Myanmar - Civil War

Rebel groups in Myanmar See summary

Recent articles:

voanews.com Banned From Boats in Myanmar, Rohingya Fish on Rafts of Junk 01/24
scmp.com Thai court muzzles media as human-trafficking defence begins 01/24
mizzima.com Myanmar asks for ‘time and space’ to solve Rohingya crisis 01/23
globalsecurity.org Myanmar defies OIC call to stop atrocities against Rohingya 01/23
scmp.com Myanmar's remote Wa State suffers as fewer Chinese come to party 01/22
nationmultimedia.com All Thai tourists Released after Detention by Karen BGF 01/21
nationmultimedia.com Thais warned to avoid Myanmar border area after tourists abducted 01/21
mizzima.com Myanmar army detains Kachin Baptists who helped journalist 01/21
mizzima.com Petition calls for action on the 2nd anniversary of the rape, murder of Kachin teachers 01/21
mizzima.com Myanmar rebukes Malaysia PM over Rohingya defence 01/21
reuters.com Myanmar's remote Wa State suffers as fewer Chinese come to party 01/21
mizzima.com Myanmar military seize key KIA command base 01/20
mizzima.com Malaysia PM urges Myanmar to end Rohingya crackdown 01/20
foxnews.com UN rights envoy slams Myanmar on military's actions 01/20
voanews.com UN Rights Expert Criticizes Myanmar Over Rohingya Crackdown 01/20
nationmultimedia.com Myanmar army detains Kachin Baptists who helped journalist 01/20
globalsecurity.org UN criticizes Myanmar's treatment of Rohingya Muslims 01/20
antaranews.com Indonesia proposes four actions for Rakhine 01/20
aljazeera.com Malaysia: Muslim countries should end Rohingya crisis 01/19
dw.com Malaysia PM warns Islamic extremists could exploit Rohingya crisis in Myanmar 01/19
aaj.tv OIC voices concern over plight of Rohingya Muslims 01/19
mizzima.com Muslim nations to heap pressure on Myanmar over Rohingya 01/19
foxnews.com Malaysian PM urges Muslim world to help oppressed Rohingya 01/19
nationmultimedia.com Malaysia PM urges Myanmar to end Rohingya crackdown 01/19
nzherald.co.nz Malaysia says OIC will push Myanmar to halt Rohingya crisis 01/18
foxnews.com Rights groups concerned by disappearances of Myanmar pastors 01/17
reuters.com OIC envoy calls for U.N. intervention to avoid genocide of Rohingya Muslims 01/17
mizzima.com Amnesty calls for action to be taken over two missing Kachin pastors 01/17
thejakartapost.com Palestine seeks Indonesia’s support ahead of OIC meeting 01/16
voanews.com Myanmar Muslims Hope UN Envoy's Visit Will Bring Change 01/15
voanews.com Myanmar Ethnic Group’s Election First Since 1992 01/15
mizzima.com UWSA to change leadership 01/15
telegraphindia.com Rohingya test for Jammu reputation 01/14
reuters.com Leadership change looms for armed group key to Myanmar's peace process 01/14
aljazeera.com Burmese 'stopped from seeking shelter' in China: NGO 01/13
nzherald.co.nz UN human rights envoy visits Myanmar state after 65,000 flee 01/13
nationmultimedia.com Ethnic Rakhine MPs refuse to meet UN envoy probing Rohingya abuse 01/13
mizzima.com Court sets next hearing of ABSDF member Min Htay for Jan 23 01/13
stripes.com UN human rights envoy visits troubled Myanmar state 01/13
mizzima.com UNFC and CSOs hold workshop on natural resource management and sharing 01/12
irinnews.org EXCLUSIVE: UN says Rohingya malnutrition rates rising during Myanmar military operations 01/12
dnaindia.com Myanmar's Aung San Suu Kyi sends envoy to Bangladesh as Rohingya crisis deepens 01/12
scmp.com Thousands flee fighting on Myanmar’s border with China 01/11
nationmultimedia.com Malaysia to hold OIC meeting on Rohingya crisis 01/11
scmp.com Yunnan police detain Chinese member of Myanmese rebel group 01/10
tribune.com.pk 22,000 Rohingya fled Myanmar to Bangladesh in one week: UN 01/10
aljazeera.com 22,000 Rohingya 'flee Myanmar to Bangladesh' in a week 01/09
globalsecurity.org At least 65,000 Rohingya Muslims flee from Myanmar to Bangladesh: UN 01/09
dnaindia.com UN rights expert to assess potential abuses in northern Myanmar 01/07
mizzima.com UN rights envoy to probe Myanmar Rohingya violence 01/07
scmp.com Rohingya abuses in Myanmar appear ‘normal and allowed’ US official says 01/07
