Myanmar - Civil War

Rebel groups in Myanmar See summary

Recent articles:

reuters.com Myanmar soldiers injured in clash with militants in troubled Rakhine 02/19
mizzima.com Myanmar army ends operations in north Rakhine: govt 02/17
reuters.com U.N. wants to negotiate with U.S., Canada to resettle Rohingya refugees 02/16
foxnews.com Myanmar says army ends operation in troubled Rakhine state 02/16
dw.com Myanmar military ends crackdown against Rohingya 02/16
nationmultimedia.com Ex-colonel allegedly plots murder of Myanmar lawyer 02/16
aaj.tv Malaysian aid ship for Rohingya arrives in Bangladesh 02/14
impunitywatch.com Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect: Atrocity Alert: Myanmar, Syria and Central African Republic 02/13
nzherald.co.nz Suu Kyi urges Myanmar armed ethnic groups to sign cease-fire 02/12
mizzima.com Shan National Day held at Loi Tai Leng 02/11
aljazeera.com Week in Pictures : From Yemen air raids to Manila fire 02/10
news.com.au Horror the world isn’t watching 02/10
csmonitor.com Malaysian boat with aid for Rohingya arrives to protests in Myanmar 02/09
mizzima.com Bangladesh rebukes Myanmar for ‘unprovoked aggression’ 02/09
mizzima.com Anti-Rohingya protests greet Malaysia aid ship in Yangon 02/09
stripes.com Malaysian ship with aid for Rohingya arrives in Yangon 02/09
mizzima.com Pope speaks out on Myanmar’s ‘tortured and killed’ Rohingya 02/09
mizzima.com Myanmar rejects UN criticism of Rohingya abuse investigation 02/08
mizzima.com Final dissolution of MICA needs only government’s nod 02/08
dnaindia.com Myanmar says it killed Bangladeshi fisherman in self-defense 02/08
aljazeera.com Drugs and bullets in Myanmar 02/08
aljazeera.com Pope criticises Myanmar atrocities against Rohingya 02/08
france24.com Burma: Rohingya minority persecuted by army amid domestic indifference 02/08
nationmultimedia.com Pope speaks out on Myanmar's 'tortured and killed' Rohingya 02/08
dnaindia.com Over 1,000 feared killed in Myanmar army crackdown on Rohingya Muslims: UN officials 02/08
globalsecurity.org Myanmar crackdown has allegedly killed 1,000 Rohingya: UN officials 02/08
reuters.com Exclusive: More than 1,000 feared killed in Myanmar army crackdown on Rohingya - U.N. officials 02/08
sputniknews.com A 'Long, Sickening' History: Burmese Army Systematically Raping Rohingyas 02/07
zeenews.india.com Myanmar rejects UN criticism of Rohingya abuse investigation 02/07
globalsecurity.org Myanmar army, police 'gang rape' Rohingya women systematically: HRW 02/06
reuters.com Myanmar commanders should be punished for rape of Rohingya: Human Rights Watch 02/06
nationmultimedia.com Myanmar arrests second suspect in Muslim lawyer murder 02/04
scmp.com Myanmar’s probe of Muslim lawyer’s killing beset by leaks, confusion 02/04
scmp.com Pirates, cyclones and mud: Bangladesh’s island solution to Rohingya crisis 02/04
globalsecurity.org UN says Myanmar army killed, raped in Rohingya ethnic cleansing 02/04
upi.com U.N. reports widespread human rights violations in Myanmar 02/04
voanews.com Police Chief Runs Investigation of Myanmar Lawyer’s Killing 02/04
stripes.com UN cites 'unprecedented' abuse against Rohingya in Myanmar 02/03
reuters.com Pirates, cyclones and mud: Bangladesh's island solution to Rohingya crisis 02/03
dnaindia.com Myanmar's probe of lawyer's killing beset by leaks, confusion 02/03
dnaindia.com Myanmar's probe of lawyer's killing beset by leaks, confusion 02/03
scmp.com Myanmar army killed and raped in Rohingya ethnic cleansing, UN report claims 02/03
aljazeera.com 'Babies, children, women' killed in Myanmar crackdown 02/03
reuters.com Myanmar's probe of lawyer's killing beset by leaks, confusion 02/03
foxnews.com New UN report chronicles abuse against Rohinyga in Myanmar 02/03
foxnews.com Myanmar police arrest 2nd suspect in lawyer's assassination 02/02
scmp.com What the murder of a Suu Kyi ally means for Myanmar’s imperilled Muslims 02/02
mizzima.com Record year for Myanmar stimulant seizures 02/02
nationmultimedia.com Record year for Myanmar stimulant seizures 02/01
