India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir See summary

Recent articles:

rediff.com Budgam firing: Army indicts 9 soldiers for teenagers' death 11/27
zeenews.india.com Army officer killed in Jammu and Kashmir after militants storm bunker 11/27
dnaindia.com Government monitoring encounter in Arnia Sector of Jammu and Kashmir, says Home Minister Rajnath Singh 11/27
nzherald.co.nz Suspected rebels kill 1 Indian soldier in Kashmir 11/27
ibnlive.in.com Timing of Arnia attack not a coincidence: Omar 11/27
tribune.com.pk Suspected militants attack Indian base in Kashmir, fight still on 11/27
ndtv.com Suspected Militants Enter Army Bunker in Jammu and Kashmir's Arnia Sector 11/27
reuters.com Militants attack Indian base in Kashmir region, three dead 11/27
aljazeera.com Indian army base targeted in Kashmir attack 11/27
foxnews.com Suspected insurgents kill 1 Indian solider, injure 3 others in Kashmir 11/27
dawn.com Soldier killed in Indian-held Kashmir in ongoing militant attack 11/27
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Militants attack Army base in Kashmir; 3 soldiers, 3 civilians killed 11/27
bombaynews.net Eight dead as Jammu gunfight ends 11/27
bombaynews.net Eight killed in gunfight near Jammu border 11/27
vanguardngr.com Soldier killed in Indian Kashmir in ongoing militant attack 11/27
ndtv.com Army Officer, 3 Civilians Killed As Militants Enter Bunker in Jammu and Kashmir's Arnia 11/27
bombaynews.net Soldier killed in Jammu gunfight Omar says no coincidence 11/27
bombaynews.net Seven die in Jammu gunfight 11/27
dawn.com Militants attack army in Indian-held Kashmir, 10 people dead 11/27
turkishweekly.net Four militants among seven killed in Kashmir gunbattle 11/27
bombaynews.net 10 killed in Jammu gunfight ahead of Modi visit 11/27
bbc.co.uk India troops in Kashmir gun battle 11/27
stripes.com 9 dead in Kashmir gunbattle between rebels, army 11/27
ibnlive.in.com J&K: 4 terrorists, 3 jawans, 3 civilians killed even as encounter continues in Arnia 11/27
telegraphindia.com Speedy probe into firing 11/27
ndtv.com From "Haider" to Hope: a True Kashmir Election Story 11/26
ndtv.com Army Finds 9 Soldiers Guilty of Killing Two Teens in Budgam in Jammu and Kashmir 11/26
zeenews.india.com No intelligence inputs that ISIS is trying to gain ground in Kashmir: Home Ministry 11/26
dnaindia.com Jammu and Kashmir- Congress list has all, scamsters, sex accused and molesters 11/26
bombaynews.net Army foils infiltration bids on LoC in Jammu 11/26
dawn.com Kashmiris turn out to vote in large numbers 11/26
ibnlive.in.com No reports of ISIS trying to gain ground in JK 11/26
ibnlive.in.com A powerful IED recovered in Manipur 11/25
timesofindia.indiatimes.com J&K polls: Voters defy militants, 50% turnout till afternoon 11/25
ibnlive.in.com Army Chief on visit to J&K 11/25
telegraphindia.com Trip to hospital? Oh no, it's voting day 11/25
dailytimes.com.pk Kashmiris turn out to vote as India’s BJP bids for power : November 26, 2014, 3:28 am 11/25
dnaindia.com Jammu and Kashmir polls: Once troubled, Saloora village witnesses huge turnout in absence of militancy 11/25
dnaindia.com Democracy defeats guns in Jammu and Kashmir; a record over 70% vote in first phase 11/25
bombaynews.net Rajnath lauds high voter turnout in Kashmir Jharkhand 11/25
zeenews.india.com Naxals planning attack on RJD, JVM in Jharkhand; Pak militants want J&K polls boycotted in Valley: Intel report 11/24
ibnlive.in.com 'Infiltration attempts along LoC ahead of J&K elections' 11/24
rediff.com Ahead of J-K polls, militants step up attacks at LoC 11/24
dnaindia.com Live: First phase of voting for assembly elections in Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand begins 11/24
ndtv.com 18 AK-47 Rifles, 5 Pistols Recovered in Keran Ahead of Jammu and Kashmir Polls: Army 11/23
bombaynews.net Large quantity of arms ammunition seized in Kashmir Army 11/23
rediff.com Ahead of polls, army seizes 18 AK-47 rifles and 5 pistols in J-K 11/23
ibnlive.in.com Fate of VDCs a major poll issue in Chenab valley 11/21
sify.com US watching Kashmir election process, no major complaints 11/21
ibnlive.in.com 3 militants killed in Tral encounter belong to LeT 11/21
