India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir See summary

Recent articles:

telegraphindia.com Valley protest over death 12/03
zeenews.india.com Burhan Wani spoke to LeT chief Hafiz Saeed, sought his support to fight ‘common enemy’ 12/03
dnaindia.com J&K govt employee killed during counter-insurgency operation 12/03
news18.com Kashmir Govt Orders Magisterial Probe Into Kulgam Civilian Killing 12/03
rediff.com Civilian killed in anti-terror operations in Jammu-Kashmir 12/03
dnaindia.com J&K: Kulgam encounter ends as terrorists flee spot 12/03
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Burhan sought Saeed’s ‘blessings’ to fight ‘common enemy’, reveal tapes 12/02
telegraphindia.com Hizbul video 'den' busted 12/02
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Burhan Wani spoke to Hafiz Saeed, sought support 12/02
telegraphindia.com Provocation price: Omar 12/01
rediff.com Message from Nagrota: India must be ready for the long haul 12/01
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Afghan ph number found on Samba terrorist’s arm 12/01
dnaindia.com Nagrota attack: Terrorists infiltrated through small tunnel near border, unexploded shells destroyed 11/30
timesofindia.indiatimes.com 23 attack bids foiled along LoC this year: BSF 11/30
rediff.com 3 terrorists killed in Samba wanted to blow up trains 11/30
news18.com Nagrota Attack: Militants Planned to Blow up Trains in J&K: BSF 11/30
aaj.tv JKLF chief arrested by Indian forces 11/30
zeenews.india.com High time for India to talk the `language of bullets` with Pak: BJP 11/30
tribune.com.pk India court frees Kashmir rights activist 11/30
dnaindia.com Illegal funds being sent to Kashmir to create unrest: Kiren Rijiju 11/30
voanews.com Indian Forces, Militants Trade Fire in Kashmir 11/29
rediff.com How demonetisation will stop terror funding 11/29
rediff.com Terrorists in PoK beware! IAF's Jaguars just got deadlier 11/29
news18.com Nagrota Attack: 3 Soldiers, 4 Terrorists Killed in J&K; Gunbattle Ends 11/29
aaj.tv Two Indian soldiers killed in attack on army base 11/29
stripes.com Police say rebels attack Indian army base in Kashmir 11/29
nzherald.co.nz Police say rebels attack Indian army base in Kashmir 11/29
rediff.com Army camp, BSF troops attacked; 2 terrorists, 2 soldiers killed 11/29
zeenews.india.com Nagrota attack: PM Narendra Modi briefed on operations against militants 11/29
dw.com Rebels attack Indian army camp in Kashmir 11/29
thejakartapost.com Gunbattle rages after Kashmir rebels storm Indian army base 11/29
stripes.com Rebels storm Indian army base in Kashmir; 3 soldiers killed 11/29
aaj.tv New Pakistan army chief faces tensions with Kabul, India 11/29
aljazeera.com Seven Indian soldiers killed in attack on army base 11/29
globalsecurity.org At Least 7 Indian Servicemen Killed in Attack on Military Camp in Jammu 11/29
globalsecurity.org Attack on Indian Army Camp in Jammu and Kashmir Kills 7 Soldiers, 3 Militants 11/29
upi.com 7 Indian military personnel killed in militant attack in Kashmir 11/29
dnaindia.com Gen AK Bhatt to replace Ranbir Singh as DGMO 11/28
rediff.com Lt Gen A K Bhatt new DGMO, will be in charge of all army ops 11/28
foxnews.com New Pakistan army chief faces tensions with Kabul, India 11/28
foxnews.com Police say rebels attack Indian army base in Kashmir 11/28
cnn.com Challenges facing Pakistan's new army chief 11/28
in.reuters.com Pakistan's new army chief brings no change in policy - defence minister 11/27
zeenews.india.com Farooq Abdullah speaking Pakistan`s language on PoK issue: BJP 11/27
dnaindia.com J&K: Terrorists fire at army convoy in Langate, BSF jawan injured 11/26
zeenews.india.com Militants attack security convoy, BSF jawan injured 11/26
zeenews.india.com Militants attack BSF convoy in Kashmir 11/26
foxnews.com 2 rebels, 1 Indian soldier killed in Kashmir fighting 11/25
rediff.com Army soldier, 2 terrorists killed in Bandipora encounter 11/25
dailytimes.com.pk Indian troops martyr 2 youth in Bandipore 11/25
