India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir See summary

Recent articles: Musharraf rakes up Kashmir issue, says ISI trains terrorists 02/12 Encounter breaks out between terrorists, security forces in J&K 02/12 ISI, not Pak. Army trains LeT, Jaish: Musharraf 02/12 Pervez Musharraf nails ISI`s role in terror attacks in India: 10 developments 02/12 Pak Army fully committed to peace talks with India, says Musharraf 02/12 ISI trains LeT, Jaish terrorists, Musharraf says 02/11 Siachen hero was always ready for challenges 02/11 BJP, PDP differ over more bounty on jihadis 02/11 ISI trains LeTand Jaish terrorists, says Pervez Musharraf 02/11 An Army captain is missing; family fears terror act 02/10 Lance Naik Hanumanthappa Koppad `highly-motivated`, served in `difficult, challenging` areas 02/09 Pathankot attack: officials say no evidence links Jaish 02/09 ISI provides financial, military support to Lashkar: Headley 02/09 Headley: wanted to fight in Kashmir, but was given recce job for 26/11 attacks 02/08 26/11: Headley confirms ISI role 02/08 Militant killed in encounter in Kashmir 02/06 One more Islamic State suspect arrested in Delhi 02/05 Ready to share counter-terror expertise with world: Pakistan 02/05 Hafiz Saeed leads anti-India rally on 'Kashmir Day' in Pakistan 02/05 Hafiz Saeed praises Pathankot terror attack, warns of escalation: 02/04 Hafiz Saeed calls for more Pathankot-like attacks 02/04 Hafiz Saeed warns India of terror attacks 02/04 3 terrorists gunned down by security forces in Bandipora 02/04 3 terrorists killed in J & K, encounter continues 02/04 Encounter on between security forces and terrorists in Jammu & Kashmir's Bandipora 02/04 Anti-terrorist front leader MS Bitta gets threat letter `from ISIS` 02/03 4 J&K men held while taking selfies near AF station 02/03 Mumbai attacks mastermind Hafiz Saeed praises Pathankot air base attack, warns of escalation 02/03 Geelani terms Pakistan Parliamentary panel report as "unfair & unjustified" 02/03 Pak panel to govt: Avoid support to militant groups in Kashmir 02/02 Suspected spy arrested in Pathankot 02/02 J&K: Muslims perform last rites of 84-year-old Kashmiri Pandit in Kulgam 02/02 Police profiling direct intervention into privacy: Residents : February 01, 2016, 1:12 pm 02/01 Pathankot incident derailed peace process with India, says Pakistan : February 01, 2016, 6:32 am 01/31 Militant commander, two aides shot dead in disputed Kashmir 01/31 Top LeT commander, 2 other terrorists killed in encounter 01/30 Separatist guerrilla killed in gunbattle in Kashmir 01/30 Militant gunned down in Kupwara, encounter underway 01/30 3 militants killed in encounter in Kupwara 01/30 3 Indians deported from UAE for suspected ISIS links 01/29 Three Indian ISIS sympathisers deported from UAE 01/29 Focus shifts on security lapses as NIA files charge-sheet in Udhampur terror case 01/28 ‘Pearl of Kashmir’ sees fragile tourist revival 01/28 Udhampur attack part of larger conspiracy by LeT 01/28 Ashok Chakra awardee Lance Naik killed 10 terrorists in 11 days 01/26 Ashok Chakra for Uttarakhand braveheart 01/26 Republic Day celebrations pass off peacefully amid unprecedented security cover 01/26 Ashok Chakra for Lance Naik Goswami, Pathankot martyr Sepoy Jagdish Chand to get Kirti Chakra 01/26 Militant killed in encounter in south Kashmir 01/26 Militant killed in encounter in Srinagar, ammunition recovered 01/25 India the Republic: 11 tales of valour YOU must know 01/25 Martyred in Kashmir, Lance Naik Mohan Nath Goswami awarded Ashok Chakra 01/25 Security heightened up in Valley ahead of Republic Day 01/23 Islamic State, Kashmiri militants come together to invade Valley 01/22 LeT, Afghan Taliban follow Pakistan ISI's dictates, says ISIS military commander 01/21 Deadly clashes erupt between police, protesters in Kashmir 01/20 Two dead in clashes with police in Indian-held Kashmir 01/20 Clashes erupt in Kashmir after Indian troops kill 1 rebel 01/20 Indian Kashmir: Two dead in clashes with police 01/20 Two guerrillas killed in Pulwama encounter in Kashmir 01/20 India plans ‘laser wall’ along border with Pakistan following attack on air base 01/19 AP PHOTOS: Editor selections from Asia 01/18 Pakistan Arrests Leader Of Banned Kashmiri Militant Group 01/16 Pakistan govt taking action against JeM to "please" India: Hafiz Saeed 01/16 Pakistan Arrests Leader Of Banned Kashmiri Militant Group 01/15 The ball is in India’s court now 01/15 India, Pakistan reschedule high-level peace talks 01/14 Attack on Pathankot airbase was carried out by Pakistani militants: JeM operative 01/14 Kashmir chapter meeting: PPP wants action against terrorists 01/14 India needs to salute this hero 01/14 Pakistan arrests suspects in India's Pathankot airbase attack 01/13 Pakistan Announces Arrests In Connection With Indian Air Base Attack 01/13 Clashes occur at funeral of rebel commander in Kashmir 01/12 'Chiefs allowed Doval to dictate terms and micro manage' 01/11 Gravedigger – Witness, Atta Mohammad dies at 75 01/11 Indian PM Visits Attacked Air Base Near Pakistan 01/09 Pathankot terror attack: Sukhbir Singh Badal meets Rajnath Singh; seeks more BSF men to guard border 01/08 JeM celebrates Pathankot attack, Maulana Masood Azhar praises attackers 01/08 Kashmiri Mujahideen’s squad carried out airbase attack: UJC 01/07 Pathankot terror attack: Is JeM head Masood Azhar`s brother Abdul Rauf Asghar the mastermind? 01/07 Hardline Hurriyat leader Syed Ali Shah Geelani slams ISIS 01/07 Indian Kashmir Leader's Death Brings More Political Uncertainty 01/07 Kashmir an unfinished agenda, says Pakistan President Mamnoon Hussain 01/06 `Pakistan`s ISI responsible for Pathankot terror attack` 01/06 After the Pathankot affair 01/06 Pathankot attack: `Pakistan can`t sweep under carpet United Jihad Council`s claims` 01/06 Pathankot attack: US ‘expects’ Pakistan to act against India attackers 01/05 72 hours on, no clarity on whether Pathankot operation is over 01/05 Kashmir-based group claims Pathankot air base attack : January 05, 2016, 11:31 am 01/05 US expects Pakistan to act on attackers 01/05 No Central Minister attends funeral of Pathankot martyrs, Opposition shocked 01/05 Kashmir jihadis claim attack on India border base 01/05 Whether at Home or Abroad, Saudi Arabia Can't Kill Its Way Out of Adversity 01/04 Pakistan-backed United Jihad Council's 'Highway Squad' claims responsibility for Pathankot terrorist attack 01/04 Deadly Siege At Indian Air Force Base Enters Third Day 01/04 Pakistan-based Militants Claim Attack on Indian Air Base 01/04 Pak-based Jehad Council claims responsibility for Pathankot attack 01/04 Terror org other than JeM claims Pathankot attack 01/04 Indian forces works to disarm explosive in final stages of air base operation 01/04 Attempt to deflect blame 01/04


As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.