India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir See summary

Recent articles: Budgam firing: Army indicts 9 soldiers for teenagers' death 11/27 Army officer killed in Jammu and Kashmir after militants storm bunker 11/27 Government monitoring encounter in Arnia Sector of Jammu and Kashmir, says Home Minister Rajnath Singh 11/27 Suspected rebels kill 1 Indian soldier in Kashmir 11/27 Timing of Arnia attack not a coincidence: Omar 11/27 Suspected militants attack Indian base in Kashmir, fight still on 11/27 Suspected Militants Enter Army Bunker in Jammu and Kashmir's Arnia Sector 11/27 Militants attack Indian base in Kashmir region, three dead 11/27 Indian army base targeted in Kashmir attack 11/27 Suspected insurgents kill 1 Indian solider, injure 3 others in Kashmir 11/27 Soldier killed in Indian-held Kashmir in ongoing militant attack 11/27 Militants attack Army base in Kashmir; 3 soldiers, 3 civilians killed 11/27 Eight dead as Jammu gunfight ends 11/27 Eight killed in gunfight near Jammu border 11/27 Soldier killed in Indian Kashmir in ongoing militant attack 11/27 Army Officer, 3 Civilians Killed As Militants Enter Bunker in Jammu and Kashmir's Arnia 11/27 Soldier killed in Jammu gunfight Omar says no coincidence 11/27 Seven die in Jammu gunfight 11/27 Militants attack army in Indian-held Kashmir, 10 people dead 11/27 Four militants among seven killed in Kashmir gunbattle 11/27 10 killed in Jammu gunfight ahead of Modi visit 11/27 India troops in Kashmir gun battle 11/27 9 dead in Kashmir gunbattle between rebels, army 11/27 J&K: 4 terrorists, 3 jawans, 3 civilians killed even as encounter continues in Arnia 11/27 Speedy probe into firing 11/27 From "Haider" to Hope: a True Kashmir Election Story 11/26 Army Finds 9 Soldiers Guilty of Killing Two Teens in Budgam in Jammu and Kashmir 11/26 No intelligence inputs that ISIS is trying to gain ground in Kashmir: Home Ministry 11/26 Jammu and Kashmir- Congress list has all, scamsters, sex accused and molesters 11/26 Army foils infiltration bids on LoC in Jammu 11/26 Kashmiris turn out to vote in large numbers 11/26 No reports of ISIS trying to gain ground in JK 11/26 A powerful IED recovered in Manipur 11/25 J&K polls: Voters defy militants, 50% turnout till afternoon 11/25 Army Chief on visit to J&K 11/25 Trip to hospital? Oh no, it's voting day 11/25 Kashmiris turn out to vote as India’s BJP bids for power : November 26, 2014, 3:28 am 11/25 Jammu and Kashmir polls: Once troubled, Saloora village witnesses huge turnout in absence of militancy 11/25 Democracy defeats guns in Jammu and Kashmir; a record over 70% vote in first phase 11/25 Rajnath lauds high voter turnout in Kashmir Jharkhand 11/25 Naxals planning attack on RJD, JVM in Jharkhand; Pak militants want J&K polls boycotted in Valley: Intel report 11/24 'Infiltration attempts along LoC ahead of J&K elections' 11/24 Ahead of J-K polls, militants step up attacks at LoC 11/24 Live: First phase of voting for assembly elections in Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand begins 11/24 18 AK-47 Rifles, 5 Pistols Recovered in Keran Ahead of Jammu and Kashmir Polls: Army 11/23 Large quantity of arms ammunition seized in Kashmir Army 11/23 Ahead of polls, army seizes 18 AK-47 rifles and 5 pistols in J-K 11/23 Fate of VDCs a major poll issue in Chenab valley 11/21 US watching Kashmir election process, no major complaints 11/21 3 militants killed in Tral encounter belong