India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir See summary

Recent articles: Army, CRPF Fight to Take Credit Over Who Killed Pampore Attackers 06/28 Hafiz Saeed`s son-in-law masterminded terror attack on CRPF convoy in Pampore: Report 06/28 Pulwama shootout: 'There were intercepts about an attack on the forces' 06/27 Indian minister warns Pakistan after Kashmir attack 06/27 Army, CRPF squabbled over who killed Pampore terrorists 06/27 Pampore terror attack: BJP MLAs raise anti-Pak slogans in Kashmir assembly 06/27 BJP demands action against Pakistan over CRPF ambush in J&K 06/27 Pak Envoy Ignores Questions on J&K Attack, Says Focus on Iftar Party 06/27 NC Walks Out of Assembly Over Non Sanctioning of IIT, IIM for Kashmir 06/27 Pampore attack: CRPF denies security lapses 06/27 Lapses on part of security forces led to ambush in Pampore: Kiren Rijiju 06/27 Pakistan not to back down from 'principled stand' on Kashmir: Sartaj Aziz 06/27 Last rites of martyred CRPF inspector performed in Thiruvananthapuram 06/27 Kashmir: Two militants killed in ongoing encounter in Baramulla 06/26 Pampore terror attack: Centre to send committee to find reason behind security lapse 06/26 DG CRPF to visit Jammu and Kashmir to take stock of situation in Pampore attack 06/26 Pampore attack: CM Mehbooba Mufti says such incidents defaming Jammu and Kashmir 06/26 'If Pak fires, we won't keep count of our bullets' 06/26 Mehbooba pays tribute to CRPF soldiers killed in Pampore militant attack 06/26 Pampore attack: Parrikar doubts SOP not followed 06/26 Pampore attack leads CRPF to shift MPVs from Naxal grid to Kashmir 06/26 Probe ordered into Pampore attack, Parrikar doubt if SOP was followed properly 06/26 We Won't Keep an Account of Our Bullets if Pak Fires First: Rajnath 06/26 Pampore attack: Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar expressed doubts over routine procedure of the bus 06/26 Pampore Attack an Act of Frustration by Pakistan, says Parrikar 06/26 Doubt if SOP was followed properly: Parrikar on Pampore attack 06/26 Eight Indian security men, two militants killed in Kashmir 06/26 'Let’s enjoy Iftar': JD(U) slams Pakistan envoy Abdul Basit's reaction to Pampore attack 06/26 Pampore attack: Did CRPF ignore specific intelligence input from Jammu and Kashmir Police? 06/26 Shocking: Upper castes refuse to give land for CRPF jawan's funeral who was martyred in Pampore 06/26 Mehbooba cries shame, Rajnath blames Pak 06/26 Kashmir Militants Kill Eight, Injure 20 Indian Police Officers in Ambush 06/25 Jammu and Kashmir: Police busts Hizbul Mujahideen module, arrests three terrorists 06/25 J&K: Mehbooba Mufti Wins Anantnag Seat by Over 11,000 Votes 06/25 Masked men raise Pakistan, ISIS flags in Kashmir; stones pelted at policemen 06/25 8 CRPF Men Killed, 24 Injured as Terrorists Ambush Bus 06/25 8 Killed in Rebel Attack on Police Convoy in Kashmir 06/25 Pampore: 'Deeply anguised' by the attack, Rajnath Singh 'prays for speedy recovery of injured' 06/25 8 CRPF men, 2 militants killed in Kashmir encounter 06/25 LeT men ambush CRPF bus near Srinagar, kill 8 06/25 Attack bid to subvert peace process: Mehbooba 06/25 Pampore terror attack: PM Narendra Modi pained by demise of CRPF jawans, salutes their courage 06/25 8 CRPF jawans, 2 terrorists killed in encounter in Pampore 06/25 Eight Indian police officials dead, 20 injured in Kashmir militant attack 06/25 8 CRPF men die in attack 06/25 Kashmir: Army guns down 7 terrorists in 24 hours 06/24 Six Terrorists Killed in an Encounter With