India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir See summary

Recent articles:

ndtv.com Two Militants Killed in Gunfight with Army 08/20
ibnlive.in.com China punishes 15 officials in Xinjiang for practicing faith 08/20
voanews.com Pakistan Defends Meeting With Kashmiri Separatists 08/20
rferl.org India Calls Off Talks With Pakistan 08/19
ibnlive.in.com Despite cancellation of talks, Pak High Commissioner meets J&K separatists 08/19
turkishweekly.net Indian military kills militant in gunfight near Kashmir LoC 08/19
bombaynews.net Militant killed near LoC in Kashmir 08/19
ibnlive.in.com FIRING-BSF 2 LAST 08/19
ibnlive.in.com Terrorists in Kolkata jail get mobile phones, Internet access for just Rs 1,000 per month: Report 08/19
ndtv.com Militant Killed Near Line of Control in North Kashmir 08/19
rediff.com Militant shot dead near LoC in Kupwara 08/19
ibnlive.in.com Despite talks cancellation, Pak HC goes ahead with meeting 08/18
foxnews.com India calls off talks with Pakistan over envoy's meeting with Kashmiri separatists 08/18
sify.com India calls off talks with Pakistan 08/17
ibnlive.in.com J&K: Terrorist attack in Pulwama, 2 BSF men killed 08/16
ibnlive.in.com 2 BSF men killed in militant attack outside IAF airfield in JK 08/16
rediff.com Militants open fire at BSF vehicle, 2 troopers killed, 4 injured 08/16
ibnlive.in.com J&K: 2 BSF soldiers killed in terrorist attack in Pulwama 08/16
thekashmirwalla.com In 6 days, five attacks by rebels in Kashmir; 6 killed, 13 injured 08/16
ibnlive.in.com Mobile services temporarily suspended in Kashmir Valley 08/15
zeenews.india.com Independence day celebrations peaceful across the country 08/15
ibnlive.in.com Independence Day celebrated peacefully in Kashmir valley 08/15
rediff.com PHOTOS: India gears up to celebrate its 67th Independence Day 08/14
bombaynews.net Kashmir Valley tense on Independence Day eve 08/14
ibnlive.in.com Pak says it is committed to having normal ties, India says talk and terror can't go hand and hand 08/14
dawn.com Modi’s Kashmir concerns 08/14
bombaynews.net Major Varadarajan to be given Ashoka Chakra posthumously 08/14
ndtv.com Major Mukund Varadarajan Awarded Ashok Chakra, the Highest Gallantry Award 08/14
bombaynews.net Situation in JampK has improved Defence ministry 08/14
ndtv.com Security Stepped up Across Kashmir Ahead of Independence Day 08/14
telegraphindia.com Salute to fallen heroes 08/14
rediff.com Ashok Chakra for late Major Mukund Varadarajan 08/14
afghanistannews.net US pull-out from Afghan may effect JK security 08/13
ibnlive.in.com BSF DG takes stock of security situation in Kashmir 08/13
rferl.org Pakistan Rejects Indian Leader's Kashmir 'Proxy War' Claim 08/13
thekashmirwalla.com Attack on police vehicle, 1 civilian dead 08/13
ibnlive.in.com Two policemen, one civilian killed in terrorist attack in Kashmir 08/13
ibnlive.in.com 2 cops, one civilian killed in militant attack in Kashmir 08/13
ndtv.com Stop Blame Game: Pakistan's Response to PM Narendra Modi's "Proxy War" Remark 08/13
dailytimes.com.pk Modi accuses Pakistan of waging proxy war 08/13
ibnlive.in.com Security beefed up in Valley for Independence Day 08/13
ndtv.com Three Killed in Militant Attack in Kashmir 08/13
rediff.com BSF convoy attacked by terrorists in Kashmir, 7 injured 08/12
nzherald.co.nz Indian leader says Pakistan is waging 'proxy war' 08/12
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Modi slams Pakistan for 'proxy war' against India, visits Kargil 08/12
zeenews.india.com Around 200 militants active in J&K: Govt 08/12
dawn.com Footprints: When death is celebrated 08/12
thehindu.com A cry for Pandits from down south 08/12
zeenews.india.com PM Narendra Modi criticises Pakistan`s proxy war 08/12
bbc.co.uk India PM Narendra Modi visits Kargil 08/12
