India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir See summary

Recent articles: NIA absolves 'Hizbul militant' of terror charges 01/24 Arrested Indian accused of passing military secrets to ISI 01/24 Obama in India: IB alerts Delhi Police of possible terror attack using paragliders 01/24 BSF foils major infiltration bid in Kashmir 01/23 Terrorists may avoid Delhi, target some other place, fear 01/23 Arrested Indian accused of passing secrets to Pakistan's ISI 01/23 Ahead of Obama visit, security beefed up across Kashmir Valley 01/23 Intel Alert to Mumbai's Famous Siddhivinayak Temple Ahead of Obama Arrival 01/22 Motion on Kashmiri Pandits tabled in UK Parliament 01/22 UPDATE 1-Blast kills 2 in India as security tightened for Republic Day 01/22 Ahead of Barack Obama Visit, Pakistan Talks Border Violence, Terror 01/22 US must respect international laws in war against terrorism: Pakistan : January 23, 2015, 5:30 am 01/22 Two killed in bomb blast in eastern India as security tightened for Republic Day 01/22 Army apprehends Pak's Border Action Team attack, security heightened 01/20 Rain, Snowfall Likely in Jammu and Kashmir 01/20 Meanwhile in Pakistan Democratic Freedom Party Praises Jaish-e-Mohammed 01/20 Indian Forces Foil Infiltration Bid in Jammu and Kashmir 01/20 Plan B for Obama: Reach Taj by unspecified road 01/19 Terror Attack Possibility Ahead of Republic Day a Concern for US, India 01/19 We were the survivors. We are the survivors 01/19 Two terrorists killed in Sopore encounter 01/18 Two militants killed in Sopore encounter 01/18 25 years on, Kashmir Pandits long for homeland 01/18 Ensure No Cross-Border Terror Incident During Obama's India Visit: US Warns Pakistan 01/18 Two militants killed in Jammu and Kashmir 01/18 No terror during Obama India trip, US warns Pak 01/18 Two Terrorists Killed in Sopore Encounter in Jammu and Kashmir 01/17 Policeman Killed in Militant Attack in South Kashmir's Kulgam District 01/17 'Despite befitting replies, Pakistan not mending its ways' 01/17 Kashmir dispute has to be resolved for peace, stability: Gen Sharif 01/17 Policeman killed in Kashmir militant attack 01/17 J&K: 2 militants killed in Sopore encounter 01/17 Encounter in Sopore, 2 Terrorists Holed Up in a House 01/17 Pak not mending its ways: Rajnath 01/17 Lashkar man found in politician's home 01/16 NAP: Strategy being implemented to address terrorism in Pakistan, says Army chief 01/16 Police unearths major nexus between militants and mainstream leaders 01/16 No ‘favourites’ among terrorists: Gen Raheel : January 17, 2015, 5:18 am 01/16 Resolution of Kashmir dispute necessary for peace in region: COAS 01/16 Pakistan-trained terrorists may attack civilian targets during Barack Obama's India tour, says Army 01/15 Army warns of attacks by Pak ultras ahead of Obama visit 01/15 Terrorists may attack schools, highways during Obama visit: Army official 01/15 Militants may attack schools ahead of Obama visit Army 01/15 Pakistan 'War Rooms' Planning Strikes in India, Warns Top Army Commander 01/15 J & K: 5 JeM and HM militants killed in gun battle with army 01/15 Indian troops kill 2 suspected rebels in gunbattle in disputed Kashmir region 01/15 Indian troops kill 3 suspected rebels in Kashmir gunbattle 01/15 Pakistan continues to support militants in Kashmir Army chief 01/15 Peace in Kashmir has to be maintained: Army chief 01/15 Possible attacks by Pak militants in JK ahead of Obama visit: 01/15 Pak may ban Hafiz Saeed's JuD 01/15 Indian army kills five militants in Kashmir gunbattle 01/15 Suspected rebels killed in Kashmir gun battle 01/15 Army well prepared to tackle militants Parrikar 01/15 Army well prepared to tackle militants: Parrikar 01/15 Terror Threat for Obama Visit? Defence Minister Parrikar Says 'We Are Well Prepared' 01/15 India well prepared to thwart possible terror attack: Manohar Parrikar 01/15 Jammu on High Alert in Wake of Inputs of Terrorist Attack 01/15 Peace in Kashmir has to be maintained: Gen Suhag on army day 01/15 Forces well prepared to tackle any terror threat Parrikar 01/15 London briefing: Indian truce violations threatening peace, says ISPR DG 01/15 Three militants killed in encounter with security forces 01/15 Indian army kills 5 militants in Kashmir gunbattle 01/14 One militant killed in Kashmir gunfight ends 01/14 Threats Growing Due to Active Borders, Says Army Chief 01/13 India slams Pakistan over proxy war in Kashmir 01/13 Will take pro-active steps to deal with Pakistan proxy war: Manohar Parrikar 01/13 Pakistan Supporting 'Proxy War' in Kashmir: Indian Army Chief 01/13 'Even after Peshawar, Pak aiding proxy war' 01/13 Pak continues proxy war despite suffering casualties: Army chief 01/13 Pakistan to set up military courts in PoK to try terrorists 01/13 J&K: Gunbattle between Army and LeT militants 01/13 Hizbul Mujahideen militant arrested 01/12 Work stress leading to social isolation of CRPF jawans: Report 01/11 UPDATE 1-U.S. Kerry lands in Pakistan for talks on security 01/11 Father of Kashmir violence is now for dialogue 01/10 Army asked to select specific targets along LoC 01/09 Ceasefire violations: Govt plans sophisticated residential bunkers along Indo-Pak border 01/08 BJP rejects SAD demand for release of Khalistan militants 01/08 Efforts to improve ties with India not reciprocated: PM Nawaz 01/08 Separatists, Hizbul exert pressure on PDP against going with BJP in Jammu and Kashmir 01/08 BSF troops foil attempt by terrorists to infiltrate J-K 01/07 Terrorism suspects in Pakistan will now be tried in military courts 01/07 Pakistan ceasefire violation: BSF foils infiltration bid in Kathua, 5th this week 01/07 Pakistan approves military courts for terrorism cases 01/06 We cannot go on taking bullets, says BSF chief DK Pathak 01/06 Rajnath Singh holds high-level meet to review internal security 01/05 UPDATE 1-India, Pakistan border fighting intensifies before Obama visit 01/05 Pakistani Cleric Calls Taliban Freedom Fighters 01/05 Pakistan boat 'carried terrorists' 01/05 Pakistan strikes kill 31 militants, drone kills 7 01/04 Pakistan: Airstrikes kill 31 militants 01/04 India, Pakistan step up border fighting ahead of Kerry visit 01/04 ISI disappointed as Lashkar-e-Toiba failed to disrupt J&K polls: Report 01/03 South Asia weekly round-up: Jan. 3 01/03 Pakistan, India trade fire along Kashmir border (+video) 01/03 9 groups ready to infiltrate before Obama trip 01/02 Pak-based terrorists trying to strike ahead of Barack Obama`s India visit 01/02 Pak-based terrorists trying to strike ahead of Obama visit 01/02 India to lodge protest over ceasefire violation by Pak 01/02


As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.