrica.com Uganda: Sudanese Students in Uganda Condemn SAF Over Blue Nile Rape Claims 12/19
sudantribune.com Sudanese students in Uganda condemn SAF over Blue Nile rape claims 12/18
sudantribune.com Sudan’s NCP meeting discusses ICC developments 12/18
radiodabanga.org Employees strike in West Kordofan, threaten to strike in South Darfur 12/17
allafrica.com Gambia: 208 Military Personnel Complete Pre-Deployment Training 12/17
economist.com Human rights law: First Kenya, now Sudan 12/17
radiodabanga.org One dead, two injured, in Darfur attacks 12/17
radiodabanga.org Darfur Bar to defend 19 accused by Sudan’s militia of cooperating with rebels 12/17
reuters.com Sudan warns South Sudan against 'hostile moves' by rebels in its territory 12/17
huffingtonpost.com In Tragedy, Empathy Still Dependent On Proximity 12/17
sify.com Security Council inaction on Darfur 'can only embolden perpetrators'-ICC prosecutor 12/17
monitor.co.ug Is Museveni attack on ICC for Pan-Africanism or personal reasons? 12/17
allafrica.com Sudan: Darfur Déja Vu 12/17
allafrica.com Sudan: UNAMID Won't Leave Darfur Amid Escalating Violence - UN Official 12/17
sudantribune.com Khartoum again warns Juba against supporting Sudan’s JEM rebels 12/17
allafrica.com Sudan: UNAMID Patrol Unit Ambushed in South Darfur 12/16
allafrica.com Sudan: President Misinformed On Hague Darfur Case 12/16
sudantribune.com Sudan accuses ICC prosecutor of seeking to escalate Darfur crisis 12/16
radiodabanga.org Gold diggers robbed in North Darfur’s Jebel ‘Amer 12/16
radiodabanga.org Fire destroys 354 homes in Labado camp, East Darfur 12/16
sudantribune.com UNAMID won’t leave Darfur amid escalating violence: UN official 12/16
af.reuters.com U.N. says forces in Sudan's Darfur won't leave amid rising violence 12/16
radiodabanga.org One displaced killed, two injured in Kass locality, South Darfur 12/16
radiodabanga.org Gunmen demand compensation for ‘21 sheep, eaten by two dogs’ in South Darfur 12/16
voanews.com Sudan Feels Vindicated as ICC Hints at Dropping Darfur Probe 12/15
jurist.org ICC prosecutor halts Darfur investigation 12/15
allafrica.com Sudan: Security Council Inaction On Darfur 'Can Only Embolden Perpetrators' - ICC Prosecutor 12/15
allafrica.com Africa: The African Union Looks Forward to the Outcome of the Ongoing Joint AU-United Nations Review of Unamid Operations 12/15
reuters.com Sudan to witness more violence after ICC shelves Darfur probe: opposition 12/15
radiodabanga.org Army forces kill, rob merchant in Central Darfur 12/15
radiodabanga.org Unamid patrol unit ambushed in South Darfur 12/15
theguardian.com Omar al-Bashir celebrates ICC decision to halt Darfur investigation 12/14
worldpoliticsreview.com Global Trends Point to Fragmentation of International Crisis Management 12/14
radiodabanga.org Central Darfur villagers kidnapped 12/14
allafrica.com Sudan: Bashir Hails The Hague's 'Surrender' on War Crimes Probe 12/14
independent.co.uk Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir claims victory over ICC after it drops Darfur war crimes investigation 12/14
france24.com Sudan’s Bashir claims victory as ICC shelves war crimes inquiry 12/14
reuters.com Moscow opposes Western requests to fire Russian at Darfur mission: envoys 12/14
sudantribune.com Unknown gunmen attack UNAMID patrol in South Darfur 12/14
radiodabanga.org Militia torch 'voluntary return' village, kill nine in South Darfur 12/14
sudantribune.com ICC’s decision to freeze Darfur investigations raises fears and disappointments 12/14
sudantribune.com 5 people killed, 6 injured by armed militia in South Darfur 12/14
allafrica.com Sudan: ICC Suspends Darfur Crime Investigations 12/13
allafrica.com Sudan: Darfur Rebels Attack Army As Military Operations Start 12/13
turkishweekly.net Prosecutor rebukes Security Council inaction over Sudan 12/13
allafrica.com Sudan: ICC Prosecutor Shelves Darfur Case for Lack of UN Support 12/13
reuters.com Sudan's Bashir claims victory over ICC after court shelves Darfur probe 12/13
sudantribune.com Reports of new clashes in Central and North Darfur states 12/13
bbc.co.uk Sudan leader hails 'victory' over ICC 12/13
