Myanmar - Civil War

Rebel groups in Myanmar See summary

Recent articles:

voanews.com Obama Calls for 'Inclusive and Credible' Elections in Myanmar 10/31
mizzima.com President Obama calls for 'inclusive' vote process in Myanmar 10/31
foxnews.com Myanmar hosts talks with opposition leader Suu Kyi to show progress ahead of Asian summit 10/31
nzherald.co.nz Myanmar's president, army chief meet Suu Kyi 10/31
bombaynews.net Seven Bodo insurgents arrested on way to Myanmar 10/30
globalsecurity.org Myanmar President Calls Meeting of Top Army, Political Officials 10/30
reuters.com Myanmar calls meeting of political, military heavyweights 10/30
bnionline.net International Assistance May Depend on Ceasefire Agreement: Lamai Gun Ja 10/30
burmanet.org Democratic Voice of Burma: Obama asked to ‘just say their name’ – Binny Mary Paul 10/30
burmanet.org The Irrawaddy: ‘We will show how much women are capable of through this party’ – Thuzar 10/30
scmp.com Aung San Suu Kyi to meet Myanmar's military leader for first time 10/30
shanland.org Shan delegation departs for Naypyitaw 10/29
foxnews.com Myanmar's president, army chief to hold talks with Suu Kyi ahead of international summit 10/29
bnionline.net SNLD Calls for National Reconciliation at Anniversary Celebrations 10/29
nzherald.co.nz Myanmar's president, army chief to meet Suu Kyi 10/29
reuters.com Myanmar government and political groups to meet on Friday 10/29
burmanet.org Reuters: Myanmar activists demand independent probe into journalist’s killing 10/29
burmanet.org The Irrawaddy: Burma’s major political players to meet in Naypyidaw 10/29
dnaindia.com Myanmar journalist killed by army was former bodyguard of Suu Kyi 10/29
bnionline.net Peace falters in Myanmar’s Karen State 10/29
mizzima.com International assistance may depend on ceasefire agreement: Lamai Gun Ja 10/29
burmanet.org Democratic Voice of Burma: Thein Sein to host quadripartite talks – Shwe Aung 10/29
bnionline.net Calls for Investigation into Journalist's Killing by Burma Army 10/28
reuters.com Myanmar journalist killed by army was former bodyguard of Suu Kyi 10/28
burmanet.org The Irrawaddy: ‘Our standpoint is cooperation’ – May Kha 10/28
burmanet.org Democratic Voice of Burma: NLD rejects hybrid voting system – Jacob Robinson 10/28
bnionline.net Karen Army Leader Links Current Fighting to Burma Government's Mega Development Projects 10/27
bnionline.net Burma Army Clashes with KIO and Its Allies in Shan State 10/27
ndtv.com Rights Groups Urge Myanmar to Investigate Killing of Journalist 10/27
bnionline.net Reporter 'Killed in Army Custody' 10/27
voanews.com Myanmar Journalist’s Death Spurs Call for Inquiry 10/27
nationmultimedia.com Myanmar army kills 'reporter' in custody: press body 10/25
thediplomat.com Interview: The Stateless Rohingya 10/25
kachinnews.com Burma army clashes with KIO and its allies in Shan state 10/25
cpj.org Journalist killed in military custody in Burma 10/24
bbc.co.uk Detained Myanmar reporter shot dead 10/24
shanland.org Parliament peace chief visits Mongla 10/24
bnionline.net Shan Human Rights Foundation: Burma Army Commit Human Rights Abuses in Ke See Township 10/24
burmanet.org Democratic Voice of Burma: UNFC questions Burmese military commitment to peace – Naw Noreen 10/24
burmanet.org The Irrawaddy: Missing reporter killed in custody of Burma Army: Report 10/24
stripes.com Myanmar army kills journalist it calls Karen rebel 10/24
burmanet.org The Myanmar Times: UEC extends campaign period but no let-up on event restrictions – Ei Ei Toe Lwin and Ye Mon 10/24
burmanet.org The Myanmar Times: Anger as minister links aid to ceasefire – Ei Ei Toe Lwin and Pyae Thet Phyo 10/24
economist.com Casinos in Cambodia : When the luck runs out 10/23
shanland.org Burma Army continues troop deployment to SSPP/SSA areas, despite promising to withdraw 10/22
burmanet.org The Irrawaddy: Karen leaders prepare for divisive assembly 10/22
cpj.org Journalist detained for nearly a month in Burma 10/22
burmanet.org Democratic Voice of Burma: Burma government tables liaison body proposal to SSA-N – Nang Mya Nadi 10/22
burmanet.org Democratic Voice of Burma: Ye Htut meets with journalists to discuss press freedom – Jacob Robinson 10/22
burmanet.org The Irrawaddy: Army detains journalist who covered fighting with rebels, wife alleges – Lawi Weng 10/21