dailymail.co.uk Hundreds of Muslim Kashmiris pause to pray for suspected terrorist killed by Indian security services  11/21
ndtv.com Three Militants Killed in Attack on Police Party in Kashmir's Tral 11/20
dailytimes.com.pk India displays negative approach by terminating dialogue process: PM : November 20, 2014, 3:55 pm 11/20
afghanistannews.net Pakistan Will Talk to Kashmir Taliban Now Focus Attacks on Cities SC Removes CBI Director 11/20
tribune.com.pk Kashmir Council meeting: Struggle of Kashmiris is not terrorism, says PM 11/20
dailytimes.com.pk ‘Military operation against militants affected by India’ : November 19, 2014, 4:20 pm 11/19
dnaindia.com Ex-Pakistan foreign minister hopes for Nawaz Sharif - Narendra Modi meeting in Nepal 11/19
sify.com Ex-Pak foreign minister hopes for Sharif-Modi meeting in Nepal 11/19
dnaindia.com Myanmar national's arrest from Hyderabad takes al Qaeda threat to next level 11/18
zeenews.india.com ISIS trying to recruit people from India, need to ban the militant group: IB writes to MHA 11/18
dnaindia.com Settle 10 lakh ex-servicemen in Kashmir Valley: Subramanian Swamy 11/17
telegraphindia.com Sangh mutes 'status' bluster in poll run-up 11/17
ndtv.com BSF Jawan Opens Fire Outside Omar Abdullah's Residence in Srinagar 11/16
ibnlive.in.com Militants kill brother of slain Sarpanch 11/16
ibnlive.in.com Army recovers two IEDs in Tangdhar 11/16
ibnlive.in.com Aussie Brigadier does 14k push-ups to aid Indian soldier's son 11/16
bombaynews.net Jammu and Kashmir What the Machil verdict means 11/16
zeenews.india.com Swamy finds Chidambaram`s suggestion to dilute AFSPA `idiotic` 11/15
dnaindia.com Subramanian Swamy calls Chidambaram's suggestion to dilute AFSPA 'idiotic' 11/15
dnaindia.com LeT goes local, Kashmiri recruits on the rise 11/15
bombaynews.net Two rebels killed in Kashmir gun battle 11/14
telegraphindia.com China in PoK drill: BSF 11/14
bombaynews.net Two militants civilian killed in Kashmir 11/14
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Chinese train Pakistani soldiers along border with India 11/14
rediff.com Two militants, civilian killed in encounter in Kashmir 11/14
timesofindia.indiatimes.com J&K's Machil fake encounter: Army convicts 7 personnel, including commanding officer 11/13
dawn.com Kashmir killings: Indian soldiers get life in jail for ‘fake encounter’ 11/13
rediff.com Machil fake encounter: 7 armymen sentenced for life 11/13
ndtv.com Machil Fake Encounter Case: Seven Armymen Sentenced to Life 11/13
ndtv.com For Killing 3 in Kashmir and Branding Them 'Terrorists', 5 Armymen Get Life Term 11/13
bbc.co.uk Kashmir soldiers jailed for life 11/13
timesofindia.indiatimes.com J&K's Machil fake encounter: 5 Armymen get life term for killing 3 youths 11/13
telegraphindia.com Colonel, major guilty of fake encounter 11/13
tamilguardian.com India jails soldiers for Kashmir killings 11/13
globalsecurity.org 7 soldiers convicted for killing civilians in Indian-controlled Kashmir 11/13
tribune.com.pk Seven Indian soldiers get life in jail for Kashmir killings 11/13
telegraphindia.com Militants target BJP leader home 11/12
ibnlive.in.com Government declares Kamatapur Liberation Organisation a banned terrorist group 11/11
bombaynews.net Kashmir killings Army apology has not dampened public anger 11/11
globalsecurity.org Pakistan militants join ISIL terrorists 11/11
ndtv.com He Talked Like My Older Brother: Ex-Kashmiri Separatist Sajjad Lone on PM Modi 11/10
ndtv.com 'No Discussion on Politics,' Says Former Kashmiri Separatist Sajjad Lone After Meeting PM Modi 11/10
csmonitor.com 'Good Taliban' and 'Bad Taliban.' A new dynamic inside Pakistan? 11/09
zeenews.india.com Centre to deploy over 51,000 troops for J&K, Jharkhand polls 11/09
globalsecurity.org Indian army admits mistake in killing 2 boys in Kashmir 11/09
csmonitor.com 'Good Taliban' and 'Bad Taliban.' New dynamic inside Pakistan? 11/09
tamilguardian.com India apology over Kashmir deaths 11/08
telegraphindia.com Girl, soldier killed in Pak firing 11/08
scmp.com Kashmiri teens were killed by mistake, Indian army admits 11/08
en.ria.ru Indian Army Accidentally Kills Two Teenagers in Kashmir 11/08

Summary

As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.