India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir See summary

Recent articles: Two Militants Killed in Gunfight with Army 08/20 China punishes 15 officials in Xinjiang for practicing faith 08/20 Pakistan Defends Meeting With Kashmiri Separatists 08/20 India Calls Off Talks With Pakistan 08/19 Despite cancellation of talks, Pak High Commissioner meets J&K separatists 08/19 Indian military kills militant in gunfight near Kashmir LoC 08/19 Militant killed near LoC in Kashmir 08/19 FIRING-BSF 2 LAST 08/19 Terrorists in Kolkata jail get mobile phones, Internet access for just Rs 1,000 per month: Report 08/19 Militant Killed Near Line of Control in North Kashmir 08/19 Militant shot dead near LoC in Kupwara 08/19 Despite talks cancellation, Pak HC goes ahead with meeting 08/18 India calls off talks with Pakistan over envoy's meeting with Kashmiri separatists 08/18 India calls off talks with Pakistan 08/17 J&K: Terrorist attack in Pulwama, 2 BSF men killed 08/16 2 BSF men killed in militant attack outside IAF airfield in JK 08/16 Militants open fire at BSF vehicle, 2 troopers killed, 4 injured 08/16 J&K: 2 BSF soldiers killed in terrorist attack in Pulwama 08/16 In 6 days, five attacks by rebels in Kashmir; 6 killed, 13 injured 08/16 Mobile services temporarily suspended in Kashmir Valley 08/15 Independence day celebrations peaceful across the country 08/15 Independence Day celebrated peacefully in Kashmir valley 08/15 PHOTOS: India gears up to celebrate its 67th Independence Day 08/14 Kashmir Valley tense on Independence Day eve 08/14 Pak says it is committed to having normal ties, India says talk and terror can't go hand and hand 08/14 Modi’s Kashmir concerns 08/14 Major Varadarajan to be given Ashoka Chakra posthumously 08/14 Major Mukund Varadarajan Awarded Ashok Chakra, the Highest Gallantry Award 08/14 Situation in JampK has improved Defence ministry 08/14 Security Stepped up Across Kashmir Ahead of Independence Day 08/14 Salute to fallen heroes 08/14 Ashok Chakra for late Major Mukund Varadarajan 08/14 US pull-out from Afghan may effect JK security 08/13 BSF DG takes stock of security situation in Kashmir 08/13 Pakistan Rejects Indian Leader's Kashmir 'Proxy War' Claim 08/13 Attack on police vehicle, 1 civilian dead 08/13 Two policemen, one civilian killed in terrorist attack in Kashmir 08/13 2 cops, one civilian killed in militant attack in Kashmir 08/13 Stop Blame Game: Pakistan's Response to PM Narendra Modi's "Proxy War" Remark 08/13 Modi accuses Pakistan of waging proxy war 08/13 Security beefed up in Valley for Independence Day 08/13 Three Killed in Militant Attack in Kashmir 08/13 BSF convoy attacked by terrorists in Kashmir, 7 injured 08/12 Indian leader says Pakistan is waging 'proxy war' 08/12 Modi slams Pakistan for 'proxy war' against India, visits Kargil 08/12 Around 200 militants active in J&K: Govt 08/12 Footprints: When death is celebrated 08/12 A cry for Pandits from down south 08/12 PM Narendra Modi criticises Pakistan`s proxy war 08/12 India PM Narendra Modi visits Kargil 08/12 India's Modi accuses Pakistan of waging proxy war 08/12 India's Modi accuses Pakistan of ‘proxy war’ in Kashmir 08/12 RPF constable shot dead by militants in Kashmir 08/12 Pampore attack injures nine BSF personnel 08/12 Modi vows to work for Kashmiri Pandits, victims of terror 08/12 RPF personnel shot 08/12 India’s Modi accuses Pakistan of waging a proxy war. Will it deter peace talks? 08/12 On his first visit to Leh and Kargil, he inaugurated Nimoo 08/12 India PM Slams Pakistan's Kashmir 'Proxy War' 08/12 UPDATE 1-India's Modi accuses Pakistan of waging proxy war 08/11 REFILE-India's Modi accuses Pakistan of waging proxy war 08/11 Ahead of PM's visit to Leh, terrorists attack BSF convoy near Pampore; infiltration bid foiled 08/11 India's Mod accuses Pakistan of waging proxy war 08/11 Deploy ITBP along Chamba border, Dhumal tells Rajnath 08/10 Geelani responds to J-K chief minister: ‘What other means can we use?’ 08/09 Pakistan returns India soldier 08/08 Why ISIS may attract more Indians 08/08 Three militants killed in encounter in JK 08/08 Outrage over Bengal school textbooks labeling freedom fighters as 'terrorists' 08/07 Army jawan killed in encounter with militants 08/06 Kashmir: Congress leader assaults lady doctor 08/06 India Worried Over Hafiz Saeed’s Activities Along Pakistani Border 08/05 49 Army personnel killed in counter-insurgency ops in J&K 08/05 1947 killings made Pakistani embrace jehad 08/04 Three Khalistani terrorists arrested module busted 08/04 Militants make abortive bid to loot police weaponry in JK 08/03 Two Militants Killed in Encounter in Kashmir 08/01 2 militants killed in encounter in Srinagar 08/01 Four Militants Killed in Encounter in Kashmir 08/01 Four militants gunned down in Kashmir 08/01 Four militants gunned down near LoC in Kashmir 08/01 Omar passport sop for ex-rebels, kin 08/01 India Should Watch Out for Spillover from North Waziristan Operation: Northern Army Commander to NDTV 07/29 Need to be More Vigilant About Infiltration: Northern Army Commander to NDTV 07/29 Kargil martyr's last wish nurtures an orphan's life 07/28 Army recovers war like stores from militant hideout in Baramulla in Jammu and Kashmir 07/27 Guerrilla hideout busted in Kashmir 07/27 Afghan terror spillover of real concern Army 07/26 Rebels attack police in Kashmir; 1 killed, 4 hurt 07/26 150-200 militants staged in camps across LoC: Army 07/26 Jumat-ul-Vida: Prayers, anti-Israel protests mark the day 07/25 Policeman shot at in Anantnag 07/25 J&K: One Policeman Killed, Four Injured in Grenade Attack in Sopore 07/25 Militants kill cop in Kashmir 07/25 'Infiltration Attempts Could Increase Ahead of Jammu and Kashmir Polls,' Says Top Security Official 07/24 Army foils infiltration bid on LoC in Jammu 07/24 Koul Commission submits its report on Sophian killings 07/24 Pakistan denies breaching Kashmir truce 07/24 Army foils infiltration bid in Jammu and Kashmir 07/24 Indian soldier dies in Pakistan firing 07/22


As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.