India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir See summary

Recent articles: BJP is on a song in the Valley 07/22 Centre warns of terror attack on Amarnath pilgrims, alerts J&K govt 07/22 Indian soldier dies in Pakistan firing 07/22 Instability in Afghanistan bodes ill for India 07/21 `Working day and night` to rescue Sikh hostages in Iraq: Govt 07/21 Firing Reported Near International Border at Jammu and Kashmir's Kathua 07/21 London streets full as anti-Israel protests continue 07/20 Rajnath directs to prepare road-map on internal security 07/19 Why Kashmiri Pandits' return to the Kashmir valley is riddled with hurdles 07/18 Man held for public mischief in Mumbai 07/18 Himachal on alert after terrorist movement reports 07/18 Pakistan wants no strings attached to Kashmir talks : July 18, 2014, 3:46 am 07/18 Anti-Israel protests in various parts of Kashmir 07/18 INDIA-PAKISTAN: Moving Day 07/17 More violence in Kashmir suspected militants kill Territorial Army Jawan in Kulgam 07/16 Vaidik in legal trouble for meeting Hafiz Saeed 07/16 Kashmir protest over deadly accident 07/16 Kashmir cries for Gaza, Israel issues travel advisory to its citizens 07/16 Militants set off IED, none hurt 07/16 RSS denies any link to journalist who met Hafiz Saeed 07/15 Vaidik has no relation with RSS: Ram Madhav 07/15 Is BJP doing U-turn on its stated stand on Kashmir, asks Congress` Digvijay Singh 07/15 AI pilot writes to army man's parents to offer condolences 07/15 Met Saeed as a journalist Vaidik 07/15 Salahuddin invites Taliban Al-Qaeda for jihad against India 07/15 Sopore Killing: Govts extends probe deadline by 15 days 07/15 J-K police detains 24 youth for torching their vehicles 07/14 Syed Salahuddin resents Sharif`s softness towards Modi 07/14 Army chief visits Northern Command HQ 07/13 New current affairs magazine India Legal makes a mark 07/09 Gunbattle on Between Security Forces and Militants in Handwara Town of Jammu & Kashmir 07/09 Militant Killed, Jawan Injured in Encounter in J&K 07/09 Top LeT commander killed in encounter in Kashmir 07/09 Pandit couple return home alone to the Valley, two decades after mass exodus 07/08 LeT making recruits learn from Ajmal Kasab's mistakes 07/06 Unidentified militant killed in Kashmir 07/05 Militant Killed, Jawan Injured in Encounter in Pulwama 07/05 Encounter unrest in JandK 07/05 Guerrilla killed in Kashmir gunfight mob torches vehicles 07/05 Massive security and empty streets greet Indian prime minister Narendra Modi on first visit to Kashmir 07/04 Indian PM on maiden Kashmir visit 07/04 We are safe, ISIS militants have not harmed us: Abducted Indian nurse 07/03 Army foils infiltration bid in Poonch 07/03 Hizbul Mujhadeen supports strike call on Modi’s arrival in Jammu, Kashmir : July 03, 2014, 2:54 pm 07/03 Infiltration Bid by Terrorists Foiled by Troops in J&K, Exchange of Fire On 07/02 Kolkata Police arrests IM terrorist allegedly involved in German Bakery blast 07/02 Army foils infiltration bid ahead of PM's J&K visit 07/02 Security beefed up ahead of Modi's maiden Kashmir visit 07/02 JandK 'gang rape' admission hope 07/01 Infiltration bid foiled along LoC in Poonch 06/30 Arms, ammunition recovered from militant hideout in Reasi 06/29 Chinese-American prime target in Nanga Parbat massacre 06/29 Dar discusses Saudi funding for ‘development’ in Pakistan : June 27, 2014, 7:14 pm 06/27 Militant hideout busted, arms cache recovered 06/27 Authorities reopen historical Hari Parbat fort in Kashmir 06/26 US blacklists Pakistani Islamic charity 06/26 Pakistani Islamist group condemns `terror` label 06/26 Jamaatud Dawa condemns ‘terror’ label : June 27, 2014, 2:25 am 06/26 Curfew continues in Sopore for third day 06/26 When 5,000 Indians signed up to lay down their lives in Iraq 06/24 Lashkar-e-Taiba Commander Killed in Sopore Encounter 06/23 One militant killed in encounter in Kashmir 06/23 Indian forces fire on Kashmiri protesters; 1 killed and 4 wounded 06/23 2 militants including top Pakistani Lashkar commander killed in encounter in north Kashmir 06/23 Indian forces fire on Kashmir protesters; 1 killed 06/23 Local aide of killed LeT guerrilla nabbed in Kashmir 06/23 Indian cops shoot youth dead in Kashmir 06/23 Youth killed in firing during Kashmir clash 06/23 Militants hideout busted in Jammu and Kashmir 06/22 Pakistan's Offensive, America's Withdrawal 06/22 Ready to take on any security challenge, even al Qaeda: Indian Army 06/22 Gunfight on in Kashmirs Sopore town 06/22 Guerrilla hideout busted in Jammu and Kashmir 06/22 Waziristan developments worry Kashmiris 06/22 Indian troops kill three militants in Kashmir 06/20 Indian troops arrest militant commander in Indian-controlled Kashmir 06/20 Lashkar leader arrested in Kashmir 06/20 Youth shot dead by militants in Kashmir 06/20 Evacuation of Indians from Iraq big challenge for Centre: Omar 06/19 Three Hizbul Militants Killed, Two Security Men Injured 06/19 Police say 3 rebels killed in raid on hideout in Indian-controlled Kashmir 06/19 Three guerrillas killed in Kashmir gunfight 06/19 Pulwama: 3 Hizb militants killed, 2 jawans injured in encounter 06/19 Paramilitary hands over old man to their Pakistani counterparts across LoC 06/18 Ex-guerrilla killed Kashmir grenade blast injures two 06/17 Former militant shot dead in Anantnag 06/17 Guerrilla hideout busted in Kishtwar 06/16 Al Qaeda set eyes on Kashmir 06/15 Left-wing parties form alliance on Kashmir issue 06/07 Three policemen injured in two guerrilla attacks in Kashmir 06/07 Militants attack police party in Kashmir six injuredupdate 06/07 Lower House puts its stamp on govt’s plan to rein in terrorism : June 07, 2014, 3:18 am 06/06 Meghalaya: Security forces smash militants' camp who blew off woman's head 06/05 Refugees in Jammu and Kashmir The human dimension 06/05 Hope for Improvement in Relations Between India Pakistan 06/05 2 held on LoC 06/04 Kashmir leader backs special status 06/03 Militant hideout busted in North Kashmir: Army 06/02 Lashkar Commander Killed in Kashmir Gunfight 06/01 LeT Divisional Commander Killed 06/01


As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.