Myanmar - Civil War

Rebel groups in Myanmar See summary

Recent articles:

bnionline.net Ethnic Youths Protest at MPC over Army Attack on KIO 11/26
bnionline.net MPC Want to Start Political Dialogue during Current Government's Term 11/26
mizzima.com Parliament approves six-way talks for political reform process 11/26
ndtv.com Aung San Suu Kyi Party Expects New Myanmar Constitution Talks in Days 11/26
burmanet.org Al Jazeera: Bangladesh proposes interning, repatriating up to 270K Rohingya to Myanmar – Nigel O’Connor   11/26
burmanet.org The Irrawaddy: Slain cadets remembered during Rangoon, Sittwe services – Yen Snaing   11/26
burmanet.org Mizzima News: Nationwide Myanmar ceasefire agreement meet postponed following Kachin deaths – Phanida   11/26
bnionline.net Myitkyina Residents Defy Authorities to Mourn 23 Laiza Cadets 11/25
bnionline.net Burma's CBO, CSOs Not Able to Participate Fully in the Peace Process 11/25
bnionline.net Ethnic Civil Groups Found Ethnic Nationalities for Peace 11/25
bnionline.net Two Shan Political Parties Oppose Changing of State Names 11/25
burmanet.org Mizzima News: Ethnic groups should not be left out of talks: Daw Aung San Suu Kyi – Aung Thura Tun   11/25
burmanet.org Agence France Presse: UN ‘concerned’ at heavy fighting in Myanmar’s Kachin state   11/25
burmanet.org The Irrawaddy: Parliament proposes high-level charter talks – Zarni Mann   11/25
burmanet.org The Irrawaddy: Upper House adopts nationwide PR system – San Yamin Aung   11/25
burmanet.org The Guardian: Burma’s army uses rape to demoralise ethnic minorities, report says – Kate Hodal 11/25
mizzima.com Military officials release 80 child soldiers 11/25
mizzima.com Ethnic groups, political analysts oppose block on constitution change 11/25
kachinnews.com Burma army shells land near Kachin IDP camps 11/25
bnionline.net Government claims Laiza shelling was a “warning shot” 11/25
english.people.com.cn Myanmar gov't accuses ethnic armed group of launching more attacks 11/25
usatoday.com Calls for peace in Myanmar following deadly attack 11/24
bnionline.net Burma Army Attack Kills 23 Cadets – “Unprovoked,” says Kachin Group 11/24
bnionline.net Mystery Of Burma Army Murder Picture Solved 11/24
burmanet.org The Irrawaddy: Civil society pushes for transitional justice – Saw Yan Naing 11/24
burmanet.org The Myanmar Times: White card-holders cut from voting in referendum – Ei Ei Toe Lwin 11/24
burmanet.org Mizzima News: Indonesian Muslim, Buddhist team seeks to ‘bring peace for Rohingya’ 11/24
shanland.org Two Shan political parties in northern Shan State release joint statement opposing changing state names 11/24
kachinnews.com Myitkyina residents defy authorities to mourn 23 Laiza cadets 11/24
atimes.com Myanmar regime in test of solidarity 11/24
burmanet.org Eleven Media: Four party-talks should come before more inclusive dialogue, say ethnic leaders 11/24
mizzima.com UN 'concerned' at heavy fighting in Myanmar's Kachin state 11/24
thejakartapost.com Muslims, Buddhists team up to bring about peace for Rohingya 11/23
mizzima.com Indonesian Muslim, Buddhist team seeks to ‘bring peace for Rohingya’ 11/23
kachinnews.com Laiza shelling fatalities were from KIO allies, ABSDF, AA, CNF, TNLA 11/22
mizzima.com Media, NGOs discuss reporting the peace process 11/22
shanland.org Nong Khio-based government troops slit throats of 2 Shan villagers 11/22
mizzima.com Myanmar’s military should change their political stance: U Ko Ko Gyi 11/22
mizzima.com Kachin killings condemned by ethnic groups 11/21
kachinnews.com KIO, UNFC condemn Laiza shelling 11/21
mizzima.com Two more armed groups cry foul over Kachin killings 11/21
shanland.org Shan New Year heralds year of peace 11/21
reuters.com Myanmar army says deadly strike against rebels meant only as 'warning' 11/21
bnionline.net UNFC Ethnic Alliance Clears Up "Misunderstanding" with Naypyidaw 11/21
burmanet.org The Myanmar Times: Naypyitaw boosts Rakhine border budget amid security, abuse fears – Bill O’Toole 11/21
globalsecurity.org Myanmar Stages Surprise Attack on Kachin; 20 Dead 11/20
bbc.co.uk Rebels say Myanmar army killed 23 11/20
kachinnews.com Burma Army shelling of Laiza training ground was deliberate says KIO 11/20
bnionline.net Two Villagers Wearing SSA Golden Jubilee Shirts Detained by Burma Army 11/20
scmp.com Myanmar army attack kills 23 rebel force cadets 11/20
burmanet.org The Irrawaddy: United Wa State Army denies anti-aircraft purchase – May Kha & Lawi Weng 11/20