globalsecurity.org UN rights expert to assess potential abuses in northern Myanmar 01/06
nationmultimedia.com UN rights envoy to probe Myanmar Rohingya violence 01/06
scmp.com Meet the teenage girls from Myanmar enrolling in karate classes to protect themselves against government troops 01/05
reuters.com Myanmar accused of 'whitewash' as panel rejects claims it is persecuting Rohingya 01/05
foxnews.com Uprooted by war, fearing troops, Myanmar girls learn karate 01/04
latimes.com After years of government persecution, some members of Myanmar's Rohingya minority are taking up arms 01/04
mizzima.com Suu Kyi says problems in Maungtaw should be resolved in the correct manner 01/04
dnaindia.com Myanmar vows action on police abuse after video of beating emerges 01/03
irinnews.org The roots and risks of Myanmar’s new Rohingya insurgency 01/03
foxnews.com Myanmar gov't admits video shows police beating villagers 01/02
globalsecurity.org Rohingya Refugees in Bangladesh Vow Never to Return to Myanmar 01/02
bbc.co.uk Myanmar to probe Rohingya beating video 01/02
bbc.co.uk Myanmar police officers detained over Rohingya beatings video 01/02
huffingtonpost.com Myanmar Vows Action After Video Shows Police Beating Rohingya Muslims 01/02
aljazeera.com Myanmar promises action over Rohingya abuse video 01/02
mizzima.com Two Christian priests missing after alerting reporters to church bombing 01/02
mizzima.com Myanmar detains police over Rohingya abuse video 01/02
voanews.com Rohingya Refugees in Bangladesh Vow Never to Return to Myanmar 01/01
voanews.com Myanmar Says Will Take Back 2,415 Citizens from Bangladesh 12/30
nationmultimedia.com Nobel laureates urge UN to intervene in Myanmar's Rohingya crisis 12/30
news18.com Nobel Laureates Criticise Aung San Suu Kyi over Rohingya Issue 12/29
mizzima.com 50,000 Rohingya have fled to Bangladesh from Myanmar: government 12/29
dnaindia.com 50,000 Rohingya Muslims flee Myanmar to Bangladesh 12/29
nzherald.co.nz Nobel laureates criticize Aung San Suu Kyi over Rohingya 12/29
reuters.com Through reclusive Wa, China's reach extends into Suu Kyi's Myanmar 12/28
hosted.ap.org Kachin rebels see more Myanmar attacks, no hope for peace 12/28
zeenews.india.com Pakistan`s ISI plotting to launch terror attacks against India from Myanmar-Thailand border: Report 12/27
mizzima.com OIC special envoy proposes special registration system for Rohingya refugees in Malaysia 12/27
mizzima.com Three civilians killed in Myanmar Army, TNLA clashes 12/27
reuters.com Myanmar says Muslim with links to government murdered in troubled Rakhine 12/26
mizzima.com RCSS, Myanmar army clash accidental 12/24
globalsecurity.org Criticism Taints Myanmar's Media Access to Rakhine Crisis Zone 12/23
bbc.co.uk Myanmar unrest: Rohingya Muslim man found decapitated in river 12/23
wsj.com Militants in Myanmar Spur Army Reprisals, Refugee Flight 12/23
scmp.com How a football film is helping Malaysians to ‘Believe Again’ 12/22
dnaindia.com 15,000 flee into China as Myanmar's army battles ethnic rebels: UN 12/20
mizzima.com Malaysia calls on ASEAN to find solutions for Myanmar Rohingya crisis 12/20
reuters.com U.N. says 15,000 flee into China as Myanmar's army battles ethnic rebels 12/20
aljazeera.com 15,000 from Myanmar flee fighting to China 12/20
nationmultimedia.com Pressure on Myanmar as region holds Rohingya talks 12/19
scmp.com Pressure mounts on Myanmar as region holds crisis talks over Rohingya crackdown 12/19
bbc.co.uk Amnesty accuses Myanmar military of 'crimes against humanity' 12/19
nationmultimedia.com Amnesty: Myanmar may be guilty of crimes against humanity 12/19
mizzima.com Bangladesh stops pro-Rohingya protest march to border 12/19
mizzima.com Pressure on Myanmar as region holds Rohingya talks 12/19
foxnews.com Myanmar hosts regional meeting to discuss Rohingya crisis 12/19
zeenews.india.com Pressure mounts on Myanmar as region holds crisis talks over Rohingya security crackdown 12/19
dailytimes.com.pk Security forces target Rohingya Muslims during vicious Rakhine scorched-earth campaign: Amnesty 12/19
dnaindia.com Malaysia calls for ASEAN to coordinate aid for Myanmar's Rohingya 12/19