bnionline.net Ex-Servicemen and Retired Officials Call for Ethnically Diverse 'Union Army' 10/21
burmanet.org The Irrawaddy: Women’s activists call for unity among Karen rebel groups – Nyein Nyein 10/20
bnionline.net Armed Groups Must Be Held to Account in Latest Fighting, Says Karen Human Rights Group 10/20
shanland.org Peace process in limbo, when ceasefire is a joke 10/20
bnionline.net UNFC Urges Gov’t to Stop Offensives 10/20
shanland.org Government troops reinforced while SSPP representatives meet U Thein Zaw 10/19
mizzima.com Women’s political party founded in Myanmar’s Mon State 10/18
reuters.com Myanmar rebels say military operations could end peace talks 10/17
aljazeera.com Myanmar jails journalists over 'public alarm' 10/17
bnionline.net Burma Army Orders 1,000 from Their Land in Hpakant, Fighting Expected 10/17
burmanet.org The Irrawaddy: Fighting escalates between government, rebel alliance in Shan State – Lawi Weng 10/17
bnionline.net Ke See Township: Mortar Shelling Forces Villagers to Flee 10/17
bnionline.net First Women Only Party Formed in Mon State 10/17
cpj.org Five journalists sentenced to jail in Burma 10/17
shanland.org Villagers flee due to firing of over 20 mortar shells in Ke See township 10/16
bnionline.net Fighting May Delay Political Talks, Says NCCT Leader Nai Hongsar 10/16
burmanet.org Mizzima News: Analysts, political parties fear postponement of 2015 election – Nan Myint 10/16
burmanet.org The Irrawaddy: After Karen groups pledge military cooperation, leadership divisions appear – Nyein Nyein 10/16
burmanet.org The Myanmar Times: SSA-North defies order to withdraw – Hlaing Kyaw Soe 10/16
burmanet.org The Irrawaddy: New political party aims to put Burma’s women in power – Lawi Weng 10/16
kachinnews.com Burma army orders 1,000 from their land in Hpakant, fighting expected 10/16
bnionline.net ANP Say Election Date Not Dependent on Peace Process 10/16
burmanet.org The Irrawaddy: Army orders 1,000 villagers to leave, as tensions rise near Hpakant – Lawi Weng & May Kha 10/15
burmanet.org The Irrawaddy: ‘The more people talk about HIV, the less discrimination we will see’ – Myat Hsu Mon 10/15
bnionline.net Demonstration Planned in New York to Demand Justice for two Myanmar Workers 10/15
burmanet.org The Irrawaddy: Chin farmers who alleged army torture return to village – Nobel Zaw 10/15
burmanet.org The Irrawaddy: Controversial Hat Gyi dam blamed for Karen conflict – Saw Yan Naing 10/14
zeenews.india.com Two Thais arrested for trafficking of Bangladeshis, Rohingya 10/14
foxnews.com Myanmar Parliament's headgear, from flowers to bear claws, reflect diversity and divisions 10/13
shanland.org Col Aung Thu orderes the SSPP/SSA to withdraw from Salween river 10/13
hosted.ap.org Myanmar Parliament's hats reveal much about owners 10/13
bnionline.net DKBA and Burma Army Fighting Spreads Throughout Karen State 10/13
mizzima.com UNODC defends poppy estimates for Kachin State after critical report 10/13
colombotelegraph.com BBS – Wirathu Agreement: Declaration Of War On Muslims In Sri Lanka And South Asia 10/11
bnionline.net Burma Army Accused of Fuelling Drug ‘Crisis’ in Kachin and Shan State 10/10
burmanet.org The Myanmar Times Stability returns in Myawaddy after clashes – Zaw Htaik 10/10
shanland.org Harder to win than war -Day 3 10/10
bnionline.net KIO closes Hukaung amber mines following tensions with Burma army forces 10/10
turkishweekly.net Myanmar Rohingya ‘tortured over alleged terror ties' 10/10
kachinnews.com KIO closes Hukaung amber mines following tensions with Burma army forces 10/09
aljazeera.com Myanmar army using child soldiers despite ban 10/09
bnionline.net Pro Myanmar government militias fighting KIO growing opium says rights group 10/09
globalsecurity.org Myanmar's embattled Palaung minority call for aid partners 10/08
kachinnews.com Pro Myanmar government militias fighting KIO growing opium says rights group 10/08
burmanet.org Foreign Policy: We cannot go back to Myanmar – Henry Zwartz 10/08
nzherald.co.nz Pilot of missing helicopter found alive in Myanmar 10/08
sify.com Thai coup leader visits Myanmar on 1st trip abroad 10/08
bnionline.net worsening drug crisis 10/08
burmanet.org Democratic Voice of Burma: War and drugs: a deadly combination 10/08
burmanet.org The Irrawaddy: Three blasts rock Taunggyi, injure 2 policemen –Nang Seng Nom 10/07