reuters.com India's Modi accuses Pakistan of waging proxy war 08/12
turkishweekly.net India's Modi accuses Pakistan of ‘proxy war’ in Kashmir 08/12
ibnlive.in.com RPF constable shot dead by militants in Kashmir 08/12
thekashmirwalla.com Pampore attack injures nine BSF personnel 08/12
rediff.com Modi vows to work for Kashmiri Pandits, victims of terror 08/12
thekashmirwalla.com RPF personnel shot 08/12
csmonitor.com India’s Modi accuses Pakistan of waging a proxy war. Will it deter peace talks? 08/12
ibnlive.in.com On his first visit to Leh and Kargil, he inaugurated Nimoo 08/12
globalsecurity.org India PM Slams Pakistan's Kashmir 'Proxy War' 08/12
sify.com UPDATE 1-India's Modi accuses Pakistan of waging proxy war 08/11
sify.com REFILE-India's Modi accuses Pakistan of waging proxy war 08/11
ibnlive.in.com Ahead of PM's visit to Leh, terrorists attack BSF convoy near Pampore; infiltration bid foiled 08/11
sify.com India's Mod accuses Pakistan of waging proxy war 08/11
ibnlive.in.com Deploy ITBP along Chamba border, Dhumal tells Rajnath 08/10
thekashmirwalla.com Geelani responds to J-K chief minister: ‘What other means can we use?’ 08/09
bbc.co.uk Pakistan returns India soldier 08/08
rediff.com Why ISIS may attract more Indians 08/08
ibnlive.in.com Three militants killed in encounter in JK 08/08
ibnlive.in.com Outrage over Bengal school textbooks labeling freedom fighters as 'terrorists' 08/07
ibnlive.in.com Army jawan killed in encounter with militants 08/06
thekashmirwalla.com Kashmir: Congress leader assaults lady doctor 08/06
en.ria.ru India Worried Over Hafiz Saeed’s Activities Along Pakistani Border 08/05
ibnlive.in.com 49 Army personnel killed in counter-insurgency ops in J&K 08/05
bombaynews.net 1947 killings made Pakistani embrace jehad 08/04
bombaynews.net Three Khalistani terrorists arrested module busted 08/04
ibnlive.in.com Militants make abortive bid to loot police weaponry in JK 08/03
ndtv.com Two Militants Killed in Encounter in Kashmir 08/01
rediff.com 2 militants killed in encounter in Srinagar 08/01
ndtv.com Four Militants Killed in Encounter in Kashmir 08/01
ibnlive.in.com Four militants gunned down in Kashmir 08/01
rediff.com Four militants gunned down near LoC in Kashmir 08/01
telegraphindia.com Omar passport sop for ex-rebels, kin 08/01
ndtv.com India Should Watch Out for Spillover from North Waziristan Operation: Northern Army Commander to NDTV 07/29
ndtv.com Need to be More Vigilant About Infiltration: Northern Army Commander to NDTV 07/29
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Kargil martyr's last wish nurtures an orphan's life 07/28
bombaynews.net Army recovers war like stores from militant hideout in Baramulla in Jammu and Kashmir 07/27
bombaynews.net Guerrilla hideout busted in Kashmir 07/27
bombaynews.net Afghan terror spillover of real concern Army 07/26
thekashmirwalla.com Rebels attack police in Kashmir; 1 killed, 4 hurt 07/26
zeenews.india.com 150-200 militants staged in camps across LoC: Army 07/26
thekashmirwalla.com Jumat-ul-Vida: Prayers, anti-Israel protests mark the day 07/25
ibnlive.in.com Policeman shot at in Anantnag 07/25
ndtv.com J&K: One Policeman Killed, Four Injured in Grenade Attack in Sopore 07/25
bombaynews.net Militants kill cop in Kashmir 07/25
ndtv.com 'Infiltration Attempts Could Increase Ahead of Jammu and Kashmir Polls,' Says Top Security Official 07/24
zeenews.india.com Army foils infiltration bid on LoC in Jammu 07/24
ibnlive.in.com Koul Commission submits its report on Sophian killings 07/24
zeenews.india.com Pakistan denies breaching Kashmir truce 07/24
bombaynews.net Army foils infiltration bid in Jammu and Kashmir 07/24
bombaynews.net Indian soldier dies in Pakistan firing 07/22

Summary

As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.