to LeT 11/21 Hundreds of Muslim Kashmiris pause to pray for suspected terrorist killed by Indian security services  11/21 Three Militants Killed in Attack on Police Party in Kashmir's Tral 11/20 India displays negative approach by terminating dialogue process: PM : November 20, 2014, 3:55 pm 11/20 Pakistan Will Talk to Kashmir Taliban Now Focus Attacks on Cities SC Removes CBI Director 11/20 Kashmir Council meeting: Struggle of Kashmiris is not terrorism, says PM 11/20 ‘Military operation against militants affected by India’ : November 19, 2014, 4:20 pm 11/19 Ex-Pakistan foreign minister hopes for Nawaz Sharif - Narendra Modi meeting in Nepal 11/19 Ex-Pak foreign minister hopes for Sharif-Modi meeting in Nepal 11/19 Myanmar national's arrest from Hyderabad takes al Qaeda threat to next level 11/18 ISIS trying to recruit people from India, need to ban the militant group: IB writes to MHA 11/18 Settle 10 lakh ex-servicemen in Kashmir Valley: Subramanian Swamy 11/17 Sangh mutes 'status' bluster in poll run-up 11/17 BSF Jawan Opens Fire Outside Omar Abdullah's Residence in Srinagar 11/16 Militants kill brother of slain Sarpanch 11/16 Army recovers two IEDs in Tangdhar 11/16 Aussie Brigadier does 14k push-ups to aid Indian soldier's son 11/16 Jammu and Kashmir What the Machil verdict means 11/16 Swamy finds Chidambaram`s suggestion to dilute AFSPA `idiotic` 11/15 Subramanian Swamy calls Chidambaram's suggestion to dilute AFSPA 'idiotic' 11/15 LeT goes local, Kashmiri recruits on the rise 11/15 Two rebels killed in Kashmir gun battle 11/14 China in PoK drill: BSF 11/14 Two militants civilian killed in Kashmir 11/14 Chinese train Pakistani soldiers along border with India 11/14 Two militants, civilian killed in encounter in Kashmir 11/14 J&K's Machil fake encounter: Army convicts 7 personnel, including commanding officer 11/13 Kashmir killings: Indian soldiers get life in jail for ‘fake encounter’ 11/13 Machil fake encounter: 7 armymen sentenced for life 11/13 Machil Fake Encounter Case: Seven Armymen Sentenced to Life 11/13 For Killing 3 in Kashmir and Branding Them 'Terrorists', 5 Armymen Get Life Term 11/13 Kashmir soldiers jailed for life 11/13 J&K's Machil fake encounter: 5 Armymen get life term for killing 3 youths 11/13 Colonel, major guilty of fake encounter 11/13 India jails soldiers for Kashmir killings 11/13 7 soldiers convicted for killing civilians in Indian-controlled Kashmir 11/13 Seven Indian soldiers get life in jail for Kashmir killings 11/13 Militants target BJP leader home 11/12 Government declares Kamatapur Liberation Organisation a banned terrorist group 11/11 Kashmir killings Army apology has not dampened public anger 11/11 Pakistan militants join ISIL terrorists 11/11 He Talked Like My Older Brother: Ex-Kashmiri Separatist Sajjad Lone on PM Modi 11/10 'No Discussion on Politics,' Says Former Kashmiri Separatist Sajjad Lone After Meeting PM Modi 11/10 'Good Taliban' and 'Bad Taliban.' A new dynamic inside Pakistan? 11/09 Centre to deploy over 51,000 troops for J&K, Jharkhand polls 11/09 Indian army admits mistake in killing 2 boys in Kashmir 11/09 'Good Taliban' and 'Bad Taliban.' New dynamic inside Pakistan? 11/09 India apology over Kashmir deaths 11/08 Girl, soldier killed in Pak firing 11/08 Kashmiri teens were killed by mistake, Indian army admits 11/08 Indian Army Accidentally Kills Two Teenagers in Kashmir 11/08


As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.