burmanet.org The Irrawaddy: Burma Army says deadly shelling of rebels was ‘unintentional’ – Hnin Yadana Zaw & Nyein Nyein 11/20
burmanet.org The Irrawaddy: Thai army to observe Burma ceasefire meetings in Thailand – Saw Yan Naing 11/20
globalsecurity.org Creativity key to peace dividends in Myanmar 11/20
tamilguardian.com 'Mistaken' shell attack leaves Kachin peace talks in jeopardy 11/20
mizzima.com Myanmar army attack kills over 20 Kachin fighters 11/20
foxnews.com Myanmar's Kachin rebels say 22 dead, 15 injured in attack by army near northern headquarters 11/19
bnionline.net KIA Fight with Burma Army in Kachin State 11/19
nzherald.co.nz Myanmar's Kachin rebels say 22 dead in fighting 11/19
bnionline.net Mon M.P. Tells Obama Peace Process Will Be Faster under a Federalist System 11/19
burmanet.org The Irrawaddy: Arakan State government ‘condemns’ UN Rohingya statement – Lawi Weng 11/19
burmanet.org Democratic Voice of Burma: MPs pass bill to pay themselves higher salaries – Ko Htwe 11/19
reuters.com Kachin rebels say 23 cadets killed by Myanmar army shell 11/19
voanews.com Myanmar Stages Surprise Attack on Kachin; 20 Dead 11/19
shanland.org Thai authorities demand monitoring of EAO meetings 11/18
burmanet.org The Irrawaddy: Students seek four-party dialogue on education law – Nobel Zaw 11/18
burmanet.org The Irrawaddy: Queensland Rohingyas appeal to G-20 Summit world leaders 11/18
kachinnews.com KIA fight with Burma Army in Kachin state 11/18
dnaindia.com Myanmar national's arrest from Hyderabad takes al Qaeda threat to next level 11/18
foxnews.com 'Campaign to create fear' sends Rohingya fleeing Myanmar in larger numbers, activist says 11/17
bnionline.net Queensland Rohingyas Appeal to G-20 Summit World Leaders 11/17
bnionline.net Shan Community Calls on US President Obama to Condemn Government Attacks in Ethnic Areas during His Burma Visit 11/17
burmanet.org The Irrawaddy: Burma military should have less power: Obama – Lawi Weng 11/14
burmanet.org The Irrawaddy: Students protest education law in downtown Rangoon – Nobel Zaw 11/14
burmanet.org The Irrawaddy: Lower House chairman rejects PR system proposal – Hnin Yadana Zaw 11/14
mizzima.com Shan groups plea to Obama over stalled peace process 11/13
mizzima.com   Kachin groups send letter to US President calling for constitution redraft   11/13
mizzima.com ‘People support our wish to amend the constitution,’ says Suu Kyi 11/13
ndtv.com Obama Warns Myanmar's Celebrated Reforms Going Backwards 11/13
stripes.com Despite Obama outreach, Myanmar’s transition to democracy remains troubled 11/12
bnionline.net Burma's Authorities Involved in Human Trafficking, Says Human Rights Group 11/12
csmonitor.com Obama and Aung San Suu Kyi: A pragmatic US shift on 'the Lady'? (+video) 11/12
mizzima.com NGOs fear international community has been duped by the ‘peace message’ 11/12
reuters.com Myanmar 'backsliding' on reforms in some areas, Obama says 11/12
bnionline.net Four Civilians in Hsipaw Arrested and Beaten on Suspicion of Having Contact with Shan State Army 11/11
mizzima.com Wa discuss reopening of Thai-Myanmar border checkpoint 11/11
burmanet.org Phophtaw News Association: Kachin Independence Army called on to free forced Shan conscripts 11/11
burmanet.org The Associated Press: Ethnic rebel armies an unsolved Myanmar puzzle –Todd Pitman 11/11
reuters.com Stalled reforms, South China Sea to dominate Myanmar's ASEAN party 11/11
globalvoicesonline.org Myanmar's Child Refugees Share Their Stories Through Visual Art 11/11
bnionline.net About 1,000 Militia Forces Involved in Attacks against SSPP/SSA 11/11
burmanet.org The Irrawaddy: Police search for ‘Terrorist’ Rohingya suspects in Mon, Pegu states – Nyein Nyein 11/11
burmanet.org The Irrawaddy: Ethnic leaders meet Burma government ahead of regional summits – Saw Yan Naing 11/11
shanland.org UNFC: No deal made with ‘The Lady’ 11/10
bnionline.net Burma Army 'Targeting, Attacking and Killing' Civilians in Conflict Areas 11/10
burmanet.org The Associated Press: Myanmar parliament denounces US blacklisting 11/10
bnionline.net KIO Must Free 200 Forcibly Recruited Shans 11/10
shanland.org About 1,000 militia forces involved in attacks against SSPP/SSA 11/10
shanland.org Four civilians in Hsipaw arrested and beaten on suspicion of having contact with Shan State Army 11/10
bnionline.net Wa, Naypyitaw Discuss Opening of Thai-Burmese Border Checkpoint 11/10