Summary

Myanmar (aka Burma) has been in a state of constant civil war since independence in 1948. Powerful elements within the Burman (or Bamar) ethnic group, who constitute about 60% of the population and 40% of the land mass, have felt that they should dominate the country’s social, economic, and political realms. However, Myanmar is one of the most ethnically diverse countries in the world with key non-Burman ethnic groups demanding equality with the Burmans in the three public realms, specifically the protection of ethnic culture, language, and religion, the devolution of tangible executive, legislative, and judicial power to the ethnic states within a true federal union, and a democratic form of government. With their demands unmet, the ethnic groups turned to armed insurgency. Despite many political and military alliances among them, they have been unable to use these alliances to best advantage because of cultural differences and diverse agendas.

The civil war and the perceived threat of secession by ethnic states from Myanmar led in 1962 to a military coup. Since then, the military has dominated the affairs of the country seeing itself as the sole force capable of holding the country together. The military’s dictum is “one country – one army.”

The major non-Burman ethnic groups are the Arakanese, Chin, Kachin, Shan, Karenni, Karen, and Mon, all of which have their own states in which they are the dominant ethnic group. All these states have ethnic insurgent activities of varying intensities against the Myanmar military (aka Tatmadaw). The Tatmadaw has been employing a “Four Cuts” counterinsurgency strategy which attempts to deny the ethnic insurgents access to food, funding, information, and recruits. Also the Myanmar regime policies have led to the impoverishment of and human rights abuses toward the ethnic peoples leading hundreds of thousands of them to seek safety in adjacent countries – Thailand, China, India, and Bangladesh, through resettlement in other countries, and as internally displaced persons in the jungle inside Myanmar.

The following are the current most active ethnic armed groups fighting against the Myanmar regime for ethnic rights, federalism, and democracy and to stop human rights abuses against their respective ethnic groups:
Arakan (aka Rahkine) State: Arakan Liberation Army (ALA) and the Arakan Army (AA).
Chin State: Chin National Army (CNA).
Kachin State: Kachin Independence Army (KIA)
Shan State: Kachin Independence Army (KIA), United Wa State Army (UWSA), National Democratic Alliance Army (NDAA Mongla), Shan State Army - South (SSA - S), Shan State Army - North (SSA - N), Wa National Army (WNA), Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army (MNDAA), Lahu Democratic Front (LDF), Palaung State Liberation Front (PSLF), and the Pa’O Peoples Liberation Army (PPLA).
Karenni (aka Kayah) State: Karenni Army (KnA) and the Kayan New Land Party (KNLP).
Karen (aka Kayin) State: Karen National Defense Organization/Karen National Liberation Army (KNDO/KNLA) and the Democratic Karen Buddhist Army (DKBA).
Mon State: Mon National Liberation Army (MNLA).

Additionally in Arakan State, the Rohingya National Army (RNA), is fighting against the regime for religious rights and the recognition of the Rohingya people as an ethnic group with special geographic areas set aside in Arakan State for them to institute Islamic laws and practice their culture as Muslims. These aspirations are a source of conflict between them and the Arakan Buddhists who consider the Rohingya as migrant Bengali Muslims with no legitimate claim to ethnicity in Myanmar.