India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir See summary

Recent articles: 'Lashkar-e-Islam's 1-day deadline for J&K telcos 05/29 Policeman shot at by militant in Shopian 05/29 Militants attack policeman in Indian-controlled Kashmir, snatch rifle 05/29 Militants attack army bunker in Sopore; no one injured 05/29 Shopian: Gunmen open fire outside bank, constable injured 05/29 Probe Sopore attacks: J&K separatists to militants 05/28 Indian state revokes controversial emergency law 05/28 India state lifts 'draconian' law 05/28 2 people working with phone companies shot in Indian Kashmir 05/27 Militants target telecom operations in Indian Kashmir 05/27 Parrikar rules out army deployment in anti-Naxal operations 05/27 Militants attack another telecom franchisee in J-K, 1 injured 05/27 Dozens of cell phone towers in Kashmir shut down after attacks 05/27 Cross-border infiltration has come down in J&K: Rajnath Singh 05/27 Cellphone shop in occupied Kashmir attacked 05/26 Our Army is not to ‘preach peace’: Parrikar 05/26 Attackers will be paid back in same coin: Manohar Parrikar 05/26 PDP changes tune 05/26 1 killed in militant attack on BSNL franchisee in Kashmir 05/25 Major infiltration bid foiled along LoC; 3 jawans, 1 militant killed 05/25 Militants kill five, target telecoms in Indian Kashmir attacks 05/25 J & K: 3 soldiers, 1 terrorist killed in militant strike in Tangdhar 05/25 Militants kill five, target telecoms in Indian Kashmir attacks 05/25 Armyman, militant and a civilian killed in two attacks of Kashmir 05/25 JKCCS condemns Sopore attack 05/25 One dead as militants target mobile phone stores in Indian Kashmir 05/25 Hit on Valley BSNL outlet 05/25 Terrorists fire at BSNL showroom in J&K, 3 hurt 05/25 Militants target telecoms in Indian Kashmir, one dead 05/24 UPDATE 1-Militants kill five, target telecoms in Indian Kashmir attacks 05/24 Hurriyat (G), JKLF and others react to Parrikar’s statement 05/23 Militants can target running trains in Jammu, fears IGP railways Salaria 05/23 Pakistani flags raised again in J-K, protesters clash with cops 05/22 Despite sanctions, Pakistan's 'terrorists' thrive 05/20 2 troopers wounded in Indian-controlled Kashmir militant attack 05/20 India to seek UN sanctions against Hizbul Mujahideen chief Syed Salahuddin 05/18 Pak 'caught India by throat' in Kargil: Musharraf 05/18 Pakistan army 'caught India by throat' during Kargil war, says Pervez Musharraf 05/17 Car bomb blast: Police files charge sheet after 15 years 05/17 Grabbed India by the throat, they won't forget Kargil: Musharraf 05/17 Militant hideout busted in Kashmir’s Baramulla district 05/16 Nakba Day: Kashmiri students in solidarity with Palestine 05/15 Ismaili Muslims massacred in Pakistan 05/13 J&K Police busts Hizb-Jaish joint module 05/13 Two CRPF men killed in South Kashmir 05/11 J&K CM condemns the killing of CRPF jawans in militant attack 05/11 Srinagar: Militants kill 2 CRPF personnel, flee with their weapons 05/11 Indian paramilitary says Kashmir militants killed 2 troops 05/11 2 CRPF personnel martyred in militant attack in Kashmir 05/11 Taliban releases video of SAM-7; says it hit Pak army chopper 05/10 Taliban claims to have brought down Pak army chopper 05/10 Grenade attack in Kashmir's Shopian, 14 injured 05/09 Security forces bust two militant hideouts in J-K 05/09 Jammu and Kashmir: Six injured in grenade attack 05/09 Grenade attack in Kashmir's Shopian; six injured 05/09 Pak military chopper crashes; Taliban claims Sharif was target 05/08 Taliban downs Pak chopper thinking Sharif was on board; 2 foreign envoys killed 05/08 Pakistan helicopter crash: 2 envoys, 5 others killed, Taliban claims responsibility 05/08 Anti-terror front organises protest march against Geelani 05/07 Pakistan's Military Accuses India Of 'Whipping Up Terrorism' 05/06 Pakistan army accuses India of backing terrorism in rare rebuke 05/06 Pakistan army accuses India of backing terrorism in rare rebuke 05/05 Kashmiri Pandits stage protest over issue of return to Valley 05/03 Top Hizbul Mujahideen operative gets seven year jail 05/01 Jitendra for Amnesty for Jammu youth in Amarnath land row case 05/01 Now police drops a bombshell on MQM : May 01, 2015, 6:42 am 04/30 Sayeed woos film-makers to shoot films in Kashmir 04/30 Arrested suspects affiliated with MQM, trained by RAW: SSP 04/30 Another police post to be erected on HP-JK border: Kunddu 04/27 Modi using Mufti’s shoulder in Kashmir: Syed Sallah-ud-din 04/24 'Lakhvi's release is detrimental to regional security' 04/24 India punishes al-Jazeera over map 04/22 Two Indians among 2015 Yale World Fellows 04/21 Indo-Pak troops exchange fire at international border 04/20 2nd rung of defence on the anvil along J&K border 04/19 Centre planning second rung of defence along int'l border 04/19 BSF troops exchange fire with militants, foil infiltration bid in Kathua 04/19 Centre mulls 2-tier defence along LoC in J&K 04/19 Jammu & Kashmir Police accept lapses in Narbal firing that killed a teenager 04/18 India to Push to Expose Pakistan's 'Double Standards' on Terrorism - Source 04/18 Violent clashes erupt in Kashmir over arrest of separatist leaders 04/17 Tral march: 14 hurt as protesters throw stones, clash with cops in Srinagar 04/17 Indian police arrest Kashmir separatist leader 04/17 Tral encounter unfortunate, Army should have been cautious, says J&K CM 04/15 Protests in Kashmir after civilian killed by Indian army 04/15 Clashes in J&K's Tral over killing of youth, protesters snatch AK-47; Yasin Malik, Masarat ... 04/14 Youth killed in encounter militant of Hizbul Mujahideen: Army 04/14 Protests in Indian Kashmir after civilian killed by army 04/14 Yasin Malik, Masarat Alam detained; 6 injured in clashes in Pulwama 04/14 Separatist leaders Yasin Malik, Masrat Alam detained in Kashmir 04/13 Militant’s brother killed in Kashmir 04/13 Kashmir Pandits seek exclusive township, say PM must act 04/12 Mumbai 2008 terror attack mastermind Zakiur Rehman Lakhvi released from Pakistan prison 04/10 Kashmiris clash with Indian police over settlement of Hindus 04/10 Pakistan court frees on bail accused mastermind of Mumbai attack: lawyer 04/10 UPDATE 1-Pakistan court frees on bail accused mastermind of 2008 Mumbai attack -lawyer 04/09 Rebels threaten to foil Pandit 'homeland' plan 04/09 Except Mufti, no takers for townships in Kashmir 04/08 30 terrorists spotted in PoK adjoining Poonch waiting to infiltrate 04/08 Terror should not be allowed to revisit Jammu and Kashmir 04/08


As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.