aljazeera.com Rohingya: Chased from Myanmar, unwelcome in Bangladesh 02/01
scmp.com Myanmar ruling party says Muslim lawyer’s killing ‘political’ 01/30
reuters.com Mourners gather for funeral of Myanmar lawyer shot dead at airport 01/30
hosted.ap.org Myanmar ruling party mourns assassination of Suu Kyi adviser 01/30
bbc.co.uk Ko Ni death: Thousands mourn shot Myanmar lawyer 01/30
aljazeera.com Myanmar: Top Muslim lawyer shot dead at Yangon airport 01/30
nationmultimedia.com Top Muslim lawyer gunned down in Myanmar 01/29
mizzima.com Branding of Northern Alliance - Burma as terrorist organization spoils process for political dialogue: UNFC 01/27
voanews.com Karen Refugees Voice Security Concerns About Repatriation 01/27
kachinnews.com Detained Kachin pastors transferred to Muse Police Station 01/26
voanews.com Myanmar Shrugs Off International Pressure Over Rohingya Crackdown 01/26
mizzima.com Students in court over play 01/26
kachinnews.com Skirmishes break out between Burma Army and KIA in two areas 01/25
mizzima.com UNFC holds emergency meeting ahead of 21st Century Panglong 2nd Meeting 01/25
mizzima.com One killed in small armed clashes in Myanmar northern state 01/24
scmp.com Thai court muzzles media as human-trafficking defence begins 01/24
nzherald.co.nz Banned from boats in Myanmar, Rohingya fish on rafts of junk 01/24
globalsecurity.org Myanmar defies OIC call to stop atrocities against Rohingya 01/23
nationmultimedia.com Myanmar asks for 'time and space' to solve Rohingya crisis 01/23
scmp.com Myanmar's remote Wa State suffers as fewer Chinese come to party 01/22
nationmultimedia.com All Thai tourists Released after Detention by Karen BGF 01/21
nationmultimedia.com Thais warned to avoid Myanmar border area after tourists abducted 01/21
mizzima.com Myanmar army detains Kachin Baptists who helped journalist 01/21
mizzima.com Petition calls for action on the 2nd anniversary of the rape, murder of Kachin teachers 01/21
mizzima.com Myanmar rebukes Malaysia PM over Rohingya defence 01/21
reuters.com Myanmar's remote Wa State suffers as fewer Chinese come to party 01/21
mizzima.com Myanmar military seize key KIA command base 01/20
mizzima.com Malaysia PM urges Myanmar to end Rohingya crackdown 01/20
foxnews.com UN rights envoy slams Myanmar on military's actions 01/20
voanews.com UN Rights Expert Criticizes Myanmar Over Rohingya Crackdown 01/20
nationmultimedia.com Myanmar army detains Kachin Baptists who helped journalist 01/20
globalsecurity.org UN criticizes Myanmar's treatment of Rohingya Muslims 01/20
antaranews.com Indonesia proposes four actions for Rakhine 01/20
aljazeera.com Malaysia: Muslim countries should end Rohingya crisis 01/19
dw.com Malaysia PM warns Islamic extremists could exploit Rohingya crisis in Myanmar 01/19
aaj.tv OIC voices concern over plight of Rohingya Muslims 01/19
mizzima.com Muslim nations to heap pressure on Myanmar over Rohingya 01/19
foxnews.com Malaysian PM urges Muslim world to help oppressed Rohingya 01/19
nationmultimedia.com Malaysia PM urges Myanmar to end Rohingya crackdown 01/19
nzherald.co.nz Malaysia says OIC will push Myanmar to halt Rohingya crisis 01/18
foxnews.com Rights groups concerned by disappearances of Myanmar pastors 01/17
reuters.com OIC envoy calls for U.N. intervention to avoid genocide of Rohingya Muslims 01/17
mizzima.com Amnesty calls for action to be taken over two missing Kachin pastors 01/17
thejakartapost.com Palestine seeks Indonesia’s support ahead of OIC meeting 01/16
voanews.com Myanmar Muslims Hope UN Envoy's Visit Will Bring Change 01/15
voanews.com Myanmar Ethnic Group’s Election First Since 1992 01/15
mizzima.com UWSA to change leadership 01/15
telegraphindia.com Rohingya test for Jammu reputation 01/14
reuters.com Leadership change looms for armed group key to Myanmar's peace process 01/14
aljazeera.com Burmese 'stopped from seeking shelter' in China: NGO 01/13
nzherald.co.nz UN human rights envoy visits Myanmar state after 65,000 flee 01/13