tamilguardian.com ICC Darfur inquiry suspended, Bashir hails 'victory' 12/13
france24.com UN peacekeepers ‘look on’ as ‘Russia-backed’ war rages in Darfur 12/13
mg.co.za ICC stops investigation into Darfur war crimes 12/13
globalsecurity.org Sudan's President: ICC 'Failed' in Prosecution Effort 12/13
modernghana.com Sudan's Bashir hails ICC decision to halt Darfur probe 12/13
globalsecurity.org Sudan's president praises ICC investigation suspension 12/13
sudantribune.com Sudan urges UNSC to reconsider ICC Darfur referral, Bashir hails court’s "surrender" 12/13
globalsecurity.org Security Council inaction on Darfur 'can only embolden perpetrators' – ICC prosecutor 12/13
aljazeera.com ICC prosecutor halts Darfur war-crimes probe 12/13
timeslive.co.za Sudan steps up pressure on UN mission in Darfur 12/12
allafrica.com Sudan: 'Sudan to Crush Rebellion in Next Dry Season Campaign' - Defence, Security 12/12
foxnews.com ICC prosecutor stopping Darfur investigations, accuses UN Security Council of little support 12/12
allafrica.com Sudan: Rebels Attack Convoys in Central Darfur, South Kordofan 12/12
sudantribune.com ICC prosecutor to freeze new Darfur investigations 12/12
un.org Security Council inaction on Darfur ‘can only embolden perpetrators to continue brutality’ – ICC prosecutor 12/12
reuters.com International court's prosecutor shelves Darfur case for lack of U.N. support 12/12
modernghana.com ICC prosecutor criticizes UN council for inaction over Darfur 12/12
bbc.co.uk ICC halts Darfur war crime inquiries 12/12
dw.de ICC suspends Darfur crime investigations over "lack of action" 12/12
modernghana.com Sudan minister vows to defeat rebels after fruitless talks 12/12
news.com.au ICC halts Darfur probe, cites no progress 12/12
myaccount.nytimes.com World Briefing: Sudan: Prosecutor Halts Darfur Inquiry 12/12
allafrica.com Sudan: Govt 'Fully Prepared' to Counter Security Council 12/11
sudantribune.com Sudan army launches second phase of military campaign against rebels 12/11
radiodabanga.org North Darfur state regulates ‘traditional mining’ 12/10
allafrica.com Sudan: UN-AU Assessment Team Arrives in Nyala, South Darfur 12/10
radiodabanga.org Fire destroys homes in West Darfur camp 12/10
sudantribune.com Efforts to normalise US-Sudan relations stall 12/10
sudantribune.com Sudan reiterates resolve to terminate UNAMID mandate 12/10
allafrica.com Sudan: North Darfur Displaced Unable to Pay 'National Number' Fees 12/10
sudantribune.com Sudan’s security agency says forces ready for final showdown with rebels 12/10
radiodabanga.org Orchards destroyed by oil field fire in East Darfur 12/09
allafrica.com Sudan: African Mediators Suspend Talks On Sudan's Two Areas 12/09
reuters.com Sudan ceasefire talks end without deal as violence increases 12/09
sudantribune.com Internet Freedoms Deteriorate in Sudan According to Global Survey 12/08
bbc.co.uk Will Sudan ever find peace? 12/08
radiodabanga.org Brother of DRA head killed, hospital guard shot in Central Darfur 12/08
sputniknews.com Human Rights Groups Urge Justice for Int'l Crimes at Annual ICC Meeting 12/08
sudantribune.com African mediators suspend talks on Sudan’s Two Areas 12/08
sudantribune.com UNAMID presence is better for the Darfurians despite shortcomings 12/08
allafrica.com Sudan: Govt Rejects UN Request for Second Mass Rape Probe 12/08
sudantribune.com Opposition alignment in ‘Sudan call’ accord 12/07
sudantribune.com Sudan army to deploy forces across the country: spokesperson 12/07
allafrica.com Sudan: SSMO Warns Against Carcinogenic Candies in South Darfur 12/07
sudantribune.com SPLM-N says Khartoum seeks to collapse Sudan’s peace talks 12/07
ynetnews.com Israel has not granted refugee status to any Darfur genocide survivors, study finds 12/07
radiodabanga.org Carcinogenic candies sold in South Darfur 12/07
sudantribune.com Herder militia launches new attacks on farmers in West Darfur 12/06
turkishweekly.net UN Official: Access in Darfur vital to rape investigation 12/05
allafrica.com Sudan: Darfur Peace Talks Suspended Indefinitely 12/05
allafrica.com Sudan: Herders' Attacks On West Darfur Villages Continue 12/05

Summary

In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.