Security Forces in Kashmir 06/24 Jammu and Kashmir: Seven militant killed in Kupwara, IED detected in Srinagar 06/24 Our entire defence mechanism is India-specific, says top Pakistani military official 06/23 ‘Granting India access to NSG will be discriminatory’ 06/23 Brave jawans gun down six militants in encounters in Kashmir`s Kupwara - Know gunbattle details 06/23 3 terrorists killed in encounter in Kashmir 06/23 Top LeT Commander Arrested By J&K Police, Search Operations Continue 06/21 Top LeT militant arrested 06/21 Gunfight in Kashmir after top LeT commander`s arrest 06/20 PDP lull in bypoll hints at a Mehbooba storm 06/20 1 militant killed in encounter in Kashmir 06/19 Islamabad test for Mehbooba in Anantnag 06/19 J&K: One Terrorist Killed in Gun Battle With Security Forces 06/19 Govt to use technology to secure borders: Rajnath Singh 06/19 Centre plans to make Amarnath Yatra a grosser for the locals 06/18 Pakistan, anti-national elements may disrupt Amarnath Yatra: Deputy CM Nirmal Singh 06/18 Jammu and Kashmir: Militant killed in encounter in Bomai 06/17 Terrorist killed in Kashmir During Fresh Gunfight 06/17 Clashes in Kashmir after security forces kill two terrorists 06/17 J & K: 4 militants, 1 soldier killed in ongoing encounter in Kupwara 06/16 Soldier, four rebels die in Indian Kashmir gun battle 06/16 5 suspected rebels, 2 Indian soldiers die in Kashmir clashes 06/16 Soldier martyred, four terrorists killed as Army foils infiltration bid along LoC 06/16 Bangladesh crackdown: more than 14,000 arrests, yet machete attacks continue 06/16 Five Pakistani Rebels, Two Indian Soldiers Killed In Kashmir Clashes 06/16 Jammu and Kashmir: Army foils infiltration bid in Tangdhar, two militants killed 06/16 Two Grenade Attacks in Shopian in Kashmir, Two Civilians Hurt 06/15 One Terrorist Killed, Soldier Succumbs to Injuries in Kashmir Gunbattle 06/15 Gunfight 06/15 Amarnath Yatra: Intelligence agencies warn of terror strike, MHA assures security 06/14 Encounter in J&K's Kupwara, soldier injured 06/14 Infiltration bid foiled near LoC, 5 soldiers injured; gunfight on 06/14 'Walls of hatred' 06/14 Terrorist, woman killed in attack on CRPF camp in Udhampur 06/13 Four policemen injured in militant attack in Kulgam 06/12 Three Policemen Injured in Suspected Terrorist Attack in Kashmir 06/12 ISIS wants Kashmir under its caliphate, not Pakistan: NIA chargesheet reveals 06/11 Al Qaeda's Zawahiri backs new Taliban chief Akhundzada 06/11 Al Qaeda's Zawahiri backs new Taliban chief Akhundzada 06/11 IS wants Kashmir under caliphate, not Pakistan 06/10 Terrorists using 'calculator' to avoid surveillance by army 06/06 Army Corners Terrorists in Handwara forests in J&K, Gun Battle on 06/06 9 security men killed in last 10 days in J&K 06/06 Army Launches Operation Against Terrorists in Kashmir 06/05 Anantnag attack: Terrorist identified on CCTV is local youth who joined LeT 06/05 Terrorists Using 'Calculator' to Avoid Surveillance by Army 06/05 2 cops shot dead in second attack within 24 hours in Kashmir 06/04 Militants kill two policemen in Anantnag district 06/04 Bijbehara Attack an Attempt to Subvert Peace Efforts: J&K CM 06/04 Attack in Mehbooba poll run-up 06/04 Kashmir villagers rise up, foil rebel-hunting Indian troops 06/03 Kashmir rebels ambush Indian paramilitary soldiers; 2 killed 06/03 Attack on BSF convoy: Mehbooba questions Pak's love for Kashmir 06/03 3 BSF men killed, 4 injured in ambush by terrorists in Kashmir 06/03


As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.