Summary

Myanmar (aka Burma) has been in a state of constant civil war since independence in 1948. Powerful elements within the Burman (or Bamar) ethnic group, who constitute about 60% of the population and 40% of the land mass, have felt that they should dominate the country’s social, economic, and political realms. However, Myanmar is one of the most ethnically diverse countries in the world with key non-Burman ethnic groups demanding equality with the Burmans in the three public realms, specifically the protection of ethnic culture, language, and religion, the devolution of tangible executive, legislative, and judicial power to the ethnic states within a true federal union, and a democratic form of government. With their demands unmet, the ethnic groups turned to armed insurgency. Despite many political and military alliances among them, they have been unable to use these alliances to best advantage because of cultural differences and diverse agendas.

The civil war and the perceived threat of secession by ethnic states from Myanmar led in 1962 to a military coup. Since then, the military has dominated the affairs of the country seeing itself as the sole force capable of holding the country together. The military’s dictum is “one country – one army.”

The major non-Burman ethnic groups are the Arakanese, Chin, Kachin, Shan, Karenni, Karen, and Mon, all of which have their own states in which they are the dominant ethnic group. All these states have ethnic insurgent activities of varying intensities against the Myanmar military (aka Tatmadaw). The Tatmadaw has been employing a “Four Cuts” counterinsurgency strategy which attempts to deny the ethnic insurgents access to food, funding, information, and recruits. Also the Myanmar regime policies have led to the impoverishment of and human rights abuses toward the ethnic peoples leading hundreds of thousands of them to seek safety in adjacent countries – Thailand, China, India, and Bangladesh, through resettlement in other countries, and as internally displaced persons in the jungle inside Myanmar.

The following are the current most active ethnic armed groups fighting against the Myanmar regime for ethnic rights, federalism, and democracy and to stop human rights abuses against their respective ethnic groups:
Arakan (aka Rahkine) State: Arakan Liberation Army (ALA) and the Arakan Army (AA).
Chin State: Chin National Army (CNA).
Kachin State: Kachin Independence Army (KIA)
Shan State: Kachin Independence Army (KIA), United Wa State Army (UWSA), National Democratic Alliance Army (NDAA Mongla), Shan State Army - South (SSA - S), Shan State Army - North (SSA - N), Wa National Army (WNA), Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army (MNDAA), Lahu Democratic Front (LDF), Palaung State Liberation Front (PSLF), and the Pa’O Peoples Liberation Army (PPLA).
Karenni (aka Kayah) State: Karenni Army (KnA) and the Kayan New Land Party (KNLP).
Karen (aka Kayin) State: Karen National Defense Organization/Karen National Liberation Army (KNDO/KNLA) and the Democratic Karen Buddhist Army (DKBA).
Mon State: Mon National Liberation Army (MNLA).

Additionally in Arakan State, the Rohingya National Army (RNA), is fighting against the regime for religious rights and the recognition of the Rohingya people as an ethnic group with special geographic areas set aside in Arakan State for them to institute Islamic laws and practice their culture as Muslims. These aspirations are a source of conflict between them and the Arakan Buddhists who consider the Rohingya as migrant Bengali Muslims with no legitimate claim to ethnicity in Myanmar.