Summary

Myanmar (aka Burma) has been in a state of constant civil war since independence in 1948. Powerful elements within the Burman (or Bamar) ethnic group, who constitute about 60% of the population and 40% of the land mass, have felt that they should dominate the country’s social, economic, and political realms. However, Myanmar is one of the most ethnically diverse countries in the world with key non-Burman ethnic groups demanding equality with the Burmans in the three public realms, specifically the protection of ethnic culture, language, and religion, the devolution of tangible executive, legislative, and judicial power to the ethnic states within a true federal union, and a democratic form of government. With their demands unmet, the ethnic groups turned to armed insurgency. Despite many political and military alliances among them, they have been unable to use these alliances to best advantage because of cultural differences and diverse agendas.

The civil war and the perceived threat of secession by ethnic states from Myanmar led in 1962 to a military coup. Since then, the military has dominated the affairs of the country seeing itself as the sole force capable of holding the country together. The military’s dictum is “one country – one army.”

The major non-Burman ethnic groups are the Arakanese, Chin, Kachin, Shan, Karenni, Karen, and Mon, all of which have their own states in which they are the dominant ethnic group. All these states have ethnic insurgent activities of varying intensities against the Myanmar military (aka Tatmadaw). The Tatmadaw has been employing a “Four Cuts” counterinsurgency strategy which attempts to deny the ethnic insurgents access to food, funding, information, and recruits. Also the Myanmar regime policies have led to the impoverishment of and human rights abuses toward the ethnic peoples leading hundreds of thousands of them to seek safety in adjacent countries – Thailand, China, India, and Bangladesh, through resettlement in other countries, and as internally displaced persons in the jungle inside Myanmar.

The following are the current most active ethnic armed groups fighting against the Myanmar regime for ethnic rights, federalism, and democracy and to stop human rights abuses against their respective ethnic groups:
Arakan (aka Rahkine) State: Arakan Liberation Army (ALA) and the Arakan Army (AA).
Chin State: Chin National Army (CNA).
Kachin State: Kachin Independence Army (KIA)
Shan State: Kachin Independence Army (KIA), United Wa State Army (UWSA), National Democratic Alliance Army (NDAA Mongla), Shan State Army - South (SSA - S), Shan State Army - North (SSA - N), Wa National Army (WNA), Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army (MNDAA), Lahu Democratic Front (LDF), Palaung State Liberation Front (PSLF), and the Pa’O Peoples Liberation Army (PPLA).
Karenni (aka Kayah) State: Karenni Army (KnA) and the Kayan New Land Party (KNLP).
Karen (aka Kayin) State: Karen National Defense Organization/Karen National Liberation Army (KNDO/KNLA) and the Democratic Karen Buddhist Army (DKBA).
Mon State: Mon National Liberation Army (MNLA).

Additionally in Arakan State, the Rohingya National Army (RNA), is fighting against the regime for religious rights and the recognition of the Rohingya people as an ethnic group with special geographic areas set aside in Arakan State for them to institute Islamic laws and practice their culture as Muslims. These aspirations are a source of conflict between them and the Arakan Buddhists who consider the Rohingya as migrant Bengali Muslims with no legitimate claim to ethnicity in Myanmar.