nzherald.co.nz 2 rebels, 1 Indian soldier killed in Kashmir fighting 11/25
voanews.com 2 Suspected Rebels, 1 Indian Soldier Killed in Kashmir  11/25
telegraphindia.com Militants strike in Valley 11/25
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Kashmir: 3 security personnel, 2 terrorists killed 11/25
dw.com Is Pakistan's outgoing army chief Raheel Sharif worthy of praise? 11/25
telegraphindia.com Soldier, 2 militants killed in Bandipora 11/25
stripes.com 2 rebels, 1 Indian soldier killed in Kashmir fighting 11/25
zeenews.india.com Army foils two infiltration bids in Kashmir 11/24
rferl.org Pakistan Warns India Against Full-Scale War Over Kashmir 11/24
thehindu.com 20K | Army hits back, pounds Pak. posts 11/24
zeenews.india.com Militants attack police station in Kashmir 11/24
zeenews.india.com Terrorists attack police station in Handwara area of Kashmir`s Kupwara district 11/24
zeenews.india.com Army conducts search operations in J&K`s Baramulla; 1-2 terrorists believed to be hiding in Sopore`s Tujjer village 11/24
thehindu.com 12K | After India’s retaliation, an alarmed Pakistan moves UN 11/24
news18.com Militants Attack Police Station in Kupwara 11/24
news18.com Two Terrorists, a Jawan Killed in Encounter Along LoC in Jammu And Kashmir 11/24
telegraphindia.com Army foils two bids to infiltrate Valley 11/24
dnaindia.com Kashmir: Militants attack police station in Handwara 11/24
news18.com RSS' Manmohan Vaidya Terms Demonetisation a 'Noble Endeavour' 11/24
rediff.com 90% people in Kashmir want peace: Sri Sri 11/24
zeenews.india.com Indian Army`s DGMO talks on phone with Pakistani counterpart 11/23
rediff.com Indo-Pak DGMOs talk after punitive fire assault by Indian Army 11/23
zeenews.india.com 200 terrorists active in Jammu and Kashmir: Govt 11/23
nzherald.co.nz Pakistan says Indian shelling kills 4 civilians in Kashmir 11/23
rediff.com Indian Army launches counter-offensive to avenge killing of soldiers 11/23
zeenews.india.com `Funding of terror, stone pelters in JK hit by demonetisation` 11/22
thehindu.com 6mins Rs. 2,000 notes recovered from slain militants 11/22
zeenews.india.com Three Indian soldiers killed in LoC firing, cowardly Pakistan mutilates body of Army jawan 11/22
rediff.com 2 terrorists killed in Bandipora encounter 11/22
rediff.com Pak troops kill 3 Indian jawans, body of 1 mutilated 11/22
rediff.com Siosdia, Mishra detained during anti-demonetisation march 11/22
timesofindia.indiatimes.com 3 soldiers killed in J&K, 1 body mutilated: Army 11/22
stripes.com 3 Indian soldiers killed near Kashmir frontier with Pakistan 11/22
zeenews.india.com Rise in infiltration attempts across LoC since Wani`s killing 11/22
huffingtonpost.com Kashmir’s Militant Widows Struggle to Save Their Sons From Insurgency 11/22
bbc.co.uk Kashmir attack: India vows 'retribution' after soldier killings 11/22
rediff.com Rs 2000 notes recovered from terrorists in Kashmir 11/22
dnaindia.com Told soldiers in Kashmir to shoot enemy, not wait to be martyred: Manohar Parrikar 11/21
upi.com Widows of Kashmir's militants struggle to save sons from insurgency 11/21
zeenews.india.com Told soldiers to shoot enemy, not wait to be martyred: Manohar Parrikar 11/21
bbc.co.uk Kashmir 'freedom anthem' released to controversy 11/21
telegraphindia.com Robbers loot old notes 11/21
rediff.com For 2nd consecutive day, Kashmir remains abuzz with activity 11/20
globalsecurity.org Pakistan's navy pushes Indian submarine out of its waters 11/20
zeenews.india.com People flock markets in Kashmir Valley as separatists suspend agitation 11/20
rediff.com Kashmir bursts into life after four months of shutdown 11/19
aaj.tv Pakistan and Kashmir inter-related: President AJK 11/19
telegraphindia.com Life in Kashmir back to normal 11/19
app.com.pk AJK President urges int’l community to help resolve Kashmir issue 11/19
dnaindia.com Life comes back to normal in Kashmir after 133 days of unrest 11/19

Summary

As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.