Summary

Myanmar (aka Burma) has been in a state of constant civil war since independence in 1948. Powerful elements within the Burman (or Bamar) ethnic group, who constitute about 60% of the population and 40% of the land mass, have felt that they should dominate the country’s social, economic, and political realms. However, Myanmar is one of the most ethnically diverse countries in the world with key non-Burman ethnic groups demanding equality with the Burmans in the three public realms, specifically the protection of ethnic culture, language, and religion, the devolution of tangible executive, legislative, and judicial power to the ethnic states within a true federal union, and a democratic form of government. With their demands unmet, the ethnic groups turned to armed insurgency. Despite many political and military alliances among them, they have been unable to use these alliances to best advantage because of cultural differences and diverse agendas.

The civil war and the perceived threat of secession by ethnic states from Myanmar led in 1962 to a military coup. Since then, the military has dominated the affairs of the country seeing itself as the sole force capable of holding the country together. The military’s dictum is “one country – one army.”

The major non-Burman ethnic groups are the Arakanese, Chin, Kachin, Shan, Karenni, Karen, and Mon, all of which have their own states in which they are the dominant ethnic group. All these states have ethnic insurgent activities of varying intensities against the Myanmar military (aka Tatmadaw). The Tatmadaw has been employing a “Four Cuts” counterinsurgency strategy which attempts to deny the ethnic insurgents access to food, funding, information, and recruits. Also the Myanmar regime policies have led to the impoverishment of and human rights abuses toward the ethnic peoples leading hundreds of thousands of them to seek safety in adjacent countries – Thailand, China, India, and Bangladesh, through resettlement in other countries, and as internally displaced persons in the jungle inside Myanmar.

The following are the current most active ethnic armed groups fighting against the Myanmar regime for ethnic rights, federalism, and democracy and to stop human rights abuses against their respective ethnic groups:
Arakan (aka Rahkine) State: Arakan Liberation Army (ALA) and the Arakan Army (AA).
Chin State: Chin National Army (CNA).
Kachin State: Kachin Independence Army (KIA)
Shan State: Kachin Independence Army (KIA), United Wa State Army (UWSA), National Democratic Alliance Army (NDAA Mongla), Shan State Army - South (SSA - S), Shan State Army - North (SSA - N), Wa National Army (WNA), Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army (MNDAA), Lahu Democratic Front (LDF), Palaung State Liberation Front (PSLF), and the Pa’O Peoples Liberation Army (PPLA).
Karenni (aka Kayah) State: Karenni Army (KnA) and the Kayan New Land Party (KNLP).
Karen (aka Kayin) State: Karen National Defense Organization/Karen National Liberation Army (KNDO/KNLA) and the Democratic Karen Buddhist Army (DKBA).
Mon State: Mon National Liberation Army (MNLA).

Additionally in Arakan State, the Rohingya National Army (RNA), is fighting against the regime for religious rights and the recognition of the Rohingya people as an ethnic group with special geographic areas set aside in Arakan State for them to institute Islamic laws and practice their culture as Muslims. These aspirations are a source of conflict between them and the Arakan Buddhists who consider the Rohingya as migrant Bengali Muslims with no legitimate claim to ethnicity in Myanmar.